[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:56:22 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 178 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

RIGHTS OF DEFENDANT

NRS 178.388           Presence of defendant.

NRS 178.391           Second prosecution for same offense prohibited.

NRS 178.394           No person to be compelled to be witness against himself or herself in criminal action, or to be unnecessarily restrained.

NRS 178.397           Assignment of counsel.

NRS 178.3971         Appointment of defense team for defendant accused of murder of first degree.

RECOUPMENT OF EXPENSES OF DEFENSE OF INDIGENTS

NRS 178.3975         Order for payment by defendant; remission of payment; disposition of amounts recovered; community service.

NRS 178.398           Execution against defendant’s property.

NRS 178.39801       Collection of fee by certain entities.

NRS 178.39802       Additional costs and fees for collection.

INQUIRY INTO COMPETENCE OF DEFENDANT AND PROCEDURE FOLLOWING FINDING OF INCOMPETENCE

NRS 178.3981         Definitions.

NRS 178.3982         “Administrator” defined.

NRS 178.3983         “Division” defined.

NRS 178.3984         “Division facility” defined.

NRS 178.39845       “Forensic facility” defined.

NRS 178.3985         “Mental disorder” defined.

NRS 178.3986         “Person with mental illness” defined.

NRS 178.399           “Treatment to competency” defined.

NRS 178.400           Incompetent person cannot be tried or adjudged to punishment for public offense.

NRS 178.405           Suspension of trial or pronouncement of judgment when doubt arises as to competence of defendant; notice of suspension to be provided to other departments.

NRS 178.415           Appointment of person or persons to examine defendant; hearing; finding.

NRS 178.417           Certification of person who evaluates competency of defendant required.

NRS 178.420           Procedure on finding defendant competent.

NRS 178.425           Procedure on finding defendant incompetent.

NRS 178.430           Commitment of defendant exonerates bail.

NRS 178.435           Expenses of examination and transportation are charge against county or city; recovery from estate or relative.

NRS 178.440           Clerk to certify costs to county or city.

NRS 178.450           Duties of Administrator or Administrator’s designee following finding of incompetence; observation and evaluation of defendant; report to court.

NRS 178.453           Access by Administrator to certain records of defendant within possession of Department of Corrections authorized for purpose of evaluating and treating defendant.

NRS 178.455           Procedure for evaluating certain defendants following finding of incompetence; report to court; procedure concerning misdemeanants.

NRS 178.460           Powers and duties of court following finding of incompetence; limitation on length of commitment.

NRS 178.461           Motion for hearing to determine whether to commit incompetent defendant to custody of Administrator; risk assessment; length of commitment; review of eligibility for conditional release.

NRS 178.463           Conditional release of incompetent defendant committed to custody of Administrator: When eligible; annual review of eligibility for discharge from conditional release; maximum duration.

NRS 178.464           Procedure when defendant violates conditions of release; hearing to determine whether to continue, modify or terminate conditional release.

NRS 178.467           Person committed to custody of Administrator: Eligibility for discharge or conditional release; recommitment for failure to comply with conditions.

NRS 178.468           Hearing to determine eligibility of person committed to custody of Administrator for discharge or conditional release; report by Administrator.

NRS 178.469           Petition for discharge or conditional release by person committed to custody of Administrator.

NRS 178.471           Effect of conditional release of person committed to custody of Administrator; authority of court over person conditionally released.

NRS 178.4715         Notification of victims upon discharge, conditional release or escape.

TIME

NRS 178.472           Computation.

NRS 178.476           Enlargement.

NRS 178.478           Motions; affidavits.

NRS 178.482           Additional time after service by mail.

BAIL

NRS 178.484           Right to bail before conviction; exceptions; imposition of conditions; arrest for violation of condition.

NRS 178.4851         Release without bail; imposition of conditions; arrest for violation of condition.

NRS 178.4853         Factors considered before release without bail.

NRS 178.4855         Limitations on release without bail of certain defendants who are taken into custody while admitted to bail on other charges; notice to bail agent required.

NRS 178.486           When bail is matter of discretion, notice of application must be given to district attorney.

NRS 178.487           Bail after arrest for felony offense committed while on bail.

NRS 178.4871         Postconviction petitioner for habeas corpus: Limitations on release.

NRS 178.4873         Postconviction petitioner for habeas corpus: Release pending appeal.

NRS 178.4875         Proceeding for forfeiture of bail pending review or appeal; proceeding for recommitment of defendant.

NRS 178.488           Right to bail upon review; notice of application to be given district attorney. [Effective through December 31, 2014, and after that date unless the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

NRS 178.488           Right to bail upon review; notice of application to be given district attorney. [Effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

NRS 178.494           Bail for witnesses; judicial review of detention or amount of bail.

NRS 178.498           Amount.

NRS 178.499           Increase in amount.

NRS 178.502           Form of bail; extension of bond or undertaking to proceedings in other courts; exoneration; place of deposit.

NRS 178.504           Justification of sureties.

NRS 178.506           Declaration of forfeiture.

NRS 178.508           Duties of court when defendant fails to appear; procedure for issuing order of forfeiture; when forfeiture becomes effective; grounds for extending date of forfeiture.

NRS 178.509           Exoneration of surety before date of forfeiture: Conditions; grounds; issuance of order.

NRS 178.512           Setting aside forfeiture: Conditions; grounds; when written finding is required.

NRS 178.514           Enforcement of forfeiture.

NRS 178.516           Remission of forfeited money.

NRS 178.518           Payment of forfeited deposits to county treasurer or State Controller.

NRS 178.522           Exoneration of bail.

NRS 178.524           Deposit required in certain cases.

NRS 178.526           Arrest of defendant.

NRS 178.528           Disposition of money deposited as bail.

NRS 178.532           Recommitment of defendant after having given bail or deposited money.

NRS 178.534           Contents of order for recommitment.

NRS 178.536           Arrest on order of recommitment.

NRS 178.538           Commitment of defendant on order when defendant fails to appear for judgment; if order issued for other cause, defendant may be admitted to bail.

NRS 178.542           Records: District court.

NRS 178.544           Records: Justice Court.

NRS 178.546           Records: Supreme Court. [Effective through December 31, 2014, and after that date unless the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

NRS 178.546           Records: Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. [Effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

NRS 178.548           Notification of district attorney when bail bond is forfeited.

MOTIONS

NRS 178.552           Form; contents.

DISMISSAL OF ACTIONS

NRS 178.554           Dismissal by district attorney or Attorney General by leave of court.

NRS 178.556           Dismissal by court for unnecessary delay.

NRS 178.562           Dismissal or discharge as bar to another prosecution.

NRS 178.563           Notice to defendant of provisions concerning sealing of records of proceedings leading to dismissal.

COMPROMISING CERTAIN PUBLIC OFFENSES BY LEAVE OF COURT

NRS 178.564           Certain offenses for which party injured has civil action may be compromised.

NRS 178.566           Compromise to be by permission of court; order to bar another prosecution.

NRS 178.568           No public offense to be compromised except as provided in this title.

PROTECTION OF VICTIMS AND WITNESSES

NRS 178.569           Definitions.

NRS 178.5691         Confidentiality of personal information.

NRS 178.5692         Investigation by sheriff of threats of harm; protection.

NRS 178.5694         Harassment of victim or witness by employer; notification by prosecuting attorney of continuance of proceeding.

NRS 178.5696         Separate waiting area; disposition of personal property; fees for testifying.

NRS 178.5698         Information concerning release of defendant and disposition of case provided upon request; court to inform and provide documentation to certain persons of their right to be informed of release of offender from prison in certain cases; when and whom warden must inform of release of offender from prison.

DESIGNATION OF ATTENDANT TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR WITNESS DURING TESTIMONY

NRS 178.571           Applicability to certain cases; persons permitted to be attendant; permissible conduct by attendant; exclusion for good cause.

IMMUNITY OF MATERIAL WITNESSES FROM PROSECUTION

NRS 178.572           Order of immunity releasing material witness from prosecution or punishment on motion of State.

NRS 178.574           Order of immunity bar to prosecution; exception.

NRS 178.576           Failure of witness granted immunity to testify is contempt.

NRS 178.578           Denial of motion.

SERVICE AND FILING OF PAPERS

NRS 178.582           Service: When required.

NRS 178.584           Service: How made.

NRS 178.586           Notice of orders.

NRS 178.588           Filing of papers.

NRS 178.589           Use of facsimile machine.

CALENDARS

NRS 178.592           Calendar of criminal actions: Preparation by clerk.

NRS 178.594           Order of disposing of issues on calendar.

EXCEPTIONS

NRS 178.596           Exceptions unnecessary.

ERROR

NRS 178.598           Harmless error.

NRS 178.602           Plain error.

RECORDS

NRS 178.606           Docket kept by deputy clerk of justice court; contents.

RULES OF COURT

NRS 178.608           Rules of justice courts and district courts not to be inconsistent with this title.

NRS 178.610           Where no procedure specifically prescribed court may proceed in lawful manner.

THE AGREEMENT ON DETAINERS

NRS 178.620           Enactment; text.

NRS 178.630           Duties of Director of Department of Corrections.

NRS 178.640           Duty of Governor.

REQUEST FOR DETAINER

NRS 178.700           Procedure for making request; time for responding; withdrawal of request; notice of receipt of detainer.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

NRS 178.750           District attorney to submit annual report to Attorney General on cases filed that included charge for murder or involuntary manslaughter.

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RIGHTS OF DEFENDANT

      NRS 178.388  Presence of defendant.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this title, the defendant must be present at the arraignment, at every stage of the trial including the impaneling of the jury and the return of the verdict, and at the imposition of sentence. A corporation may appear by counsel for all purposes.

      2.  In prosecutions for offenses not punishable by death:

      (a) The defendant’s voluntary absence after the trial has been commenced in the defendant’s presence must not prevent continuing the trial to and including the return of the verdict.

      (b) If the defendant was present at the trial through the time the defendant pleads guilty or guilty but mentally ill or is found guilty or guilty but mentally ill but at the time of sentencing is incarcerated in another jurisdiction, the defendant may waive the right to be present at the sentencing proceedings and agree to be sentenced in this State in his or her absence. The defendant’s waiver is valid only if it is:

             (1) Made knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily after consulting with an attorney licensed to practice in this State;

             (2) Signed and dated by the defendant and notarized by a notary public or judicial officer; and

             (3) Signed and dated by the defendant’s attorney after it has been signed by the defendant and notarized.

      3.  In prosecutions for offenses punishable by fine or by imprisonment for not more than 1 year, or both, the court, with the written consent of the defendant, may permit arraignment, plea, trial and imposition of sentence in the defendant’s absence, if the court determines that the defendant was fully aware of the applicable constitutional rights when the defendant gave consent.

      4.  The presence of the defendant is not required at the arraignment or any preceding stage if the court has provided for the use of a closed-circuit television to facilitate communication between the court and the defendant during the proceeding. If closed-circuit television is provided for, members of the news media may observe and record the proceeding from both locations unless the court specifically provides otherwise.

      5.  The defendant’s presence is not required at the settling of jury instructions.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1450; A 1969, 9; 1987, 2025; 1993, 933; 1995, 2457; 2003, 1470; 2007, 1426)

      NRS 178.391  Second prosecution for same offense prohibited.  No person can be subject to a second prosecution for a public offense for which the person has once been prosecuted and duly convicted or acquitted.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451)

      NRS 178.394  No person to be compelled to be witness against himself or herself in criminal action, or to be unnecessarily restrained.  No person can be compelled, in a criminal action, to be a witness against himself or herself, nor shall a person charged with a public offense be subjected, before conviction, to any more restraint than is necessary for the person’s detention to answer the charge.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451)

      NRS 178.397  Assignment of counsel.  Every defendant accused of a gross misdemeanor or felony who is financially unable to obtain counsel is entitled to have counsel assigned to represent the defendant at every stage of the proceedings from the defendant’s initial appearance before a magistrate or the court through appeal, unless the defendant waives such appointment.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451)

      NRS 178.3971  Appointment of defense team for defendant accused of murder of first degree.  If a magistrate or district court appoints an attorney, other than a public defender, to represent a defendant accused of murder of the first degree in a case in which the death penalty is sought, the magistrate or court must appoint a team to defend the accused person that includes:

      1.  Two attorneys; and

      2.  Any other person as deemed necessary by the court, upon motion of an attorney representing the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 443)

RECOUPMENT OF EXPENSES OF DEFENSE OF INDIGENTS

      NRS 178.3975  Order for payment by defendant; remission of payment; disposition of amounts recovered; community service.

      1.  The court may order a defendant to pay all or any part of the expenses incurred by the county, city or state in providing the defendant with an attorney which are not recovered pursuant to NRS 178.398. The order may be made at the time of or after the appointment of an attorney and may direct the defendant to pay the expenses in installments.

      2.  The court shall not order a defendant to make such a payment unless the defendant is or will be able to do so. In determining the amount and method of payment, the court shall take account of the financial resources of the defendant and the nature of the burden that payment will impose.

      3.  A defendant who has been ordered to pay expenses of the defendant’s defense and who is not willfully or without good cause in default in the payment thereof may at any time petition the court which ordered the payment for remission of the payment or of any unpaid portion thereof. If it appears to the satisfaction of the court that payment of the amount due will impose manifest hardship on the defendant or the defendant’s immediate family, the court may remit all or part of the amount due or modify the method of payment.

      4.  The money recovered must in each case be paid over to the city, county or public defender’s office which bore the expense and was not reimbursed by another governmental agency.

      5.  Upon the request of a defendant, if the court finds that the defendant is suitable to perform supervised community service, the court may allow the defendant to pay all or part of any expenses incurred by the county, city or state in providing the defendant with an attorney by performing supervised community service for a reasonable number of hours, the value of which would be commensurate with such expenses incurred. The community service must be performed for and under the supervising authority of a county, city, town or other political subdivision or agency of the State of Nevada or a charitable organization that renders service to the community or its residents. The court may require a defendant who requests to perform community service to deposit with the court a reasonable sum of money to pay for the cost of policies of insurance against liability for personal injury and damage to property or for industrial insurance, or both, during those periods in which the defendant performs the community service, unless, in the case of industrial insurance, it is provided by the authority for which the defendant performs the community service.

      (Added to NRS by 1975, 217; A 1977, 377; 1985, 49; 1995, 500; 2001 Special Session, 135)

      NRS 178.398  Execution against defendant’s property.  If a defendant for whom an attorney is appointed at public expense on account of indigency has property subject to execution or acquires such property within 6 years after the termination of the attorney’s representation, the court shall determine the value of the legal services provided and shall render judgment for that amount in favor of the state, county or city which furnished the public defender or otherwise paid for the defense.

      (Added to NRS by 1977, 338)

      NRS 178.39801  Collection of fee by certain entities.

      1.  If a district court orders a defendant to pay for expenses incurred by the county or State in providing the defendant with an attorney pursuant to NRS 178.3975 or makes an execution on the property of the defendant pursuant to NRS 178.398, the district court entering the judgment shall forward to the county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections the information necessary to collect the fee. The county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections is responsible for such collection efforts and has the authority to collect the fee.

      2.  If the county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections is unable to collect the fee after 60 days, the county treasurer may assign to the Office of the State Controller the responsibility for collection of the fee through a cooperative agreement pursuant to NRS 353.650, so long as the Office of the State Controller is willing and able to make such collection efforts.

      3.  If the county treasurer and the Office of the State Controller enter into a cooperative agreement pursuant to NRS 353.650, the county treasurer or other county office assigned by the county to make collections shall forward to the Office of the State Controller the necessary information. For purposes of this section, the information necessary to collect the fee shall be considered and limited to:

      (a) The name of the defendant;

      (b) The date of birth of the defendant;

      (c) The social security number of the defendant;

      (d) The last known address of the defendant; and

      (e) The nature and the amount of money owed by the defendant.

      4.  If the Office of the State Controller is successful in collecting the fee, the money collected must be returned to the originating county, minus the costs and fees actually incurred in collecting the fee.

      5.  Any money collected must be paid to the county or state public defender’s office which bore the expense and which was not reimbursed by another governmental agency, pursuant to NRS 178.3975.

      6.  Any record created pursuant to subsection 3 that contains personal identifying information shall not be considered a public record pursuant to NRS 239.010 and must be treated pursuant to NRS 239.0105.

      7.  Unless otherwise prohibited by law, the entity responsible for collecting the fee pursuant to this section, has the authority to compromise the amount to be collected for the purpose of satisfying the judgment.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 910)

      NRS 178.39802  Additional costs and fees for collection.

      1.  A defendant who owes a fee pursuant to NRS 178.39801, must be assessed by and pay to the county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections, the following costs and fees if the county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections is successful in collecting the fee:

      (a) The costs and fees actually incurred in collecting the fee; and

      (b) A fee payable to the county treasurer in the amount of 2 percent of the amount of the fee assigned to the county treasurer or other office assigned by the county to make collections.

      2.  The total amount of the costs and fees required to be collected pursuant to subsection 1 must not exceed 35 percent of the amount of the fee or $50,000, whichever is less.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 911)

INQUIRY INTO COMPETENCE OF DEFENDANT AND PROCEDURE FOLLOWING FINDING OF INCOMPETENCE

      NRS 178.3981  Definitions.  As used in NRS 178.3981 to 178.4715, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 178.3982 to 178.399, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424, 1777; A 2009, 72, 115)

      NRS 178.3982  “Administrator” defined.  “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Division.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424)

      NRS 178.3983  “Division” defined.  “Division” means the Division of Public and Behavioral Health of the Department of Health and Human Services.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424, 1777; A 2013, 2995)

      NRS 178.3984  “Division facility” defined.  “Division facility” means a division facility as defined in NRS 433.094 and 435.007.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424; A 2013, 2995)

      NRS 178.39845  “Forensic facility” defined.  “Forensic facility” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 175.539.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 114)

      NRS 178.3985  “Mental disorder” defined.  “Mental disorder” means a mental illness that results from a psychiatric or neurological disorder that so substantially impairs the mental or emotional functioning of the person as to make care or treatment necessary or advisable for the welfare of the person or for the safety of the person or property of another and includes, without limitation, intellectual disabilities and related conditions.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424, 1777; A 2013, 689)

      NRS 178.3986  “Person with mental illness” defined.  “Person with mental illness” means a person who has a mental disorder.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424)

      NRS 178.399  “Treatment to competency” defined.  “Treatment to competency” means treatment provided to a defendant to attempt to cause the defendant to attain competency to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1947; A 2007, 1427, 1778)

      NRS 178.400  Incompetent person cannot be tried or adjudged to punishment for public offense.

      1.  A person may not be tried or adjudged to punishment for a public offense while incompetent.

      2.  For the purposes of this section, “incompetent” means that the person does not have the present ability to:

      (a) Understand the nature of the criminal charges against the person;

      (b) Understand the nature and purpose of the court proceedings; or

      (c) Aid and assist the person’s counsel in the defense at any time during the proceedings with a reasonable degree of rational understanding.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 535; RL § 7385; NCL § 11183]—(NRS A 1981, 1656; 1995, 2458; 2007, 185)

      NRS 178.405  Suspension of trial or pronouncement of judgment when doubt arises as to competence of defendant; notice of suspension to be provided to other departments.

      1.  Any time after the arrest of a defendant, including, without limitation, proceedings before trial, during trial, when upon conviction the defendant is brought up for judgment or when a defendant who has been placed on probation or whose sentence has been suspended is brought before the court, if doubt arises as to the competence of the defendant, the court shall suspend the proceedings, the trial or the pronouncing of the judgment, as the case may be, until the question of competence is determined.

      2.  If the proceedings, the trial or the pronouncing of the judgment are suspended, the court must notify any other departments of the court of the suspension in writing. Upon receiving such notice, the other departments of the court shall suspend any other proceedings relating to the defendant until the defendant is determined to be competent.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 536; A 1919, 416; 1919 RL § 7386; NCL § 11184]—(NRS A 1967, 1449; 1981, 1656; 1991, 1003; 2003, 1018; 2007, 186)

      NRS 178.415  Appointment of person or persons to examine defendant; hearing; finding.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the court shall appoint two psychiatrists, two psychologists, or one psychiatrist and one psychologist, to examine the defendant. If the defendant is accused of a misdemeanor, the court of jurisdiction shall appoint a psychiatric social worker, or other person who is especially qualified by the Division, to examine the defendant.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, at a hearing in open court, the court that orders the examination must receive the report of the examination. If a justice court orders the examination of a defendant who is charged with a gross misdemeanor or felony, the district court must receive the report of the examination.

      3.  The court that receives the report of the examination shall permit counsel for both sides to examine the person or persons appointed to examine the defendant. The prosecuting attorney and the defendant may:

      (a) Introduce other evidence including, without limitation, evidence related to treatment to competency and the possibility of ordering the involuntary administration of medication; and

      (b) Cross-examine one another’s witnesses.

      4.  The court that receives the report of the examination shall then make and enter its finding of competence or incompetence.

      5.  The court shall not appoint a person to provide a report or an evaluation pursuant to this section, unless the person is certified by the Division pursuant to NRS 178.417.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 538; A 1919, 416; 1919 RL § 7388; NCL § 11186]—(NRS A 1967, 1449; 1968, 52; 1981, 1656; 1991, 1003; 1999, 104; 2003, 1018, 1470, 1947)

      NRS 178.417  Certification of person who evaluates competency of defendant required.

      1.  A person may not provide a report or an evaluation concerning the competency of a defendant to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment pursuant to this section and NRS 178.400 to 178.460, inclusive, unless the person is certified by the Division for that purpose.

      2.  The Division shall adopt regulations to establish:

      (a) Requirements for certification of a person who provides reports and evaluations concerning the competency of a defendant pursuant to this section and NRS 178.400 to 178.460, inclusive;

      (b) Reasonable fees for issuing and renewing such certificates; and

      (c) Requirements for continuing education for the renewal of a certificate.

      3.  The fees so collected must be used only to:

      (a) Defray the cost of issuing and renewing certificates; and

      (b) Pay any other expenses incurred by the Division in carrying out its duties pursuant to this section.

      4.  The Division shall establish and administer examinations to determine the eligibility of any person who applies for certification. An applicant is entitled to certification upon satisfaction of the requirements of the Division. The Division may enter into a contract with another person, organization or agency to carry out or assist in carrying out the provisions of this subsection.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1469)

      NRS 178.420  Procedure on finding defendant competent.  If the court finds that the defendant is competent, the trial must proceed, or judgment may be pronounced, as the case may be.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 539; A 1919, 416; 1919 RL § 7389; NCL § 11187]—(NRS A 1967, 1450; 1981, 1656; 1991, 1003)

      NRS 178.425  Procedure on finding defendant incompetent.

      1.  If the court finds the defendant incompetent, and dangerous to himself or herself or to society and that commitment is required for a determination of the defendant’s ability to receive treatment to competency and to attain competence, the judge shall order the sheriff to convey the defendant forthwith, together with a copy of the complaint, the commitment and the physicians’ certificate, if any, into the custody of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee for detention and treatment at a division facility that is secure. The order may include the involuntary administration of medication if appropriate for treatment to competency.

      2.  The defendant must be held in such custody until a court orders the defendant’s release or until the defendant is returned for trial or judgment as provided in NRS 178.450, 178.455 and 178.460.

      3.  If the court finds the defendant incompetent but not dangerous to himself or herself or to society, and finds that commitment is not required for a determination of the defendant’s ability to receive treatment to competency and to attain competence, the judge shall order the defendant to report to the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee as an outpatient for treatment, if it might be beneficial, and for a determination of the defendant’s ability to receive treatment to competency and to attain competence. The court may require the defendant to give bail for any periodic appearances before the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee.

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5, proceedings against the defendant must be suspended until the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee or, if the defendant is charged with a misdemeanor, the judge finds the defendant capable of standing trial or opposing pronouncement of judgment as provided in NRS 178.400.

      5.  Whenever the defendant has been found incompetent, with no substantial probability of attaining competency in the foreseeable future, and released from custody or from obligations as an outpatient pursuant to paragraph (d) of subsection 4 of NRS 178.460, the proceedings against the defendant which were suspended must be dismissed. No new charge arising out of the same circumstances may be brought after a period, equal to the maximum time allowed by law for commencing a criminal action for the crime with which the defendant was charged, has lapsed since the date of the alleged offense.

      6.  If a defendant is found incompetent pursuant to this section, the court shall cause, on a form prescribed by the Department of Public Safety, a record of that finding to be transmitted to the Central Repository for Nevada Records of Criminal History, along with a statement indicating that the record is being transmitted for inclusion in each appropriate database of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

      7.  As used in this section, “National Instant Criminal Background Check System” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 179A.062.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 540; RL § 7390; NCL § 11188]—(NRS A 1967, 1450; 1968, 52; 1971, 313; 1973, 93, 252, 1406; 1981, 1656; 1991, 1003; 1999, 104; 2001, 1084; 2003, 1947; 2009, 2487)

      NRS 178.430  Commitment of defendant exonerates bail.  The commitment of the defendant, as mentioned in NRS 178.425, shall exonerate any bail the defendant may have given, or shall entitle any person authorized to receive the property of the defendant to a return of any money the defendant may have deposited instead of bail.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 541; RL § 7391; NCL § 11189]

      NRS 178.435  Expenses of examination and transportation are charge against county or city; recovery from estate or relative.  The expenses of the examination and of the transportation of the defendant to and from the custody of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee are in the first instance chargeable to the county or city from which the defendant has been sent. But the county or city may recover the money from the estate of the defendant, from a relative legally bound to care for the defendant or from the county or city of which the defendant is a resident.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 543; RL § 7393; NCL § 11191]—(NRS A 1963, 1111; 1968, 52; 1973, 93, 252; 1981, 1657; 1991, 1004; 1999, 105; 2001, 1085)

      NRS 178.440  Clerk to certify costs to county or city.  The clerk of the court before which an examination has been conducted shall certify the costs to the board of county commissioners or governing body of the city, as appropriate.

      [1911 Cr. Prac. § 544; RL § 7394; NCL § 11192]—(NRS A 1969, 10; 1991, 1004)

      NRS 178.450  Duties of Administrator or Administrator’s designee following finding of incompetence; observation and evaluation of defendant; report to court.

      1.  The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall keep each defendant committed to custody under NRS 178.425 or 178.460 under observation and shall have each defendant who has been ordered to report to the Administrator as an outpatient under those sections evaluated periodically.

      2.  The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall report in writing to a judge of the court which committed the person and the prosecuting attorney of the county or city to which the person may be returned for further court action whether, in his or her opinion, upon medical consultation, the defendant is of sufficient mentality to be able to understand the nature of the criminal charge against the defendant and, by reason thereof, is able to aid and assist counsel in the defense interposed upon the trial or against the pronouncement of the judgment thereafter. The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall submit such a report, in the case of a person charged or convicted of a misdemeanor, within 3 months after the order for commitment or treatment and evaluation as an outpatient or for recommitment pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 4 of NRS 178.460, and at monthly intervals thereafter. In all other cases, the initial report must be submitted within 6 months after the order and at 6-month intervals thereafter. If the opinion of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee is that the defendant is not of sufficient mentality to understand the nature of the charge against the defendant and assist in the defendant’s own defense, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall also include in the report his or her opinion whether:

      (a) There is a substantial probability that the defendant can receive treatment to competency and will attain competency to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment in the foreseeable future; and

      (b) The defendant is at that time a danger to himself or herself or to society.

      3.  The report must contain:

      (a) The name of the defendant and the county or city to which the defendant may be returned for further court action.

      (b) The circumstances under which the defendant was committed to the custody of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee and the duration of the defendant’s hospitalization, or the circumstances under which the defendant was ordered to report to the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee as an outpatient.

      [2:292:1955]—(NRS A 1961, 476; 1968, 53; 1973, 93, 252; 1981, 1657; 1991, 1004; 1999, 105; 2001, 1085; 2003, 1948)

      NRS 178.453  Access by Administrator to certain records of defendant within possession of Department of Corrections authorized for purpose of evaluating and treating defendant.

      1.  The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee may request from the Department of Corrections access to any records in its possession which contain information that may assist in evaluating and treating a defendant who previously has served a term of imprisonment under the supervision of the Department of Corrections and who is committed to the custody of or ordered to report to the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee pursuant to NRS 178.425, 178.460, 178.461 or 178.464.

      2.  Unless otherwise ordered by a court, upon request of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee for access to records of a defendant pursuant to subsection 1, the Department of Corrections, through the designated medical director, shall provide access to any such records, including, without limitation, relevant medical and mental health records, for the limited purpose of allowing the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee to evaluate and treat the defendant.

      3.  No oral or written consent of the defendant is required for the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee to obtain access to records from the Department of Corrections pursuant to this section.

      4.  As used in this section, “designated medical director” means the designated administrative officer of the Department of Corrections who is responsible for the medical treatment of offenders.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 1255; A 2007, 1778)

      NRS 178.455  Procedure for evaluating certain defendants following finding of incompetence; report to court; procedure concerning misdemeanants.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided for persons charged with or convicted of a misdemeanor, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall appoint a licensed psychiatrist and a licensed psychologist from the treatment team who is certified pursuant to NRS 178.417 to evaluate the defendant. The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall also appoint a third evaluator who must be a licensed psychiatrist or psychologist, must be certified pursuant to NRS 178.417 and must not be a member of the treatment team. Upon the completion of the evaluation and treatment of the defendant, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall report to the court in writing his or her specific findings and opinion upon whether the person has the present ability to:

      (a) Understand the nature of the offense charged;

      (b) Understand the nature and purpose of the court proceedings; and

      (c) Aid and assist the person’s counsel in the defense at any time during the proceedings with a reasonable degree of rational understanding.

      2.  If the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee finds that the person does not have the present ability pursuant to paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection 1 to understand or to aid and assist counsel during the court proceedings, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall include in the written report the reasons for the finding and whether there is a substantial probability that the person can receive treatment to competency and will attain competency in the foreseeable future.

      3.  A copy of the report must be:

      (a) Maintained by the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee and incorporated in the medical record of the person; and

      (b) Sent to the office of the district attorney and to the counsel for the outpatient or person committed.

      4.  In the case of a person charged with or convicted of a misdemeanor, the judge shall, upon receipt of the report set forth in NRS 178.450 from the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee:

      (a) Send a copy of the report by the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee to the prosecuting attorney and to the defendant’s counsel;

      (b) Hold a hearing, if one is requested within 10 days after the report is sent pursuant to paragraph (a), at which the attorneys may examine the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee or the members of the defendant’s treatment team on the determination of the report; and

      (c) Within 10 days after the hearing, if any, or 10 days after the report is sent if no hearing is requested, enter a finding of competence or incompetence in the manner set forth in subsection 4 of NRS 178.460.

      [Part 3:292:1955]—(NRS A 1961, 476; 1968, 53; 1971, 252; 1973, 93, 252; 1981, 1658; 1991, 1005; 1993, 554, 2773; 1999, 106; 2001, 1086; 2003, 1471, 1949; 2007, 186)

      NRS 178.460  Powers and duties of court following finding of incompetence; limitation on length of commitment.

      1.  If requested by the district attorney or counsel for the defendant within 10 days after the report by the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee is sent to them, the judge shall hold a hearing within 10 days after the request at which the district attorney and the defense counsel may examine the members of the treatment team on their report.

      2.  If the judge orders the appointment of a licensed psychiatrist or psychologist who is not employed by the Division to perform an additional evaluation and report concerning the defendant, the cost of the additional evaluation and report is a charge against the county.

      3.  Within 10 days after the hearing or 10 days after the report is sent, if no hearing is requested, the judge shall make and enter a finding of competence or incompetence, and if the judge finds the defendant to be incompetent:

      (a) Whether there is substantial probability that the defendant can receive treatment to competency and will attain competency to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment in the foreseeable future; and

      (b) Whether the defendant is at that time a danger to himself or herself or to society.

      4.  If the judge finds the defendant:

      (a) Competent, the judge shall, within 10 days, forward the finding to the prosecuting attorney and counsel for the defendant. Upon receipt thereof, the prosecuting attorney shall notify the sheriff of the county or chief of police of the city that the defendant has been found competent and prearrange with the facility for the return of the defendant to that county or city for trial upon the offense there charged or the pronouncement of judgment, as the case may be.

      (b) Incompetent, but there is a substantial probability that the defendant can receive treatment to competency and will attain competency to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment in the foreseeable future and finds that the defendant is dangerous to himself or herself or to society, the judge shall recommit the defendant and may order the involuntary administration of medication for the purpose of treatment to competency.

      (c) Incompetent, but there is a substantial probability that the defendant can receive treatment to competency and will attain competency to stand trial or receive pronouncement of judgment in the foreseeable future and finds that the defendant is not dangerous to himself or herself or to society, the judge shall order that the defendant remain an outpatient or be transferred to the status of an outpatient under the provisions of NRS 178.425.

      (d) Incompetent, with no substantial probability of attaining competency in the foreseeable future, the judge shall order the defendant released from custody or, if the defendant is an outpatient, released from any obligations as an outpatient if, within 10 judicial days, the prosecuting attorney has not filed a motion pursuant to NRS 178.461 or if, within 10 judicial days, a petition is not filed to commit the person pursuant to NRS 433A.200. After the initial 10 judicial days, the person may remain an outpatient or in custody under the provisions of this chapter only as long as the motion or petition is pending unless the person is committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 178.461 or involuntarily committed pursuant to chapter 433A of NRS.

      5.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4 of NRS 178.461, no person who is committed under the provisions of this chapter may be held in the custody of the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee longer than the longest period of incarceration provided for the crime or crimes with which the person is charged or 10 years, whichever period is shorter. Upon expiration of the applicable period provided in this section, subsection 4 of NRS 178.461 or subsection 4 of NRS 178.463, the person must be returned to the committing court for a determination as to whether or not involuntary commitment pursuant to chapter 433A of NRS is required.

      [Part 3:292:1955]—(NRS A 1961, 477; 1968, 54; 1973, 94, 253; 1981, 1659; 1991, 1006; 1995, 2458; 1999, 107; 2001, 1087; 2003, 1472, 1950; 2007, 187, 1779; 2009, 115)

      NRS 178.461  Motion for hearing to determine whether to commit incompetent defendant to custody of Administrator; risk assessment; length of commitment; review of eligibility for conditional release.

      1.  If the proceedings against a defendant who is charged with any category A felony or a category B felony listed in subsection 6 are dismissed pursuant to subsection 5 of NRS 178.425, the prosecuting attorney may, within 10 judicial days after the dismissal, file a motion with the court for a hearing to determine whether to commit the person to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to subsection 3. The court shall hold the hearing within 10 judicial days after the motion is filed with the court.

      2.  If the prosecuting attorney files a motion pursuant to subsection 1, the prosecuting attorney shall, not later than the date on which the prosecuting attorney files the motion, request from the Division a comprehensive risk assessment which indicates whether the person requires the level of security provided by a forensic facility. The Division shall provide the requested comprehensive risk assessment to the court, the prosecuting attorney and counsel for the person not later than three judicial days before the hearing.

      3.  At a hearing held pursuant to subsection 1, if the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person has a mental disorder, that the person is a danger to himself or herself or others and that the person’s dangerousness is such that the person requires placement at a forensic facility, the court may order:

      (a) The sheriff to take the person into protective custody and transport the person to a forensic facility; and

      (b) That the person be committed to the custody of the Administrator and kept under observation until the person is eligible for conditional release pursuant to NRS 178.463 or until the maximum length of commitment described in subsection 4 has expired.

      4.  The length of commitment of a person pursuant to subsection 3 must not exceed 10 years, including any time that the person has been on conditional release pursuant to NRS 178.463.

      5.  At least once every 12 months, the court shall review the eligibility of the defendant for conditional release.

      6.  The provisions of subsection 1 apply to any of the following category B felonies:

      (a) Voluntary manslaughter pursuant to NRS 200.050;

      (b) Mayhem pursuant to NRS 200.280;

      (c) Kidnapping in the second degree pursuant to NRS 200.330;

      (d) Assault with a deadly weapon pursuant to NRS 200.471;

      (e) Battery with a deadly weapon pursuant to NRS 200.481;

      (f) Aggravated stalking pursuant to NRS 200.575;

      (g) First degree arson pursuant to NRS 205.010;

      (h) Burglary with a deadly weapon pursuant to NRS 205.060;

      (i) Invasion of the home with a deadly weapon pursuant to NRS 205.067;

      (j) Any category B felony involving the use of a firearm; and

      (k) Any attempt to commit a category A felony.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1777; A 2009, 116)

      NRS 178.463  Conditional release of incompetent defendant committed to custody of Administrator: When eligible; annual review of eligibility for discharge from conditional release; maximum duration.

      1.  The Division or a person who is committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 178.461 may petition the court which committed the person for conditional release.

      2.  A person who is committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 178.461 is eligible for conditional release only after:

      (a) The Division has completed a comprehensive risk assessment concerning the person;

      (b) A decision to release the person from commitment with conditions imposed by the court in consultation with the Division has been made based on input from the person’s treatment team, the prosecuting attorney, the counsel for the person and the team that will supervise the person in the community; and

      (c) The court which committed the person has approved the conditional release.

      3.  If a person is serving a period of conditional release pursuant to this section, the court must, at least once every 12 months, review the eligibility of the defendant for discharge from conditional release. If, at the conclusion of the review required by this subsection, the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person no longer has a mental disorder and that the person is not a danger to himself or herself or others, the court must discharge the person from conditional release.

      4.  The length of the period of conditional release must not exceed 10 years, including any time that the person has been committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 178.461 and 178.464.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1777; A 2009, 117)

      NRS 178.464  Procedure when defendant violates conditions of release; hearing to determine whether to continue, modify or terminate conditional release.

      1.  The Division shall notify the court which ordered the commitment of the person pursuant to NRS 178.461 if the person violates a condition of the release from commitment.

      2.  If the court is notified pursuant to subsection 1 of a violation, the court shall consult with the Division, the counsel for the person and the prosecuting attorney concerning the potential risk to the community that is posed by the noncompliance of the person with the conditions of release from commitment.

      3.  After consulting with the persons required by subsection 2 and considering the risks to the community, the court may issue a temporary order of detention to commit the person to custody for evaluation, pending the hearing described in subsection 4. If the court issues such an order, the court must:

      (a) Order the sheriff to take the person:

             (1) Into protective custody and transport the person to a forensic facility; or

             (2) To a jail where the person must remain in protective custody; and

      (b) Provide a copy of the order to the counsel for the person and the prosecuting attorney.

      4.  Within 10 days after a person has been committed to the custody of the Administrator for evaluation pursuant to subsection 3, the court shall hold a hearing to determine whether to continue, modify or terminate the conditional release of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1778; A 2009, 117)

      NRS 178.467  Person committed to custody of Administrator: Eligibility for discharge or conditional release; recommitment for failure to comply with conditions.

      1.  The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall keep each person with mental illness committed to his or her custody pursuant to NRS 175.539 under observation.

      2.  A person committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539 is eligible for:

      (a) Discharge from commitment if the person establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that the person would not be a danger, as a result of any mental disorder, to himself or herself or to the person or property of another if discharged; or

      (b) Conditional release from commitment if the person establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that the person would not be a danger, as a result of any mental disorder, to himself or herself or to the person or property of another if released from commitment with conditions imposed by the court in consultation with the Division.

      3.  If a person who is conditionally released from the custody of the Administrator fails to comply with any condition imposed by the court, the court shall issue an order to have the person recommitted to the custody of the Administrator.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424)

      NRS 178.468  Hearing to determine eligibility of person committed to custody of Administrator for discharge or conditional release; report by Administrator.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, a court must hold a hearing not later than 60 days after:

      (a) A person is committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539; or

      (b) The Division or the person committed to the custody of the Administrator files a petition for discharge or conditional release pursuant to NRS 178.469.

      2.  During the hearing held pursuant to subsection 1, the court shall consider any relevant information that will enable the court to determine whether the person is eligible for discharge or conditional release pursuant to NRS 178.467. The court may postpone the hearing described in this subsection for good cause or upon agreement by the person committed to the custody of the Administrator, the court and the Division.

      3.  Not later than 21 days before the date of the hearing held pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 and annually thereafter, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall prepare a written report stating whether, in his or her opinion, upon medical consultation, the person who was committed to the custody of the Administrator has recovered from the mental disorder or has improved to such an extent that the person is no longer a person with mental illness and whether or not, in his or her opinion, the person should be discharged or conditionally released. If the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee determines that the person has not recovered from the mental disorder or has not improved to such an extent that the person is no longer a person with mental illness, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall include in the report his or her opinion concerning whether:

      (a) There is a substantial probability that the person may receive treatment and recover from the mental disorder or improve to such an extent that the person is no longer a person with mental illness in the foreseeable future; and

      (b) The person is at that time a danger to himself or herself or to society.

      4.  If the opinion of the Administrator included in the report prepared pursuant to subsection 3 provides that:

      (a) The person committed to custody should not be discharged or conditionally released, the person who is committed may overcome the opinion of the Administrator by proving the elements necessary for discharge or conditional release pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 178.467 by a preponderance of the evidence.

      (b) The person committed to custody should be discharged or conditionally released, the district attorney may overcome the opinion of the Administrator by proving by a preponderance of the evidence that the person continues to be a person with mental illness.

      5.  Within the period prescribed in subsection 3, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall provide a copy of the report to:

      (a) The person committed to the custody of the Administrator and the person’s attorney;

      (b) The prosecuting attorney; and

      (c) The court.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1424)

      NRS 178.469  Petition for discharge or conditional release by person committed to custody of Administrator.

      1.  A person committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539 may petition the court for discharge or conditional release not sooner than 1 year after the person is committed to the custody of the Administrator and not more than once each year thereafter.

      2.  The Division may file a petition for the discharge or conditional release of a person committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539 at any time if the petition is accompanied by an affidavit of a physician or licensed psychologist which states that the mental disorder of the person has improved since the date of the most recent hearing concerning the discharge or conditional release of the person such that the physician or licensed psychologist recommends the discharge or conditional release of the person.

      3.  A person who is committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539 may apply for discharge or conditional release pursuant to subsection 1 by:

      (a) Filing a petition for discharge or conditional release with the court that ordered the person committed pursuant to NRS 175.539; and

      (b) Providing a copy of the petition to the Division and the prosecuting attorney.

      4.  The Division may file a petition for discharge or conditional release pursuant to subsection 2 by:

      (a) Filing the petition with the court that ordered the person committed to the custody of the Administrator pursuant to NRS 175.539;

      (b) Including with the petition an affidavit of a physician or licensed psychologist pursuant to subsection 2; and

      (c) Providing a copy of the petition to the person committed to the custody of the Administrator, the person’s attorney and the prosecuting attorney.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1425)

      NRS 178.471  Effect of conditional release of person committed to custody of Administrator; authority of court over person conditionally released.

      1.  When a person is conditionally released pursuant to NRS 178.467 to 178.471, inclusive:

      (a) The State and any of its agents or employees are not liable for any debts or contractual obligations, medical or otherwise, incurred or damages caused by the actions of the person; and

      (b) The court shall order the restoration of full civil and legal rights as deemed necessary to facilitate the person’s rehabilitation.

      2.  When a person is conditionally released pursuant to NRS 178.467 to 178.471, inclusive, the court shall order the Division to conduct an evaluation of the person as often as is deemed necessary to determine whether the person:

      (a) Has complied with the conditions of release; or

      (b) Presents a clear and present danger of harm to himself or herself or others.

      3.  The court may order a person who is conditionally released pursuant to NRS 178.467 to 178.471, inclusive, returned to the custody of the Administrator if the court determines that the conditional release is no longer appropriate because that person:

      (a) Has violated a condition of release; or

      (b) Presents a clear and present danger of harm to himself or herself or others.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1426)

      NRS 178.4715  Notification of victims upon discharge, conditional release or escape.

      1.  If a person is committed to the custody of the Administrator and is subject to the provisions of NRS 178.463 to 178.471, inclusive, a victim of the person may request the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee to notify the victim of the person’s discharge, conditional release or escape from the custody of the Administrator by submitting to the Administrator:

      (a) A written request for notification; and

      (b) The current address of the victim.

      2.  If the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee receives a request for notification pursuant to subsection 1, the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee shall notify the victim if the person committed to the custody of the Administrator:

      (a) Will be discharged or conditionally released pursuant to NRS 178.463 to 178.471, inclusive, at least 10 days before the discharge or release; or

      (b) Has escaped from the custody of the Administrator.

      3.  A person described in subsection 1 must not be discharged or released from commitment, temporarily or otherwise, for any purpose unless notification of the discharge or release has been mailed to the last known address of every victim of the person who has requested notification pursuant to subsection 1.

      4.  The Administrator or the Administrator’s designee may not be held responsible for any injury proximately caused by the failure to give any notice required pursuant to this section if no address was provided to the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee or if the address provided is inaccurate or not current.

      5.  All personal information, including, but not limited to, a current or former address, which pertains to a victim and which is received by the Administrator or the Administrator’s designee pursuant to this section is confidential.

      6.  As used in this section, “victim” means:

      (a) A person, including, without limitation, a governmental entity, against whom an act has been committed for which the person committed to the custody of the Administrator has been charged;

      (b) A person who has been injured or killed as a direct result of the commission of an act for which the person committed to the custody of the Administrator has been charged; or

      (c) A relative of a person described in paragraph (a) or (b). For the purposes of this paragraph, a “relative” of a person includes:

             (1) A spouse, parent, grandparent or stepparent;

             (2) A natural born child, stepchild or adopted child;

             (3) A grandchild, brother, sister, half brother or half sister; or

             (4) A parent of a spouse.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 71)

TIME

      NRS 178.472  Computation.  In computing any period of time the day of the act or event from which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period so computed shall be included, unless it is a Saturday, a Sunday, or a nonjudicial day, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day which is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a nonjudicial day. When a period of time prescribed or allowed is less than 7 days, intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and nonjudicial days shall be excluded in the computation.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451)

      NRS 178.476  Enlargement.  When an act is required or allowed to be done at or within a specified time, the court for cause shown may at any time in its discretion:

      1.  With or without motion or notice, order the period enlarged if request therefor is made before the expiration of the period originally prescribed or as extended by a previous order; or

      2.  Upon motion made after the expiration of the specified period permit the act to be done if the failure to act was the result of excusable neglect,

Ê but the court may not extend the time for taking any action under NRS 176.515 or 176.525 except to the extent and under the conditions stated in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451; A 1969, 10; 1985, 63)

      NRS 178.478  Motions; affidavits.

      1.  A written motion, other than one which may be heard ex parte, and notice of the hearing thereof must be served not later than 5 days before the time specified for the hearing unless a different period is fixed by rule or order of the court. For cause shown such an order may be made on ex parte application.

      2.  When a motion is supported by affidavit, the affidavit must be served with the motion; and opposing affidavits may be served not less than 1 day before the hearing unless the court permits them to be served at a later time.

      3.  A certificate of service must accompany each motion filed.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451; A 1991, 303)

      NRS 178.482  Additional time after service by mail.  Whenever a party has the right or is required to do an act within a prescribed period after the service of a notice or other paper upon the party and the notice or other paper is served by mail, 3 days shall be added to the prescribed period.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451)

BAIL

      NRS 178.484  Right to bail before conviction; exceptions; imposition of conditions; arrest for violation of condition.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, a person arrested for an offense other than murder of the first degree must be admitted to bail.

      2.  A person arrested for a felony who has been released on probation or parole for a different offense must not be admitted to bail unless:

      (a) A court issues an order directing that the person be admitted to bail;

      (b) The State Board of Parole Commissioners directs the detention facility to admit the person to bail; or

      (c) The Division of Parole and Probation of the Department of Public Safety directs the detention facility to admit the person to bail.

      3.  A person arrested for a felony whose sentence has been suspended pursuant to NRS 4.373 or 5.055 for a different offense or who has been sentenced to a term of residential confinement pursuant to NRS 4.3762 or 5.076 for a different offense must not be admitted to bail unless:

      (a) A court issues an order directing that the person be admitted to bail; or

      (b) A department of alternative sentencing directs the detention facility to admit the person to bail.

      4.  A person arrested for murder of the first degree may be admitted to bail unless the proof is evident or the presumption great by any competent court or magistrate authorized by law to do so in the exercise of discretion, giving due weight to the evidence and to the nature and circumstances of the offense.

      5.  A person arrested for a violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130, 484C.430, 488.410, 488.420 or 488.425 who is under the influence of intoxicating liquor must not be admitted to bail or released on the person’s own recognizance unless the person has a concentration of alcohol of less than 0.04 in his or her breath. A test of the person’s breath pursuant to this subsection to determine the concentration of alcohol in his or her breath as a condition of admission to bail or release is not admissible as evidence against the person.

      6.  A person arrested for a violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130, 484C.430, 488.410, 488.420 or 488.425 who is under the influence of a controlled substance, is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance, or inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle or vessel under power or sail must not be admitted to bail or released on the person’s own recognizance sooner than 12 hours after arrest.

      7.  A person arrested for a battery that constitutes domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018 must not be admitted to bail sooner than 12 hours after arrest. If the person is admitted to bail more than 12 hours after arrest, without appearing personally before a magistrate or without the amount of bail having been otherwise set by a magistrate or a court, the amount of bail must be:

      (a) Three thousand dollars, if the person has no previous convictions of battery that constitute domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018 and there is no reason to believe that the battery for which the person has been arrested resulted in substantial bodily harm or was committed by strangulation;

      (b) Five thousand dollars, if the person has:

             (1) No previous convictions of battery that constitute domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018, but there is reason to believe that the battery for which the person has been arrested resulted in substantial bodily harm or was committed by strangulation; or

             (2) One previous conviction of battery that constitutes domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018, but there is no reason to believe that the battery for which the person has been arrested resulted in substantial bodily harm or was committed by strangulation; or

      (c) Fifteen thousand dollars, if the person has:

             (1) One previous conviction of battery that constitutes domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018 and there is reason to believe that the battery for which the person has been arrested resulted in substantial bodily harm or was committed by strangulation; or

             (2) Two or more previous convictions of battery that constitute domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018.

Ê The provisions of this subsection do not affect the authority of a magistrate or a court to set the amount of bail when the person personally appears before the magistrate or the court, or when a magistrate or a court has otherwise been contacted to set the amount of bail. For the purposes of this subsection, a person shall be deemed to have a previous conviction of battery that constitutes domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018 if the person has been convicted of such an offense in this State or has been convicted of violating a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct.

      8.  A person arrested for violating a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive, or for violating a restraining order or injunction that is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued in an action or proceeding brought pursuant to title 11 of NRS, or for violating a temporary or extended order for protection against stalking, aggravated stalking or harassment issued pursuant to NRS 200.591, or for violating a temporary or extended order for protection against sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.378 must not be admitted to bail sooner than 12 hours after arrest if:

      (a) The arresting officer determines that such a violation is accompanied by a direct or indirect threat of harm;

      (b) The person has previously violated a temporary or extended order for protection of the type for which the person has been arrested; or

      (c) At the time of the violation or within 2 hours after the violation, the person has:

             (1) A concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in the person’s blood or breath; or

             (2) An amount of a prohibited substance in the person’s blood or urine that is equal to or greater than the amount set forth in subsection 3 of NRS 484C.110.

      9.  If a person is admitted to bail more than 12 hours after arrest, pursuant to subsection 8, without appearing personally before a magistrate or without the amount of bail having been otherwise set by a magistrate or a court, the amount of bail must be:

      (a) Three thousand dollars, if the person has no previous convictions of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive, or of violating a restraining order or injunction that is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued in an action or proceeding brought pursuant to title 11 of NRS, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against stalking, aggravated stalking or harassment issued pursuant to NRS 200.591, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.378;

      (b) Five thousand dollars, if the person has one previous conviction of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive, or of violating a restraining order or injunction that is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued in an action or proceeding brought pursuant to title 11 of NRS, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against stalking, aggravated stalking or harassment issued pursuant to NRS 200.591, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.378; or

      (c) Fifteen thousand dollars, if the person has two or more previous convictions of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive, or of violating a restraining order or injunction that is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued in an action or proceeding brought pursuant to title 11 of NRS, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against stalking, aggravated stalking or harassment issued pursuant to NRS 200.591, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.378.

Ê The provisions of this subsection do not affect the authority of a magistrate or a court to set the amount of bail when the person personally appears before the magistrate or the court or when a magistrate or a court has otherwise been contacted to set the amount of bail. For the purposes of this subsection, a person shall be deemed to have a previous conviction of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive, or of violating a restraining order or injunction that is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence issued in an action or proceeding brought pursuant to title 11 of NRS, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against stalking, aggravated stalking or harassment issued pursuant to NRS 200.591, or of violating a temporary or extended order for protection against sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.378, if the person has been convicted of such an offense in this State or has been convicted of violating a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct.

      10.  The court may, before releasing a person arrested for an offense punishable as a felony, require the surrender to the court of any passport the person possesses.

      11.  Before releasing a person arrested for any crime, the court may impose such reasonable conditions on the person as it deems necessary to protect the health, safety and welfare of the community and to ensure that the person will appear at all times and places ordered by the court, including, without limitation:

      (a) Requiring the person to remain in this State or a certain county within this State;

      (b) Prohibiting the person from contacting or attempting to contact a specific person or from causing or attempting to cause another person to contact that person on the person’s behalf;

      (c) Prohibiting the person from entering a certain geographic area; or

      (d) Prohibiting the person from engaging in specific conduct that may be harmful to the person’s own health, safety or welfare, or the health, safety or welfare of another person.

Ê In determining whether a condition is reasonable, the court shall consider the factors listed in NRS 178.4853.

      12.  If a person fails to comply with a condition imposed pursuant to subsection 11, the court may, after providing the person with reasonable notice and an opportunity for a hearing:

      (a) Deem such conduct a contempt pursuant to NRS 22.010; or

      (b) Increase the amount of bail pursuant to NRS 178.499.

      13.  An order issued pursuant to this section that imposes a condition on a person admitted to bail must include a provision ordering any law enforcement officer to arrest the person if the officer has probable cause to believe that the person has violated a condition of bail.

      14.  Before a person may be admitted to bail, the person must sign a document stating that:

      (a) The person will appear at all times and places as ordered by the court releasing the person and as ordered by any court before which the charge is subsequently heard;

      (b) The person will comply with the other conditions which have been imposed by the court and are stated in the document; and

      (c) If the person fails to appear when so ordered and is taken into custody outside of this State, the person waives all rights relating to extradition proceedings.

Ê The signed document must be filed with the clerk of the court of competent jurisdiction as soon as practicable, but in no event later than the next business day.

      15.  If a person admitted to bail fails to appear as ordered by a court and the jurisdiction incurs any cost in returning the person to the jurisdiction to stand trial, the person who failed to appear is responsible for paying those costs as restitution.

      16.  For the purposes of subsections 8 and 9, an order or injunction is in the nature of a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence if it grants relief that might be given in a temporary or extended order issued pursuant to NRS 33.017 to 33.100, inclusive.

      17.  As used in this section, “strangulation” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.481.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1451; A 1971, 496; 1973, 1802; 1975, 1201; 1977, 1545; 1981, 1585; 1985, 2171; 1987, 554; 1995, 26, 2293; 1997, 610, 1478, 3357; 1999, 669, 2064; 2001, 1223, 2571; 2007, 50, 1017; 2009, 93, 234, 1880)

      NRS 178.4851  Release without bail; imposition of conditions; arrest for violation of condition.

      1.  Upon a showing of good cause, a court may release without bail any person entitled to bail if it appears to the court that it can impose conditions on the person that will adequately protect the health, safety and welfare of the community and ensure that the person will appear at all times and places ordered by the court.

      2.  In releasing a person without bail, the court may impose such conditions as it deems necessary to protect the health, safety and welfare of the community and to ensure that the person will appear at all times and places ordered by the court, including, without limitation, any condition set forth in subsection 11 of NRS 178.484.

      3.  Upon a showing of good cause, a sheriff or chief of police may release without bail any person charged with a misdemeanor pursuant to standards established by a court of competent jurisdiction.

      4.  Before a person may be released without bail, the person must file with the clerk of the court of competent jurisdiction a signed document stating that:

      (a) The person will appear at all times and places as ordered by the court releasing the person and as ordered by any court before which the charge is subsequently heard;

      (b) The person will comply with the other conditions which have been imposed by the court and are stated in the document;

      (c) If the person fails to appear when so ordered and is taken into custody outside of this State, the person waives all rights relating to extradition proceedings; and

      (d) The person understands that any court of competent jurisdiction may revoke the order of release without bail and may order the person into custody or require the person to furnish bail or otherwise ensure the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the community or the person’s appearance.

      5.  If a jurisdiction incurs any costs in returning a person to the jurisdiction to stand trial, the person failing to appear is responsible for paying those costs as restitution.

      6.  An order issued pursuant to this section that imposes a condition on a person who is released without bail must include a provision ordering a law enforcement officer to arrest the person if the law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person has violated a condition of release.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 1584; A 1987, 454; 1997, 3359; 2001, 1226; 2007, 53, 1020)

      NRS 178.4853  Factors considered before release without bail.  In deciding whether there is good cause to release a person without bail, the court as a minimum shall consider the following factors concerning the person:

      1.  The length of residence in the community;

      2.  The status and history of employment;

      3.  Relationships with the person’s spouse and children, parents or other family members and with close friends;

      4.  Reputation, character and mental condition;

      5.  Prior criminal record, including, without limitation, any record of appearing or failing to appear after release on bail or without bail;

      6.  The identity of responsible members of the community who would vouch for the reliability of the person;

      7.  The nature of the offense with which the person is charged, the apparent probability of conviction and the likely sentence, insofar as these factors relate to the risk of not appearing;

      8.  The nature and seriousness of the danger to the alleged victim, any other person or the community that would be posed by the person’s release;

      9.  The likelihood of more criminal activity by the person after release; and

      10.  Any other factors concerning the person’s ties to the community or bearing on the risk that the person may willfully fail to appear.

      (Added to NRS by 1981, 1584; A 1985, 809; 1997, 3360)

      NRS 178.4855  Limitations on release without bail of certain defendants who are taken into custody while admitted to bail on other charges; notice to bail agent required.  A defendant charged with the commission of a category A or B felony who is admitted to bail on a surety bond and who:

      1.  While admitted to bail, is taken into custody in the same jurisdiction in which the defendant was admitted to bail and is charged with the commission of another category A or B felony; and

      2.  Is ordered to be released from custody without bail,

Ê must not be released from custody pursuant to NRS 178.4851 until the law enforcement agency that conducted the initial booking procedure for the defendant for the subsequent felony has notified the bail agent that issued the surety bond of the release of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 1845)

      NRS 178.486  When bail is matter of discretion, notice of application must be given to district attorney.  When the admission to bail is a matter of discretion, the court, or officer by whom it may be ordered, shall require such notice of the application therefor as the court or officer may deem reasonable to be given to the district attorney of the county where the examination is had.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452)

      NRS 178.487  Bail after arrest for felony offense committed while on bail.  Every release on bail with or without security is conditioned upon the defendant’s good behavior while so released, and upon a showing that the proof is evident or the presumption great that the defendant has committed a felony during the period of release, the defendant’s bail may be revoked, after a hearing, by the magistrate who allowed it or by any judge of the court in which the original charge is pending. Pending such revocation, the defendant may be held without bail by order of the magistrate before whom the defendant is brought after an arrest upon the second charge.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 574; A 1973, 348)

      NRS 178.4871  Postconviction petitioner for habeas corpus: Limitations on release.  A person who has filed a postconviction petition for habeas corpus:

      1.  Must not in any case be released on the person’s own recognizance.

      2.  Must not be admitted to bail pending a review of the petition unless:

      (a) The petition is filed in the proper jurisdiction;

      (b) The petition presents substantial questions of law or fact and does not appear to be barred procedurally;

      (c) The petitioner has made out a clear case on the merits; and

      (d) There are exceptional circumstances deserving of special treatment in the interests of justice.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1232; A 1991, 91)

      NRS 178.4873  Postconviction petitioner for habeas corpus: Release pending appeal.  If a district court denies a postconviction petition for habeas corpus, the petitioner must not be released on the petitioner’s own recognizance or admitted to bail pending any appeal. If the petition is granted and a stay of the order granting relief is not entered, the district court shall admit the petitioner to bail pending appeal if the respondent files a notice of appeal.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1232; A 1991, 91)

      NRS 178.4875  Proceeding for forfeiture of bail pending review or appeal; proceeding for recommitment of defendant.

      1.  If the court admits a petitioner to bail pending review of the petition or pending appeal, any subsequent proceeding for forfeiture of the bail must take place in the proceeding on the petition.

      2.  Any subsequent proceeding for the recommitment of the defendant pursuant to NRS 178.532 may be initiated on behalf of the State in the proceeding on the petition or in the district court where the original conviction was had, if it was in a different court. If the proceeding occurs in the district court where the original conviction was had, that court must notify the court conducting the proceeding on the petition of any order for recommitment entered and subsequently enforced.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 1232)

      NRS 178.488  Right to bail upon review; notice of application to be given district attorney. [Effective through December 31, 2014, and after that date unless the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

      1.  Bail may be allowed pending appeal or certiorari unless it appears that the appeal is frivolous or taken for delay.

      2.  Pending appeal to a district court, bail may be allowed by the trial justice, by the district court, or by any judge thereof, to run until final termination of the proceedings in all courts.

      3.  Pending appeal or certiorari to the Supreme Court, bail may be allowed by the district court or by any judge thereof or by the Supreme Court or by a justice thereof.

      4.  Any court or any judge or justice authorized to grant bail may at any time revoke the order admitting the defendant to bail.

      5.  The court or judge by whom bail may be ordered shall require such notice of the application therefor as the court or judge may deem reasonable to be given to the district attorney of the county in which the verdict or judgment was originally rendered.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452; A 1969, 10)

      NRS 178.488  Right to bail upon review; notice of application to be given district attorney. [Effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

      1.  Bail may be allowed pending appeal or certiorari unless it appears that the appeal is frivolous or taken for delay.

      2.  Pending appeal to a district court, bail may be allowed by the trial justice, by the district court, or by any judge thereof, to run until final termination of the proceedings in all courts.

      3.  Pending appeal or certiorari to the appellate court of competent jurisdiction pursuant to the rules fixed by the Supreme Court pursuant to Section 4 of Article 6 of the Nevada Constitution, bail may be allowed by the district court or any judge thereof, by the Court of Appeals or any judge thereof or by the Supreme Court or a justice thereof.

      4.  Any court or any judge or justice authorized to grant bail may at any time revoke the order admitting the defendant to bail.

      5.  The court or judge by whom bail may be ordered shall require such notice of the application therefor as the court or judge may deem reasonable to be given to the district attorney of the county in which the verdict or judgment was originally rendered.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452; A 1969, 10; 2013, 1762, effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election)

      NRS 178.494  Bail for witnesses; judicial review of detention or amount of bail.

      1.  If it appears by affidavit that the testimony of a person is material in any criminal proceeding and if it is shown that it may become impracticable to secure the person’s presence by subpoena, the magistrate may require bail for the person’s appearance as a witness, in an amount fixed by the magistrate. If the person fails to give bail the magistrate may:

      (a) Commit the person to the custody of a peace officer pending final disposition of the proceeding in which the testimony is needed;

      (b) Order the person’s release if the person has been detained for an unreasonable length of time; and

      (c) Modify at any time the requirement as to bail.

      2.  Every person detained as a material witness must be brought before a judge or magistrate within 72 hours after the beginning of the detention. The judge or magistrate shall make a determination whether:

      (a) The amount of bail required to be given by the material witness should be modified; and

      (b) The detention of the material witness should continue.

Ê The judge or magistrate shall set a schedule for the periodic review of whether the amount of bail required should be modified and whether detention should continue.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452; A 1989, 327)

      NRS 178.498  Amount.  If the defendant is admitted to bail, the bail must be set at an amount which in the judgment of the magistrate will reasonably ensure the appearance of the defendant and the safety of other persons and of the community, having regard to:

      1.  The nature and circumstances of the offense charged;

      2.  The financial ability of the defendant to give bail;

      3.  The character of the defendant; and

      4.  The factors listed in NRS 178.4853.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452; A 1985, 809)

      NRS 178.499  Increase in amount.

      1.  At any time after a district or Justice Court has ordered bail to be set at a specific amount, and before acquittal or conviction, the court may upon its own motion or upon motion of the district attorney and after notice to the defendant’s attorney of record or, if none, to the defendant, increase the amount of bail for good cause shown.

      2.  If the defendant has been released on bail before the time when the motion to increase bail is granted, the defendant shall either return to custody or give the additional amount of bail.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 385; A 1991, 303)

      NRS 178.502  Form of bail; extension of bond or undertaking to proceedings in other courts; exoneration; place of deposit.

      1.  A person required or permitted to give bail shall execute a bond for the person’s appearance. The magistrate or court or judge or justice, having regard to the considerations set forth in NRS 178.498, may require one or more sureties or may authorize the acceptance of cash or bonds or notes of the United States in an amount equal to or less than the face amount of the bond.

      2.  Any bond or undertaking for bail must provide that the bond or undertaking:

      (a) Extends to any action or proceeding in a Justice Court, municipal court or district court:

             (1) Arising from the charge on which bail was first given in any of these courts; and

             (2) Arising from a later charge, filed before the expiration of the periods provided in subsection 4, which is substantially similar to the charge upon which bail was first given and is based upon the same act or omission as that charge; and

      (b) Remains in effect until exonerated by the court.

Ê This subsection does not require that any bond or undertaking extend to proceedings on appeal.

      3.  If an action or proceeding against a defendant who has been admitted to bail is transferred to another trial court, the bond or undertaking must be transferred to the clerk of the court to which the action or proceeding has been transferred.

      4.  If the action or proceeding against a defendant who has been admitted to bail is dismissed, the bail must not be exonerated until a period of 30 days has elapsed from the entry of the order of dismissal unless the defendant requests that bail be exonerated before the expiration of the 30-day period. If no formal action or proceeding is instituted against a defendant who has been admitted to bail, the bail must not be exonerated until a period of 30 days has elapsed from the day the bond or undertaking is posted unless the defendant requests that bail be exonerated before the expiration of the 30-day period.

      5.  If, within the periods provided in subsection 4, the defendant is charged with a public offense arising out of the same act or omission supporting the charge upon which bail was first given, the prosecuting attorney shall forthwith notify the clerk of the court where the bond was posted, the bail must be applied to the public offense later charged, and the bond or undertaking must be transferred to the clerk of the appropriate court. Within 10 days after its receipt, the clerk of the court to whom the bail is transferred shall mail notice of the transfer to the surety on the bond and the bail agent who executed the bond.

      6.  Bail given originally on appeal must be deposited with the magistrate or the clerk of the court from which the appeal is taken.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1452; A 1979, 1021; 1981, 1585; 2003, 2103)

      NRS 178.504  Justification of sureties.

      1.  Every surety, except a corporate surety which is approved as provided by law, shall justify by affidavit and may be required to describe in the affidavit:

      (a) The property by which the surety proposes to justify and the encumbrances thereon;

      (b) The number and amount of other bonds and undertakings for bail entered into by the surety and remaining undischarged; and

      (c) All other liabilities.

      2.  No bond shall be approved unless the surety thereon appears to be qualified.

      3.  A corporate surety that is authorized to transact insurance in this State pursuant to chapter 680A of NRS is a sufficient surety for all courts and shall be deemed to be qualified for purposes of this section.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 2009, 240)

      NRS 178.506  Declaration of forfeiture.  If there is a breach of condition of a bond, the court shall declare a forfeiture of the bail, subject to the provisions of NRS 178.508 and 178.509.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1971, 598)

      NRS 178.508  Duties of court when defendant fails to appear; procedure for issuing order of forfeiture; when forfeiture becomes effective; grounds for extending date of forfeiture.

      1.  If the defendant fails to appear when the defendant’s presence in court is lawfully required for the commission of a misdemeanor and the failure to appear is not excused or is lawfully required for the commission of a gross misdemeanor or felony, the court shall:

      (a) Enter upon its minutes that the defendant failed to appear;

      (b) Not later than 45 days after the date on which the defendant failed to appear, order the issuance of a warrant for the arrest of the defendant; and

      (c) If the undertaking exceeds $50 or money deposited instead of bail bond exceeds $500, direct that each surety and the local agent of each surety, or the depositor if the depositor is not the defendant, be given notice that the defendant has failed to appear, by certified mail within 20 days after the date on which the defendant failed to appear. The court shall execute an affidavit of such mailing to be kept as an official public record of the court and shall direct that a copy of the notice be transmitted to the prosecuting attorney at the same time that notice is given to each surety or the depositor.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3 and NRS 178.509, an order of forfeiture of any undertaking or money deposited instead of bail bond must be prepared by the clerk of court and signed by the court. An order of forfeiture must include the date on which the forfeiture becomes effective. If the defendant who failed to appear has been charged with the commission of a gross misdemeanor or felony, a copy of the order must be forwarded to the Office of Court Administrator. The undertaking or money deposited instead of bail bond is forfeited 180 days after the date on which the notice is mailed pursuant to subsection 1.

      3.  The court may extend the date of the forfeiture for any reasonable period set by the court if the surety or depositor submits to the court:

      (a) An application for an extension and the court determines that the surety or the depositor is making reasonable and ongoing efforts to bring the defendant before the court.

      (b) An application for an extension on the ground that the defendant is temporarily prevented from appearing before the court because the defendant:

             (1) Is ill;

             (2) Is insane; or

             (3) Is being detained by civil or military authorities,

Ê and the court, upon hearing the matter, determines that one or more of the grounds described in this paragraph exist and that the surety or depositor did not in any way cause or aid the absence of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1969, 625; 1971, 598; 1979, 1400; 1983, 210; 1987, 1025; 1991, 1015; 1999, 1845; 2003, 2103)

      NRS 178.509  Exoneration of surety before date of forfeiture: Conditions; grounds; issuance of order.

      1.  If the defendant fails to appear when the defendant’s presence in court is lawfully required, the court shall not exonerate the surety before the date of forfeiture prescribed in NRS 178.508 unless:

      (a) The defendant appears before the court and the court, upon hearing the matter, determines that the defendant has presented a satisfactory excuse or that the surety did not in any way cause or aid the absence of the defendant; or

      (b) The surety submits an application for exoneration on the ground that the defendant is unable to appear because the defendant:

             (1) Is dead;

             (2) Is ill;

             (3) Is insane;

             (4) Is being detained by civil or military authorities; or

             (5) Has been deported,

Ê and the court, upon hearing the matter, determines that one or more of the grounds described in this paragraph exist and that the surety did not in any way cause or aid the absence of the defendant.

      2.  If the requirements of subsection 1 are met, the court may exonerate the surety upon such terms as may be just.

      3.  If the court exonerates a surety pursuant to this section and there is any undertaking or money deposited instead of bail bond where the defendant has been charged with a gross misdemeanor or felony, the court shall:

      (a) Prepare an order exonerating the surety; and

      (b) Forward a copy of the order to the Office of Court Administrator.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 597; A 1979, 1400; 1991, 1015; 1999, 1846; 2007, 420)

      NRS 178.512  Setting aside forfeiture: Conditions; grounds; when written finding is required.

      1.  The court shall not set aside a forfeiture unless:

      (a) The surety submits an application to set it aside on the ground that the defendant:

             (1) Has appeared before the court since the date of the forfeiture and has presented a satisfactory excuse for the defendant’s absence;

             (2) Was dead before the date of the forfeiture but the surety did not know and could not reasonably have known of the defendant’s death before that date;

             (3) Was unable to appear before the court before the date of the forfeiture because of the defendant’s illness or insanity, but the surety did not know and could not reasonably have known of the illness or insanity before that date;

             (4) Was unable to appear before the court before the date of the forfeiture because the defendant was being detained by civil or military authorities, but the surety did not know and could not reasonably have known of the defendant’s detention before that date; or

             (5) Was unable to appear before the court before the date of the forfeiture because the defendant was deported, but the surety did not know and could not reasonably have known of the defendant’s deportation before that date,

Ê and the court, upon hearing the matter, determines that one or more of the grounds described in this subsection exist and that the surety did not in any way cause or aid the absence of the defendant; and

      (b) The court determines that justice does not require the enforcement of the forfeiture.

      2.  If the court sets aside a forfeiture pursuant to subsection 1 and the forfeiture includes any undertaking or money deposited instead of bail bond where the defendant has been charged with a gross misdemeanor or felony, the court shall make a written finding in support of setting aside the forfeiture. The court shall mail a copy of the order setting aside the forfeiture to the Office of Court Administrator immediately upon entry of the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1979, 1401; 1999, 1847; 2003, 2104, 3338; 2005, 108)

      NRS 178.514  Enforcement of forfeiture.

      1.  When a forfeiture has not been set aside, the court shall on motion enter a judgment of default and execution may issue thereon.

      2.  If the Office of Court Administrator has not received an order setting aside a forfeiture within 180 days after the issuance of the order of forfeiture, the Court Administrator shall request that the court that ordered the forfeiture institute proceedings to enter a judgment of default with respect to the amount of the undertaking or money deposited instead of bail bond with the court. Not later than 30 days after receipt of the request from the Office of Court Administrator, the court shall enter judgment by default and commence execution proceedings therein.

      3.  By entering into a bond the obligors submit to the jurisdiction of the court and irrevocably appoint the clerk of the court as their agent upon whom any papers affecting their liability may be served. Their liability may be enforced on motion and such notice of the motion as the court prescribes may be served on the clerk of the court, who shall forthwith mail copies to the obligors to their last known addresses.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 2003, 2105)

      NRS 178.516  Remission of forfeited money.  After entry of such judgment, the court shall not remit it in whole or in part unless the conditions applying to the setting aside of forfeiture in NRS 178.512 are met.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1979, 1402)

      NRS 178.518  Payment of forfeited deposits to county treasurer or State Controller.  Money collected pursuant to NRS 178.506 to 178.516, inclusive, which was collected:

      1.  From a person who was charged with a misdemeanor must be paid over to the county treasurer.

      2.  From a person who was charged with a gross misdemeanor or a felony must be paid over to the State Controller for deposit in the State General Fund for distribution in the following manner:

      (a) Ninety percent for credit to the Fund for the Compensation of Victims of Crime; and

      (b) Ten percent for credit to the special account established pursuant to NRS 176.0613 to assist with funding and establishing specialty court programs.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1981, 1672; 2001, 2922; 2003, 2105)

      NRS 178.522  Exoneration of bail.

      1.  When the condition of the bond has been satisfied or the forfeiture thereof has been set aside or remitted, the court shall exonerate the obligors and release any bail. The court shall exonerate the obligors and release any bail at the time of sentencing the defendant, if the court has not previously done so unless the money deposited by the defendant as bail must be applied to satisfy a judgment pursuant to NRS 178.528.

      2.  A surety may be exonerated by a deposit of cash in the amount of the bond or by a timely surrender of the defendant into custody.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1969, 10; 1991, 1016; 1993, 827)

      NRS 178.524  Deposit required in certain cases.  If the defendant surrenders himself or herself to, is apprehended by or is in the custody of a peace officer in the State of Nevada or the Director of the Department of Corrections other than the officer to whose custody the defendant was committed at the time of giving bail, the bail may make application to the court for the discharge of the bail bond, and shall then give to the court an amount in cash or a surety bond sufficient in amount to guarantee reimbursement of any costs that may be expended in returning the defendant to the officer to whose custody the defendant was committed at the time of giving bail.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1453; A 1977, 863; 2001 Special Session, 223)

      NRS 178.526  Arrest of defendant.

      1.  For the purpose of surrendering a defendant, a surety, at any time before the surety is finally discharged, and at any place within this State, may, by:

      (a) Written authorization for the arrest of the defendant attached to a copy of the undertaking; or

      (b) A written authority endorsed on a certified copy of the undertaking,

Ê cause the defendant to be arrested by a bail agent or bail enforcement agent who is licensed pursuant to chapter 697 of NRS.

      2.  A bail agent or bail enforcement agent who arrests a defendant in this State or any other jurisdiction is not acting for or on behalf of this State or any of its political subdivisions.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454; A 1997, 3393; 1999, 1847)

      NRS 178.528  Disposition of money deposited as bail.  When money has been deposited, if it remains on deposit at the time of a judgment for the payment of a fine, the court, or the clerk under the direction of the court, shall apply the money in satisfaction thereof, and after satisfying the fine and costs shall refund the surplus, if any, to the person who deposited the bail, unless that person has directed, in writing, that any surplus be refunded to another.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454; A 1991, 303)

      NRS 178.532  Recommitment of defendant after having given bail or deposited money.  The court to which the committing magistrate shall return the depositions and statement, or in which an indictment or information or an appeal is pending, or to which a judgment on appeal is remitted to be carried into effect, may, by an order to be entered on its minutes, direct the arrest of the defendant and commitment to the officer to whose custody the defendant was committed at the time of giving bail, and the defendant’s detention until legally discharged, in the following cases:

      1.  When, by reason of the defendant’s failure to appear, the defendant has incurred a forfeiture of bail, or of money deposited instead thereof, as provided in NRS 178.506.

      2.  When it satisfactorily appears to the court that the defendant’s bail, or either of them, are dead, or insufficient, or have removed from the State.

      3.  Upon an indictment being found or information filed in the cases provided in NRS 173.175.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454)

      NRS 178.534  Contents of order for recommitment.  The order for the recommitment of the defendant shall:

      1.  Recite generally the facts upon which it is founded.

      2.  Direct that the defendant be arrested by any sheriff, constable, marshal, police officer or other peace officer within the State, and committed to the custody of the sheriff of the county where the depositions and statement were returned, or the indictment was found, or the information was filed, or the conviction was had, as the case may be, to be detained until legally discharged.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454)

      NRS 178.536  Arrest on order of recommitment.  The defendant may be arrested pursuant to the order, upon a certified copy thereof, in any county, in the same manner as upon a warrant of arrest, except that when arrested in another county the order need not be endorsed by a magistrate of that county.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454)

      NRS 178.538  Commitment of defendant on order when defendant fails to appear for judgment; if order issued for other cause, defendant may be admitted to bail.

      1.  If the order recites, as the grounds upon which it is made, the failure of the defendant to appear for judgment upon conviction, the defendant must be committed according to the requirement of the order.

      2.  If the order be made for any other cause, and the offense is bailable, the court may fix the amount of bail, and may cause a direction to be inserted in the order that the defendant be admitted to bail in the sum fixed, which shall be specified in the order.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454)

      NRS 178.542  Records: District court.  Each county clerk shall maintain a record containing the following information for each bail bond accepted by a district court within the county:

      1.  The name of the defendant;

      2.  The name of the surety;

      3.  The amount of the bond;

      4.  The name of the court admitting the defendant to bail and the case number;

      5.  The date of exoneration or forfeiture of the bond;

      6.  The book and page of the minute order declaring the exoneration or forfeiture; and

      7.  The date of notice to the district attorney of any forfeiture of the bond.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1454; A 1983, 264)

      NRS 178.544  Records: Justice Court.

      1.  Whenever a person is admitted to bail in a Justice Court and the bail is put in by a written undertaking, the deputy clerk of the Justice Court shall record:

      (a) The name of the defendant;

      (b) The names of the sureties;

      (c) The amount of the bond;

      (d) The name of the court;

      (e) The number of the case; and

      (f) Such other information as is reasonably necessary to complete the record.

      2.  When the bond is exonerated or forfeited, the deputy clerk of the Justice Court shall record:

      (a) The date of the exoneration or forfeiture;

      (b) The book and page of the minute order declaring the exoneration or forfeiture; and

      (c) The date of notice to the district attorney of any forfeiture of the bond.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1455; A 1983, 264; 1985, 53)

      NRS 178.546  Records: Supreme Court. [Effective through December 31, 2014, and after that date unless the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

      1.  Whenever a person is admitted to bail by the Supreme Court or a justice of the Supreme Court, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall record:

      (a) The name of the defendant;

      (b) The names of the sureties;

      (c) The amount of the bond; and

      (d) The case number.

      2.  When the bond is exonerated or forfeited, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall record:

      (a) The date of the exoneration or forfeiture;

      (b) The file number of the order declaring the forfeiture or exoneration;

      (c) The name of the county where the defendant was convicted or if no conviction has been had, of the county where the defendant was incarcerated; and

      (d) The date of the notice to the district attorney of the appropriate county of any forfeiture of the bond.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1455; A 1983, 265)

      NRS 178.546  Records: Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. [Effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election.]

      1.  Whenever a person is admitted to bail by the Court of Appeals, the Supreme Court, a judge of the Court of Appeals or a justice of the Supreme Court, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall record:

      (a) The name of the defendant;

      (b) The names of the sureties;

      (c) The amount of the bond; and

      (d) The case number.

      2.  When the bond is exonerated or forfeited, the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall record:

      (a) The date of the exoneration or forfeiture;

      (b) The file number of the order declaring the forfeiture or exoneration;

      (c) The name of the county where the defendant was convicted or if no conviction has been had, of the county where the defendant was incarcerated; and

      (d) The date of the notice to the district attorney of the appropriate county of any forfeiture of the bond.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1455; A 1983, 265; 2013, 1762, effective January 1, 2015, if the provisions of Senate Joint Resolution No. 14 (2011) are approved and ratified by the voters at the 2014 General Election)

      NRS 178.548  Notification of district attorney when bail bond is forfeited.  The county clerk, the deputy clerk of the justice court, or the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall notify the district attorney of the appropriate county, in writing, promptly upon the receipt of information indicating that a bail bond has been forfeited.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456; A 1983, 266; 1985, 53)

MOTIONS

      NRS 178.552  Form; contents.  An application to the court for an order shall be by motion. A motion other than one made during a trial or hearing shall be in writing unless the court permits it to be made orally. It shall state the grounds upon which it is made and shall set forth the relief or order sought. It may be supported by affidavit.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456)

DISMISSAL OF ACTIONS

      NRS 178.554  Dismissal by district attorney or Attorney General by leave of court.  The district attorney, or the Attorney General in those cases which have been initiated by the Attorney General, may by leave of court file a dismissal of an indictment, information or complaint and the prosecution shall thereupon terminate. Such a dismissal may not be filed during the trial without the consent of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456)

      NRS 178.556  Dismissal by court for unnecessary delay.

      1.  If no indictment is found or information filed against a person within 15 days after the person has been held to answer for a public offense which must be prosecuted by indictment or information, the court may dismiss the complaint. If a defendant whose trial has not been postponed upon the defendant’s application is not brought to trial within 60 days after the arraignment on the indictment or information, the district court may dismiss the indictment or information.

      2.  If a defendant whose trial has not been postponed upon the defendant’s application is not brought to trial within 60 days after the arraignment on the complaint for an offense triable in a Justice or municipal Court, the court may dismiss the complaint.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456; A 1985, 65; 1991, 70)

      NRS 178.562  Dismissal or discharge as bar to another prosecution.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 174.085, an order for the dismissal of the action, as provided in NRS 178.554 and 178.556, is a bar to another prosecution for the same offense.

      2.  The discharge of a person accused upon preliminary examination is a bar to another complaint against the person for the same offense, but does not bar the finding of an indictment or filing of an information.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456; A 1997, 2393)

      NRS 178.563  Notice to defendant of provisions concerning sealing of records of proceedings leading to dismissal.  Upon the entry of an order dismissing a criminal action or proceeding, the court shall provide the defendant with a written notice of the provisions of NRS 179.255 which concern the sealing of records of the proceedings leading to the dismissal.

      (Added to NRS by 2001, 1692)

COMPROMISING CERTAIN PUBLIC OFFENSES BY LEAVE OF COURT

      NRS 178.564  Certain offenses for which party injured has civil action may be compromised.  If a defendant is held to answer on a charge of a misdemeanor for which the person injured by the act constituting the offense has a remedy by a civil action, the offense may be compromised as provided in NRS 178.566 unless the offense:

      1.  Was committed by or upon an officer of justice while in the execution of the duties of office;

      2.  Was committed riotously;

      3.  Was committed with the intent to commit a felony;

      4.  Is a battery that constitutes domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018; or

      5.  Violates a temporary or extended order for protection against domestic violence.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1456; A 2005, 103)

      NRS 178.566  Compromise to be by permission of court; order to bar another prosecution.

      1.  If the party injured appears before the court to which the depositions are required to be returned, at any time before trial, and acknowledges in writing that the party has received satisfaction for the injury, the court may, in its discretion, on payment of the costs incurred, order all proceedings to be stayed upon the prosecution, and the defendant to be discharged therefrom; but in such case the reasons for the order must be set forth therein, and entered on the minutes.

      2.  The order shall be a bar to another prosecution for the same offense.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.568  No public offense to be compromised except as provided in this title.  No public offense shall be compromised, nor shall any proceeding for the prosecution or punishment thereof, upon a compromise, be stayed, except as provided in this title.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

PROTECTION OF VICTIMS AND WITNESSES

      NRS 178.569  Definitions.  As used in NRS 178.569 to 178.5698, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

      1.  “Relative” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 217.060.

      2.  “Victim of a crime” or “victim” includes a relative of a person:

      (a) Against whom a crime has been committed; or

      (b) Who has been injured or killed as a direct result of the commission of a crime.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 889; A 1997, 3238)

      NRS 178.5691  Confidentiality of personal information.  All personal information, including, but not limited to, a current or former address, which pertains to a victim, relative, witness or other person and which is received pursuant to the provisions of NRS 178.569 to 178.5698, inclusive, is confidential.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 3238)

      NRS 178.5692  Investigation by sheriff of threats of harm; protection.  If a victim of a crime or a witness is cooperating with the prosecuting attorney in a criminal case and reasonably apprehends that he or she may suffer threats of harm or harm arising out of that cooperation, the sheriff of the county or the chief of police of the city shall, upon the written request of the victim or witness, investigate the circumstances, take adequate measures to protect the victim or witness where appropriate, and inform the victim or witness of the level of protection being provided.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 889)

      NRS 178.5694  Harassment of victim or witness by employer; notification by prosecuting attorney of continuance of proceeding.

      1.  If it is difficult for such a victim or witness to assist in an investigation or cooperate with the prosecuting attorney because the victim or witness is being harassed, intimidated or subjected to conflicting requirements by his or her employer, the prosecuting attorney, sheriff or chief of police shall, upon the written request of the victim or witness, intercede on his or her behalf to minimize any loss of pay or other benefits which would result from his or her assistance or appearances in court.

      2.  If a proceeding in court to which such a victim or witness has been subpoenaed will not go on as scheduled, the prosecuting attorney shall:

      (a) Make a reasonable effort to notify the victim or witness of that fact; or

      (b) Provide a system of notification which allows the victim or witness to call by telephone and receive such information.

Ê In any case, the prosecuting attorney shall, if the victim or witness so requests in writing and provides a current address, ensure that written notice is mailed to that address. If written notice would not be timely, the prosecuting attorney shall make a reasonable effort to notify the victim or witness by some other means.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 889)

      NRS 178.5696  Separate waiting area; disposition of personal property; fees for testifying.

      1.  A court trying a criminal case shall provide victims and witnesses a secure waiting area which is not used by the members of the jury or the defendant and the defendant’s family and friends.

      2.  A court or law enforcement agency which has custody of any stolen or other personal property belonging to such a victim or witness shall:

      (a) Upon the written request of the victim or witness, make available to the victim or witness a list describing the property held in custody, unless it is shown that the disclosure of the identity or nature of the property would seriously impede the investigation of the crime; or

      (b) Return the property to the victim or witness expeditiously when it is no longer needed as evidence.

      3.  The prosecuting attorney shall inform each such witness of the fee to which the witness is entitled for testifying and how to obtain the fee.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 890)

      NRS 178.5698  Information concerning release of defendant and disposition of case provided upon request; court to inform and provide documentation to certain persons of their right to be informed of release of offender from prison in certain cases; when and whom warden must inform of release of offender from prison.

      1.  The prosecuting attorney, sheriff or chief of police shall, upon the request of a victim or witness, inform the victim or witness:

      (a) When the defendant is released from custody at any time before or during the trial, including, without limitation, when the defendant is released pending trial or subject to electronic supervision;

      (b) If the defendant is so released, the amount of bail required, if any; and

      (c) Of the final disposition of the criminal case in which the victim or witness was directly involved.

      2.  A request for information pursuant to subsection 1 must be made:

      (a) In writing; or

      (b) By telephone through an automated or computerized system of notification, if such a system is available.

      3.  If an offender is convicted of a sexual offense or an offense involving the use or threatened use of force or violence against the victim, the court shall provide:

      (a) To each witness, documentation that includes:

             (1) A form advising the witness of the right to be notified pursuant to subsection 5;

             (2) The form that the witness must use to request notification in writing; and

             (3) The form or procedure that the witness must use to provide a change of address after a request for notification has been submitted.

      (b) To each person listed in subsection 4, documentation that includes:

             (1) A form advising the person of the right to be notified pursuant to subsection 5 or 6 and NRS 176.015, 176A.630, 178.4715, 209.392, 209.3925, 209.521, 213.010, 213.040, 213.095 and 213.131 or NRS 213.10915;

             (2) The forms that the person must use to request notification; and

             (3) The forms or procedures that the person must use to provide a change of address after a request for notification has been submitted.

      4.  The following persons are entitled to receive documentation pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 3:

      (a) A person against whom the offense is committed.

      (b) A person who is injured as a direct result of the commission of the offense.

      (c) If a person listed in paragraph (a) or (b) is under the age of 18 years, each parent or guardian who is not the offender.

      (d) Each surviving spouse, parent and child of a person who is killed as a direct result of the commission of the offense.

      (e) A relative of a person listed in paragraphs (a) to (d), inclusive, if the relative requests in writing to be provided with the documentation.

      5.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, if the offense was a felony and the offender is imprisoned, the warden of the prison shall, if the victim or witness so requests in writing and provides a current address, notify the victim or witness at that address when the offender is released from the prison.

      6.  If the offender was convicted of a violation of subsection 3 of NRS 200.366 or a violation of subsection 1, paragraph (a) of subsection 2 or subparagraph (2) of paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NRS 200.508, the warden of the prison shall notify:

      (a) The immediate family of the victim if the immediate family provides their current address;

      (b) Any member of the victim’s family related within the third degree of consanguinity, if the member of the victim’s family so requests in writing and provides a current address; and

      (c) The victim, if the victim will be 18 years of age or older at the time of the release and has provided a current address,

Ê before the offender is released from prison.

      7.  The warden must not be held responsible for any injury proximately caused by the failure to give any notice required pursuant to this section if no address was provided to the warden or if the address provided is inaccurate or not current.

      8.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Immediate family” means any adult relative of the victim living in the victim’s household.

      (b) “Sexual offense” means:

             (1) Sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.366;

             (2) Statutory sexual seduction pursuant to NRS 200.368;

             (3) Battery with intent to commit sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.400;

             (4) An offense involving pornography and a minor pursuant to NRS 200.710 to 200.730, inclusive;

             (5) Incest pursuant to NRS 201.180;

             (6) Open or gross lewdness pursuant to NRS 201.210;

             (7) Indecent or obscene exposure pursuant to NRS 201.220;

             (8) Lewdness with a child pursuant to NRS 201.230;

             (9) Sexual penetration of a dead human body pursuant to NRS 201.450;

             (10) Luring a child or a person with mental illness pursuant to NRS 201.560, if punished as a felony;

             (11) An offense that, pursuant to a specific statute, is determined to be sexually motivated; or

             (12) An attempt to commit an offense listed in this paragraph.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 890; A 1995, 407; 1997, 3238; 2001, 1140, 2792; 2003, 22, 860, 1384; 2009, 72; 2011, 69; 2013, 388, 1163)

DESIGNATION OF ATTENDANT TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR WITNESS DURING TESTIMONY

      NRS 178.571  Applicability to certain cases; persons permitted to be attendant; permissible conduct by attendant; exclusion for good cause.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, in a case involving any act of domestic violence pursuant to NRS 33.018, a violation of NRS 200.366, 200.368 or 200.373, a battery with intent to commit a sexual assault pursuant to NRS 200.400, a violation of any provision of NRS 200.5091 to 200.5099, inclusive, a violation of NRS 201.180, 201.210, 201.220 or 201.230 or an attempt or a conspiracy to commit any of these offenses, a witness may designate an attendant who must be allowed to attend the preliminary hearing and the trial during the witness’s testimony to provide support.

      2.  In a case involving an offense in which a minor is a witness, the witness who is a minor may designate an attendant who must be allowed to attend the preliminary hearing and the trial during the witness’s testimony to provide support.

      3.  The attendant may be designated by a party as a witness and, except as otherwise provided in this section, must not be excluded from the proceedings. If a party designates the attendant as a witness, the attendant must be examined and cross-examined before any other witness testifies.

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and subsection 5, the attendant must not be a reporter or editorial employee of any newspaper, periodical or press association or an employee of any radio or television station. The provisions of this subsection do not apply to an attendant to a witness in a case involving a violation of any provision of NRS 200.5091 to 200.50995, inclusive.

      5.  The parent, child, brother or sister of the witness may serve as the attendant of the witness whether or not the attendant is a reporter or an editorial employee of any newspaper, periodical or press association or an employee of any radio or television station, but the attendant shall not make notes during the hearing or trial.

      6.  The court:

      (a) Shall, if the witness requests, allow the attendant to sit next to the witness while the witness is testifying; or

      (b) May, if the witness requests that the attendant be in another location in the courtroom while the witness is testifying, allow the attendant to be in that location while the witness is testifying.

      7.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the court shall allow the attendant to have physical contact with the witness while the witness is testifying, if the court determines that such contact is reasonably appropriate or necessary to provide support to the witness. If the attendant attempts to influence or affect in any manner the testimony of the witness during the giving of testimony or at any other time, the court shall exclude that attendant and allow the witness to designate another attendant.

      8.  A party may move to exclude a particular attendant for good cause, and the court shall hear the motion out of the presence of the jury, if any. If the court grants the motion, the witness may designate another attendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 891; A 1995, 893, 2255; 1997, 73; 2003, 542)

IMMUNITY OF MATERIAL WITNESSES FROM PROSECUTION

      NRS 178.572  Order of immunity releasing material witness from prosecution or punishment on motion of State.

      1.  In any investigation before a grand jury, or any preliminary examination or trial in any court of record, the court on motion of the State may order that any material witness be released from all liability to be prosecuted or punished on account of any testimony or other evidence the witness may be required to produce.

      2.  Any motion, hearing or order regarding the immunity of a grand jury witness must not be made public before an indictment or presentment is issued in the case.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457; A 1983, 1346; 1985, 1030)

      NRS 178.574  Order of immunity bar to prosecution; exception.  Such order of immunity shall forever be a bar to prosecution against the witness for any offense shown in whole or in part by such testimony or other evidence except for perjury committed in the giving of such testimony.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.576  Failure of witness granted immunity to testify is contempt.  Any witness who having been granted immunity refuses to testify or produce other evidence is in contempt of court.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.578  Denial of motion.  The court shall deny the motion of the State under NRS 178.572 if it reasonably appears to the court that such testimony or evidence would subject the witness to prosecution, except for perjury committed in the giving of such testimony, under the laws of another state or of the United States.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

SERVICE AND FILING OF PAPERS

      NRS 178.582  Service: When required.  Written motions other than those which are heard ex parte, written notices, designations of record on appeal and similar papers shall be served upon each of the parties.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.584  Service: How made.

      1.  Whenever under this Title or by an order of the court service is required or permitted to be made upon a party represented by an attorney, the service must be made upon the attorney unless service upon the party is ordered by the court.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 178.589, service upon the attorney or upon a party must be made in the manner provided in civil actions.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457; A 1999, 52)

      NRS 178.586  Notice of orders.  Immediately upon the entry of an order made on a written motion subsequent to arraignment the clerk shall mail to each party a notice thereof and shall make a note in the docket of the mailing. Lack of notice of the entry by the clerk does not affect the time to appeal or relieve or authorize the court to relieve a party for failure to appeal within the time allowed.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.588  Filing of papers.  Papers required to be served must be filed with the court. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 178.589, papers must be filed in the manner provided in civil actions.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457; A 1999, 52)

      NRS 178.589  Use of facsimile machine.

      1.  Except when personal service of a person is ordered by the court or required by specific statute, a person who is represented by an attorney may be lawfully served with any motion, notice or other legal document by means of a facsimile machine if:

      (a) The document is transmitted to the office of the attorney representing the person; and

      (b) The facsimile machine is operational and is maintained by the attorney representing the person or the employer of that attorney.

      2.  In addition to any other document required by the court, a person who uses a facsimile machine pursuant to subsection 1 to serve any motion, notice or other legal document that is required to be filed with the court shall attach to or include with the original document filed with the court a copy of the confirmation report or other comparable evidence of the transmittal of the legal document.

      3.  Service of any motion, notice or other legal document by facsimile machine after 5 p.m. on the day that the document is transmitted shall be deemed delivered on the next judicial day. The time of transmittal set forth in this subsection is determined according to the time at the location of the recipient of the legal document.

      4.  Service of any motion, notice or other legal document by facsimile machine as authorized by this section is supplemental to and does not affect the validity of any other manner of service authorized by law.

      5.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Facsimile machine” means a device that sends or receives a reproduction or facsimile of a document or photograph which is transmitted electronically or telephonically by telecommunications lines.

      (b) “Person” includes, without limitation, a government, governmental agency or political subdivision of a government.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 51)

CALENDARS

      NRS 178.592  Calendar of criminal actions: Preparation by clerk.

      1.  The clerk must prepare a calendar of all criminal actions pending in the court, enumerating them according to the date of filing of the indictment, information or complaint, specifying opposite the title of each action whether such action is for a felony or misdemeanor, and whether the defendant is in custody or on bail.

      2.  Preference shall be given to criminal proceedings as far as practicable.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1457)

      NRS 178.594  Order of disposing of issues on calendar.  The issues on the calendar must be disposed of in the following order, unless for good cause the court directs an action to be tried in a different order:

      1.  Prosecutions for felony, when the defendant is in custody.

      2.  Prosecutions for misdemeanor, when the defendant is in custody.

      3.  Prosecutions in which the State, upon determining that the physical, emotional or mental condition of the victim of, or a material witness to, an alleged felony or gross misdemeanor is deteriorating because of age, an illness or an injury to himself or herself or his or her spouse, has demanded a trial within 60 days after the arraignment of the person accused of the felony or gross misdemeanor pursuant to NRS 174.511.

      4.  Prosecutions for felony, when the defendant is on bail.

      5.  Prosecutions for misdemeanor, when the defendant is on bail.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458; A 1983, 1671)

EXCEPTIONS

      NRS 178.596  Exceptions unnecessary.  Exceptions to rulings or orders of the court are unnecessary and for all purposes for which an exception has been necessary prior to January 1, 1968, it is sufficient that a party, at the time the ruling or order of the court is made or sought, makes known to the court the action which the party desires the court to take or the party’s objection to the action of the court and the grounds therefor; but if a party has no opportunity to object to a ruling or order, the absence of an objection does not thereafter prejudice the party.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458)

ERROR

      NRS 178.598  Harmless error.  Any error, defect, irregularity or variance which does not affect substantial rights shall be disregarded.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458)

      NRS 178.602  Plain error.  Plain errors or defects affecting substantial rights may be noticed although they were not brought to the attention of the court.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458)

RECORDS

      NRS 178.606  Docket kept by deputy clerk of justice court; contents.  A docket must be kept by the deputy clerk of the justice court, in which the deputy clerk shall enter each action, and the minutes of the proceedings of the court therein.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458; A 1985, 53)

RULES OF COURT

      NRS 178.608  Rules of justice courts and district courts not to be inconsistent with this title.  Rules made by justice courts and district courts for the conduct of criminal proceedings shall not be inconsistent with this title.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458)

      NRS 178.610  Where no procedure specifically prescribed court may proceed in lawful manner.  If no procedure is specifically prescribed by this title, the court may proceed in any lawful manner not inconsistent with this title or with any other applicable statute.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 1458)

THE AGREEMENT ON DETAINERS

      NRS 178.620  Enactment; text.  The Agreement on Detainers, set forth in this section, is hereby enacted into law and entered into by this State with all other jurisdictions legally joining such agreement in the form substantially as follows:

 

The Agreement on Detainers

 

      The contracting states solemnly agree that:

 

Article I

 

      The party states find that charges outstanding against a prisoner, detainers based on untried indictments, informations or complaints, and difficulties in securing speedy trial of persons already incarcerated in other jurisdictions, produce uncertainties which obstruct programs of prisoner treatment and rehabilitation. Accordingly, it is the policy of the party states and the purpose of this agreement to encourage the expeditious and orderly disposition of such charges and determination of the proper status of any and all detainers based on untried indictments, information or complaints. The party states also find that proceedings with reference to such charges and detainers, when emanating from another jurisdiction, cannot properly be had in the absence of cooperative procedures. It is the further purpose of this agreement to provide such cooperative procedures.

 

Article II

 

      As used in this agreement:

      (a) “State” shall mean a state of the United States; the United States of America; a territory or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

      (b) “Sending state” shall mean a state in which a prisoner is incarcerated at the time that the prisoner initiates a request for final disposition pursuant to Article III hereof or at the time that a request for custody or availability is initiated pursuant to Article IV hereof.

      (c) “Receiving state” shall mean the state in which trial is to be had on an indictment, information or complaint pursuant to Article III or Article IV hereof.

 

Article III

 

      (a) Whenever a person has entered upon a term of imprisonment in a penal or correctional institution of a party state, and whenever during the continuance of the term of imprisonment there is pending in any other party state any untried indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which a detainer has been lodged against the prisoner, the prisoner shall be brought to trial within one hundred eighty days after the prisoner shall have caused to be delivered to the prosecuting officer and the appropriate court of the prosecuting officer’s jurisdiction written notice of the place of imprisonment and the prisoner’s request for a final disposition to be made of the indictment, information or complaint: provided that for good cause shown in open court, the prisoner or the prisoner’s counsel being present, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may grant any necessary or reasonable continuance. The request of the prisoner shall be accompanied by a certificate of the appropriate official having custody of the prisoner, stating the term of commitment under which the prisoner is being held, the time already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the amount of good time earned, the time of parole eligibility of the prisoner, and any decisions of the state parole agency relating to the prisoner.

      (b) The written notice and request for final disposition referred to in paragraph (a) hereof shall be given or sent by the prisoner to the warden, commissioner of corrections or other official having custody of the prisoner, who shall promptly forward it together with the certificate to the appropriate prosecuting official and court by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested.

      (c) The warden, commissioner of corrections or other official having custody of the prisoner shall promptly inform the prisoner of the source and contents of any detainer lodged and shall also inform the prisoner of the right to make a request for final disposition of the indictment, information or complaint on which the detainer is based.

      (d) Any request for final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph (a) hereof shall operate as a request for final disposition of all untried indictments, informations or complaints on the basis of which detainers have been lodged against the prisoner from the state to whose prosecuting official the request for final disposition is specifically directed. The warden, commissioner of corrections or other official having custody of the prisoner shall forthwith notify all appropriate prosecuting officers and courts in the several jurisdictions within the state to which the prisoner’s request for final disposition is being sent of the proceeding being initiated by the prisoner. Any notification sent pursuant to this paragraph shall be accompanied by copies of the prisoner’s written notice, request, and the certificate. If trial is not had on any indictment, information or complaint contemplated hereby prior to the return of the prisoner to the original place of imprisonment, such indictment, information or complaint shall not be of any further force or effect, and the court shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice.

      (e) Any request for a final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph (a) hereof shall also be deemed to be a waiver of extradition with respect to any charge or proceeding contemplated thereby or included therein by reason of paragraph (d) hereof, and a waiver of extradition to the receiving state to serve any sentence there imposed upon the prisoner, after completion of the term of imprisonment in the sending state. The request for final disposition shall also constitute a consent by the prisoner to the production of the prisoner’s body in any court where the prisoner’s presence may be required in order to effectuate the purposes of this agreement and a further consent voluntarily to be returned to the original place of imprisonment in accordance with the provisions of this agreement. Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the imposition of a concurrent sentence if otherwise permitted by law.

      (f) Escape from custody by the prisoner subsequent to the prisoner’s execution of the request for final disposition referred to in paragraph (a) hereof shall void the request.

 

Article IV

 

      (a) The appropriate officer of the jurisdiction in which an untried indictment, information or complaint is pending shall be entitled to have a prisoner against whom the officer has lodged a detainer and who is serving a term of imprisonment in any party state made available in accordance with Article V (a) hereof upon presentation of a written request for temporary custody or availability to the appropriate authorities of the state in which the prisoner is incarcerated: provided that the court having jurisdiction of such indictment, information or complaint shall have duly approved, recorded and transmitted the request: and provided further that there shall be a period of thirty days after receipt by the appropriate authorities before the request be honored, within which period the governor of the sending state may disapprove the request for temporary custody or availability, either upon the governor’s own motion or upon motion of the prisoner.

      (b) Upon receipt of the officer’s written request as provided in paragraph (a) hereof, the appropriate authorities having the prisoner in custody shall furnish the officer with a certificate stating the term of commitment under which the prisoner is being held, the time already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the amount of good time earned, the time of parole eligibility of the prisoner, and any decisions of the state parole agency relating to the prisoner. Said authorities simultaneously shall furnish all other officers and appropriate courts in the receiving state who have lodged detainers against the prisoner with similar certificates and with notices informing them of the request for custody or availability and of the reasons therefor.

      (c) In respect of any proceeding made possible by this Article, trial shall be commenced within one hundred twenty days of the arrival of the prisoner in the receiving state, but for good cause shown in open court, the prisoner or the prisoner’s counsel being present, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may grant any necessary or reasonable continuance.

      (d) Nothing contained in this Article shall be construed to deprive any prisoner of any right which the prisoner may have to contest the legality of the prisoner’s delivery as provided in paragraph (a) hereof, but such delivery may not be opposed or denied on the ground that the executive authority of the sending state has not affirmatively consented to or ordered such delivery.

      (e) If trial is not had on any indictment, information or complaint contemplated hereby prior to the prisoner’s being returned to the original place of imprisonment pursuant to Article V (e) hereof, such indictment, information or complaint shall not be of any further force or effect, and the court shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice.

 

Article V

 

      (a) In response to a request made under Article III or Article IV hereof, the appropriate authority in a sending state shall offer to deliver temporary custody of such prisoner to the appropriate authority in the state where such indictment, information or complaint is pending against such person in order that speedy and efficient prosecution may be had. If the request for final disposition is made by the prisoner, the offer of temporary custody shall accompany the written notice provided for in Article III of this agreement. In the case of a federal prisoner, the appropriate authority in the receiving state shall be entitled to temporary custody as provided by this agreement or to the prisoner’s presence in federal custody at the place for trial, whichever custodial arrangement may be approved by the custodian.

      (b) The officer or other representative of a state accepting an offer of temporary custody shall present the following upon demand:

             (1) Proper identification and evidence of authority to act for the state into whose temporary custody the prisoner is to be given.

             (2) A duly certified copy of the indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which the detainer has been lodged and on the basis of which the request for temporary custody of the prisoner has been made.

      (c) If the appropriate authority shall refuse or fail to accept temporary custody of said person, or in the event that an action on the indictment, information or complaint on the basis of which the detainer has been lodged is not brought to trial within the period provided in Article III or Article IV hereof, the appropriate court of the jurisdiction where the indictment, information or complaint has been pending shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice, and any detainer based thereon shall cease to be of any force or effect.

      (d) The temporary custody referred to in this agreement shall be only for the purpose of permitting prosecution on the charge or charges contained in one or more untried indictments, informations or complaints which form the basis of the detainer or detainers or for prosecution on any other charge or charges arising out of the same transaction. Except for attendance at court and while being transported to or from any place at which the prisoner’s presence may be required, the prisoner shall be held in a suitable jail or other facility regularly used for persons awaiting prosecution.

      (e) At the earliest practicable time consonant with the purposes of this agreement, the prisoner shall be returned to the sending state.

      (f) During the continuance of temporary custody or while the prisoner is otherwise being made available for trial as required by this agreement, time being served on the sentence shall continue to run but good time shall be earned by the prisoner only if, and to the extent that, the law and practice of the jurisdiction which imposed the sentence may allow.

      (g) For all purposes other than that for which temporary custody as provided in this agreement is exercised, the prisoner shall be deemed to remain in the custody of and subject to the jurisdiction of the sending state and any escape from temporary custody may be dealt with in the same manner as an escape from the original place of imprisonment or in any other manner permitted by law.

      (h) From the time that a party state receives custody of a prisoner pursuant to this agreement until such prisoner is returned to the territory and custody of the sending state, the state in which the one or more untried indictments, informations or complaints are pending or in which trial is being had shall be responsible for the prisoner and shall also pay all costs of transporting, caring for, keeping and returning the prisoner. The provisions of this paragraph shall govern unless the states concerned shall have entered into a supplementary agreement providing for a different allocation of costs and responsibilities as between or among themselves. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to alter or affect any internal relationship among the departments, agencies and officers of and in the government of a party state, or between a party state and its subdivisions, as to the payment of costs, or responsibilities therefor.

 

Article VI

 

      (a) In determining the duration and expiration dates of the time periods provided in Articles III and IV of this agreement, the running of said time periods shall be tolled whenever and for as long as the prisoner is unable to stand trial, as determined by the court having jurisdiction of the matter.

      (b) No provision of this agreement, and no remedy made available by this agreement, shall apply to any person who is adjudged to be mentally ill.

 

Article VII

 

      Each state party to this agreement shall designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other party states, shall promulgate rules and regulations to carry out more effectively the terms and provisions of this agreement, and who shall provide, within and without the state, information necessary to the effective operation of this agreement.

 

Article VIII

 

      This agreement shall enter into full force and effect as to a party state when such state has enacted the same into law. A state party to this agreement may withdraw herefrom by enacting a statute repealing the same. However, the withdrawal of any state shall not affect the status of any proceedings already initiated by inmates or by state officers at the time such withdrawal takes effect, nor shall it affect their rights in respect thereof.

 

Article IX

 

      This agreement shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate its purposes. The provisions of this agreement shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this agreement is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any party state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this agreement and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this agreement shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state party hereto, the agreement shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 640)

      NRS 178.630  Duties of Director of Department of Corrections.  The Director of the Department of Corrections shall comply with the provisions of Articles III and IV of The Agreement on Detainers whenever the Director has custody of a prisoner who has detainers lodged against the prisoner from other jurisdictions which are parties to such agreement.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 645; A 1977, 863; 2001 Special Session, 223)

      NRS 178.640  Duty of Governor.  The Governor shall appoint the officer provided in Article VII of The Agreement on Detainers.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 645; A 1983, 539)

REQUEST FOR DETAINER

      NRS 178.700  Procedure for making request; time for responding; withdrawal of request; notice of receipt of detainer.

      1.  If the Attorney General, a prosecuting attorney or an agency of criminal justice in this State receives a request from the Department of Corrections, it shall respond in writing within 14 working days setting forth any charges that are pending against the offender.

      2.  If the Attorney General, a prosecuting attorney or an agency of criminal justice indicates in its response pursuant to subsection 1 that felony charges are pending against an offender, it shall, or if misdemeanor charges are pending against an offender, it may, request in the response that upon release of the offender from the custody of the Department of Corrections, the Department release the offender to an agency of criminal justice in this State that is authorized to detain a person pending prosecution. The Attorney General, a prosecuting attorney or an agency of criminal justice may submit such a request to the Department of Corrections at any other time, if charges are filed against an offender.

      3.  If an offender is convicted, acquitted or the charges are dropped after a request was submitted pursuant to this section, the Attorney General, prosecuting attorney or agency of criminal justice who submitted the request shall withdraw the request by providing a certified copy of the judgment to the Department of Corrections if the offender was convicted or acquitted, or by providing proof to the Department that the charges were dropped.

      4.  The Attorney General, a prosecuting attorney or an agency of criminal justice shall notify the Department of Corrections upon receipt of a detainer against an inmate from another jurisdiction who is transferred to the custody of the Department of Corrections.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 917; A 2001 Special Session, 223)

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

      NRS 178.750  District attorney to submit annual report to Attorney General on cases filed that included charge for murder or involuntary manslaughter.

      1.  The district attorney for each county shall prepare and submit a report, on a form approved by the Attorney General, to the Attorney General not later than February 1 of each year concerning each case filed during the previous calendar year that included a charge for murder or voluntary manslaughter. The district attorney shall exclude from the report any charge for manslaughter that resulted from a death in an accident or collision involving a motor vehicle.

      2.  The report required pursuant to subsection 1 must include, without limitation:

      (a) The age, gender and race of the defendant;

      (b) The age, gender and race of any codefendant or other person charged or suspected of having participated in the homicide and in any alleged related offense;

      (c) The age, gender and race of the victim of the homicide and any alleged related offense;

      (d) The date of the homicide and of any alleged related offense;

      (e) The date of filing of the information or indictment;

      (f) The name of each court in which the case was prosecuted;

      (g) Whether or not the prosecutor filed a notice of intent to seek the death penalty and, if so, when the prosecutor filed the notice;

      (h) The final disposition of the case and whether or not the case was tried before a jury;

      (i) The race, ethnicity and gender of each member of the jury, if the case was tried by a jury; and

      (j) The identity of:

             (1) Each prosecuting attorney who participated in the decision to file the initial charges against the defendant;

             (2) Each prosecuting attorney who participated in the decision to offer or accept a plea, if applicable;

             (3) Each prosecuting attorney who participated in the decision to seek the death penalty, if applicable; and

             (4) Each person outside the office of the district attorney who was consulted in determining whether to seek the death penalty or to accept or reject a plea, if any.

      3.  If all the information required pursuant to subsection 1 cannot be provided because the case is still in progress, an additional report must be filed with the Attorney General each time a subsequent report is filed until all the information, to the extent available, has been provided.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 2084; A 2007, 421)