[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:32:06 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 107 - DEEDS OF TRUST

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 107.015           Definitions.

NRS 107.020           Transfers in trust of real property to secure obligations.

NRS 107.025           Estate for years: Encumbrance by deed of trust; foreclosure by exercise of power of sale.

NRS 107.026           Priority of certain deeds of trust over other liens.

NRS 107.027           Lease of dwelling unit of cooperative housing corporation: Shares in corporation appurtenant to lease; encumbrances.

NRS 107.028           Trustees: Qualifications; limitations on powers; appointment of new trustee; duties; immunity from liability for certain good faith errors; damages in certain civil actions.

ADOPTION OF COVENANTS

NRS 107.030           Adoption of covenants by reference.

NRS 107.040           Adoption of covenants by reference in instrument.

NRS 107.050           Parties may enter into different or additional covenants.

ASSUMPTION FEE

NRS 107.055           Amount must be stated in instrument.

ASSIGNMENTS; SUBORDINATION AND WAIVERS AS TO PRIORITY

NRS 107.070           Recording of assignments of beneficial interests and instruments subordinating or waiving priority of deeds of trust.

NRS 107.071           Request by grantor of deed of trust for certified copy of note, deed of trust and assignments.

DISCHARGE

NRS 107.073           Marginal entries; reconveyance must be recorded if deed of trust recorded by photographic process; presentation of certificate executed by trustee or trustee’s personal representative or assignee.

NRS 107.077           Delivery of documents by beneficiary to trustee; recording by trustee; liability for failure to deliver or record documents; requirements for release of deed of trust when reconveyance not recorded; liability for improperly recording deed of trust; criminal penalty.

NRS 107.078           Partial discharge: Delivery of documents by beneficiary to trustee; recording by trustee; liability for failure to deliver or record documents; requirements for partial release of deed of trust when reconveyance not recorded; criminal penalty.

NRS 107.079           Reconveyance when beneficiary cannot be located or refuses to execute and deliver request for reconveyance; recording of surety bond and declaration required in certain circumstances; fees; liability of trustee for reconveyance; remedy.

DEFAULT AND SALE

NRS 107.0795         “Abandoned residential property” defined. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

NRS 107.080           Trustee’s power of sale: Power conferred; required notices; contents of notarized affidavits; effect of sale; circumstances in which sale must be declared void; civil actions for noncompliance with certain requirements; duty to record; fees. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

NRS 107.080           Trustee’s power of sale: Power conferred; required notices; contents of notarized affidavits; effect of sale; circumstances in which sale must be declared void; civil actions for noncompliance with certain requirements; duty to record; fees. [Effective July 1, 2017.]

NRS 107.081           Time and place of sale; agent holding sale not to be purchaser.

NRS 107.082           Oral postponement of sale.

NRS 107.083           Proceedings after purchaser refuses to pay amount bid.

NRS 107.084           Penalty for removing or defacing notice of sale.

NRS 107.085           Restrictions on trustee’s power of sale concerning certain trust agreements: Applicability; service of notice; scheduling of date of sale; form of notice; judicial foreclosure not prohibited; “unfair lending practice” defined.

NRS 107.086           Additional requirements for sale of owner-occupied housing: Notice; form; enrollment in mediation; election to waive mediation; adoption of rules concerning mediation; applicability. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

NRS 107.086           Additional requirements for sale of owner-occupied housing: Notice; form; enrollment in mediation; election to waive mediation; adoption of rules concerning mediation; applicability. [Effective July 1, 2017.]

NRS 107.087           Notice of default and sale in residential foreclosure: Requirements.

NRS 107.090           Request for notice of default and sale: Recording and contents; mailing of notice; request by homeowners’ association; effect of request.

NRS 107.095           Notice of default: Mailing to guarantor or surety of debt; effect of failure to give.

NRS 107.100           Receiver: Appointment after filing notice of breach and election to sell.

NRS 107.110           Maintenance of residential property purchased at trustee’s sale.

NRS 107.120           Board of county commissioners or governing body of incorporated city may establish by ordinance registry of abandoned residential property. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

NRS 107.130           Expedited procedure for exercise of trustee’s power of sale involving abandoned residential property; inspection of real property to determine abandonment; required notice, certification and affidavit; civil penalty for noncompliance with certain requirements. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

NRS 107.140           Sale in lieu of foreclosure sale: Limitations.

STATEMENT FROM BENEFICIARY OF DEED OF TRUST

NRS 107.200           Contents of statement regarding debt secured by deed of trust.

NRS 107.210           Contents of statement of amount necessary to discharge debt secured by deed of trust.

NRS 107.220           Persons authorized to request statement from beneficiary; proof of identity of successor in interest.

NRS 107.230           Proof of authorization to request statement.

NRS 107.240           Grounds for refusal to deliver statement.

NRS 107.250           Reliance upon accuracy of statement and amended statement; notification of amended statement; recovery of money by beneficiary if statement is deficient.

NRS 107.260           Copy of note or deed of trust for authorized requester.

NRS 107.270           Address to which request for statement must be mailed.

NRS 107.280           Debt to which information contained in statement is applicable.

NRS 107.290           Unclear request for statement deemed to be request for amount necessary to discharge debt.

NRS 107.300           Penalty for failure to deliver statement; bar to recovery of certain damages.

NRS 107.310           Fee for furnishing statement.

NRS 107.311           Applicability of NRS 107.310.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FORECLOSURE OF OWNER-OCCUPIED HOUSING SECURING RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LOAN

NRS 107.400           Definitions.

NRS 107.410           “Borrower” defined.

NRS 107.420           “Foreclosure prevention alternative” defined.

NRS 107.430           “Foreclosure sale” defined.

NRS 107.440           “Mortgage servicer” defined.

NRS 107.450           “Residential mortgage loan” defined.

NRS 107.460           Applicability.

NRS 107.470           Right of borrower to pursue more than one foreclosure prevention alternative.

NRS 107.480           Restrictions on trustee’s power of sale and civil actions for foreclosure sales.

NRS 107.490           Duties of mortgage servicer.

NRS 107.500           Requirements before recording of notice of default and election to sell or commencing civil action for foreclosure sale: Notice; contents.

NRS 107.510           Recording of notice of default and election to sell or commencing civil action for foreclosure sale prohibited in certain circumstances; mortgage servicer required to contact borrower; exceptions.

NRS 107.520           Application for foreclosure prevention alternative; acknowledgement of receipt required; contents of acknowledgement; deficiencies in application.

NRS 107.530           Effect of submitting application for foreclosure prevention alternative; offer, acceptance and rejection of foreclosure prevention alternative; denial of application; appeal; fees prohibited.

NRS 107.540           Single point of contact required to be established by mortgage servicer for foreclosure prevention alternative; responsibilities.

NRS 107.550           Dismissal of civil action for foreclosure sale, rescission of notice of default and election to sell or notice of sale and cancellation of pending foreclosure sale required in certain circumstances; effect on mortgagee or beneficiary of deed of trust.

NRS 107.560           Injunctive relief for violation; civil action to recover economic damages; award of costs and attorney’s fees to prevailing party.

_________

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

      NRS 107.015  Definitions.  As used in this chapter:

      1.  “Facsimile machine” means a device which receives and copies a reproduction or facsimile of a document or photograph which is transmitted electronically or telephonically by telecommunications lines.

      2.  “Title insurer” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 692A.070.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1518)

      NRS 107.020  Transfers in trust of real property to secure obligations.  Transfers in trust of any estate in real property may be made after March 29, 1927, to secure the performance of an obligation or the payment of any debt.

      [Part 1:173:1927; A 1949, 70; 1943 NCL § 7710]

      NRS 107.025  Estate for years: Encumbrance by deed of trust; foreclosure by exercise of power of sale.  A deed of trust may encumber an estate for years however created, including a lease of a dwelling unit of a cooperative housing corporation, unless prohibited by the instrument creating the estate, and foreclosure may be had by the exercise of a power of sale in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 1967, 954; A 1979, 708; 1989, 506)

      NRS 107.026  Priority of certain deeds of trust over other liens.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 104.9335, a deed of trust given to secure a loan made to purchase the real property on which the deed of trust is given has priority over all other liens created against the purchaser before the purchaser acquires title to the real property.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1522; A 1999, 387)

      NRS 107.027  Lease of dwelling unit of cooperative housing corporation: Shares in corporation appurtenant to lease; encumbrances.

      1.  The shares which accompany a lease of a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing corporation are appurtenant to the lease. Any security interest in or lien on the lease encumbers the shares whether or not the instrument creating the interest or lien expressly includes the shares.

      2.  No security interest in or lien on shares of a cooperative housing corporation is effective unless the instrument which purports to create the interest or lien encumbers the lease to which the shares pertain.

      (Added to NRS by 1979, 708)

      NRS 107.028  Trustees: Qualifications; limitations on powers; appointment of new trustee; duties; immunity from liability for certain good faith errors; damages in certain civil actions.

      1.  The trustee under a deed of trust must be:

      (a) An attorney licensed to practice law in this State;

      (b) A title insurer or title agent authorized to do business in this State pursuant to chapter 692A of NRS;

      (c) A person licensed pursuant to chapter 669 of NRS;

      (d) A domestic or foreign entity which holds a current state business license issued by the Secretary of State pursuant to chapter 76 of NRS;

      (e) A person who does business under the laws of this State, the United States or another state relating to banks, savings banks, savings and loan associations or thrift companies;

      (f) A person who is appointed as a fiduciary pursuant to NRS 662.245;

      (g) A person who acts as a registered agent for a domestic or foreign corporation, limited-liability company, limited partnership or limited-liability partnership;

      (h) A person who acts as a trustee of a trust holding real property for the primary purpose of facilitating any transaction with respect to real estate if he or she is not regularly engaged in the business of acting as a trustee for such trusts;

      (i) A person who engages in the business of a collection agency pursuant to chapter 649 of NRS; or

      (j) A person who engages in the business of an escrow agency, escrow agent or escrow officer pursuant to the provisions of chapter 645A or 692A of NRS.

      2.  A trustee under a deed of trust must not be the beneficiary of the deed of trust for the purposes of exercising the power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080.

      3.  A trustee under a deed of trust must not:

      (a) Lend its name or its corporate capacity to any person who is not qualified to be the trustee under a deed of trust pursuant to subsection 1.

      (b) Act individually or in concert with any other person to circumvent the requirements of subsection 1.

      4.  A beneficiary of record may replace its trustee with another trustee. The appointment of a new trustee is not effective until the substitution of trustee is recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the real property is located.

      5.  The trustee does not have a fiduciary obligation to the grantor or any other person having an interest in the property which is subject to the deed of trust. The trustee shall act impartially and in good faith with respect to the deed of trust and shall act in accordance with the laws of this State. A rebuttable presumption that a trustee has acted impartially and in good faith exists if the trustee acts in compliance with the provisions of NRS 107.080. In performing acts required by NRS 107.080, the trustee incurs no liability for any good faith error resulting from reliance on information provided by the beneficiary regarding the nature and the amount of the default under the obligation secured by the deed of trust if the trustee corrects the good faith error not later than 20 days after discovering the error.

      6.  If, in an action brought by a grantor, a person who holds title of record or a beneficiary in the district court in and for the county in which the real property is located, the court finds that the trustee did not comply with this section, any other provision of this chapter or any applicable provision of chapter 106 or 205 of NRS, the court must award to the grantor, the person who holds title of record or the beneficiary:

      (a) Damages of $5,000 or treble the amount of actual damages, whichever is greater;

      (b) An injunction enjoining the exercise of the power of sale until the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee complies with the requirements of subsections 2, 3 and 4; and

      (c) Reasonable attorney’s fees and costs,

Ê unless the court finds good cause for a different award.

      (Added to NRS by 2011, 329; A 2011, 1746, 1748)

ADOPTION OF COVENANTS

      NRS 107.030  Adoption of covenants by reference.  Every deed of trust made after March 29, 1927, may adopt by reference all or any of the following covenants, agreements, obligations, rights and remedies:

      1.  Covenant No. 1. That grantor agrees to pay and discharge at maturity all taxes and assessments and all other charges and encumbrances which now are or shall hereafter be, or appear to be, a lien upon the trust premises, or any part thereof; and that grantor will pay all interest or installments due on any prior encumbrance, and that in default thereof, beneficiary may, without demand or notice, pay the same, and beneficiary shall be sole judge of the legality or validity of such taxes, assessments, charges or encumbrances, and the amount necessary to be paid in satisfaction or discharge thereof.

      2.  Covenant No. 2. That the grantor will at all times keep the buildings and improvements which are now or shall hereafter be erected upon the premises insured against loss or damage by fire, to the amount of at least $........, by some insurance company or companies approved by beneficiary, the policies for which insurance shall be made payable, in case of loss, to beneficiary, and shall be delivered to and held by the beneficiary as further security; and that in default thereof, beneficiary may procure such insurance, not exceeding the amount aforesaid, to be effected either upon the interest of trustee or upon the interest of grantor, or his or her assigns, and in their names, loss, if any, being made payable to beneficiary, and may pay and expend for premiums for such insurance such sums of money as the beneficiary may deem necessary.

      3.  Covenant No. 3. That if, during the existence of the trust, there be commenced or pending any suit or action affecting the conveyed premises, or any part thereof, or the title thereto, or if any adverse claim for or against the premises, or any part thereof, be made or asserted, the trustee or beneficiary may appear or intervene in the suit or action and retain counsel therein and defend same, or otherwise take such action therein as they may be advised, and may settle or compromise same or the adverse claim; and in that behalf and for any of the purposes may pay and expend such sums of money as the trustee or beneficiary may deem to be necessary.

      4.  Covenant No. 4. That the grantor will pay to trustee and to beneficiary respectively, on demand, the amounts of all sums of money which they shall respectively pay or expend pursuant to the provisions of the implied covenants of this section, or any of them, together with interest upon each of the amounts, until paid, from the time of payment thereof, at the rate of ................ percent per annum.

      5.  Covenant No. 5. That in case grantor shall well and truly perform the obligation or pay or cause to be paid at maturity the debt or promissory note, and all moneys agreed to be paid, and interest thereon for the security of which the transfer is made, and also the reasonable expenses of the trust in this section specified, then the trustee, its successors or assigns, shall reconvey to the grantor all the estate in the premises conveyed to the trustee by the grantor. Any part of the trust property may be reconveyed at the request of the beneficiary.

      6.  Covenant No. 6. That if default be made in the performance of the obligation, or in the payment of the debt, or interest thereon, or any part thereof, or in the payment of any of the other moneys agreed to be paid, or of any interest thereon, or if any of the conditions or covenants in this section adopted by reference be violated, and if the notice of breach and election to sell, required by this chapter, be first recorded, then trustee, its successors or assigns, on demand by beneficiary, or assigns, shall sell the above-granted premises, or such part thereof as in its discretion it shall find necessary to sell, in order to accomplish the objects of these trusts, in the manner following, namely:

      The trustees shall first give notice of the time and place of such sale, in the manner provided in NRS 107.080 and may postpone such sale not more than three times by proclamation made to the persons assembled at the time and place previously appointed and advertised for such sale, and on the day of sale so advertised, or to which such sale may have been postponed, the trustee may sell the property so advertised, or any portion thereof, at public auction, at the time and place specified in the notice, at a public location in the county in which the property, or any part thereof, to be sold, is situated, to the highest cash bidder. The beneficiary, obligee, creditor, or the holder or holders of the promissory note or notes secured thereby may bid and purchase at such sale. The beneficiary may, after recording the notice of breach and election, waive or withdraw the same or any proceedings thereunder, and shall thereupon be restored to the beneficiary’s former position and have and enjoy the same rights as though such notice had not been recorded.

      7.  Covenant No. 7. That the trustee, upon such sale, shall make (without warranty), execute and, after due payment made, deliver to purchaser or purchasers, his, her or their heirs or assigns, a deed or deeds of the premises so sold which shall convey to the purchaser all the title of the grantor in the trust premises, and shall apply the proceeds of the sale thereof in payment, firstly, of the expenses of such sale, together with the reasonable expenses of the trust, including counsel fees, in an amount equal to ................ percent of the amount secured thereby and remaining unpaid or reasonable counsel fees and costs actually incurred, which shall become due upon any default made by grantor in any of the payments aforesaid; and also such sums, if any, as trustee or beneficiary shall have paid, for procuring a search of the title to the premises, or any part thereof, subsequent to the execution of the deed of trust; and in payment, secondly, of the obligation or debts secured, and interest thereon then remaining unpaid, and the amount of all other moneys with interest thereon herein agreed or provided to be paid by grantor; and the balance or surplus of such proceeds of sale it shall pay to grantor, his or her heirs, executors, administrators or assigns.

      8.  Covenant No. 8. That in the event of a sale of the premises conveyed or transferred in trust, or any part thereof, and the execution of a deed or deeds therefor under such trust, the recital therein of default, and of recording notice of breach and election of sale, and of the elapsing of the 3-month period, and of the giving of notice of sale, and of a demand by beneficiary, his or her heirs or assigns, that such sale should be made, shall be conclusive proof of such default, recording, election, elapsing of time, and of the due giving of such notice, and that the sale was regularly and validly made on due and proper demand by beneficiary, his or her heirs and assigns; and any such deed or deeds with such recitals therein shall be effectual and conclusive against grantor, his or her heirs and assigns, and all other persons; and the receipt for the purchase money recited or contained in any deed executed to the purchaser as aforesaid shall be sufficient discharge to such purchaser from all obligation to see to the proper application of the purchase money, according to the trusts aforesaid.

      9.  Covenant No. 9. That the beneficiary or his or her assigns may, from time to time, appoint another trustee, or trustees, to execute the trust created by the deed of trust or other conveyance in trust. An instrument executed and acknowledged by the beneficiary is conclusive proof of the proper appointment of such substituted trustee. Upon the recording of such executed and acknowledged instrument, the new trustee or trustees shall be vested with all the title, interest, powers, duties and trusts in the premises vested in or conferred upon the original trustee. If there be more than one trustee, either may act alone and execute the trusts upon the request of the beneficiary, and all of the trustee’s acts thereunder shall be deemed to be the acts of all trustees, and the recital in any conveyance executed by such sole trustee of such request shall be conclusive evidence thereof, and of the authority of such sole trustee to act.

      [2:173:1927; NCL § 7711]—(NRS A 1967, 143; 2005, 1621; 2013, 1013)

      NRS 107.040  Adoption of covenants by reference in instrument.

      1.  In order to adopt by reference any of the covenants, agreements, obligations, rights and remedies in NRS 107.030, it shall only be necessary to state in the deed of trust the following: “The following covenants, Nos. ................, ................ and ................ (inserting the respective numbers) of NRS 107.030 are hereby adopted and made a part of this deed of trust.”

      2.  A deed of trust or other conveyance in trust, in order to fix the amount of insurance to be carried, need not reincorporate the provisions of Covenant No. 2 of NRS 107.030, but may merely state the following: “Covenant No. 2,” and set out thereafter the amount of insurance to be carried.

      3.  In order to fix the rate of interest under Covenant No. 4 of NRS 107.030, it shall only be necessary to state in such trust deed or other conveyance in trust, “Covenant No. 4,” and set out thereafter the rate of interest to be charged thereunder.

      4.  In order to fix the amount or percent of counsel fees under Covenant No. 7 of NRS 107.030, it shall only be necessary to state in such deed of trust, or other conveyance in trust, the following: “Covenant No. 7,” and set out thereafter either the percentage to be allowed or, in lieu of the percentage to be allowed, reasonable counsel fees and costs actually incurred.

      [3:173:1927; NCL § 7712] + [4:173:1927; NCL § 7713]—(NRS A 2013, 1015)

      NRS 107.050  Parties may enter into different or additional covenants.  Nothing in NRS 107.030 and 107.040 shall prevent the parties to any transfer in trust from entering into other, different or additional covenants or agreements than those set out in NRS 107.030.

      [5:173:1927; NCL § 7714]

ASSUMPTION FEE

      NRS 107.055  Amount must be stated in instrument.  If a party to a deed of trust, executed after July 1, 1971, desires to charge an assumption fee for a change in parties, the amount of such charge must be clearly set forth in the deed of trust at the time of execution. Without limiting or prohibiting any other method by which the amount of the charge may be clearly set forth in the deed of trust, the charge may be set forth as:

      1.  A fixed sum;

      2.  A percentage of the amount secured by the deed of trust and remaining unpaid at the time of assumption; or

      3.  The lesser of, the greater of or some combination of the amounts determined by subsections 1 and 2.

      (Added to NRS by 1971, 314; A 2013, 1015)

ASSIGNMENTS; SUBORDINATION AND WAIVERS AS TO PRIORITY

      NRS 107.070  Recording of assignments of beneficial interests and instruments subordinating or waiving priority of deeds of trust.  The provisions of NRS 106.210 and 106.220 apply to deeds of trust as therein specified.

      [Part 1:120:1935; 1931 NCL § 2122.31]—(NRS A 1965, 926)

      NRS 107.071  Request by grantor of deed of trust for certified copy of note, deed of trust and assignments.

      1.  A grantor of a deed of trust may submit a written request to the servicer of the deed of trust for a certified copy of the note, the deed of trust and all assignments of the note and deed of trust if:

      (a) The real property subject to the deed of trust is a single-family dwelling;

      (b) The grantor is the owner of record of the real property;

      (c) The grantor currently occupies the real property as his or her principal residence; and

      (d) The servicer or beneficiary of the deed of trust is a banking or financial institution or any other business entity that is licensed, registered or otherwise authorized to do business in this State.

      2.  Not more than 10 days after receipt of a written request pursuant to subsection 1, the servicer of the deed of trust shall provide to the grantor the identity, address and any other contact information of the current owner or assignee of the note and deed of trust.

      3.  If the servicer of the deed of trust does not provide a certified copy of each document requested pursuant to subsection 1 within 30 days after receipt of the request, or if the documents provided by the servicer indicate that the beneficiary of the deed of trust does not have a recorded interest in or lien on the real property which is subject to the deed of trust:

      (a) The grantor of the deed of trust may report the servicer and the beneficiary of the deed of trust to the Division of Mortgage Lending or the Division of Financial Institutions of the Department of Business and Industry, whichever is appropriate; and

      (b) The appropriate division may take whatever actions it deems necessary and proper, including, without limitation, enforcing any applicable laws or regulations or adopting any additional regulations.

      4.  As used in this section, “banking or financial institution” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 106.295.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2774)

DISCHARGE

      NRS 107.073  Marginal entries; reconveyance must be recorded if deed of trust recorded by photographic process; presentation of certificate executed by trustee or trustee’s personal representative or assignee.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a recorded deed of trust may be discharged by an entry on the margin of the record thereof, signed by the trustee or the trustee’s personal representative or assignee in the presence of the recorder or the recorder’s deputy, acknowledging the satisfaction of or value received for the deed of trust and the debt secured thereby. The recorder or the recorder’s deputy shall subscribe the entry as witness. The entry has the same effect as a reconveyance of the deed of trust acknowledged and recorded as provided by law. The recorder shall properly index each marginal discharge.

      2.  If the deed of trust has been recorded by a microfilm or other photographic process, a marginal release may not be used and an acknowledged reconveyance of the deed of trust must be recorded.

      3.  If the recorder or the recorder’s deputy is presented with a certificate executed by the trustee or the trustee’s personal representative or assignee, specifying that the deed of trust has been paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, the recorder or the recorder’s deputy shall discharge the deed of trust upon the record.

      (Added to NRS by 1991, 1103; A 1993, 2335)

      NRS 107.077  Delivery of documents by beneficiary to trustee; recording by trustee; liability for failure to deliver or record documents; requirements for release of deed of trust when reconveyance not recorded; liability for improperly recording deed of trust; criminal penalty.

      1.  Within 21 calendar days after receiving written notice that a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1991, has been paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, the beneficiary shall deliver to the trustee or the trustor the original note and deed of trust, if the beneficiary is in possession of those documents, and a properly executed request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor. If the beneficiary delivers the original note and deed of trust to the trustee or the trustee has those documents in his or her possession, the trustee shall deliver those documents to the grantor.

      2.  Within 45 calendar days after a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1991, is paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, and a properly executed request to reconvey is received by the trustee, the trustee shall cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust.

      3.  If the beneficiary fails to deliver to the trustee a properly executed request to reconvey pursuant to subsection 1, or if the trustee fails to cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to subsection 2, the beneficiary or the trustee, as the case may be, is liable in a civil action to the grantor, his or her heirs or assigns in the sum of $1,000, plus reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action, and the beneficiary or the trustee is liable in a civil action to any party to the deed of trust for any actual damages caused by the failure to comply with the provisions of this section and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action.

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a reconveyance is not recorded pursuant to subsection 2 within:

      (a) Seventy-five calendar days after the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt, if the payment, satisfaction or discharge was made on or after October 1, 1993; or

      (b) Ninety calendar days after the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt, if the payment, satisfaction or discharge was made before October 1, 1993,

Ê a title insurer may prepare and cause to be recorded a release of the deed of trust. At least 30 calendar days before the recording of a release pursuant to this subsection, the title insurer shall mail, by first-class mail, postage prepaid, notice of the intention to record the release of the deed of trust to the trustee, trustor and beneficiary of record, or their successors in interest, at the last known address of each such person. A release prepared and recorded pursuant to this subsection shall be deemed a reconveyance of a deed of trust. The title insurer shall not cause a release to be recorded pursuant to this subsection if the title insurer receives written instructions to the contrary from the trustee, the trustor, the owner of the land, the holder of the escrow or the owner of the debt secured by the deed of trust or his or her agent.

      5.  The release prepared pursuant to subsection 4 must set forth:

      (a) The name of the beneficiary;

      (b) The name of the trustor;

      (c) The recording reference to the deed of trust;

      (d) A statement that the debt secured by the deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied or discharged;

      (e) The date and amount of payment or other satisfaction or discharge; and

      (f) The name and address of the title insurer issuing the release.

      6.  A release prepared and recorded pursuant to subsection 4 does not relieve a beneficiary or trustee of the requirements imposed by subsections 1 and 2.

      7.  A trustee may charge a reasonable fee to the trustor or the owner of the land for services relating to the preparation, execution or recordation of a reconveyance or release pursuant to this section. A trustee shall not require the fees to be paid before the opening of an escrow, or earlier than 60 calendar days before the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt secured by the deed of trust. If a fee charged pursuant to this subsection does not exceed $100, the fee is conclusively presumed to be reasonable.

      8.  In addition to any other remedy provided by law, a title insurer who improperly causes to be recorded a release of a deed of trust pursuant to this section is liable for actual damages and for a reasonable attorney’s fee and the costs of bringing the action to any person who is injured because of the improper recordation of the release.

      9.  Any person who willfully violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      (Added to NRS by 1991, 1103; A 1993, 2336; 1995, 1522; 1999, 57; 2011, 330, 1748)

      NRS 107.078  Partial discharge: Delivery of documents by beneficiary to trustee; recording by trustee; liability for failure to deliver or record documents; requirements for partial release of deed of trust when reconveyance not recorded; criminal penalty.

      1.  If a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1995, authorizes the grantor to discharge in part the debt secured by the deed of trust and the deed of trust authorizes a partial reconveyance of the estate in real property in consideration of a partial discharge, the beneficiary shall, within 21 calendar days after receiving notice that the debt secured by the deed of trust has been partially discharged, deliver to the trustee a properly executed request for a partial reconveyance of the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor.

      2.  Within 45 calendar days after a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1995, is partially discharged and a properly executed request for a partial reconveyance is received by the trustee, the trustee shall cause to be recorded a partial reconveyance of the deed of trust.

      3.  If the beneficiary fails to deliver to the trustee a properly executed request for a partial reconveyance pursuant to subsection 1, or if the trustee fails to cause to be recorded a partial reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to subsection 2, the beneficiary or the trustee, as the case may be, is liable in a civil action to the grantor, the grantor’s heirs or assigns in the amount of $1,000, plus reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action, and the beneficiary or trustee is liable in a civil action to any party to the deed of trust for any actual damages caused by the failure to comply with the provisions of this section and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action.

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a partial reconveyance is not recorded pursuant to subsection 2 within 75 calendar days after the partial satisfaction of the debt and if the satisfaction was made on or after October 1, 1995, a title insurer may prepare and cause to be recorded a partial release of the deed of trust. At least 30 calendar days before the recording of a partial release pursuant to this subsection, the title insurer shall mail, by first-class mail, postage prepaid, notice of the intention to record the partial release of the deed of trust to the trustee, trustor and beneficiary of record, or their successors in interest, at the last known address of each such person. A partial release prepared and recorded pursuant to this subsection shall be deemed a partial reconveyance of a deed of trust. The title insurer shall not cause a partial release to be recorded pursuant to this subsection if the title insurer receives written instructions to the contrary from the trustee, trustor, owner of the land, holder of the escrow or owner of the debt secured by the deed of trust or his or her agent.

      5.  The release prepared pursuant to subsection 4 must set forth:

      (a) The name of the beneficiary;

      (b) The name of the trustor;

      (c) The recording reference to the deed of trust;

      (d) A statement that the debt secured by the deed of trust has been partially discharged;

      (e) The date and amount of partial payment or other partial satisfaction or discharge;

      (f) The name and address of the title insurer issuing the partial release; and

      (g) The legal description of the estate in real property which is reconveyed.

      6.  A partial release prepared and recorded pursuant to subsection 4 does not relieve a beneficiary or trustee of the requirements imposed by subsections 1 and 2.

      7.  A trustee may charge a reasonable fee to the trustor or the owner of the land for services relating to the preparation, execution or recordation of a partial reconveyance or partial release pursuant to this section. A trustee shall not require the fees to be paid before the opening of an escrow or earlier than 60 calendar days before the partial payment or partial satisfaction or discharge of the debt secured by the deed of trust. If a fee charged pursuant to this subsection does not exceed $100, the fee is conclusively presumed to be reasonable.

      8.  In addition to any other remedy provided by law, a title insurer who improperly causes to be recorded a partial release of a deed of trust pursuant to this section is liable for actual damages and for a reasonable attorney’s fee and the costs of bringing the action to any person who is injured because of the improper recordation of the partial release.

      9.  Any person who willfully violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1521; A 1999, 58; 2011, 331, 1748)

      NRS 107.079  Reconveyance when beneficiary cannot be located or refuses to execute and deliver request for reconveyance; recording of surety bond and declaration required in certain circumstances; fees; liability of trustee for reconveyance; remedy.

      1.  Whenever the debt or obligation secured by a deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied and the current beneficiary of record cannot be located after diligent search as described in subsection 9 or refuses to execute and deliver a proper request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor, as required by NRS 107.077, or whenever a balance, including, without limitation, principal and interest, remains due on the debt secured by the deed of trust and the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest cannot locate after diligent search the current beneficiary of record, the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest may record or cause to be recorded a surety bond that meets the requirements of subsection 2 and a declaration that meets the requirements of subsection 3.

      2.  The surety bond recorded pursuant to subsection 1 must:

      (a) Be acceptable to the trustee;

      (b) Be issued by a surety authorized to issue surety bonds in this State in an amount equal to the greater of:

             (1) Two times the amount of the original obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust plus any principal amounts, including, without limitation, advances, indicated in a recorded amendment thereto; or

             (2) One-and-a-half times the total amount computed pursuant to subparagraph (1) plus any accrued interest on that amount;

      (c) Be conditioned on payment of any amount which the beneficiary recovers in an action to enforce the obligation or recover the debt secured by the deed of trust, plus costs and reasonable attorney’s fees;

      (d) Be made payable to the trustee who executes a reconveyance pursuant to subsection 4 and the beneficiary or the beneficiary’s successor in interest; and

      (e) Contain a statement of:

             (1) The recording date and instrument number or book and page number of the recorded deed of trust;

             (2) The names of the original trustor and beneficiary;

             (3) The amount shown as the original principal amount secured by the deed of trust; and

             (4) The recording information and new principal amount shown in any recorded amendment to the deed of trust.

      3.  The declaration recorded pursuant to subsection 1 must:

      (a) Be signed under penalty of perjury by the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest;

      (b) State that it is recorded pursuant to this section;

      (c) State the name of the original trustor;

      (d) State the name of the beneficiary;

      (e) State the name and address of the person making the declaration;

      (f) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 8, contain a statement of the following, whichever is applicable:

             (1) That the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied and the current beneficiary of record cannot be located after diligent search or refuses to execute and deliver a proper request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor, as required by NRS 107.077; or

             (2) That a balance, including, without limitation, principal and interest, remains due on the debt secured by the deed of trust and the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest cannot locate after diligent search the current beneficiary of record;

      (g) Contain a statement that the declarant has mailed by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the last known address of the person to whom payments under the deed of trust were made and to the last beneficiary of record at the address indicated for such beneficiary on the instrument creating, assigning or conveying the deed of trust, a notice of the recording of the surety bond and declaration pursuant to this section, of the name and address of the trustee, of the beneficiary’s right to record a written objection to the reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to this section and of the requirement to notify the trustee in writing of any such objection; and

      (h) Contain the date of the mailing of any notice pursuant to this section and the name and address of each person to whom such a notice was mailed.

      4.  Not earlier than 30 days after the recording of the surety bond and declaration pursuant to subsections 1, 2 and 3, delivery to the trustee of the fees charged by the trustee for the preparation, execution or recordation of a reconveyance pursuant to subsection 7 of NRS 107.077, plus costs incurred by the trustee, and a demand for reconveyance under NRS 107.077, the trustee shall execute and record or cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to NRS 107.077, unless the trustee has received a written objection to the reconveyance of the deed of trust from the beneficiary of record within 30 days after the recording of the surety bond and declaration pursuant to subsections 1, 2 and 3. The recording of a reconveyance pursuant to this subsection has the same effect as a reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to NRS 107.077 and releases the lien of the deed of trust. A trustee is not liable to any person for the execution and recording of a reconveyance pursuant to this section if the trustee acted in reliance upon the substantial compliance with this section by the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest. The sole remedy for a person damaged by the reconveyance of a deed of trust pursuant to this section is an action for damages against the trustor or the person making the declaration described in subsection 3 or an action against the surety bond.

      5.  Upon the recording of a reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to subsection 4, interest no longer accrues on any balance remaining due under the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust to the extent that the balance due has been stated in the declaration described in subsection 3. Notwithstanding any provision of chapter 120A of NRS, any amount of the balance remaining due under the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, including, without limitation, principal and interest, which is remitted to the issuer of the surety bond described in subsection 2 in connection with the issuance of that surety bond must, if unclaimed within 3 years after remittance, be property that is presumed abandoned for the purposes of chapter 120A of NRS. From the date on which the amount is paid or delivered to the Administrator of Unclaimed Property pursuant to NRS 120A.570, the issuer of the surety bond is relieved of any liability to pay to the beneficiary or his or her heirs or successors in interest the amount paid or delivered to the Administrator.

      6.  Any failure to comply with the provisions of this section does not affect the rights of a bona fide purchaser or encumbrancer for value.

      7.  This section shall not be deemed to create an exclusive procedure for the reconveyance of a deed of trust and the issuance of surety bonds and declarations to release the lien of a deed of trust, and shall not affect any other procedures, whether or not such procedures are set forth in statute, for the reconveyance of a deed of trust and the issuance of surety bonds and declaration to release the lien of a deed of trust.

      8.  For the purposes of this section, the trustor or the trustor’s successor in interest may substitute the current trustee of record without conferring any duties upon that trustee other than duties which are incidental to the execution of a reconveyance pursuant to this section, if:

      (a) The debt or obligation secured by a deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied;

      (b) The current trustee of record and the current beneficiary of record cannot be located after diligent search as described in subsection 9;

      (c) The declaration filed pursuant to subsection 3:

             (1) In addition to the information required to be stated in the declaration pursuant to subsection 3, states that the current trustee of record and the current beneficiary of record cannot be located after diligent search; and

             (2) In lieu of the statement required by paragraph (f) of subsection 3, contains a statement that the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied and the current beneficiary of record cannot be located after diligent search or refuses to execute and deliver a proper request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor, as required by NRS 107.077;

      (d) The substitute trustee is a title insurer that agrees to accept the substitution, except that this paragraph does not impose a duty on a title insurer to accept the substitution; and

      (e) The surety bond required by this section is for a period of not less than 5 years.

      9.  For the purposes of subsection 1, a diligent search has been conducted if:

      (a) A notice stating the intent to record a surety bond and declaration pursuant to this section, the name and address of the trustee, the beneficiary’s right to record a written objection to the reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to this section and the requirement to notify the trustee in writing of any such objection, has been mailed by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the last known address of the person to whom payments under the deed of trust were made and to the last beneficiary of record at the address indicated for such beneficiary on the instrument creating, assigning or conveying the deed of trust.

      (b) A search has been conducted of the telephone directory in the city where the beneficiary of record or trustee of record, whichever is applicable, maintained its last known address or place of business.

      (c) If the beneficiary of record or the beneficiary’s successor in interest, or the trustee of record or the trustee’s successor in interest, whichever is applicable, is a business entity, a search has been conducted of the records of the Secretary of State and the records of the agency or officer of the state of organization of the beneficiary, trustee or successor, if known.

      (d) If the beneficiary of record or trustee of record is a state or national bank or state or federal savings and loan association, an inquiry concerning the location of the beneficiary or trustee has been made to the regulator of the bank or savings and loan association.

      10.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Surety” means a corporation authorized to transact surety business in this State pursuant to NRS 679A.030 that:

             (1) Is included in the United States Department of the Treasury’s Listing of Approved Sureties; and

             (2) Issues a surety bond pursuant to this section that does not exceed the underwriting limitations established for that surety by the United States Department of the Treasury.

      (b) “Surety bond” means a bond issued by a surety for the reconveyance of a deed of trust pursuant to this section.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2169)

DEFAULT AND SALE

      NRS 107.0795  “Abandoned residential property” defined. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]  As used in NRS 107.0795 to 107.140, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

      1.  “Abandoned residential property” means residential real property:

      (a) Consisting of not more than four family dwelling units or a single-family residential unit, including, without limitation, a condominium, townhouse or home within a subdivision, if the unit is sold, leased or otherwise conveyed unit by unit, regardless of whether the unit is part of a larger building or parcel that consists of more than four units; and

      (b) That the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor has surrendered as evidenced by a document signed by the grantor or successor confirming the surrender or by the delivery of the keys to the property to the beneficiary or that satisfies the following conditions:

             (1) The residential real property is not currently occupied as a principal residence by the grantor of the deed of trust, the person who holds title of record or any lawful occupant;

             (2) The obligation secured by the deed of trust is in default and the deficiency in performance or payment has not been cured;

             (3) The gas, electric and water utility services to the residential real property have been terminated;

             (4) It appears, after reasonable inquiry, that there are no children enrolled in school residing at the address of the residential real property;

             (5) Payments pursuant to the federal Social Security Act, including, without limitation, retirement and survivors’ benefits, supplemental security income benefits and disability insurance benefits, payments for unemployment compensation or payments for public assistance, as defined in NRS 422A.065, are not currently being delivered, electronically or otherwise, to a person who has registered the address of the residential real property as his or her residence with the agency making the payment;

             (6) An owner of the residential real property is not presently serving in the Armed Forces of the United States, a reserve component thereof or the National Guard; and

             (7) Two or more of the following conditions exist:

                   (I) Construction was initiated on the residential real property and was discontinued before completion, leaving a building unsuitable for occupancy, and no construction has taken place for at least 6 months;

                   (II) Multiple windows on the residential real property are boarded up or closed off or are smashed through, broken off or unhinged, or multiple window panes are broken and unrepaired;

                   (III) Doors on the residential real property are smashed through, broken off, unhinged or continuously unlocked;

                   (IV) The residential real property has been stripped of copper or other materials, or interior fixtures to the property have been removed;

                   (V) Law enforcement officials have received at least one report of trespassing or vandalism or other illegal acts being committed at the residential real property within the immediately preceding 6 months;

                   (VI) The residential real property has been declared unfit for occupancy and ordered to remain vacant and unoccupied under an order issued by a municipal or county authority or a court of competent jurisdiction;

                   (VII) The local police, fire or code enforcement authority has requested that the owner or any other interested or authorized party secure the residential real property because the local authority has declared the property to be an imminent danger to the health, safety and welfare of the public; or

                   (VIII) The residential real property is open and unprotected and in reasonable danger of significant damage resulting from exposure to the elements or vandalism.

      2.  The term does not include residential real property if:

      (a) There is construction, renovation or rehabilitation on the residential real property that is proceeding diligently to completion, and any building being constructed, renovated or rehabilitated on the property is in substantial compliance with all applicable ordinances, codes, regulations and laws;

      (b) The residential real property is occupied on a seasonal basis, but is otherwise secure;

      (c) There are bona fide rental or sale signs on the residential real property, or the property is listed on a Multiple Listing Service, and the property is secure; or

      (d) The residential real property is secure but is the subject of a probate action, action to quiet title or any other ownership dispute.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1544)

      NRS 107.080  Trustee’s power of sale: Power conferred; required notices; contents of notarized affidavits; effect of sale; circumstances in which sale must be declared void; civil actions for noncompliance with certain requirements; duty to record; fees. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 106.210, 107.085 and 107.086, if any transfer in trust of any estate in real property is made after March 29, 1927, to secure the performance of an obligation or the payment of any debt, a power of sale is hereby conferred upon the trustee to be exercised after a breach of the obligation for which the transfer is security.

      2.  The power of sale must not be exercised, however, until:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), in the case of any trust agreement coming into force:

             (1) On or after July 1, 1949, and before July 1, 1957, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period of 15 days, computed as prescribed in subsection 3, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment; or

             (2) On or after July 1, 1957, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period of 35 days, computed as prescribed in subsection 3, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment.

      (b) In the case of any trust agreement which concerns owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period that commences in the manner and subject to the requirements described in subsection 3 and expires 5 days before the date of sale, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment.

      (c) The beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee first executes and causes to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county wherein the trust property, or some part thereof, is situated a notice of the breach and of the election to sell or cause to be sold the property to satisfy the obligation which, except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, includes a notarized affidavit of authority to exercise the power of sale. Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (5), the affidavit required by this paragraph must state under the penalty of perjury the following information, which must be based on the direct, personal knowledge of the affiant or the personal knowledge which the affiant acquired by a review of the business records of the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, which business records must meet the standards set forth in NRS 51.135:

             (1) The full name and business address of the current trustee or the current trustee’s personal representative or assignee, the current holder of the note secured by the deed of trust, the current beneficiary of record and the current servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust.

             (2) That the beneficiary under the deed of trust, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee is in actual or constructive possession of the note secured by the deed of trust or that the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is entitled to enforce the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust. For the purposes of this subparagraph, if the obligation or debt is an instrument, as defined in subsection 2 of NRS 104.3103, a beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is entitled to enforce the instrument if the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is:

                   (I) The holder of the instrument;

                   (II) A nonholder in possession of the instrument who has the rights of a holder; or

                   (III) A person not in possession of the instrument who is entitled to enforce the instrument pursuant to a court order issued under NRS 104.3309.

             (3) That the beneficiary or its successor in interest, the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust or the trustee, or an attorney representing any of those persons, has sent to the obligor or borrower of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust a written statement of:

                   (I) The amount of payment required to make good the deficiency in performance or payment, avoid the exercise of the power of sale and reinstate the terms and conditions of the underlying obligation or debt existing before the deficiency in performance or payment, as of the date of the statement;

                   (II) The amount in default;

                   (III) The principal amount of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust;

                   (IV) The amount of accrued interest and late charges;

                   (V) A good faith estimate of all fees imposed in connection with the exercise of the power of sale; and

                   (VI) Contact information for obtaining the most current amounts due and the local or toll-free telephone number described in subparagraph (4).

             (4) A local or toll-free telephone number that the obligor or borrower of the obligation or debt may call to receive the most current amounts due and a recitation of the information contained in the affidavit.

             (5) The date and the recordation number or other unique designation of, and the name of each assignee under, each recorded assignment of the deed of trust. The information required to be stated in the affidavit pursuant to this subparagraph may be based on:

                   (I) The direct, personal knowledge of the affiant;

                   (II) The personal knowledge which the affiant acquired by a review of the business records of the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, which business records must meet the standards set forth in NRS 51.135;

                   (III) Information contained in the records of the recorder of the county in which the property is located; or

                   (IV) The title guaranty or title insurance issued by a title insurer or title agent authorized to do business in this State pursuant to chapter 692A of NRS.

Ê The affidavit described in this paragraph is not required for the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale with respect to any trust agreement which concerns a time share within a time share plan created pursuant to chapter 119A of NRS if the power of sale is being exercised for the initial beneficiary under the deed of trust or an affiliate of the initial beneficiary.

      (d) The beneficiary or its successor in interest or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust has instructed the trustee to exercise the power of sale with respect to the property.

      (e) Not less than 3 months have elapsed after the recording of the notice or, if the notice includes an affidavit and a certification indicating that, pursuant to NRS 107.130, an election has been made to use the expedited procedure for the exercise of the power of sale with respect to abandoned residential property, not less than 60 days have elapsed after the recording of the notice.

      3.  The 15- or 35-day period provided in paragraph (a) of subsection 2, or the period provided in paragraph (b) of subsection 2, commences on the first day following the day upon which the notice of default and election to sell is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located and a copy of the notice of default and election to sell is mailed by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and with postage prepaid to the grantor or, to the person who holds the title of record on the date the notice of default and election to sell is recorded, and, if the property is operated as a facility licensed under chapter 449 of NRS, to the State Board of Health, at their respective addresses, if known, otherwise to the address of the trust property. The notice of default and election to sell must:

      (a) Describe the deficiency in performance or payment and may contain a notice of intent to declare the entire unpaid balance due if acceleration is permitted by the obligation secured by the deed of trust, but acceleration must not occur if the deficiency in performance or payment is made good and any costs, fees and expenses incident to the preparation or recordation of the notice and incident to the making good of the deficiency in performance or payment are paid within the time specified in subsection 2;

      (b) If the property is subject to the requirements of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, contain the declaration required by subsection 6 of NRS 107.510;

      (c) If, pursuant to NRS 107.130, an election has been made to use the expedited procedure for the exercise of the power of sale with respect to abandoned residential property, include the affidavit and certification required by subsection 6 of NRS 107.130; and

      (d) If the property is a residential foreclosure, comply with the provisions of NRS 107.087.

      4.  The trustee, or other person authorized to make the sale under the terms of the trust deed or transfer in trust, shall, after expiration of the applicable period specified in paragraph (d) of subsection 2 following the recording of the notice of breach and election to sell, and before the making of the sale, give notice of the time and place thereof by recording the notice of sale and by:

      (a) Providing the notice to each trustor, any other person entitled to notice pursuant to this section and, if the property is operated as a facility licensed under chapter 449 of NRS, the State Board of Health, by personal service or by mailing the notice by registered or certified mail to the last known address of the trustor and any other person entitled to such notice pursuant to this section;

      (b) Posting a similar notice particularly describing the property, for 20 days successively, in a public place in the county where the property is situated;

      (c) Publishing a copy of the notice three times, once each week for 3 consecutive weeks, in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the property is situated or, if the property is a time share, by posting a copy of the notice on an Internet website and publishing a statement in a newspaper in the manner required by subsection 3 of NRS 119A.560; and

      (d) If the property is a residential foreclosure, complying with the provisions of NRS 107.087.

      5.  Every sale made under the provisions of this section and other sections of this chapter vests in the purchaser the title of the grantor and any successors in interest without equity or right of redemption. A sale made pursuant to this section must be declared void by any court of competent jurisdiction in the county where the sale took place if:

      (a) The trustee or other person authorized to make the sale does not substantially comply with the provisions of this section or any applicable provision of NRS 107.086 and 107.087;

      (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, an action is commenced in the county where the sale took place within 45 days after the date of the sale; and

      (c) A notice of lis pendens providing notice of the pendency of the action is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county where the sale took place within 15 days after commencement of the action.

      6.  If proper notice is not provided pursuant to subsection 3 or paragraph (a) of subsection 4 to the grantor, to the person who holds the title of record on the date the notice of default and election to sell is recorded, to each trustor or to any other person entitled to such notice, the person who did not receive such proper notice may commence an action pursuant to subsection 5 within 60 days after the date on which the person received actual notice of the sale.

      7.  If, in an action brought by the grantor or the person who holds title of record in the district court in and for the county in which the real property is located, the court finds that the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee did not comply with any requirement of subsection 2, 3 or 4, the court must award to the grantor or the person who holds title of record:

      (a) Damages of $5,000 or treble the amount of actual damages, whichever is greater;

      (b) An injunction enjoining the exercise of the power of sale until the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee complies with the requirements of subsections 2, 3 and 4; and

      (c) Reasonable attorney’s fees and costs,

Ê unless the court finds good cause for a different award. The remedy provided in this subsection is in addition to the remedy provided in subsection 5.

      8.  The sale of a lease of a dwelling unit of a cooperative housing corporation vests in the purchaser title to the shares in the corporation which accompany the lease.

      9.  After a sale of property is conducted pursuant to this section, the trustee shall:

      (a) Within 30 days after the date of the sale, record the trustee’s deed upon sale in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located; or

      (b) Within 20 days after the date of the sale, deliver the trustee’s deed upon sale to the successful bidder. Within 10 days after the date of delivery of the deed by the trustee, the successful bidder shall record the trustee’s deed upon sale in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located.

      10.  If the successful bidder fails to record the trustee’s deed upon sale pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 9, the successful bidder:

      (a) Is liable in a civil action to any party that is a senior lienholder against the property that is the subject of the sale in a sum of up to $500 and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action; and

      (b) Is liable in a civil action for any actual damages caused by the failure to comply with the provisions of subsection 9 and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action.

      11.  The county recorder shall, in addition to any other fee, at the time of recording a notice of default and election to sell collect:

      (a) A fee of $150 for deposit in the State General Fund.

      (b) A fee of $45 for deposit in the Account for Foreclosure Mediation, which is hereby created in the State General Fund. The Account must be administered by the Court Administrator, and the money in the Account may be expended only for the purpose of supporting a program of foreclosure mediation established by Supreme Court Rule.

      (c) A fee of $5 to be paid over to the county treasurer on or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding calendar month. The county recorder may direct that 1.5 percent of the fees collected by the county recorder pursuant to this paragraph be transferred into a special account for use by the office of the county recorder. The county treasurer shall remit quarterly to the organization operating the program for legal services that receives the fees charged pursuant to NRS 19.031 for the operation of programs for the indigent all the money received from the county recorder pursuant to this paragraph.

      12.  The fees collected pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 11 must be paid over to the county treasurer by the county recorder on or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding calendar month, and, except as otherwise provided in this subsection, must be placed to the credit of the State General Fund or the Account for Foreclosure Mediation as prescribed pursuant to subsection 11. The county recorder may direct that 1.5 percent of the fees collected by the county recorder be transferred into a special account for use by the office of the county recorder. The county treasurer shall, on or before the 15th day of each month, remit the fees deposited by the county recorder pursuant to this subsection to the State Controller for credit to the State General Fund or the Account as prescribed in subsection 11.

      13.  The beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee who causes to be recorded the notice of default and election to sell shall not charge the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor any portion of any fee required to be paid pursuant to subsection 11.

      14.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Residential foreclosure” means the sale of a single family residence under a power of sale granted by this section. As used in this paragraph, “single family residence”:

             (1) Means a structure that is comprised of not more than four units.

             (2) Does not include vacant land or any time share or other property regulated under chapter 119A of NRS.

      (b) “Trustee” means the trustee of record.

      [Part 1:173:1927; A 1949, 70; 1943 NCL § 7710]—(NRS A 1957, 631; 1959, 10; 1961, 23; 1965, 611, 1242; 1967, 198; 1979, 708; 1987, 1644; 1989, 1770; 2003, 2893; 2005, 1623; 2007, 2447; 2009, 1003, 1755, 2481, 2789; 2010, 26th Special Session, 77; 2011, 332, 1748, 3509, 3535, 3654; 2013, 1418, 1548, 2195)

      NRS 107.080  Trustee’s power of sale: Power conferred; required notices; contents of notarized affidavits; effect of sale; circumstances in which sale must be declared void; civil actions for noncompliance with certain requirements; duty to record; fees. [Effective July 1, 2017.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 106.210, 107.085 and 107.086, if any transfer in trust of any estate in real property is made after March 29, 1927, to secure the performance of an obligation or the payment of any debt, a power of sale is hereby conferred upon the trustee to be exercised after a breach of the obligation for which the transfer is security.

      2.  The power of sale must not be exercised, however, until:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), in the case of any trust agreement coming into force:

             (1) On or after July 1, 1949, and before July 1, 1957, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period of 15 days, computed as prescribed in subsection 3, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment; or

             (2) On or after July 1, 1957, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period of 35 days, computed as prescribed in subsection 3, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment.

      (b) In the case of any trust agreement which concerns owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086, the grantor, the person who holds the title of record, a beneficiary under a subordinate deed of trust or any other person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property has, for a period that commences in the manner and subject to the requirements described in subsection 3 and expires 5 days before the date of sale, failed to make good the deficiency in performance or payment.

      (c) The beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee first executes and causes to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county wherein the trust property, or some part thereof, is situated a notice of the breach and of the election to sell or cause to be sold the property to satisfy the obligation which, except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, includes a notarized affidavit of authority to exercise the power of sale. Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (5), the affidavit required by this paragraph must state under the penalty of perjury the following information, which must be based on the direct, personal knowledge of the affiant or the personal knowledge which the affiant acquired by a review of the business records of the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, which business records must meet the standards set forth in NRS 51.135:

             (1) The full name and business address of the current trustee or the current trustee’s personal representative or assignee, the current holder of the note secured by the deed of trust, the current beneficiary of record and the current servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust.

             (2) That the beneficiary under the deed of trust, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee is in actual or constructive possession of the note secured by the deed of trust or that the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is entitled to enforce the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust. For the purposes of this subparagraph, if the obligation or debt is an instrument, as defined in subsection 2 of NRS 104.3103, a beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is entitled to enforce the instrument if the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee is:

                   (I) The holder of the instrument;

                   (II) A nonholder in possession of the instrument who has the rights of a holder; or

                   (III) A person not in possession of the instrument who is entitled to enforce the instrument pursuant to a court order issued under NRS 104.3309.

             (3) That the beneficiary or its successor in interest, the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust or the trustee, or an attorney representing any of those persons, has sent to the obligor or borrower of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust a written statement of:

                   (I) The amount of payment required to make good the deficiency in performance or payment, avoid the exercise of the power of sale and reinstate the terms and conditions of the underlying obligation or debt existing before the deficiency in performance or payment, as of the date of the statement;

                   (II) The amount in default;

                   (III) The principal amount of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust;

                   (IV) The amount of accrued interest and late charges;

                   (V) A good faith estimate of all fees imposed in connection with the exercise of the power of sale; and

                   (VI) Contact information for obtaining the most current amounts due and the local or toll-free telephone number described in subparagraph (4).

             (4) A local or toll-free telephone number that the obligor or borrower of the obligation or debt may call to receive the most current amounts due and a recitation of the information contained in the affidavit.

             (5) The date and the recordation number or other unique designation of, and the name of each assignee under, each recorded assignment of the deed of trust. The information required to be stated in the affidavit pursuant to this subparagraph may be based on:

                   (I) The direct, personal knowledge of the affiant;

                   (II) The personal knowledge which the affiant acquired by a review of the business records of the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, which business records must meet the standards set forth in NRS 51.135;

                   (III) Information contained in the records of the recorder of the county in which the property is located; or

                   (IV) The title guaranty or title insurance issued by a title insurer or title agent authorized to do business in this State pursuant to chapter 692A of NRS.

Ê The affidavit described in this paragraph is not required for the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale with respect to any trust agreement which concerns a time share within a time share plan created pursuant to chapter 119A of NRS if the power of sale is being exercised for the initial beneficiary under the deed of trust or an affiliate of the initial beneficiary.

      (d) The beneficiary or its successor in interest or the servicer of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust has instructed the trustee to exercise the power of sale with respect to the property.

      (e) Not less than 3 months have elapsed after the recording of the notice.

      3.  The 15- or 35-day period provided in paragraph (a) of subsection 2, or the period provided in paragraph (b) of subsection 2, commences on the first day following the day upon which the notice of default and election to sell is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located and a copy of the notice of default and election to sell is mailed by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and with postage prepaid to the grantor or, to the person who holds the title of record on the date the notice of default and election to sell is recorded, and, if the property is operated as a facility licensed under chapter 449 of NRS, to the State Board of Health, at their respective addresses, if known, otherwise to the address of the trust property. The notice of default and election to sell must:

      (a) Describe the deficiency in performance or payment and may contain a notice of intent to declare the entire unpaid balance due if acceleration is permitted by the obligation secured by the deed of trust, but acceleration must not occur if the deficiency in performance or payment is made good and any costs, fees and expenses incident to the preparation or recordation of the notice and incident to the making good of the deficiency in performance or payment are paid within the time specified in subsection 2;

      (b) If the property is subject to the requirements of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, contain the declaration required by subsection 6 of NRS 107.510; and

      (c) If the property is a residential foreclosure, comply with the provisions of NRS 107.087.

      4.  The trustee, or other person authorized to make the sale under the terms of the trust deed or transfer in trust, shall, after expiration of the 3-month period following the recording of the notice of breach and election to sell, and before the making of the sale, give notice of the time and place thereof by recording the notice of sale and by:

      (a) Providing the notice to each trustor, any other person entitled to notice pursuant to this section and, if the property is operated as a facility licensed under chapter 449 of NRS, the State Board of Health, by personal service or by mailing the notice by registered or certified mail to the last known address of the trustor and any other person entitled to such notice pursuant to this section;

      (b) Posting a similar notice particularly describing the property, for 20 days successively, in a public place in the county where the property is situated;

      (c) Publishing a copy of the notice three times, once each week for 3 consecutive weeks, in a newspaper of general circulation in the county where the property is situated or, if the property is a time share, by posting a copy of the notice on an Internet website and publishing a statement in a newspaper in the manner required by subsection 3 of NRS 119A.560; and

      (d) If the property is a residential foreclosure, complying with the provisions of NRS 107.087.

      5.  Every sale made under the provisions of this section and other sections of this chapter vests in the purchaser the title of the grantor and any successors in interest without equity or right of redemption. A sale made pursuant to this section must be declared void by any court of competent jurisdiction in the county where the sale took place if:

      (a) The trustee or other person authorized to make the sale does not substantially comply with the provisions of this section or any applicable provision of NRS 107.086 and 107.087;

      (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, an action is commenced in the county where the sale took place within 45 days after the date of the sale; and

      (c) A notice of lis pendens providing notice of the pendency of the action is recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county where the sale took place within 15 days after commencement of the action.

      6.  If proper notice is not provided pursuant to subsection 3 or paragraph (a) of subsection 4 to the grantor, to the person who holds the title of record on the date the notice of default and election to sell is recorded, to each trustor or to any other person entitled to such notice, the person who did not receive such proper notice may commence an action pursuant to subsection 5 within 60 days after the date on which the person received actual notice of the sale.

      7.  If, in an action brought by the grantor or the person who holds title of record in the district court in and for the county in which the real property is located, the court finds that the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee did not comply with any requirement of subsection 2, 3 or 4, the court must award to the grantor or the person who holds title of record:

      (a) Damages of $5,000 or treble the amount of actual damages, whichever is greater;

      (b) An injunction enjoining the exercise of the power of sale until the beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee complies with the requirements of subsections 2, 3 and 4; and

      (c) Reasonable attorney’s fees and costs,

Ê unless the court finds good cause for a different award. The remedy provided in this subsection is in addition to the remedy provided in subsection 5.

      8.  The sale of a lease of a dwelling unit of a cooperative housing corporation vests in the purchaser title to the shares in the corporation which accompany the lease.

      9.  After a sale of property is conducted pursuant to this section, the trustee shall:

      (a) Within 30 days after the date of the sale, record the trustee’s deed upon sale in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located; or

      (b) Within 20 days after the date of the sale, deliver the trustee’s deed upon sale to the successful bidder. Within 10 days after the date of delivery of the deed by the trustee, the successful bidder shall record the trustee’s deed upon sale in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is located.

      10.  If the successful bidder fails to record the trustee’s deed upon sale pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 9, the successful bidder:

      (a) Is liable in a civil action to any party that is a senior lienholder against the property that is the subject of the sale in a sum of up to $500 and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action; and

      (b) Is liable in a civil action for any actual damages caused by the failure to comply with the provisions of subsection 9 and for reasonable attorney’s fees and the costs of bringing the action.

      11.  The county recorder shall, in addition to any other fee, at the time of recording a notice of default and election to sell collect:

      (a) A fee of $150 for deposit in the State General Fund.

      (b) A fee of $45 for deposit in the Account for Foreclosure Mediation, which is hereby created in the State General Fund. The Account must be administered by the Court Administrator, and the money in the Account may be expended only for the purpose of supporting a program of foreclosure mediation established by Supreme Court Rule.

      (c) A fee of $5 to be paid over to the county treasurer on or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding calendar month. The county recorder may direct that 1.5 percent of the fees collected by the county recorder pursuant to this paragraph be transferred into a special account for use by the office of the county recorder. The county treasurer shall remit quarterly to the organization operating the program for legal services that receives the fees charged pursuant to NRS 19.031 for the operation of programs for the indigent all the money received from the county recorder pursuant to this paragraph.

      12.  The fees collected pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 11 must be paid over to the county treasurer by the county recorder on or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding calendar month, and, except as otherwise provided in this subsection, must be placed to the credit of the State General Fund or the Account for Foreclosure Mediation as prescribed pursuant to subsection 11. The county recorder may direct that 1.5 percent of the fees collected by the county recorder be transferred into a special account for use by the office of the county recorder. The county treasurer shall, on or before the 15th day of each month, remit the fees deposited by the county recorder pursuant to this subsection to the State Controller for credit to the State General Fund or the Account as prescribed in subsection 11.

      13.  The beneficiary, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee who causes to be recorded the notice of default and election to sell shall not charge the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor any portion of any fee required to be paid pursuant to subsection 11.

      14.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Residential foreclosure” means the sale of a single family residence under a power of sale granted by this section. As used in this paragraph, “single family residence”:

             (1) Means a structure that is comprised of not more than four units.

             (2) Does not include vacant land or any time share or other property regulated under chapter 119A of NRS.

      (b) “Trustee” means the trustee of record.

      [Part 1:173:1927; A 1949, 70; 1943 NCL § 7710]—(NRS A 1957, 631; 1959, 10; 1961, 23; 1965, 611, 1242; 1967, 198; 1979, 708; 1987, 1644; 1989, 1770; 2003, 2893; 2005, 1623; 2007, 2447; 2009, 1003, 1755, 2481, 2789; 2010, 26th Special Session, 77; 2011, 332, 1748, 3509, 3535, 3654; 2013, 1418, 1548, 2195, effective July 1, 2017)

      NRS 107.081  Time and place of sale; agent holding sale not to be purchaser.

      1.  All sales of property pursuant to NRS 107.080 must be made at auction to the highest bidder and must be made between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. The agent holding the sale must not become a purchaser at the sale or be interested in any purchase at such a sale.

      2.  All sales of real property must be made:

      (a) In a county with a population of less than 100,000, at the courthouse in the county in which the property or some part thereof is situated.

      (b) In a county with a population of 100,000 or more, at the public location in the county designated by the governing body of the county for that purpose.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1620)

      NRS 107.082  Oral postponement of sale.

      1.  If a sale of property pursuant to NRS 107.080 is postponed by oral proclamation, the sale must be postponed to a later date at the same time and location.

      2.  If such a sale has been postponed by oral proclamation three times, any new sale information must be provided by notice as provided in NRS 107.080.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1621)

      NRS 107.083  Proceedings after purchaser refuses to pay amount bid.

      1.  If a purchaser refuses to pay the amount the purchaser bid for the property struck off at a sale pursuant to NRS 107.080, the agent may again sell the property to the highest bidder, after again giving the notice previously provided.

      2.  If any loss is incurred from the purchaser refusing to pay the amount of the bid, the agent may recover the amount of the loss, with costs, for the benefit of the party aggrieved, by motion upon previous notice of 5 days to the purchaser, before any court of competent jurisdiction.

      3.  The court shall proceed in a summary manner in the hearing and disposition of such a motion, and give judgment and issue execution therefor forthwith, but the refusing purchaser may request a jury. The same proceedings may be had against any subsequent purchaser who refuses to pay, and the agent may, in the agent’s discretion, thereafter reject the bid of any person so refusing.

      4.  An agent is not liable for any amount other than the amount bid by the second or subsequent purchaser and the amount collected from the purchaser who refused to pay.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1621)

      NRS 107.084  Penalty for removing or defacing notice of sale.  It is unlawful for a person to willfully remove or deface a notice posted pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080, if done before the sale or, if the default is satisfied before the sale, before the satisfaction of the default. In addition to any other penalty, any person who violates this section is liable in the amount of $500 to any person aggrieved by the removal or defacing of the notice.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 1620; A 2009, 2791)

      NRS 107.085  Restrictions on trustee’s power of sale concerning certain trust agreements: Applicability; service of notice; scheduling of date of sale; form of notice; judicial foreclosure not prohibited; “unfair lending practice” defined.

      1.  With regard to a transfer in trust of an estate in real property to secure the performance of an obligation or the payment of a debt, the provisions of this section apply to the exercise of a power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 only if:

      (a) The trust agreement becomes effective on or after October 1, 2003, and, on the date the trust agreement is made, the trust agreement is subject to the provisions of § 152 of the Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994, 15 U.S.C. § 1602(bb), and the regulations adopted by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System pursuant thereto, including, without limitation, 12 C.F.R. § 226.32; or

      (b) The trust agreement concerns owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086.

      2.  The trustee shall not exercise a power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 unless:

      (a) In the manner required by subsection 3, not later than 60 days before the date of the sale, the trustee causes to be served upon the grantor or the person who holds the title of record a notice in the form described in subsection 3; and

      (b) If an action is filed in a court of competent jurisdiction claiming an unfair lending practice in connection with the trust agreement, the date of the sale is not less than 30 days after the date the most recent such action is filed.

      3.  The notice described in subsection 2 must be:

      (a) Served upon the grantor or the person who holds the title of record:

             (1) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (2), by personal service or, if personal service cannot be timely effected, in such other manner as a court determines is reasonably calculated to afford notice to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record; or

             (2) If the trust agreement concerns owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086:

                   (I) By personal service;

                   (II) If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record is absent from his or her place of residence or from his or her usual place of business, by leaving a copy with a person of suitable age and discretion at either place and mailing a copy to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record at his or her place of residence or place of business; or

                   (III) If the place of residence or business cannot be ascertained, or a person of suitable age or discretion cannot be found there, by posting a copy in a conspicuous place on the trust property, delivering a copy to a person there residing if the person can be found and mailing a copy to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record at the place where the trust property is situated; and

      (b) In substantially the following form, with the applicable telephone numbers and mailing addresses provided on the notice and, except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, a copy of the promissory note attached to the notice:

 

NOTICE

YOU ARE IN DANGER OF LOSING YOUR HOME!

 

Your home loan is being foreclosed. In not less than 60 days your home may be sold and you may be forced to move. For help, call:

 

Consumer Credit Counseling _______________

The Attorney General __________________

The Division of Mortgage Lending _____

The Division of Financial Institutions ________________

Legal Services ______________________

Your Lender ___________________

Nevada Fair Housing Center ________________

 

      4.  The trustee shall cause all social security numbers to be redacted from the copy of the promissory note before it is attached to the notice pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 3.

      5.  This section does not prohibit a judicial foreclosure.

      6.  As used in this section, “unfair lending practice” means an unfair lending practice described in NRS 598D.010 to 598D.150, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 2003, 2892; A 2009, 1757, 2791; 2011, 1681, 2031; 2013, 3478)

      NRS 107.086  Additional requirements for sale of owner-occupied housing: Notice; form; enrollment in mediation; election to waive mediation; adoption of rules concerning mediation; applicability. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, in addition to the requirements of NRS 107.085, the exercise of the power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 with respect to any trust agreement which concerns owner-occupied housing is subject to the provisions of this section. The provisions of this section do not apply to the exercise of the power of sale if the notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 includes an affidavit and a certification indicating that, pursuant to NRS 107.130, an election has been made to use the expedited procedure for the exercise of the power of sale with respect to abandoned residential property.

      2.  The trustee shall not exercise a power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 unless the trustee:

      (a) Includes with the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080:

             (1) Contact information which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may use to reach a person with authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the beneficiary of the deed of trust;

             (2) Contact information for at least one local housing counseling agency approved by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

             (3) A notice provided by the Mediation Administrator indicating that the grantor or the person who holds the title of record will be enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section if he or she pays to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11; and

             (4) A form upon which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may indicate an election to waive mediation pursuant to this section and one envelope addressed to the trustee and one envelope addressed to the Mediation Administrator, which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may use to comply with the provisions of subsection 3;

      (b) In addition to including the information described in paragraph (a) with the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080, provides to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record the information described in paragraph (a) concurrently with, but separately from, the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080;

      (c) Serves a copy of the notice upon the Mediation Administrator; and

      (d) Causes to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the trust property, or some part thereof, is situated:

             (1) The certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 4 or 7 which provides that no mediation is required in the matter; or

             (2) The certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 8 which provides that mediation has been completed in the matter.

      3.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record elects to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than 30 days after service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, complete the form required by subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 and return the form to the trustee and the Mediation Administrator by certified mail, return receipt requested. If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record does not elect to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than 30 days after the service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, pay to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11. Upon receipt of the share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11 owed by the grantor or the person who holds title of record, the Mediation Administrator shall notify the trustee, by certified mail, return receipt requested, of the enrollment of the grantor or person who holds the title of record to participate in mediation pursuant to this section and shall assign the matter to a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee and schedule the matter for mediation. The trustee shall notify the beneficiary of the deed of trust and every other person with an interest as defined in NRS 107.090, by certified mail, return receipt requested, of the enrollment of the grantor or the person who holds the title of record to participate in mediation. If the grantor or person who holds the title of record is enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section, no further action may be taken to exercise the power of sale until the completion of the mediation.

      4.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record indicates on the form described in subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 an election to waive mediation or fails to pay to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11, as required by subsection 3, the Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 60 days after the Mediation Administrator receives the form indicating an election to waive mediation or 90 days after the service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, whichever is earlier, provide to the trustee a certificate which provides that no mediation is required in the matter.

      5.  Each mediation required by this section must be conducted by a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee pursuant to the rules adopted pursuant to subsection 11. The beneficiary of the deed of trust or a representative shall attend the mediation. The grantor or his or her representative, or the person who holds the title of record or his or her representative, shall attend the mediation. The beneficiary of the deed of trust shall bring to the mediation the original or a certified copy of the deed of trust, the mortgage note and each assignment of the deed of trust or mortgage note. If the beneficiary of the deed of trust is represented at the mediation by another person, that person must have authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the beneficiary of the deed of trust or have access at all times during the mediation to a person with such authority.

      6.  If the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative fails to attend the mediation, fails to participate in the mediation in good faith or does not bring to the mediation each document required by subsection 5 or does not have the authority or access to a person with the authority required by subsection 5, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the Mediation Administrator a petition and recommendation concerning the imposition of sanctions against the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative. The court may issue an order imposing such sanctions against the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative as the court determines appropriate, including, without limitation, requiring a loan modification in the manner determined proper by the court.

      7.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record is enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section but fails to attend the mediation, the Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 30 days after the scheduled mediation, provide to the trustee a certificate which states that no mediation is required in the matter.

      8.  If the mediator determines that the parties, while acting in good faith, are not able to agree to a loan modification, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the Mediation Administrator a recommendation that the matter be terminated. The Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 30 days after submittal of the mediator’s recommendation that the matter be terminated, provide to the trustee a certificate which provides that the mediation required by this section has been completed in the matter.

      9.  Upon receipt of the certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 4, 7 or 8, if the property is located within a common-interest community, the trustee shall notify the unit-owner’s association organized under NRS 116.3101 of the existence of the certificate.

      10.  During the pendency of any mediation pursuant to this section, a unit’s owner must continue to pay any obligation, other than any past due obligation.

      11.  The Supreme Court shall adopt rules necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. The rules must, without limitation, include provisions:

      (a) Designating an entity to serve as the Mediation Administrator pursuant to this section. The entities that may be so designated include, without limitation, the Administrative Office of the Courts, the district court of the county in which the property is situated or any other judicial entity.

      (b) Ensuring that mediations occur in an orderly and timely manner.

      (c) Requiring each party to a mediation to provide such information as the mediator determines necessary.

      (d) Establishing procedures to protect the mediation process from abuse and to ensure that each party to the mediation acts in good faith.

      (e) Establishing a total fee of not more than $400 that may be charged and collected by the Mediation Administrator for mediation services pursuant to this section and providing that the responsibility for payment of the fee must be shared equally by the parties to the mediation.

      12.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 14, the provisions of this section do not apply if:

      (a) The grantor or the person who holds the title of record has surrendered the property, as evidenced by a letter confirming the surrender or delivery of the keys to the property to the trustee, the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the mortgagee, or an authorized agent thereof; or

      (b) A petition in bankruptcy has been filed with respect to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record under chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13 of Title 11 of the United States Code and the bankruptcy court has not entered an order closing or dismissing the case or granting relief from a stay of foreclosure.

      13.  A noncommercial lender is not excluded from the application of this section.

      14.  The Mediation Administrator and each mediator who acts pursuant to this section in good faith and without gross negligence are immune from civil liability for those acts.

      15.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Common-interest community” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.021.

      (b) “Mediation Administrator” means the entity so designated pursuant to subsection 11.

      (c) “Noncommercial lender” means a lender which makes a loan secured by a deed of trust on owner-occupied housing and which is not a bank, financial institution or other entity regulated pursuant to title 55 or 56 of NRS.

      (d) “Obligation” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.310313.

      (e) “Owner-occupied housing” means housing that is occupied by an owner as the owner’s primary residence. The term does not include vacant land or any time share or other property regulated under chapter 119A of NRS.

      (f) “Unit’s owner” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.095.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 1752; A 2011, 1683, 2033, 3538; 2013, 1552, 3479)

      NRS 107.086  Additional requirements for sale of owner-occupied housing: Notice; form; enrollment in mediation; election to waive mediation; adoption of rules concerning mediation; applicability. [Effective July 1, 2017.]

      1.  In addition to the requirements of NRS 107.085, the exercise of the power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 with respect to any trust agreement which concerns owner-occupied housing is subject to the provisions of this section.

      2.  The trustee shall not exercise a power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 unless the trustee:

      (a) Includes with the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080:

             (1) Contact information which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may use to reach a person with authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the beneficiary of the deed of trust;

             (2) Contact information for at least one local housing counseling agency approved by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development;

             (3) A notice provided by the Mediation Administrator indicating that the grantor or the person who holds the title of record will be enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section if he or she pays to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11; and

             (4) A form upon which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may indicate an election to waive mediation pursuant to this section and one envelope addressed to the trustee and one envelope addressed to the Mediation Administrator, which the grantor or the person who holds the title of record may use to comply with the provisions of subsection 3;

      (b) In addition to including the information described in paragraph (a) with the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080, provides to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record the information described in paragraph (a) concurrently with, but separately from, the notice of default and election to sell which is mailed to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record as required by subsection 3 of NRS 107.080;

      (c) Serves a copy of the notice upon the Mediation Administrator; and

      (d) Causes to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the trust property, or some part thereof, is situated:

             (1) The certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 4 or 7 which provides that no mediation is required in the matter; or

             (2) The certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 8 which provides that mediation has been completed in the matter.

      3.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record elects to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than 30 days after service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, complete the form required by subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 and return the form to the trustee and the Mediation Administrator by certified mail, return receipt requested. If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record does not elect to waive mediation, he or she shall, not later than 30 days after the service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, pay to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11. Upon receipt of the share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11 owed by the grantor or the person who holds title of record, the Mediation Administrator shall notify the trustee, by certified mail, return receipt requested, of the enrollment of the grantor or person who holds the title of record to participate in mediation pursuant to this section and shall assign the matter to a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee and schedule the matter for mediation. The trustee shall notify the beneficiary of the deed of trust and every other person with an interest as defined in NRS 107.090, by certified mail, return receipt requested, of the enrollment of the grantor or the person who holds the title of record to participate in mediation. If the grantor or person who holds the title of record is enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section, no further action may be taken to exercise the power of sale until the completion of the mediation.

      4.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record indicates on the form described in subparagraph (4) of paragraph (a) of subsection 2 an election to waive mediation or fails to pay to the Mediation Administrator his or her share of the fee established pursuant to subsection 11, as required by subsection 3, the Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 60 days after the Mediation Administrator receives the form indicating an election to waive mediation or 90 days after the service of the notice in the manner required by NRS 107.080, whichever is earlier, provide to the trustee a certificate which provides that no mediation is required in the matter.

      5.  Each mediation required by this section must be conducted by a senior justice, judge, hearing master or other designee pursuant to the rules adopted pursuant to subsection 11. The beneficiary of the deed of trust or a representative shall attend the mediation. The grantor or his or her representative, or the person who holds the title of record or his or her representative, shall attend the mediation. The beneficiary of the deed of trust shall bring to the mediation the original or a certified copy of the deed of trust, the mortgage note and each assignment of the deed of trust or mortgage note. If the beneficiary of the deed of trust is represented at the mediation by another person, that person must have authority to negotiate a loan modification on behalf of the beneficiary of the deed of trust or have access at all times during the mediation to a person with such authority.

      6.  If the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative fails to attend the mediation, fails to participate in the mediation in good faith or does not bring to the mediation each document required by subsection 5 or does not have the authority or access to a person with the authority required by subsection 5, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the Mediation Administrator a petition and recommendation concerning the imposition of sanctions against the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative. The court may issue an order imposing such sanctions against the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the representative as the court determines appropriate, including, without limitation, requiring a loan modification in the manner determined proper by the court.

      7.  If the grantor or the person who holds the title of record is enrolled to participate in mediation pursuant to this section but fails to attend the mediation, the Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 30 days after the scheduled mediation, provide to the trustee a certificate which states that no mediation is required in the matter.

      8.  If the mediator determines that the parties, while acting in good faith, are not able to agree to a loan modification, the mediator shall prepare and submit to the Mediation Administrator a recommendation that the matter be terminated. The Mediation Administrator shall, not later than 30 days after submittal of the mediator’s recommendation that the matter be terminated, provide to the trustee a certificate which provides that the mediation required by this section has been completed in the matter.

      9.  Upon receipt of the certificate provided to the trustee by the Mediation Administrator pursuant to subsection 4, 7 or 8, if the property is located within a common-interest community, the trustee shall notify the unit-owner’s association organized under NRS 116.3101 of the existence of the certificate.

      10.  During the pendency of any mediation pursuant to this section, a unit’s owner must continue to pay any obligation, other than any past due obligation.

      11.  The Supreme Court shall adopt rules necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. The rules must, without limitation, include provisions:

      (a) Designating an entity to serve as the Mediation Administrator pursuant to this section. The entities that may be so designated include, without limitation, the Administrative Office of the Courts, the district court of the county in which the property is situated or any other judicial entity.

      (b) Ensuring that mediations occur in an orderly and timely manner.

      (c) Requiring each party to a mediation to provide such information as the mediator determines necessary.

      (d) Establishing procedures to protect the mediation process from abuse and to ensure that each party to the mediation acts in good faith.

      (e) Establishing a total fee of not more than $400 that may be charged and collected by the Mediation Administrator for mediation services pursuant to this section and providing that the responsibility for payment of the fee must be shared equally by the parties to the mediation.

      12.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 14, the provisions of this section do not apply if:

      (a) The grantor or the person who holds the title of record has surrendered the property, as evidenced by a letter confirming the surrender or delivery of the keys to the property to the trustee, the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the mortgagee, or an authorized agent thereof; or

      (b) A petition in bankruptcy has been filed with respect to the grantor or the person who holds the title of record under chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13 of Title 11 of the United States Code and the bankruptcy court has not entered an order closing or dismissing the case or granting relief from a stay of foreclosure.

      13.  A noncommercial lender is not excluded from the application of this section.

      14.  The Mediation Administrator and each mediator who acts pursuant to this section in good faith and without gross negligence are immune from civil liability for those acts.

      15.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Common-interest community” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.021.

      (b) “Mediation Administrator” means the entity so designated pursuant to subsection 11

      (c) “Noncommercial lender” means a lender which makes a loan secured by a deed of trust on owner-occupied housing and which is not a bank, financial institution or other entity regulated pursuant to title 55 or 56 of NRS.

      (d) “Obligation” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.310313.

      (e) “Owner-occupied housing” means housing that is occupied by an owner as the owner’s primary residence. The term does not include vacant land or any time share or other property regulated under chapter 119A of NRS.

      (f) “Unit’s owner” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.095.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 1752; A 2011, 1683, 2033, 3538; 2013, 1552, 3479, effective July 1, 2017)

      NRS 107.087  Notice of default and sale in residential foreclosure: Requirements.

      1.  In addition to the requirements of NRS 107.080, if the sale of property is a residential foreclosure, a copy of the notice of default and election to sell and the notice of sale must:

      (a) Be posted in a conspicuous place on the property not later than:

             (1) For a notice of default and election to sell, 100 days before the date of sale; or

             (2) For a notice of sale, 15 days before the date of sale; and

      (b) Include, without limitation:

             (1) The physical address of the property; and

             (2) The contact information of the trustee or the person conducting the foreclosure who is authorized to provide information relating to the foreclosure status of the property.

      2.  In addition to the requirements of NRS 107.084, the notices must not be defaced or removed until the transfer of title is recorded or the property becomes occupied after completion of the sale, whichever is earlier.

      3.  A separate notice must be posted in a conspicuous place on the property and mailed, with a certificate of mailing issued by the United States Postal Service or another mail delivery service, to any tenant or subtenant, if any, other than the grantor or the grantor’s successor in interest, in actual occupation of the premises not later than 15 days before the date of sale. The separate notice must be in substantially the following form:

 

NOTICE TO TENANTS OF THE PROPERTY

 

Foreclosure proceedings against this property have started, and a notice of sale of the property to the highest bidder has been issued.

 

You may either: (1) terminate your lease or rental agreement and move out; or (2) remain and possibly be subject to eviction proceedings under chapter 40 of the Nevada Revised Statutes. Any subtenants may also be subject to eviction proceedings.

 

Between now and the date of the sale, you may be evicted if you fail to pay rent or live up to your other obligations to the landlord.

 

After the date of the sale, you may be evicted if you fail to pay rent or live up to your other obligations to the successful bidder, in accordance with chapter 118A of the Nevada Revised Statutes.

 

Under the Nevada Revised Statutes eviction proceedings may begin against you after you have been given a notice to quit.

 

If the property is sold and you pay rent by the week or another period of time that is shorter than 1 month, you should generally receive notice after not less than the number of days in that period of time.

 

If the property is sold and you pay rent by the month or any other period of time that is 1 month or longer, you should generally receive notice at least 60 days in advance.

 

Under Nevada Revised Statutes 40.280, notice must generally be served on you pursuant to chapter 40 of the Nevada Revised Statutes and may be served by:

       (1) Delivering a copy to you personally in the presence of a witness;

       (2) If you are absent from your place of residence or usual place of business, leaving a copy with a person of suitable age and discretion at either place and mailing a copy to you at your place of residence or business; or

       (3) If your place of residence or business cannot be ascertained, or a person of suitable age or discretion cannot be found there, posting a copy in a conspicuous place on the leased property, delivering a copy to a person residing there, if a person can be found, and mailing a copy to you at the place where the leased property is.

 

If the property is sold and a landlord, successful bidder or subsequent purchaser files an eviction action against you in court, you will be served with a summons and complaint and have the opportunity to respond. Eviction actions may result in temporary evictions, permanent evictions, the awarding of damages pursuant to Nevada Revised Statutes 40.360 or some combination of those results.

 

Under the Justice Court Rules of Civil Procedure:

       (1) You will be given at least 10 days to answer a summons and complaint;

       (2) If you do not file an answer, an order evicting you by default may be obtained against you;

       (3) A hearing regarding a temporary eviction may be called as soon as 11 days after you are served with the summons and complaint; and

       (4) A hearing regarding a permanent eviction may be called as soon as 20 days after you are served with the summons and complaint.

 

      4.  The posting of a notice required by this section must be completed by a process server licensed pursuant to chapter 648 of NRS or any constable or sheriff of the county in which the property is located.

      5.  As used in this section, “residential foreclosure” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 107.080.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 2788; A 2011, 3540; 2013, 2944)

      NRS 107.090  Request for notice of default and sale: Recording and contents; mailing of notice; request by homeowners’ association; effect of request.

      1.  As used in this section, “person with an interest” means any person who has or claims any right, title or interest in, or lien or charge upon, the real property described in the deed of trust, as evidenced by any document or instrument recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county in which any part of the real property is situated.

      2.  A person with an interest or any other person who is or may be held liable for any debt secured by a lien on the property desiring a copy of a notice of default or notice of sale under a deed of trust with power of sale upon real property may at any time after recordation of the deed of trust record in the office of the county recorder of the county in which any part of the real property is situated an acknowledged request for a copy of the notice of default or of sale. The request must state the name and address of the person requesting copies of the notices and identify the deed of trust by stating the names of the parties thereto, the date of recordation, and the book and page where it is recorded.

      3.  The trustee or person authorized to record the notice of default shall, within 10 days after the notice of default is recorded and mailed pursuant to NRS 107.080, cause to be deposited in the United States mail an envelope, registered or certified, return receipt requested and with postage prepaid, containing a copy of the notice, addressed to:

      (a) Each person who has recorded a request for a copy of the notice; and

      (b) Each other person with an interest whose interest or claimed interest is subordinate to the deed of trust.

      4.  The trustee or person authorized to make the sale shall, at least 20 days before the date of sale, cause to be deposited in the United States mail an envelope, registered or certified, return receipt requested and with postage prepaid, containing a copy of the notice of time and place of sale, addressed to each person described in subsection 3.

      5.  An association may record in the office of the county recorder of the county in which a unit governed by the association is situated an acknowledged request for a copy of the deed upon sale of the unit pursuant to a deed of trust. A request recorded by an association must include, without limitation:

      (a) A legal description of the unit or the assessor’s parcel number of the unit;

      (b) The name and address of the association; and

      (c) A statement that the request is made by an association.

      6.  A request recorded by an association pursuant to subsection 5 regarding a unit supersedes all previous requests recorded by the association pursuant to subsection 5 regarding the unit.

      7.  If a trustee or person authorized to record a notice of default records the notice of default for a unit regarding which an association has recorded a request pursuant to subsection 5, the trustee or authorized person shall mail to the association a copy of the deed upon the sale of the unit pursuant to a deed of trust within 15 days after the trustee records the deed upon the sale of the unit.

      8.  No request recorded pursuant to the provisions of subsection 2 or 5 affects the title to real property, and failure to mail a copy of the deed upon the sale of the unit after a request is made by an association pursuant to subsection 5 does not affect the title to real property.

      9.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Association” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.011.

      (b) “Unit” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 116.093.

      (Added to NRS by 1961, 74; A 1969, 42, 95; 1989, 644, 1772; 2001, 1751; 2009, 1012)

      NRS 107.095  Notice of default: Mailing to guarantor or surety of debt; effect of failure to give.

      1.  The notice of default required by NRS 107.080 must also be sent by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested and with postage prepaid, to each guarantor or surety of the debt. If the address of the guarantor or surety is unknown, the notice must be sent to the address of the trust property. Failure to give the notice, except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, releases the guarantor or surety from his or her obligation to the beneficiary, but does not affect the validity of a sale conducted pursuant to NRS 107.080 or the obligation of any guarantor or surety to whom the notice was properly given.

      2.  Failure to give the notice of default required by NRS 107.090, except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, releases the obligation to the beneficiary of any person who has complied with NRS 107.090 and who is or may otherwise be held liable for the debt or other obligation secured by the deed of trust, but such a failure does not affect the validity of a sale conducted pursuant to NRS 107.080 or the obligation of any person to whom the notice was properly given pursuant to this section or to NRS 107.080 or 107.090.

      3.  A guarantor, surety or other obligor is not released pursuant to this section if:

      (a) The required notice is given at least 15 days before the later of:

             (1) The expiration of the 15- or 35-day period described in paragraph (a) of subsection 2 of NRS 107.080;

             (2) In the case of any trust agreement which concerns owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086, the expiration of the period described in paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NRS 107.080; or

             (3) Any extension of the applicable period by the beneficiary; or

      (b) The notice is rescinded before the sale is advertised.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1770; A 2009, 1758)

      NRS 107.100  Receiver: Appointment after filing notice of breach and election to sell.

      1.  At any time after the filing of a notice of breach and election to sell real property under a power of sale contained in a deed of trust, the trustee or beneficiary of the deed of trust may apply to the district court for the county in which the property or any part of the property is located for the appointment of a receiver of such property.

      2.  A receiver shall be appointed where it appears that personal property subject to the deed of trust is in danger of being lost, removed, materially injured or destroyed, that real property subject to the deed of trust is in danger of substantial waste or that the income therefrom is in danger of being lost, or that the property is or may become insufficient to discharge the debt which it secures.

      (Added to NRS by 1965, 252)

      NRS 107.110  Maintenance of residential property purchased at trustee’s sale.

      1.  Any vacant residential property purchased or acquired by a person at a trustee’s sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 must be maintained by that person in accordance with subsection 2.

      2.  In addition to complying with any other ordinance or rule as required by the applicable governmental entity, the purchaser shall care for the exterior of the property, including, without limitation:

      (a) Limiting the excessive growth of foliage which would otherwise diminish the value of that property or of the surrounding properties;

      (b) Preventing trespassers from remaining on the property;

      (c) Preventing mosquito larvae from growing in standing water; and

      (d) Preventing any other condition that creates a public nuisance.

      3.  If a person violates subsection 2, the applicable governmental entity shall mail to the last known address of the person, by certified mail, a notice:

      (a) Describing the violation;

      (b) Informing the person that a civil penalty may be imposed pursuant to this section unless the person acts to correct the violation within 14 days after the date of receipt of the notice and completes the correction within 30 days after the date of receipt of the notice; and

      (c) Informing the person that he or she may contest the allegation pursuant to subsection 4.

      4.  If a person, within 5 days after a notice is mailed to the person pursuant to subsection 3, requests a hearing to contest the allegation of a violation of subsection 2, the applicable governmental entity shall apply for a hearing before a court of competent jurisdiction.

      5.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 8, in addition to any other penalty, the applicable governmental entity may impose a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 per day for a violation of subsection 2:

      (a) Commencing on the day following the expiration of the period of time described in subsection 3; or

      (b) If the person requested a hearing pursuant to subsection 4, commencing on the day following a determination by the court in favor of the applicable governmental entity.

      6.  The applicable governmental entity may waive or extend the period of time described in subsection 3 if:

      (a) The person to whom a notice is sent pursuant to subsection 3 makes a good faith effort to correct the violation; and

      (b) The violation cannot be corrected in the period of time described in subsection 3.

      7.  Any penalty collected by the applicable governmental entity pursuant to this section must be directed to local nuisance abatement programs.

      8.  The applicable governmental entity may not assess any penalty pursuant to this section in addition to any penalty prescribed by a local ordinance. This section shall not be deemed to preempt any local ordinance.

      9.  If the applicable governmental entity assesses any penalty pursuant to this section, any lien related thereto must be recorded in the office of the county recorder.

      10.  As used in this section, “applicable governmental entity” means:

      (a) If the property is within the boundaries of a city, the governing body of the city; and

      (b) If the property is not within the boundaries of a city, the board of county commissioners of the county in which the property is located.

      (Added to NRS by 2009, 2787)

      NRS 107.120  Board of county commissioners or governing body of incorporated city may establish by ordinance registry of abandoned residential property. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

      1.  A board of county commissioners or the governing body of an incorporated city may establish by ordinance:

      (a) A registry of abandoned residential property that contains information concerning abandoned residential property located in the county or city.

      (b) A registry of residential property located in the county or city that may be in danger of becoming abandoned residential property.

      2.  If a beneficiary of a deed of trust, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee includes with a notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 the affidavit and certification described in subsection 6 of NRS 107.130 and the county or city in which the abandoned residential property is located has established a registry of abandoned residential property, the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee must submit a copy of the affidavit and certification to the entity maintaining the registry for the county or city in which the abandoned residential property is located.

      3.  If a beneficiary of a deed of trust, the successor in interest of the beneficiary or the trustee receives a copy of the affidavit described in subsection 7 of NRS 107.130, the beneficiary or its successor in interest or the trustee must notify the entity maintaining the registry for the county or city in which the property described in the affidavit is located. Upon receiving such a notification, the entity maintaining the registry must remove the property from the registry.

      4.  If a property which has been removed from a registry established pursuant to this section subsequently becomes abandoned residential property or in danger of becoming abandoned residential property, the property may be added to the applicable registry in accordance with this section or the requirements established for the registry by the board of county commissioners or the governing body of an incorporated city.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1545)

      NRS 107.130  Expedited procedure for exercise of trustee’s power of sale involving abandoned residential property; inspection of real property to determine abandonment; required notice, certification and affidavit; civil penalty for noncompliance with certain requirements. [Effective through June 30, 2017.]

      1.  A beneficiary may elect to use an expedited procedure for the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 if, after an investigation, the beneficiary:

      (a) Determines that real property is abandoned residential property; and

      (b) Receives from the applicable governmental entity a certification pursuant to subsection 4.

      2.  Each board of county commissioners of a county and each governing body of an incorporated city shall designate an agency or a contractor to inspect real property upon receipt of a request pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 3 and to provide certifications that real property is abandoned residential property pursuant to subsection 4.

      3.  If a beneficiary has a reasonable belief that real property may be abandoned residential property, the beneficiary or its agent:

      (a) May enter the real property, but may not enter any dwelling or structure, to investigate whether the real property is abandoned residential property. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a beneficiary and its agents who enter real property pursuant to this paragraph are not liable for trespass.

      (b) May request a certification pursuant to subsection 4 from the agency or contractor designated by the applicable governmental entity pursuant to subsection 2.

      4.  Upon receipt of a request pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 3, the agency or contractor designated by the applicable governmental entity shall inspect the real property to determine the existence of two or more conditions pursuant to subparagraph (7) of paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 107.0795. The designee and any employees of the designee may enter the real property, but may not enter any dwelling or structure, to perform an inspection pursuant to this subsection, and the designee and any employees who enter real property pursuant to this subsection are not liable for any civil damages as a result of any act or omission, not amounting to gross negligence, or for trespass. If the designee or an employee of the designee determines that the real property is abandoned residential property, the designee shall serve a notice by first-class mail to the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor and by posting the notice on the front door of the residence. The notice must provide that unless a lawful occupant of the real property contacts the designee within 30 days after service of the notice, the designee will issue a certification that the real property is abandoned residential property and that the beneficiary may use the certification to seek an expedited procedure for the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale. If a grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor or a lawful occupant of the real property fails to contact the designee within 30 days after service of the notice, the designee shall provide to the beneficiary a certification that the real property is abandoned residential property. The certification required by this subsection must:

      (a) Be signed and verified by the designee or the employee or employees of the designee who inspected the real property;

      (b) State that, upon information and belief of the designee, after investigation by the designee or the employee or employees of the designee, the real property is abandoned residential property; and

      (c) State the conditions or circumstances supporting the determination that the property is abandoned residential property. Documentary evidence in support of such conditions or circumstances must be attached to the certification.

      5.  For an inspection, service of notice and issuance of a certification pursuant to subsection 4, the agency or contractor designated pursuant to subsection 2 by the applicable governmental entity may charge and receive from the beneficiary a fee of not more than $300.

      6.  A beneficiary who elects to use an expedited procedure for the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 must include, or cause to be included, with the notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 an affidavit setting forth the facts supporting the determination that the real property is abandoned residential property and the certification provided to the beneficiary pursuant to subsection 4. The affidavit required by this subsection must:

      (a) Be signed and verified by the beneficiary;

      (b) State that, upon information and belief of the beneficiary after investigation by the beneficiary or its agent, the property is abandoned residential property; and

      (c) State the conditions or circumstances supporting the determination that the property is abandoned residential property. Documentary evidence in support of such conditions or circumstances must be attached to the affidavit.

      7.  If the notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 includes the affidavit and certification described in subsection 6, before the sale, the grantor or a successor in interest of the grantor may record in the office of the county recorder in the county where the real property is located an affidavit stating that the real property is not abandoned residential property, unless the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor has surrendered the property as evidenced by a document signed by the grantor or successor confirming the surrender or by the delivery of the keys to the real property to the beneficiary. Upon the recording of such an affidavit:

      (a) The grantor or the successor in interest must mail by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the beneficiary and the trustee a copy of the affidavit; and

      (b) The notice of default and election to sell and the affidavit and certification described in subsection 6 are deemed to be withdrawn.

      8.  If the notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 includes the affidavit and certification described in subsection 6, the trustee’s sale of the abandoned residential property must be conducted within 6 months after the beneficiary received the certification. If the trustee’s sale is not conducted within 6 months after the beneficiary received the certification:

      (a) The notice of default and election to sell and the affidavit and certification described in subsection 6 are deemed to be withdrawn; and

      (b) The beneficiary is liable to the grantor or the successor in interest of the grantor for a civil penalty of not more than $500.

      9.  The period specified in subsection 8 is tolled:

      (a) If a borrower has filed a case under 11 U.S.C. Chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13, until the bankruptcy court enters an order closing or dismissing the bankruptcy case or granting relief from a stay of the trustee’s sale.

      (b) If a court issues a stay or enjoins the trustee’s sale, until the court issues an order granting relief from the stay or dissolving the injunction.

      10.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Applicable governmental entity” means:

             (1) If the real property is within the boundaries of a city, the governing body of the city; and

             (2) If the real property is not within the boundaries of a city, the board of county commissioners of the county in which the property is located.

      (b) “Beneficiary” means the beneficiary of the deed of trust or the successor in interest of the beneficiary or any person designated or authorized to act on behalf of the beneficiary or its successor in interest.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 1546)

      NRS 107.140  Sale in lieu of foreclosure sale: Limitations.

      1.  No provision of the laws of this State may be construed to require a sale in lieu of a foreclosure sale to be an arm’s length transaction or to prohibit a sale in lieu of a foreclosure sale that is not an arm’s length transaction.

      2.  As used in this section, “sale in lieu of a foreclosure sale” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 40.4634.

      (Added to NRS 2013, 2195)

STATEMENT FROM BENEFICIARY OF DEED OF TRUST

      NRS 107.200  Contents of statement regarding debt secured by deed of trust.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 107.230, the beneficiary of a deed of trust secured on or after October 1, 1995, shall, within 21 days after receiving a request from a person authorized to make such a request pursuant to NRS 107.220, cause to be mailed, postage prepaid, or sent by facsimile machine to that person a statement regarding the debt secured by the deed of trust. The statement must include:

      1.  The amount of the unpaid balance of the debt secured by the deed of trust, the rate of interest on the unpaid balance and the total amount of principal and interest which is due and has not been paid.

      2.  The amount of the periodic payments, if any, required under the note.

      3.  The date the payment of the debt is due.

      4.  The period for which real estate taxes and special assessments have been paid, if that information is known to the beneficiary.

      5.  The amount of property insurance covering the real property and the term and premium of that insurance, if that information is known to the beneficiary.

      6.  The amount in an account, if any, maintained for the accumulation of money for the payment of taxes and insurance premiums.

      7.  The amount of any additional charges, costs or expenses paid or incurred by the beneficiary which is a lien on the real property described in the deed of trust.

      8.  Whether the debt secured by the deed of trust may be transferred to a person other than the grantor.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1519)

      NRS 107.210  Contents of statement of amount necessary to discharge debt secured by deed of trust.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 107.230 and 107.240, the beneficiary of a deed of trust secured on or after October 1, 1995, shall, within 21 days after receiving a request from a person authorized to make such a request pursuant to NRS 107.220, cause to be mailed, postage prepaid, or sent by facsimile machine to that person a statement of the amount necessary to discharge the debt secured by the deed of trust. The statement must set forth:

      1.  The identity of the trustee or the trustee’s personal representative or assignee, the current holder of the note secured by the deed of trust, the beneficiary of record and the servicers of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust;

      2.  The amount of money necessary to discharge the debt secured by the deed of trust on the date the statement is prepared by the beneficiary;

      3.  The information necessary to determine the amount of money required to discharge the debt on a per diem basis for a period, not to exceed 30 days, after the statement is prepared by the beneficiary; and

      4.  If the debt is in default, the amount in default, the principal amount of the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, the interest accrued and unpaid on the obligation or debt secured by the deed of trust, all fees imposed because of the default and the costs and fees charged to the debtor in connection with the exercise of the power of sale.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1519; A 2011, 336, 1748)

      NRS 107.220  Persons authorized to request statement from beneficiary; proof of identity of successor in interest.

      1.  A statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210 may be requested by:

      (a) The grantor of, or a successor in interest in, the property which is the subject of the deed of trust;

      (b) A person who has a subordinate lien or encumbrance of record on the property which is secured by the deed of trust;

      (c) A title insurer; or

      (d) An authorized agent of any person described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

Ê A written statement signed by any person described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) which appoints a person to serve as agent if delivered personally to the beneficiary or delivered by mail, return receipt requested, is proof of the identity of an agent.

      2.  For the purposes of paragraph (a) of subsection 1, a policy of title insurance, preliminary report issued by a title company, certified copy of letters testamentary or letters of guardianship, or an original or photographic copy of a deed, if delivered personally to the beneficiary or delivered by mail, return receipt requested, is proof of the identity of a successor in interest of the grantor, if the person demanding the statement is named as successor in interest in the document.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1519)

      NRS 107.230  Proof of authorization to request statement.  A beneficiary may, before mailing a statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210, require the person who requested the statement to prove that the person is authorized to request that statement pursuant to NRS 107.220. If the beneficiary requires such proof, the beneficiary must mail the statement within 21 days after receiving proof from the requester.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.240  Grounds for refusal to deliver statement.  If the debt secured by a deed of trust for which a statement described in NRS 107.210 has been requested is subject to a recorded notice of default or a filed complaint commencing a judicial foreclosure, the beneficiary may refuse to deliver the statement unless the written request for the statement is received before the publication of a notice of sale or the notice of the date of sale established by a court.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.250  Reliance upon accuracy of statement and amended statement; notification of amended statement; recovery of money by beneficiary if statement is deficient.

      1.  A person who receives a statement pursuant to NRS 107.200 or 107.210 may rely upon the accuracy of the information contained in the statement. If the beneficiary notifies the person who requested the statement of any amendment to the statement, the amended statement may be relied upon by that person in the same manner as the original statement.

      2.  If notification of an amendment to a statement is not given in writing, a written amendment to the statement must be delivered to the person who requested the original statement not later than the next business day after notification.

      3.  If a statement prepared by the beneficiary pursuant to NRS 107.200 does not contain the entire amount necessary to discharge the debt secured by the deed of trust and:

      (a) A transaction has occurred which has resulted in the transfer of title or recordation of a lien; or

      (b) A trustee’s sale or a sale supervised by a court has taken place,

Ê the beneficiary may recover that money as an unsecured debt of the grantor pursuant to the terms of the note.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.260  Copy of note or deed of trust for authorized requester.  If a person who is authorized pursuant to NRS 107.220 to request a statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210 includes in the request for such a statement a request for a copy of the note or deed of trust, the beneficiary shall mail a copy of the note or deed of trust with the statement at no additional charge.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.270  Address to which request for statement must be mailed.  If the beneficiary has more than one place of business, a request for a statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210 must be made to the address to which the periodic payments under the note are made. If no periodic payments are made under the note, the request must be mailed to the address of the beneficiary listed on the note or deed of trust.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.280  Debt to which information contained in statement is applicable.  Except as otherwise provided in a statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210, the information contained in the statement applies only to the debt secured by the deed of trust which is payable at the address to which the periodic payments are made. If periodic payments are not made under the note, the statement applies only to the entire debt secured by the deed of trust.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1520)

      NRS 107.290  Unclear request for statement deemed to be request for amount necessary to discharge debt.  If a person requests a statement described in NRS 107.200 or 107.210 and it is not clear from the request which statement is requested, the request shall be deemed a request for a statement of the amount necessary to discharge the debt secured by a deed of trust.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1521)

      NRS 107.300  Penalty for failure to deliver statement; bar to recovery of certain damages.

      1.  A beneficiary who willfully fails to deliver a statement requested pursuant to NRS 107.200 or 107.210 within 21 days after it is requested is liable to the person who requested the statement in an amount of $300 and any actual damages suffered by the person who requested the statement.

      2.  A judgment awarded to a person who requested a statement pursuant to NRS 107.200 or 107.210 for failure to deliver a statement bars recovery of damages for any other failure to deliver that statement pursuant to a demand made within 6 months before or after the demand for which the judgment was awarded.

      3.  As used in this section, “willfully” means an intentional failure to comply with the requirements of NRS 107.200 or 107.210 without just cause.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1521)

      NRS 107.310  Fee for furnishing statement.  The beneficiary may charge a fee of not more than $60 for each statement furnished pursuant to NRS 107.200 or 107.210.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1521)

      NRS 107.311  Applicability of NRS 107.310.  The provisions of NRS 107.310 do not apply to deeds of trust insured by the Federal Housing Administrator or guaranteed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

      (Added to NRS by 1995, 1518)

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FORECLOSURE OF OWNER-OCCUPIED HOUSING SECURING RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LOAN

      NRS 107.400  Definitions.  As used in NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 107.410 to 107.450, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.410  “Borrower” defined.  “Borrower” means a natural person who is a mortgagor or grantor of a deed of trust under a residential mortgage loan. The term does not include a natural person who:

      1.  Has surrendered the secured property as evidenced by a letter confirming the surrender or the delivery of the keys to the property to the mortgagee, trustee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person.

      2.  Has filed a case under 11 U.S.C. Chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13 and the bankruptcy court has not entered an order closing or dismissing the bankruptcy case, or granting relief from a stay of foreclosure or trustee’s sale.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.420  “Foreclosure prevention alternative” defined.  “Foreclosure prevention alternative” means a modification of a loan secured by the most senior residential mortgage loan on the property or any other loss mitigation option. The term includes, without limitation, a sale in lieu of a foreclosure sale, as defined in NRS 40.4634.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.430  “Foreclosure sale” defined.  “Foreclosure sale” means the exercise of the trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 or a sale directed by a court pursuant to NRS 40.430.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.440  “Mortgage servicer” defined.  “Mortgage servicer” means a person who directly services a residential mortgage loan, or who is responsible for interacting with a borrower, managing a loan account on a daily basis, including, without limitation, collecting and crediting periodic loan payments, managing any escrow account or enforcing the note and security instrument, either as the current owner of the promissory note or as the authorized agent of the current owner of the promissory note. The term includes a person providing such services by contract as a subservicing agent to a master servicer by contract. The term does not include a trustee under a deed of trust, or the trustee’s authorized agent, acting under a power of sale pursuant to a deed of trust.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.450  “Residential mortgage loan” defined.  “Residential mortgage loan” means a loan which is primarily for personal, family or household use and which is secured by a mortgage or deed of trust on owner-occupied housing as defined in NRS 107.086.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.460  Applicability.  The provisions of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, do not apply to a financial institution, as defined in NRS 660.045, that, during its immediately preceding annual reporting period, as established with its primary regulator, has foreclosed on 100 or fewer real properties located in this State which constitute owner-occupied housing, as defined in NRS 107.086.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.470  Right of borrower to pursue more than one foreclosure prevention alternative.  The provisions of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, must not be construed to authorize a mortgage servicer, a mortgagee or a beneficiary of a deed of trust to restrict a borrower from pursuing concurrently more than one foreclosure prevention alternative.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2185)

      NRS 107.480  Restrictions on trustee’s power of sale and civil actions for foreclosure sales.

      1.  In addition to the requirements of NRS 107.085 and 107.086, the exercise of a trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 with respect to a deed of trust securing a residential mortgage loan is subject to the provisions of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive.

      2.  In addition to the requirements of NRS 40.430 to 40.4639, inclusive, a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan is subject to the requirements of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2186)

      NRS 107.490  Duties of mortgage servicer.

      1.  Any duty of a mortgage servicer to maximize net present value under a pooling and servicing agreement is owed to all parties in a loan pool, or to all investors under a pooling and servicing agreement, not to any particular party in the loan pool or investor under a pooling and servicing agreement.

      2.  A mortgage servicer acts in the best interests of all parties to the loan pool or investors in the pooling and servicing agreement if the mortgage servicer agrees to or implements a foreclosure prevention alternative for which both of the following apply:

      (a) The residential mortgage loan is in payment default or payment default is reasonably foreseeable.

      (b) Anticipated recovery under the foreclosure prevention alternative exceeds the anticipated recovery through foreclosure on a net present value basis.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2186)

      NRS 107.500  Requirements before recording of notice of default and election to sell or commencing civil action for foreclosure sale: Notice; contents.

      1.  At least 30 calendar days before recording a notice of default and election to sell pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or commencing a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan and at least 30 calendar days after the borrower’s default, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust shall mail, by first-class mail, a notice addressed to the borrower at the borrower’s primary address as indicated in the records of the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust, which contains:

      (a) A statement that if the borrower is a servicemember or a dependent of a servicemember, he or she may be entitled to certain protections under the federal Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, 50 U.S.C. Appx. §§ 501 et seq., regarding the servicemember’s interest rate and the risk of foreclosure, and counseling for covered servicemembers that is available from Military OneSource and the United States Armed Forces Legal Assistance or any other similar agency.

      (b) A summary of the borrower’s account which sets forth:

             (1) The total amount of payment necessary to cure the default and reinstate the residential mortgage loan or to bring the residential mortgage loan into current status;

             (2) The amount of the principal obligation under the residential mortgage loan;

             (3) The date through which the borrower’s obligation under the residential mortgage loan is paid;

             (4) The date of the last payment by the borrower;

             (5) The current interest rate in effect for the residential mortgage loan, if the rate is effective for at least 30 calendar days;

             (6) The date on which the interest rate for the residential mortgage loan may next reset or adjust, unless the rate changes more frequently than once every 30 calendar days;

             (7) The amount of the prepayment fee charged under the residential mortgage loan, if any;

             (8) A description of any late payment fee charged under the residential mortgage loan;

             (9) A telephone number or electronic mail address that the borrower may use to obtain information concerning the residential mortgage loan; and

             (10) The names, addresses, telephone numbers and Internet website addresses of one or more counseling agencies or programs approved by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

      (c) A statement of the facts establishing the right of the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust to cause the trustee to exercise the trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 or to commence a civil action for the recovery of any debt, or for the enforcement of any right, under a residential mortgage loan that is not barred by NRS 40.430.

      (d) A statement of the foreclosure prevention alternatives offered by, or through, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust.

      (e) A statement that the borrower may request:

             (1) A copy of the borrower’s promissory note or other evidence of indebtedness;

             (2) A copy of the borrower’s mortgage or deed of trust;

             (3) A copy of any assignment, if applicable, of the borrower’s mortgage or deed of trust required to demonstrate the right of the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust to cause the trustee to exercise the trustee’s power of sale pursuant to NRS 107.080 or to commence a civil action for the recovery of any debt, or for the enforcement of any right, under a residential mortgage loan that is not barred by NRS 40.430; and

             (4) A copy of the borrower’s payment history since the borrower was last less than 60 calendar days past due.

      2.  Unless a borrower has exhausted the process described in NRS 107.520 and 107.530 for applying for a foreclosure prevention alternative offered by, or through, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of the trust, not later than 5 business days after a notice of default and election to sell is recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or a civil action for the recovery of any debt, or for the enforcement of any right, under a residential mortgage loan that is not barred by NRS 40.430 is commenced, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust that offers one or more foreclosure prevention alternatives must send to the borrower a written statement:

      (a) That the borrower may be evaluated for a foreclosure prevention alternative or, if applicable, foreclosure prevention alternatives;

      (b) Whether a complete application is required to be submitted by the borrower if the borrower wants to be considered for a foreclosure prevention alternative; and

      (c) Of the means and process by which a borrower may obtain an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2186)

      NRS 107.510  Recording of notice of default and election to sell or commencing civil action for foreclosure sale prohibited in certain circumstances; mortgage servicer required to contact borrower; exceptions.

      1.  A mortgage servicer, mortgagee, trustee, beneficiary of a deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person may not record a notice of default and election to sell pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or commence a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan until:

      (a) The mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust has satisfied the requirements of subsection 1 of NRS 107.500;

      (b) Thirty calendar days after initial contact is made with the borrower as required by subsection 2 or 30 calendar days after satisfying the requirements of subsection 5; and

      (c) The mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust complies with NRS 107.520 and 107.530, if the borrower submits an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative offered by, or through, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary.

      2.  The mortgage servicer shall contact the borrower in person or by telephone to assess the borrower’s financial situation and to explore options for the borrower to avoid a foreclosure sale. During the initial contact, the mortgage servicer shall advise the borrower that he or she has the right to request a subsequent meeting and, if requested, the mortgage servicer must schedule the meeting to occur within 14 calendar days after the request. The assessment of the borrower’s financial situation and discussion of the options to avoid a foreclosure sale may occur during the initial contact or at the subsequent meeting scheduled for that purpose. In either case, the borrower must be provided the toll-free telephone number made available by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development to find a housing counseling agency certified by that Department. Any meeting pursuant to this subsection may occur by telephone.

      3.  The loss mitigation personnel of a mortgage servicer may participate by telephone during any contact with a borrower required by this section.

      4.  A borrower may designate, with consent given in writing, a housing counseling agency certified by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, an attorney or any other adviser to discuss with the mortgage servicer, on the borrower’s behalf, the borrower’s financial situation and options for the borrower to avoid a foreclosure sale. Contact with a person or agency designated by a borrower pursuant to this subsection satisfies the requirements of subsection 2. A foreclosure prevention alternative offered during any contact with a person or agency designated by a borrower pursuant to this subsection is subject to the approval of the borrower.

      5.  If a mortgage servicer has not contacted a borrower as required by subsection 2, a notice of default and election to sell may be recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan may be commenced, if the mortgage servicer has taken all the following actions:

      (a) The mortgage servicer attempts to contact the borrower by mailing by first-class mail to the borrower a letter informing the borrower of his or her right to discuss foreclosure prevention alternatives and providing the toll-free telephone number made available by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development to find a housing counseling agency approved by that Department.

      (b) After mailing the letter required by paragraph (a), the mortgage servicer attempts to contact the borrower by telephone at least 3 times at different hours on different days. Telephone calls made pursuant to this paragraph must be made to the primary telephone number of the borrower which is on file with the mortgage servicer. A mortgage servicer may attempt to contact a borrower pursuant to this paragraph by using an automated system to dial borrowers if, when the telephone call is answered, the call is connected to a live representative of the mortgage servicer. A mortgage servicer satisfies the requirements of this paragraph if it determines, after attempting to contact a borrower pursuant to this paragraph, that the primary telephone number of the borrower which is on file with the mortgage servicer and any secondary telephone numbers on file with the mortgage servicer have been disconnected.

      (c) If the borrower does not respond within 14 calendar days after the mortgage servicer satisfies the requirements of paragraph (b), the mortgage servicer sends, by certified mail, return receipt requested, or any other mailing process that requires a signature upon delivery, a letter that includes the information required by paragraph (a).

      (d) The mortgage servicer provides a means for the borrower to contact the mortgage servicer in a timely manner, including, without limitation, a toll-free telephone number that will provide access to a live representative during business hours.

      (e) The mortgage servicer posts on the homepage of its Internet website, if any, a prominent link to the following information:

             (1) Options that may be available to borrowers who are unable to afford payments under a residential mortgage loan and who wish to avoid a foreclosure sale, and instructions to such borrowers advising them on steps to take to explore those options.

             (2) A list of financial documents the borrower should collect and be prepared to present to the mortgage servicer when discussing options to avoid a foreclosure sale.

             (3) A toll-free telephone number for borrowers who wish to discuss with the mortgage servicer options for avoiding a foreclosure sale.

             (4) The toll-free telephone number made available by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development to find a housing counseling agency certified by that Department.

      6.  If the property is subject to the requirements of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, a notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or a complaint commencing a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan must contain a declaration that the mortgage servicer has contacted the borrower as required by subsection 2, has attempted to contact the borrower as required by subsection 5 or that no contact was required.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2188)

      NRS 107.520  Application for foreclosure prevention alternative; acknowledgement of receipt required; contents of acknowledgement; deficiencies in application.

      1.  Not later than 5 business days after receiving an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative or any document in connection with such an application, a mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust shall send to the borrower written acknowledgment of the receipt of the application or document.

      2.  The mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust shall include in the initial acknowledgment of receipt of an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative:

      (a) A description of the process for considering the application, including, without limitation, a statement that:

             (1) The mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary must either deny the application for a foreclosure prevention alternative or submit a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative within 30 calendar days after the borrower submits a complete application for a foreclosure prevention alternative; and

             (2) If the mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary submits to the borrower a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative, the borrower must accept or reject the offer within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the offer, and the offer is deemed to be rejected if the borrower does not accept or reject the offer within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the offer;

      (b) A statement of any deadlines that affect the processing of an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative, including, without limitation, the deadline for submitting any missing documentation; and

      (c) A statement of the expiration dates for any documents submitted by the borrower.

      3.  If a borrower submits an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative but does not initially submit all the documents or information required to complete the application, the mortgage servicer must:

      (a) Include in the initial acknowledgment of receipt of the application required by subsection 2 a statement of any deficiencies in the borrower’s application; and

      (b) Allow the borrower not less than 30 calendar days to submit any documents or information required to complete the application.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2189)

      NRS 107.530  Effect of submitting application for foreclosure prevention alternative; offer, acceptance and rejection of foreclosure prevention alternative; denial of application; appeal; fees prohibited.

      1.  If a borrower submits an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative offered by, or through, the borrower’s mortgage servicer or mortgagee or the beneficiary of the deed of trust, then the mortgage servicer, mortgagee, trustee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person may not commence a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan, record a notice of default and election to sell pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or a notice of sale pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080, or conduct a foreclosure sale until one of the following has occurred:

      (a) The borrower fails to submit all the documents or information required to complete the application within 30 calendar days after the date of the initial acknowledgment of receipt of the application sent to the borrower pursuant to NRS 107.520.

      (b) The mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust makes a written determination that the borrower is not eligible for a foreclosure prevention alternative, and any appeal period pursuant to subsection 5 has expired.

      (c) The borrower does not accept a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative within 14 calendar days after the date on which the offer is received by the borrower.

      (d) The borrower accepts a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative, but defaults on, or otherwise breaches the borrower’s obligations under, the foreclosure prevention alternative.

      2.  Not later than 30 calendar days after the borrower submits a complete application for a foreclosure prevention alternative, the mortgage servicer shall submit to the borrower a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative or the written statement of the denial of the application described in subsection 4. The borrower must accept or reject the offer within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the offer. If a borrower does not accept a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the offer for the foreclosure prevention alternative, the offer is deemed to be rejected.

      3.  If a borrower accepts an offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative, the mortgage servicer must provide the borrower with a copy of the complete agreement evidencing the foreclosure prevention alternative, signed by the mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust or an agent or authorized representative of the mortgagee or beneficiary.

      4.  If a borrower submits a complete application for a foreclosure prevention alternative and the borrower’s application is denied, the mortgage servicer must send to the borrower a written statement of:

      (a) The reason or reasons for the denial;

      (b) The amount of time the borrower has to request an appeal of the denial, which must be not less than 30 days; and

      (c) Instructions regarding how to appeal the denial, including, without limitation, how to provide evidence that the denial was in error.

      5.  If a borrower submits a complete application for a foreclosure prevention alternative and the borrower’s application is denied, the mortgage servicer, mortgagee, trustee, beneficiary of the deed of trust, or an authorized agent of such a person may not commence a civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan, record a notice of default and election to sell pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or a notice of sale pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080, or conduct a foreclosure sale until the later of:

      (a) Thirty-one calendar days after the borrower is sent the written statement required by subsection 4; and

      (b) If the borrower appeals the denial, the later of:

             (1) Fifteen calendar days after the denial of the appeal;

             (2) If the appeal is successful, 14 calendar days after a first lien loan modification or another foreclosure prevention alternative offered after appeal is rejected by the borrower; and

             (3) If the appeal is successful and a first lien loan modification or another foreclosure prevention alternative is offered and accepted, the date on which the borrower fails to timely submit the first payment or otherwise breaches the terms of the offer.

      6.  If the borrower appeals the denial of a complete application for a foreclosure prevention alternative, not later than 30 calendar days after the borrower requests the appeal, the mortgage servicer must submit to the borrower a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative or a written denial of the appeal. The borrower must accept or reject the offer within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the offer. If a borrower does not accept a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative within 14 calendar days after the borrower receives the written offer for the foreclosure prevention alternative, the offer is deemed to be rejected.

      7.  A mortgage servicer shall not charge or collect any:

      (a) Application, processing or other fee for a foreclosure prevention alternative; or

      (b) Late fees for periods during which:

             (1) A foreclosure prevention alternative is under consideration or a denial is being appealed;

             (2) The borrower is making timely payments under a foreclosure prevention alternative; or

             (3) A foreclosure prevention alternative is being evaluated or exercised.

      8.  A mortgage servicer is not required to evaluate an application from a borrower who has already been evaluated or afforded a fair opportunity to be evaluated for a foreclosure prevention alternative before October 1, 2013, or who has been evaluated or afforded a fair opportunity to be evaluated consistent with the requirements of this section, unless:

      (a) There has been a material change in the borrower’s financial circumstances since the date of the borrower’s previous application; and

      (b) That change is documented by the borrower and submitted to the mortgage servicer.

      9.  For purposes of this section, an application is complete when a borrower has supplied the mortgage servicer with all documents required by the mortgage servicer within the reasonable timeframes specified by the mortgage servicer.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2190)

      NRS 107.540  Single point of contact required to be established by mortgage servicer for foreclosure prevention alternative; responsibilities.

      1.  If a borrower requests a foreclosure prevention alternative, the mortgage servicer must promptly establish a single point of contact and provide to the borrower one or more direct means of communication with the single point of contact.

      2.  A single point of contact is responsible for:

      (a) Communicating the process by which a borrower may apply for an available foreclosure prevention alternative and the deadline for any required submissions to be considered for the foreclosure prevention alternatives.

      (b) Coordinating receipt of all documents associated with the available foreclosure prevention alternatives and notifying the borrower of any missing documents necessary to complete an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative.

      (c) Having access to current information and personnel sufficient to timely, accurately and adequately inform the borrower of the current status of the foreclosure prevention alternative.

      (d) Ensuring that the borrower is considered for all foreclosure prevention alternatives offered by, or through, the mortgage servicer and for which the borrower is or may be eligible.

      (e) Having access to a person or persons with the ability and authority to stop the foreclosure process when necessary.

      3.  A single point of contact must remain assigned to the borrower’s account until the mortgage servicer determines that all foreclosure prevention alternatives offered by, or through, the mortgage servicer have been exhausted or the borrower’s account becomes current.

      4.  The mortgage servicer shall ensure that a single point of contact refers and transfers a borrower to an appropriate supervisor upon request of the borrower, if the single point of contact has a supervisor.

      5.  If the responsibilities of a single point of contact are performed by a team of personnel, the mortgage servicer must ensure that each member of the team is knowledgeable about the borrower’s situation and current status in the process of seeking a foreclosure prevention alternative.

      6.  As used in this section, “single point of contact” means a natural person or a team of personnel each of whom has the ability and authority to perform the responsibilities described in this section.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2192)

      NRS 107.550  Dismissal of civil action for foreclosure sale, rescission of notice of default and election to sell or notice of sale and cancellation of pending foreclosure sale required in certain circumstances; effect on mortgagee or beneficiary of deed of trust.

      1.  A civil action for a foreclosure sale pursuant to NRS 40.430 involving a failure to make a payment required by a residential mortgage loan must be dismissed without prejudice, any notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or any notice of sale recorded pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080 must be rescinded, and any pending foreclosure sale must be cancelled, if:

      (a) The borrower accepts a permanent foreclosure prevention alternative;

      (b) A notice of sale is not recorded within 9 months after the notice of default and election to sell is recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080; or

      (c) A foreclosure sale is not conducted within 90 calendar days after a notice of sale is recorded pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080.

      2.  The periods specified in paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection 1 are tolled:

      (a) If a borrower has filed a case under 11 U.S.C. Chapter 7, 11, 12 or 13, until the bankruptcy court enters an order closing or dismissing the bankruptcy case or granting relief from a stay of foreclosure or trustee’s sale;

      (b) If mediation pursuant to NRS 107.086 is required, until the date on which the Mediation Administrator, as defined in NRS 107.086, issues the certificate that mediation has been completed in the matter;

      (c) If mediation pursuant to NRS 40.437 is required or if a court orders participation in a settlement program, until the date on which the mediation or participation in a settlement program is terminated; or

      (d) If a borrower has submitted an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative, until the date on which:

             (1) A written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative is submitted to the borrower;

             (2) A written statement of the denial of the application has been submitted to the borrower pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.530, and any appeal period pursuant to subsection 5 of NRS 107.530 has expired; or

             (3) If the borrower has appealed the denial of an application for a foreclosure prevention alternative, a written offer for a foreclosure prevention alternative or a written denial of the appeal is submitted to the borrower.

      3.  If, pursuant to subsection 1, a civil action is dismissed, a notice of default and election to sell recorded pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 107.080 or any notice of sale recorded pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 107.080 is rescinded, or any pending foreclosure sale is cancelled, the mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust is thereupon restored to its former position and has the same rights as though an action for a judicial foreclosure had not been commenced or a notice of default and election to sell had not been recorded.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2193)

      NRS 107.560  Injunctive relief for violation; civil action to recover economic damages; award of costs and attorney’s fees to prevailing party.

      1.  If a trustee’s deed upon sale has not been recorded, a borrower may bring an action for injunctive relief to enjoin a material violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive. If a sheriff has not recorded the certificate of the sale of the property, a borrower may obtain an injunction to enjoin a material violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive. An injunction issued pursuant to this subsection remains in place and any foreclosure sale must be enjoined until the court determines that the mortgage servicer, mortgagee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person has corrected and remedied the violation giving rise to the action for injunctive relief. An enjoined person may move to dissolve an injunction based on a showing that the material violation has been corrected and remedied.

      2.  After a trustee’s deed upon sale has been recorded or after a sheriff has recorded the certificate of the sale of the property, a borrower may bring a civil action in the district court in the county in which the property is located to recover his or her actual economic damages resulting from a material violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, by the mortgage servicer, mortgagee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person, if the material violation was not corrected and remedied before the recording of the trustee’s deed upon sale or the recording of the certificate of sale of the property pursuant to NRS 40.430. If the court finds that the material violation was intentional or reckless, or resulted from willful misconduct by a mortgage servicer, mortgagee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person, the court may award the borrower the greater of treble actual damages or statutory damages of $50,000.

      3.  A mortgage servicer, mortgagee, beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person is not liable for any violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, that it has corrected and remedied, or that has been corrected and remedied on its behalf by a third party, before the recording of the trustee’s deed upon sale or the recording of the certificate of sale of the property pursuant to NRS 40.430.

      4.  A violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, does not affect the validity of a sale to a bona fide purchaser for value and any of its encumbrancers for value without notice.

      5.  A signatory to a consent judgment entered in the case entitled United States of America et al. v. Bank of America Corporation et al., filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, case number 1:12-cv-00361 RMC, that is in compliance with the relevant terms of the Settlement Term Sheet of that consent judgment with respect to the borrower while the consent judgment is in effect is deemed to be in compliance with NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, and is not liable for a violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive. If, on or after October 1, 2013, the consent judgment is modified or amended to permit compliance with the relevant provisions of 12 C.F.R. Part 1024, commonly known as Regulation X, and 12 C.F.R. Part 1026, commonly known as Regulation Z, as those regulations are amended by the Final Servicing Rules issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in 78 Federal Register 10,696 on February 14, 2013, and any amendments thereto, to supersede some or all of the relevant terms of the Settlement Term Sheet of the consent judgment:

      (a) A signatory who is in compliance with the modified or amended Settlement Term Sheet of the consent judgment while the consent judgment is in effect is deemed to be in compliance with NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, and is not liable for a violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive.

      (b) Any mortgage servicer, mortgagee or beneficiary of the deed of trust or an authorized agent of such a person who complies with the relevant provisions of 12 C.F.R. Part 1024, commonly known as Regulation X, and 12 C.F.R. Part 1026, commonly known as Regulation Z, as those regulations are amended by the Final Servicing Rules issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in 78 Federal Register 10,696 on February 14, 2013, and any amendments thereto, is deemed to be in compliance with NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive, and is not liable for a violation of NRS 107.400 to 107.560, inclusive.

      6.  A court may award a prevailing borrower costs and reasonable attorney’s fees in an action brought pursuant to this section.

      7.  The rights, remedies and procedures provided by this section are in addition to and independent of any other rights, remedies or procedures provided by law.

      (Added to NRS by 2013, 2194)