[Rev. 11/21/2013 9:40:14 AM--2013]

CHAPTER 120 - DISCLAIMER OF PROPERTY INTERESTS (UNIFORM ACT)

NRS 120.100           Short title.

NRS 120.110           Definitions.

NRS 120.120           “Disclaimant” defined.

NRS 120.130           “Disclaimed interest” defined.

NRS 120.140           “Disclaimer” defined.

NRS 120.150           “Fiduciary” defined.

NRS 120.160           “Jointly held property” defined.

NRS 120.170           “Person” defined.

NRS 120.180           “State” defined.

NRS 120.190           “Trust” defined.

NRS 120.200           Scope.

NRS 120.210           Chapter supplemented by other law.

NRS 120.220           Power to disclaim; general requirements; when irrevocable.

NRS 120.230           Disclaimer of interest in property.

NRS 120.240           Disclaimer of rights of survivorship in jointly held property.

NRS 120.250           Disclaimer of interest by trustee.

NRS 120.260           Disclaimer of power of appointment or other power not held in fiduciary capacity.

NRS 120.270           Disclaimer by appointee, object or taker in default of exercise of power of appointment.

NRS 120.280           Disclaimer of power held in fiduciary capacity.

NRS 120.290           Delivery or filing.

NRS 120.300           When disclaimer barred or limited.

NRS 120.310           Tax qualified disclaimer.

NRS 120.320           Recording of disclaimer.

NRS 120.330           Application to existing relationships.

NRS 120.340           Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act.

NRS 120.350           Uniformity of application and construction.

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      NRS 120.100  Short title.  This chapter may be cited as the Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act (1999).

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.110  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, the words and terms defined in NRS 120.120 to 120.190, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.120  “Disclaimant” defined.  “Disclaimant” means the person to whom a disclaimed interest or power would have passed had the disclaimer not been made.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.130  “Disclaimed interest” defined.  “Disclaimed interest” means the interest that would have passed to the disclaimant had the disclaimer not been made.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.140  “Disclaimer” defined.  “Disclaimer” means the refusal to accept an interest in or power over property.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.150  “Fiduciary” defined.  “Fiduciary” means a personal representative, trustee, agent acting under a power of attorney or other person authorized to act as a fiduciary with respect to the property of another person.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.160  “Jointly held property” defined.  “Jointly held property” means property held in the name of two or more persons under an arrangement in which all holders have concurrent interests and under which the last surviving holder is entitled to the whole of the property.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.170  “Person” defined.  “Person” means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited-liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.180  “State” defined.  “State” means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The term includes an Indian tribe or band, or Alaskan native village, recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 278)

      NRS 120.190  “Trust” defined.  “Trust” means:

      1.  An express trust, charitable or noncharitable, with additions thereto, whenever and however created; and

      2.  A trust created pursuant to a statute, judgment or decree which requires the trust to be administered in the manner of an express trust.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 279)

      NRS 120.200  Scope.  This chapter applies to disclaimers of any interest in or power over property, whenever created.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 279)

      NRS 120.210  Chapter supplemented by other law.

      1.  Unless displaced by a provision of this chapter, the principles of law and equity supplement this chapter.

      2.  This chapter does not limit any right of a person to waive, release, disclaim or renounce an interest in or power over property under a law other than this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 279)

      NRS 120.220  Power to disclaim; general requirements; when irrevocable.

      1.  A person may disclaim, in whole or part, any interest in or power over property, including a power of appointment. A person may disclaim the interest or power even if its creator imposed a spendthrift provision or similar restriction on transfer or a restriction or limitation on the right to disclaim.

      2.  Except to the extent a fiduciary’s right to disclaim is expressly restricted or limited by another statute of this State or by the instrument creating the fiduciary relationship, a fiduciary may disclaim, in whole or part, any interest in or power over property, including a power of appointment, whether acting in a personal or representative capacity. A fiduciary may disclaim the interest or power even if its creator imposed a spendthrift provision or similar restriction on transfer or a restriction or limitation on the right to disclaim, or an instrument other than the instrument that created the fiduciary relationship imposed a restriction or limitation on the right to disclaim.

      3.  To be effective, a disclaimer must be in a writing or other record, declare the disclaimer, describe the interest or power disclaimed, be signed by the person making the disclaimer and be delivered or filed in the manner provided in NRS 120.290. As used in this subsection:

      (a) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form; and

      (b) “Signed” means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record, to:

             (1) Execute or adopt a tangible symbol; or

             (2) Attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic sound, symbol or process.

      4.  A partial disclaimer may be expressed as a fraction, percentage, monetary amount, term of years, limitation of a power or any other interest or estate in the property.

      5.  A disclaimer becomes irrevocable when it is delivered or filed pursuant to NRS 120.290 or when it becomes effective as provided in NRS 120.230 to 120.280, inclusive, whichever occurs later.

      6.  A disclaimer made under this chapter is not a transfer, assignment or release.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 279)

      NRS 120.230  Disclaimer of interest in property.

      1.  Except for a disclaimer governed by NRS 120.240 or 120.250, the following rules apply to a disclaimer of an interest in property:

      (a) The disclaimer takes effect as of the time the instrument creating the interest becomes irrevocable or, if the interest arose under the law of intestate succession, as of the time of the intestate’s death.

      (b) The disclaimed interest passes according to any provision in the instrument creating the interest providing for the disposition of the interest, should it be disclaimed, or of disclaimed interests in general.

      (c) If the instrument does not contain a provision described in paragraph (b), the following rules apply:

             (1) If the disclaimant is not an individual, the disclaimed interest passes as if the disclaimant did not exist.

             (2) If the disclaimant is an individual, except as otherwise provided in subparagraphs (3) and (4), the disclaimed interest passes as if the disclaimant had died immediately before the time of distribution.

             (3) If by law or under the instrument, the descendants of the disclaimant would share in the disclaimed interest by any method of representation had the disclaimant died before the time of distribution, the disclaimed interest passes only to the descendants of the disclaimant who survive the time of distribution.

             (4) If the disclaimed interest would pass to the disclaimant’s estate had the disclaimant died before the time of distribution, the disclaimed interest instead passes by representation to the descendants of the disclaimant who survive the time of distribution. If no descendant of the disclaimant survives the time of distribution, the disclaimed interest passes to those persons, including the State but excluding the disclaimant, and in such shares as would succeed to the transferor’s intestate estate under the intestate succession law of the transferor’s domicile had the transferor died at the time of distribution. However, if the transferor’s surviving spouse is living but is remarried at the time of distribution, the transferor is deemed to have died unmarried at the time of distribution.

      (d) Upon the disclaimer of a preceding interest, a future interest held by a person other than the disclaimant takes effect as if the disclaimant had died or ceased to exist immediately before the time of distribution, but a future interest held by the disclaimant is not accelerated in possession or enjoyment.

      2.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Future interest” means an interest that takes effect in possession or enjoyment, if at all, later than the time of its creation.

      (b) “Time of distribution” means the time when a disclaimed interest would have taken effect in possession or enjoyment.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 279)

      NRS 120.240  Disclaimer of rights of survivorship in jointly held property.

      1.  Upon the death of a holder of jointly held property, a surviving holder may disclaim, in whole or part, the greater of:

      (a) A fractional share of the property determined by dividing the number 1 by the number of joint holders alive immediately before the death of the holder to whose death the disclaimer relates; or

      (b) All of the property except that part of the value of the entire interest attributable to the contribution furnished by the disclaimant.

      2.  A disclaimer under subsection 1 takes effect as of the death of the holder of jointly held property to whose death the disclaimer relates.

      3.  An interest in jointly held property disclaimed by a surviving holder of the property passes as if the disclaimant predeceased the holder to whose death the disclaimer relates.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 280)

      NRS 120.250  Disclaimer of interest by trustee.  If a trustee disclaims an interest in property that otherwise would have become trust property, the interest does not become trust property.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 280)

      NRS 120.260  Disclaimer of power of appointment or other power not held in fiduciary capacity.  If a holder disclaims a power of appointment or other power not held in a fiduciary capacity, the following rules apply:

      1.  If the holder has not exercised the power, the disclaimer takes effect as of the time the instrument creating the power becomes irrevocable.

      2.  If the holder has exercised the power and the disclaimer is of a power other than a presently exercisable general power of appointment, the disclaimer takes effect immediately after the last exercise of the power.

      3.  The instrument creating the power is construed as if the power expired when the disclaimer became effective.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 281)

      NRS 120.270  Disclaimer by appointee, object or taker in default of exercise of power of appointment.

      1.  A disclaimer of an interest in property by an appointee of a power of appointment takes effect as of the time the instrument by which the holder exercises the power becomes irrevocable.

      2.  A disclaimer of an interest in property by an object or taker in default of an exercise of a power of appointment takes effect as of the time the instrument creating the power becomes irrevocable.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 281)

      NRS 120.280  Disclaimer of power held in fiduciary capacity.

      1.  If a fiduciary disclaims a power held in a fiduciary capacity which has not been exercised, the disclaimer takes effect as of the time the instrument creating the power becomes irrevocable.

      2.  If a fiduciary disclaims a power held in a fiduciary capacity which has been exercised, the disclaimer takes effect immediately after the last exercise of the power.

      3.  A disclaimer under this section is effective as to another fiduciary if the disclaimer so provides and the fiduciary disclaiming has the authority to bind the estate, trust or other person for whom the fiduciary is acting.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 281)

      NRS 120.290  Delivery or filing.

      1.  Subject to subsections 2 to 11, inclusive, delivery of a disclaimer may be effected by personal delivery, first-class mail or any other method likely to result in its receipt.

      2.  In the case of an interest created under the law of intestate succession or an interest created by will, other than an interest in a testamentary trust:

      (a) A disclaimer must be delivered to the personal representative of the decedent’s estate; or

      (b) If no personal representative is then serving, it must be filed with a court having jurisdiction to appoint the personal representative.

      3.  In the case of an interest in a testamentary trust:

      (a) A disclaimer must be delivered to the trustee then serving or, if no trustee is then serving, to the personal representative of the decedent’s estate; or

      (b) If no personal representative is then serving, it must be filed with a court having jurisdiction to enforce the trust.

      4.  In the case of an interest in an inter vivos trust:

      (a) A disclaimer must be delivered to the trustee then serving;

      (b) If no trustee is then serving, it must be filed with a court having jurisdiction to enforce the trust; or

      (c) If the disclaimer is made before the time the instrument creating the trust becomes irrevocable, it must be delivered to the settlor of a revocable trust or the transferor of the interest.

      5.  In the case of an interest created by a beneficiary designation which is disclaimed before the designation becomes irrevocable, the disclaimer must be delivered to the person making the beneficiary designation.

      6.  In the case of an interest created by a beneficiary designation which is disclaimed after the designation becomes irrevocable:

      (a) The disclaimer of an interest in personal property must be delivered to the person obligated to distribute the interest; and

      (b) The disclaimer of an interest in real property must be recorded in the office of the county recorder of the county where the real property that is the subject of the disclaimer is located.

      7.  In the case of a disclaimer by a surviving holder of jointly held property, the disclaimer must be delivered to the person to whom the disclaimed interest passes.

      8.  In the case of a disclaimer by an object or taker in default of exercise of a power of appointment at any time after the power was created:

      (a) The disclaimer must be delivered to the holder of the power or to the fiduciary acting under the instrument that created the power; or

      (b) If no fiduciary is then serving, it must be filed with a court having authority to appoint the fiduciary.

      9.  In the case of a disclaimer by an appointee of a nonfiduciary power of appointment:

      (a) The disclaimer must be delivered to the holder, the personal representative of the holder’s estate or to the fiduciary under the instrument that created the power; or

      (b) If no fiduciary is then serving, it must be filed with a court having authority to appoint the fiduciary.

      10.  In the case of a disclaimer by a fiduciary of a power over a trust or estate, the disclaimer must be delivered as provided in subsection 2, 3 or 4, as if the power disclaimed were an interest in property.

      11.  In the case of a disclaimer of a power by an agent, the disclaimer must be delivered to the principal or the principal’s representative.

      12.  As used in this section, “beneficiary designation” means an instrument, other than an instrument creating a trust, naming the beneficiary of:

      (a) An annuity or insurance policy;

      (b) An account with a designation for payment on death;

      (c) A security registered in beneficiary form;

      (d) A pension, profit-sharing, retirement or other employment-related benefit plan; or

      (e) Any other nonprobate transfer at death.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 281; A 2011, 1353)

      NRS 120.300  When disclaimer barred or limited.

      1.  A disclaimer is barred by a written waiver of the right to disclaim.

      2.  A disclaimer of an interest in property is barred if any of the following events occur before the disclaimer becomes effective:

      (a) The disclaimant accepts the interest sought to be disclaimed;

      (b) The disclaimant voluntarily assigns, conveys, encumbers, pledges or transfers the interest sought to be disclaimed or contracts to do so; or

      (c) A judicial sale of the interest sought to be disclaimed occurs.

      3.  A disclaimer, in whole or part, of the future exercise of a power held in a fiduciary capacity is not barred by its previous exercise.

      4.  A disclaimer, in whole or part, of the future exercise of a power not held in a fiduciary capacity is not barred by its previous exercise unless the power is exercisable in favor of the disclaimant.

      5.  A disclaimer is barred or limited if so provided by law other than this chapter.

      6.  A disclaimer of a power over property which is barred by this section is ineffective. A disclaimer of an interest in property which is barred by this section takes effect as a transfer of the interest disclaimed to the persons who would have taken the interest under this chapter had the disclaimer not been barred.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 282)

      NRS 120.310  Tax qualified disclaimer.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, if as a result of a disclaimer or transfer the disclaimed or transferred interest is treated pursuant to the provisions of Title 26 of the United States Code, as now or hereafter amended, or any successor statute thereto, and the regulations promulgated thereunder, as never having been transferred to the disclaimant, then the disclaimer or transfer is effective as a disclaimer under this chapter.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 283)

      NRS 120.320  Recording of disclaimer.  If an instrument transferring an interest in or power over property subject to a disclaimer is required or permitted by law to be filed, recorded or registered, the disclaimer may be so filed, recorded or registered. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of subsection 6 of NRS 120.290, failure to file, record or register the disclaimer does not affect its validity as between the disclaimant and persons to whom the property interest or power passes by reason of the disclaimer.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 283; A 2011, 1354)

      NRS 120.330  Application to existing relationships.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 120.300, an interest in or power over property existing on October 1, 2007, as to which the time for delivering or filing a disclaimer under law superseded by this chapter has not expired may be disclaimed after October 1, 2007.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 283)

      NRS 120.340  Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act.  This chapter modifies, limits and supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 7001 et seq., but does not modify, limit or supersede section 101(c) of that act, 15 U.S.C. § 7001(c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103(b) of that act, 15 U.S.C. § 7003(b).

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 283)

      NRS 120.350  Uniformity of application and construction.  In applying and construing the Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act, consideration must be given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to its subject matter among states that enact it.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 283)