Audit Division

Audit Summary


Department of Administration

State Printing Division



Results in Brief


††††††††††† By not billing state agencies at rates sufficient to recover costs, the State Printing Division lost approximately $450,000 from operations during the 18 months ended December 31, 2001.In our prior audit, we recommended the Division develop procedures to establish and monitor billing rates to ensure the rates cover the cost of doing work. Although some procedures were developed, they are incomplete and not always followed.Furthermore, policies and procedures to control the acquisition and valuation of inventory have not been documented.Therefore, the Division is at risk of purchasing more inventory than necessary and failing to recover all production costs.The lack of inventory controls also resulted in the Divisionís failure to comply with rules for disposing of property no longer needed and considered excess.


Principal Findings


                Printing Division hourly billing rates were not sufficient to recover the costs of providing printing services to state agencies.As a result, the Division was unable to recover approximately $450,000 in labor, equipment, and other operating costs during the 18 months ended December 31, 2001.Furthermore, the Division did not retain documentation supporting the development of rates.Therefore, the Division did not have assurance rates were based on reasonable estimates.(page 7)


                The Division did not follow its procedures for monitoring the appropriateness of hourly billing rates.These procedures require staff to monitor costs and sales monthly using a report produced from the Divisionís automated cost accounting system.However, this report was not used during the period of our audit.The procedures also instructed staff to adjust the hourly rates quarterly if necessary.Despite these procedures, rates went unchanged from June 1999 to May 2001, when they were increased by 5%.This increase was seen as a temporary solution, and was not based on an analysis of costs.Frequent review of the accounting systemís report would have alerted the Division that the hourly rates were not sufficient to recover costs, and provided an opportunity to adjust rates before suffering continued losses.Subsequent to our discussions with the Division, an increase in rates based on an analysis of costs was made in March 2002.(page 9)


                Routine printing jobs such as business cards and letterheads were billed from a fixed-price schedule developed in July 1999.However, the Division did not monitor these jobs to ensure the rates were appropriate.Our examination of selected jobs showed the Division did not always recover costs. (page 10)


                Although the Division tracks revenue for photocopy services (Quick Print), it has not developed procedures to identify all Quick Print expenditures.Therefore, the Division cannot determine if Quick Printís billing rates recover costs.We estimate Quick Print broke even in fiscal year 2001.However, the Division might not recover its costs in fiscal year 2002 since costs have increased but the rates have not been raised since April 1999. (page 11)


                The Divisionís inventory purchases totaled approximately $1.4 million during the 18 months ended December 31, 2001.However, polices and procedures have not been documented to control the acquisition of inventory.As a result, the Division has experienced significant fluctuations in the amount of inventory on hand.Excessive inventory reduces available funding and can result in spoiled or obsolete inventory.(page 12)


                The Division does not effectively use its automated accounting system to help ensure the appropriate amount of inventory is purchased. Although this system provides four reports to control inventory, the Division uses only one of these reports.Furthermore, the report is not reliable since criteria such as reorder points and the standard order amounts have not been developed.Expanded use of the systems capabilities will help ensure inventory is purchased only when necessary and in economical quantities. (page 12)


                Although the Division recovered the cost of inventory used, we noted weaknesses in the inventory valuation system that could contribute to future losses.For instance, the Division could not readily explain a significant variance between the amount it paid for inventory and the price it will charge customers.The failure to review variances can result in insufficient sales prices.(page 14)


5.              The Division sold surplus paper inventory to a commercial vendor in January 2001.However, the Division did not obtain the Purchasing Divisionís written approval to sell excess inventory as required by state policy.In addition, the Division did not have documentation supporting the solicitation of bids.Finally, the Division did not receive payment until March 2002, when we requested documentation supporting the sale.As a result, we could not determine if the $4,000 payment received was appropriate since the inventory was purchased for approximately $30,000. (page 15)




State Printing Division Response

to Audit Recommendations















Monitor and revise the Print Shopís hourly billing rates in accordance with established policies and procedures.










Develop written policies and procedures for establishing and monitoring fixed-price and Quick Print job rates.










Retain documentation supporting the development of billing rates in accordance with the stateís records retention policy.










Develop policies and procedures for the acquisition and valuation of inventory.










Utilize the automated accounting system to manage inventory.










Develop surplus inventory procedures to help ensure compliance with state policy and to ensure transactions are properly documented.










††††† TOTALS