[Rev. 12/21/2019 10:44:35 AM--2019]

CHAPTER 178A - SEXUAL ASSAULT SURVIVORS’ BILL OF RIGHTS

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 178A.010        Short title.

NRS 178A.020        Definitions.

NRS 178A.030        “CODIS” defined.

NRS 178A.040        “DNA profile” defined.

NRS 178A.050        “Forensic laboratory” defined.

NRS 178A.060        “Forensic medical examination” defined.

NRS 178A.070        “Genetic marker analysis” defined.

NRS 178A.080        “Law enforcement agency” defined.

NRS 178A.090        “Law enforcement official” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.100        “Medical provider” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.110        “Sexual assault forensic evidence kit” defined.

NRS 178A.120        “Sexual assault victims’ advocate” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.130        “State DNA Database” defined.

NRS 178A.140        “Survivor” defined.

NRS 178A.150        Legislative findings and declarations.

RIGHTS OF SURVIVORS

NRS 178A.160        When rights attach; rights retained. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.170        Right to consult with sexual assault victims’ advocate; right to designate attendant to provide support; attendant may be excluded under certain circumstances. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.180        Survivor retains rights to consult with sexual assault victims’ advocate and to designate attendant even if such rights were previously waived; waiver of rights not admissible. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.190        Exercise of rights relating to forensic medical examination; survivor not required to pay for forensic medical examination; right to use shower after forensic medical examination; prior notice of rights to be provided; acknowledgment. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.200        Exercise of rights relating to interview; right to choose gender of interviewer; law enforcement official or prosecutor prohibited from discouraging forensic medical examination; prior notice of rights to be provided; acknowledgment. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.210        Retention of right to counsel; exercise of right to counsel must not affect or alter treatment of survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.220        Right to prompt genetic marker analysis; transport of sexual assault forensic evidence kit; preservation, storage and retention of biological evidence; right to information regarding timeline of genetic marker analysis.

NRS 178A.230        Right to be informed of results of genetic marker analysis and DNA profile upon request.

NRS 178A.240        Failure of law enforcement agency to comply with requirements relating to sexual assault forensic evidence kit does not alter authority of law enforcement agency or forensic laboratory to take actions relating to such evidence.

NRS 178A.250        Failure of entity to comply with Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights does not give standing to defendant or accused person to challenge conviction or sentence or constitute grounds for challenge.

NRS 178A.260        Forensic evidence from sexual assault not to be used for certain purposes relating to survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.270        Office of the Attorney General to develop and make available document explaining rights; contents. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.280        Law enforcement agency to provide copies of reports to survivor; prosecutor to provide information to survivor; report by forensic laboratory. [Effective January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020.]

NRS 178A.280        Law enforcement agency to provide copies of reports to survivor; prosecutor to provide information to survivor; report by forensic laboratory; State to establish statewide program to track sexual assault forensic kits. [Effective January 1, 2021.]

NRS 178A.290        Additional rights of survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RIGHTS OF SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

NRS 178A.300        Definitions. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.310        Creation; members and appointing authorities; terms; vacancies; Chair; meetings; quorum; voting; per diem; staff. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

NRS 178A.320        Duties; retention of experts; report. [Effective January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020.]

NRS 178A.320        Duties; retention of experts; report. [Effective January 1, 2021.]

NRS 178A.330        Grants, bequests, devises, donations or gifts; Special Account for the Support of the Advisory Committee. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

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GENERAL PROVISIONS

      NRS 178A.010  Short title.  This chapter may be cited as the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2840)

      NRS 178A.020  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 178A.030 to 178A.140, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.030  “CODIS” defined.  “CODIS” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 176.09113.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.040  “DNA profile” defined.  “DNA profile” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 176.09115.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.050  “Forensic laboratory” defined.  “Forensic laboratory” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 176.09117.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.060  “Forensic medical examination” defined.  “Forensic medical examination” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 217.300.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.070  “Genetic marker analysis” defined.  “Genetic marker analysis” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 176.09118.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.080  “Law enforcement agency” defined.  “Law enforcement agency” means any agency, office or bureau of this State or a political subdivision of this State, the primary duty of which is to enforce the law.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1908, 2841)

      NRS 178A.090  “Law enforcement official” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  “Law enforcement official” means:

      (a) Any person employed by a law enforcement agency; or

      (b) Any person employed by a public school, private school or institution of higher education whose primary duty is to enforce the law.

      2.  For purposes of this section:

      (a) “Institution of higher education” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 179D.045.

      (b) “Private school” means a nonprofit private elementary or secondary educational institution that is licensed in this State.

      (c) “Public school” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 388.127.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2841, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.100  “Medical provider” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]  “Medical provider” means any provider of health care, as defined in NRS 629.031, hospital, emergency medical facility or other facility conducting a forensic medical examination of a survivor.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2841, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.110  “Sexual assault forensic evidence kit” defined.  “Sexual assault forensic evidence kit” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 200.364.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909, 2841)

      NRS 178A.120  “Sexual assault victims’ advocate” defined. [Effective January 1, 2020.]  “Sexual assault victims’ advocate” means a victims’ advocate or other trained person who is employed or volunteers at an established center for the support of survivors.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2841, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.130  “State DNA Database” defined.  “State DNA Database” means the database established pursuant to NRS 176.09121.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909, 2841)

      NRS 178A.140  “Survivor” defined.  “Survivor” means a person who is a victim of sexual assault, as defined in NRS 217.280 or, if the victim is incompetent, deceased or a minor, the parent, guardian, spouse, legal representative or other person related to the victim within the second degree of consanguinity or affinity, unless such person is the defendant or accused or is convicted of the sexual assault.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909, 2841)

      NRS 178A.150  Legislative findings and declarations.  The Legislature hereby finds and declares that:

      1.  Victims of sexual assault have a strong interest in the investigation and prosecution of their cases.

      2.  Law enforcement agencies have an obligation to victims of sexual assault to be responsive to the victims concerning the developments of forensic testing and the investigation of their cases.

      3.  The growth of the State DNA Database and CODIS makes it possible for many perpetrators of sexual assault to be identified after their first offense.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909)

RIGHTS OF SURVIVORS

      NRS 178A.160  When rights attach; rights retained. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  The rights provided to a survivor pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights attach whenever the survivor is subject to:

      (a) A forensic medical examination; or

      (b) An interview by a law enforcement official or prosecutor.

      2.  A survivor retains the rights provided by the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights at all times, regardless of whether the survivor:

      (a) Agrees to participate in the legal or criminal justice system;

      (b) Agrees to speak to a law enforcement official or prosecutor; or

      (c) Consents to a forensic medical examination.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2841, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.170  Right to consult with sexual assault victims’ advocate; right to designate attendant to provide support; attendant may be excluded under certain circumstances. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  A survivor has the right to consult with a sexual assault victims’ advocate during:

      (a) Any forensic medical examination; and

      (b) Any interview by a law enforcement official or prosecutor.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, a survivor has the right to designate an attendant to provide support during:

      (a) Any forensic medical examination; and

      (b) Any interview by a law enforcement official or prosecutor.

      3.  If a law enforcement official or prosecutor conducts an interview of a survivor who is a minor, the law enforcement official or prosecutor may exclude the attendant from the interview if the law enforcement official or prosecutor:

      (a) Has successfully completed specialized training in interviewing survivors who are minors that meets the standards of the National Children’s Alliance or its successor organization or another national organization that provides specialized training in interviewing survivors who are minors; and

      (b) Determines, in his or her good faith, that the presence of the attendant would be detrimental to the purpose of the interview.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2841, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.180  Survivor retains rights to consult with sexual assault victims’ advocate and to designate attendant even if such rights were previously waived; waiver of rights not admissible. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  A survivor retains the rights pursuant to NRS 178A.170 even if the survivor has waived such rights during a previous examination or interview.

      2.  Except with the consent of the survivor, the fact that the survivor waived the right to consult with a sexual assault victims’ advocate pursuant to NRS 178A.170 is not admissible into evidence for any purpose.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2842, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.190  Exercise of rights relating to forensic medical examination; survivor not required to pay for forensic medical examination; right to use shower after forensic medical examination; prior notice of rights to be provided; acknowledgment. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  If a survivor requests a consultation with a sexual assault victims’ advocate or an attendant to provide support to the survivor pursuant to NRS 178A.170, the medical provider shall summon the sexual assault victims’ advocate or attendant before the commencement of the forensic medical examination.

      2.  If a sexual assault victims’ advocate or an attendant to provide support to the survivor pursuant to NRS 178A.170 cannot be summoned in a timely manner, the medical provider shall inform the survivor of the ramifications of delaying the forensic medical examination.

      3.  A survivor must not be required to pay any expense related to a forensic medical examination pursuant to NRS 217.300.

      4.  After the forensic medical examination, the survivor has the right to use a shower apparatus at no cost, unless a facility which includes a shower apparatus is not available.

      5.  Before a medical provider commences a forensic medical examination, the medical provider shall inform the survivor of his or her rights pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and other relevant law by presenting a document developed by the Office of the Attorney General pursuant to NRS 178A.270.

      6.  The person who presents to the survivor the document developed by the Office of the Attorney General pursuant to NRS 178A.270 shall sign a written acknowledgment indicating that the person presented the document to the survivor. The written acknowledgment must be retained in the case file of the survivor.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2842, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.200  Exercise of rights relating to interview; right to choose gender of interviewer; law enforcement official or prosecutor prohibited from discouraging forensic medical examination; prior notice of rights to be provided; acknowledgment. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  If a survivor exercises his or her right to consult with a sexual assault victims’ advocate during an interview pursuant to NRS 178A.170, the law enforcement official or prosecutor conducting the interview, as applicable, shall summon the sexual assault victims’ advocate before the commencement of the interview, unless no sexual assault victims’ advocate can be summoned in a timely manner.

      2.  A survivor has the right to designate an attendant to provide support of his or her choosing during any interview by a law enforcement official or prosecutor pursuant to NRS 178A.170, unless the law enforcement official or prosecutor determines, in his or her good faith, that the presence of the attendant would be detrimental to the purpose of the interview.

      3.  A survivor has the right to be interviewed by a law enforcement official of the gender of the choosing of the survivor. If no law enforcement official of that gender is available in a reasonably timely manner, the survivor may be interviewed by an available law enforcement official of a different gender only upon the consent of the survivor.

      4.  A law enforcement official or prosecutor shall not discourage a survivor from receiving a forensic medical examination.

      5.  Before commencing an interview with a survivor, the law enforcement official or prosecutor conducting the interview shall inform the survivor of his or her rights pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and other relevant law.

      6.  Any information conveyed by the law enforcement official or prosecutor pursuant to subsection 5 must be conveyed to the survivor by presenting a document developed by the Office of the Attorney General pursuant to NRS 178A.270.

      7.  The person who presents to the survivor the document developed by the Office of the Attorney General pursuant to NRS 178A.270 shall sign a written acknowledgment indicating that the person presented the document to the survivor. The written acknowledgment must be retained in the case file of the survivor.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2842, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.210  Retention of right to counsel; exercise of right to counsel must not affect or alter treatment of survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  A survivor retains the right to have counsel present during any forensic medical examination, interview, investigation or other interaction with any representative of the legal or criminal justice system within this State pursuant to NRS 178A.160 to 178A.200, inclusive.

      2.  The treatment of the survivor must not be affected or altered in any way as a result of the decision of the survivor to exercise his or her right to have counsel present during any forensic medical examination, interview, investigation or other interaction with the legal or criminal justice systems within this State.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2843, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.220  Right to prompt genetic marker analysis; transport of sexual assault forensic evidence kit; preservation, storage and retention of biological evidence; right to information regarding timeline of genetic marker analysis.

      1.  A survivor has the right to prompt genetic marker analysis of a sexual assault forensic evidence kit pursuant to NRS 200.3786.

      2.  A sexual assault forensic evidence kit must be transported to a forensic laboratory and analyzed pursuant to NRS 200.3786, unless the survivor requests in writing at any time before such analysis, for the forensic laboratory to defer analysis of the sexual assault forensic evidence kit.

      3.  Biological evidence, including, without limitation, a sexual assault forensic evidence kit, secured in connection with the investigation or prosecution of a criminal case must be preserved and stored in accordance with the provisions of this subsection and NRS 176.0912. A sexual assault forensic evidence kit that is in the custody of an agency of criminal justice must be retained for:

      (a) If the sexual assault forensic evidence kit is associated with an uncharged or unsolved sexual assault, at least 50 years.

      (b) If the sexual assault forensic evidence kit is associated with an unreported or anonymous sexual assault, at least 20 years.

      4.  If a survivor has requested to defer analysis pursuant to subsection 2, the survivor may request that the forensic laboratory analyze the sexual assault forensic evidence kit at any later date before the expiration of the retention period pursuant to subsection 3.

      5.  A survivor has the right to the information regarding the timeline of the genetic marker analysis of sexual assault forensic evidence kits pursuant to NRS 200.3786.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909, 2843)

      NRS 178A.230  Right to be informed of results of genetic marker analysis and DNA profile upon request.  Upon the request of a survivor, he or she has the right to be informed of:

      1.  The results of the genetic marker analysis of the sexual assault forensic evidence kit of the survivor;

      2.  Whether the analysis yielded a DNA profile; and

      3.  Whether the analysis yielded the DNA profile of the defendant or person accused or convicted of a crime against the survivor or a person already in CODIS.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1909, 2844)

      NRS 178A.240  Failure of law enforcement agency to comply with requirements relating to sexual assault forensic evidence kit does not alter authority of law enforcement agency or forensic laboratory to take actions relating to such evidence.  The failure of a law enforcement agency to take possession of a sexual assault forensic evidence kit pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights, or the failure of the law enforcement agency to submit such evidence for genetic marker analysis within the timeline prescribed pursuant to the Bill of Rights, does not alter:

      1.  The authority of a law enforcement agency to take possession of that evidence or to submit that evidence to a forensic laboratory; and

      2.  The authority of the forensic laboratory to accept and analyze the evidence or to upload an eligible DNA profile obtained from such evidence to CODIS or the State DNA Database.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1910, 2844)

      NRS 178A.250  Failure of entity to comply with Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights does not give standing to defendant or accused person to challenge conviction or sentence or constitute grounds for challenge.

      1.  A defendant or person accused or convicted of a crime against a survivor does not have standing to seek to have his or her conviction or sentence set aside for any failure by a law enforcement agency, forensic laboratory or other relevant entity to comply with the timing requirements of the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights.

      2.  Failure by a law enforcement agency, forensic laboratory or other relevant entity to comply with the requirements of the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights does not constitute grounds for challenging the validity of a match or any information in the State DNA Database during any criminal or civil proceeding, and any evidence of such a match or any information in the State DNA Database must not be excluded by a court on such grounds.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 1910, 2844)

      NRS 178A.260  Forensic evidence from sexual assault not to be used for certain purposes relating to survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]  Forensic evidence from a sexual assault may not be used:

      1.  To prosecute a survivor for any:

      (a) Misdemeanor; or

      (b) Offense related to a controlled substance.

      2.  As a basis to search for further evidence of any unrelated misdemeanor or any offense related to a controlled substance that may have been committed by the survivor.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2844, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.270  Office of the Attorney General to develop and make available document explaining rights; contents. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  The Office of the Attorney General shall:

      (a) Develop a document that explains the rights of a survivor pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and other relevant law; and

      (b) Make the document available to medical providers, law enforcement officials and prosecutors.

      2.  The document must be in clear language that is comprehensible to a person proficient in English at the reading level of a fifth grader, accessible to persons with visual disabilities and available in all major languages of this State.

      3.  The document must include, without limitation:

      (a) A clear statement that the survivor is not required to participate in the criminal justice system or to receive a forensic medical examination in order to retain the rights provided by the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and other relevant law;

      (b) Means of contacting, by telephone or Internet, nearby sexual assault victims’ advocates and centers for support for victims of sexual assault;

      (c) Information about the availability of temporary and extended orders of protection pursuant to NRS 200.378;

      (d) Instructions for requesting the results of the genetic marker analysis of the sexual assault forensic evidence kit of the survivor;

      (e) Information concerning state and federal funds for compensation for medical and other costs associated with the sexual assault; and

      (f) Information concerning any municipal, state or federal right to restitution for survivors in the event of a criminal trial.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2844, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.280  Law enforcement agency to provide copies of reports to survivor; prosecutor to provide information to survivor; report by forensic laboratory. [Effective January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a law enforcement agency shall, upon written request by the survivor, furnish within 1 month, free, complete and unaltered copies of all reports of the law enforcement agency concerning the sexual assault, regardless of whether the report has been closed by the law enforcement agency. A law enforcement agency may, as appropriate, redact personal identifying information from any reports provided pursuant to this subsection. As used in this section, “personal identifying information” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 205.4617.

      2.  A prosecutor shall, upon written request of a survivor, provide certain information to the survivor pursuant to NRS 200.3784.

      3.  Each forensic laboratory shall submit the report concerning the status of sexual assault forensic evidence kits annually pursuant to NRS 200.3786.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2845, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.280  Law enforcement agency to provide copies of reports to survivor; prosecutor to provide information to survivor; report by forensic laboratory; State to establish statewide program to track sexual assault forensic kits. [Effective January 1, 2021.]

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a law enforcement agency shall, upon written request by the survivor, furnish within 1 month, free, complete and unaltered copies of all reports of the law enforcement agency concerning the sexual assault, regardless of whether the report has been closed by the law enforcement agency. A law enforcement agency may, as appropriate, redact personal identifying information from any reports provided pursuant to this subsection. As used in this section, “personal identifying information” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 205.4617.

      2.  A prosecutor shall, upon written request of a survivor, provide certain information to the survivor pursuant to NRS 200.3784.

      3.  Each forensic laboratory shall submit the report concerning the status of sexual assault forensic evidence kits annually pursuant to NRS 200.3786.

      4.  The State shall establish a statewide program to track sexual assault forensic evidence kits pursuant to NRS 200.3788.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2845; A 2019, 2851, effective January 1, 2021)

      NRS 178A.290  Additional rights of survivor. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  In addition to any other right provided by law, a survivor has the right:

      (a) In any civil or criminal case related to a sexual assault, to be reasonably protected from the defendant and persons acting on behalf of the defendant.

      (b) To be free from intimidation, harassment and abuse.

      (c) To be treated with fairness and respect for his or her privacy and dignity.

      (d) To be heard through a victim impact statement at any proceeding involving any plea, sentencing, postconviction decision or any other proceeding where the rights of the survivor are at issue.

      2.  A survivor must not be required to submit to an examination by polygraph as a prerequisite to filing an accusatory pleading or participating in any part of the criminal justice system.

      3.  A court shall make reasonable efforts to provide the survivor and the family, friends and witnesses of the survivor with a secure waiting area or room that is separate from:

      (a) The waiting area of the defendant and the family, friends, witnesses and attorneys of the defendant; and

      (b) The office of the prosecutor, if applicable.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2845, effective January 1, 2020)

ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON RIGHTS OF SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT

      NRS 178A.300  Definitions. [Effective January 1, 2020.]  As used in NRS 178A.300 to 178A.330, inclusive, “Advisory Committee” means the Advisory Committee on Rights of Survivors of Sexual Assault.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2846, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.310  Creation; members and appointing authorities; terms; vacancies; Chair; meetings; quorum; voting; per diem; staff. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  There is hereby created the Advisory Committee on Rights of Survivors of Sexual Assault.

      2.  The Advisory Committee consists of:

      (a) The Attorney General;

      (b) The Director of the Department of Corrections;

      (c) One member who is a law enforcement official working for a local law enforcement agency, appointed by the Nevada Sheriffs’ and Chiefs’ Association;

      (d) One member who is an attorney, appointed by the governing body of the State Bar of Nevada; and

      (e) The following members appointed by the Attorney General:

             (1) One member who is a survivor and a citizen or lawful resident of this State;

             (2) One member who is a representative of an organization supporting the rights of survivors;

             (3) One member who is a representative of a center of support for victims of sexual assault;

             (4) One member who is a representative of a forensic laboratory;

             (5) One member who is a representative of a university, state college or community college within the Nevada System of Higher Education whose duties of his or her occupation include direct services to victims of sexual assault and whose employer is not under investigation by the United States Department of Education for an alleged violation of 20 U.S.C. § 1092 or Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1681 et seq.;

             (6) One member who is a representative of an organization that provides services, education or outreach to minority communities;

             (7) One member who is a representative of an organization that provides services, education or outreach to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning persons; and

             (8) One member who is a nurse examiner who specializes in forensic medical examinations for sexual assault.

      3.  The Attorney General may appoint not more than three other persons to the Advisory Committee. The total membership of the Advisory Committee must not exceed 15 members.

      4.  If any organization listed in subsection 2 ceases to exist, the appointment required pursuant to that subsection must be made by the association’s successor in interest or, if there is no successor in interest, by the Attorney General.

      5.  Each appointed member serves a term of 2 years. Members may be reappointed for additional terms of 2 years in the same manner as the original appointments. Any vacancy occurring in the membership of the Advisory Committee must be filled in the same manner as the original appointment not later than 30 days after the vacancy occurs.

      6.  At the first regular meeting of each odd-numbered year, the members of the Advisory Committee shall elect a Chair by majority vote who shall serve until the next Chair is elected.

      7.  The Advisory Committee shall meet at least once annually at a time and place specified by the Chair and may meet at such further times as deemed necessary by the Chair.

      8.  A majority of the members of the Advisory Committee constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business, and a majority of those members present at any meeting is sufficient for any official action taken by the Advisory Committee.

      9.  While engaged in the business of the Advisory Committee, to the extent of legislative appropriation, each member of the Advisory Committee is entitled to receive the per diem allowance and travel expenses provided for state officers and employees generally.

      10.  The Attorney General shall provide the staff necessary to carry out the duties of the Advisory Committee.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2846, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.320  Duties; retention of experts; report. [Effective January 1, 2020, through December 31, 2020.]

      1.  The Advisory Committee shall study practices that are nationally recognized and make recommendations regarding:

      (a) Whether a need exists for additional sexual assault victims’ advocates for survivors and, if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall, in conjunction with centers of support for victims of sexual assault, organizations for advocates of survivors and other relevant programs or organizations, create a plan for how the State can provide additional sexual assault victims’ advocates to meet such a need, and determine the cost of such a plan.

      (b) Whether the need exists to expand the right of a survivor to a sexual assault victims’ advocate beyond the forensic medical examination and with a law enforcement official interview, and if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall:

             (1) Identify the scope and nature of the need; and

             (2) Make recommendations on how to best fill such a need.

      (c) Whether a need exists to provide ongoing evaluation of the implementation of the rights of survivors pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and, if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall:

             (1) Identify the scope and nature of the need; and

             (2) Make recommendations on how to best fill such a need, legislatively or otherwise.

      2.  In fulfilling the duties prescribed by subsection 1, the Advisory Committee shall collect:

      (a) Data regarding reporting of sexual assaults, arrests relating to sexual assaults, rates of prosecutions relating to sexual assaults, access to victims’ services for survivors and any other relevant data necessary relating to sexual assaults for the deliberations and recommendations of the Advisory Committee and, if such data does not exist, the Advisory Committee shall encourage the creation and maintenance of such data; and

      (b) Feedback from stakeholders, practitioners and leadership of state and local law enforcement agencies, victims’ services, practitioners of forensic science and health care communities to inform the development of best practices for the future, or clinical guidelines regarding the care and treatment of survivors.

      3.  In undertaking the duties prescribed by subsection 1, the Advisory Committee may retain independent experts. Such experts may:

      (a) Request files and records from any law enforcement official. The information obtained from such a request must be kept strictly confidential and reported only as aggregated or anonymized data.

      (b) Conduct confidential interviews with law enforcement officials, medical providers, sexual assault victims’ advocates and other such persons with direct knowledge of the response process for sexual assaults.

      (c) Provide recommendations to the Advisory Committee.

      4.  On or before September 1 of each even-numbered year, the Advisory Committee shall:

      (a) Prepare a report that includes the results of the assessments, developments and recommendations pursuant to this section.

      (b) Submit the report prepared to paragraph (a) to the Director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau for submission to the Legislative Commission.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2847, effective January 1, 2020)

      NRS 178A.320  Duties; retention of experts; report. [Effective January 1, 2021.]

      1.  The Advisory Committee shall study practices that are nationally recognized and make recommendations regarding:

      (a) Whether a need exists for additional sexual assault victims’ advocates for survivors and, if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall, in conjunction with centers of support for victims of sexual assault, organizations for advocates of survivors and other relevant programs or organizations, create a plan for how the State can provide additional sexual assault victims’ advocates to meet such a need, and determine the cost of such a plan.

      (b) Whether the need exists to expand the right of a survivor to a sexual assault victims’ advocate beyond the forensic medical examination and with a law enforcement official interview, and if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall:

             (1) Identify the scope and nature of the need; and

             (2) Make recommendations on how to best fill such a need.

      (c) Whether a need exists to provide ongoing evaluation of the implementation of the rights of survivors pursuant to the Sexual Assault Survivors’ Bill of Rights and, if such a need exists, the Advisory Committee shall:

             (1) Identify the scope and nature of the need; and

             (2) Make recommendations on how to best fill such a need, legislatively or otherwise.

      (d) The effectiveness of the statewide program to track sexual assault forensic evidence kits pursuant to NRS 200.3788.

      2.  In fulfilling the duties prescribed by subsection 1, the Advisory Committee shall collect:

      (a) Data regarding reporting of sexual assaults, arrests relating to sexual assaults, rates of prosecutions relating to sexual assaults, access to victims’ services for survivors and any other relevant data necessary relating to sexual assaults for the deliberations and recommendations of the Advisory Committee and, if such data does not exist, the Advisory Committee shall encourage the creation and maintenance of such data; and

      (b) Feedback from stakeholders, practitioners and leadership of state and local law enforcement agencies, victims’ services, practitioners of forensic science and health care communities to inform the development of best practices for the future, or clinical guidelines regarding the care and treatment of survivors.

      3.  In undertaking the duties prescribed by subsection 1, the Advisory Committee may retain independent experts. Such experts may:

      (a) Request files and records from any law enforcement official. The information obtained from such a request must be kept strictly confidential and reported only as aggregated or anonymized data.

      (b) Conduct confidential interviews with law enforcement officials, medical providers, sexual assault victims’ advocates and other such persons with direct knowledge of the response process for sexual assaults.

      (c) Provide recommendations to the Advisory Committee.

      4.  On or before September 1 of each even-numbered year, the Advisory Committee shall:

      (a) Prepare a report that includes the results of the assessments, developments and recommendations pursuant to this section.

      (b) Submit the report prepared to paragraph (a) to the Director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau for submission to the Legislative Commission.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2847; A 2019, 2851, effective January 1, 2021)

      NRS 178A.330  Grants, bequests, devises, donations or gifts; Special Account for the Support of the Advisory Committee. [Effective January 1, 2020.]

      1.  The Attorney General may apply for and accept any available grants and may accept any bequests, devises, donations or gifts from any public or private source to carry out the provisions of NRS 178A.300 to 178A.330, inclusive.

      2.  Any money received pursuant to this section must be deposited in the Special Account for the Support of the Advisory Committee, which is hereby created in the State General Fund. Interest and income earned on money in the Account must be credited to the Account. Money in the Account may only be used for the support of the Advisory Committee and its activities pursuant to NRS 178A.300 to 178A.330, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2848, effective January 1, 2020)