[Rev. 3/27/2014 6:57:07 PM]

 

This chapter of NAC has changes which have been adopted but have not been codified; you can see those changes by viewing the following regulation(s) on the Nevada Register of Administrative Regulations: R123-11

[NAC-444 Revised Date: 6-12]

CHAPTER 444 - SANITATION

GENERAL PROVISIONS

444.0005            “Health Division” defined.

STERILIZATION OF USED BEDDING

444.001              Articles requiring sterilization.

444.002              Methods of sterilization.

444.003              Approval of sterilization process: Application; limitations.

444.004              Premises used for sterilization.

444.005              New covering required.

444.006              Permit required to reuse materials obtained from dumps, junkyards or hospitals.

PUBLIC BATHING PLACES

General Provisions

444.010              Definitions.

444.011              “Activity pool” defined.

444.012              “Approved” defined.

444.013              “Artificial swimming lagoon” defined.

444.015              “Child amusement lagoon” defined.

444.016              “Deck” defined.

444.017              “Flume” defined.

444.020              “Health authority” defined.

444.023              “Isolation and flotation tank” defined.

444.030              “Natural bathing place” defined.

444.040              “Normal operating level” defined.

444.050              “Person” defined.

444.053              “Pool” defined.

444.055              “Pool enclosure” defined.

444.058              “Public bathing or swimming facility” defined.

444.061              “Remodel” defined.

444.064              “Slide runout” defined.

444.066              “Slip resistant” defined.

444.068              “Special purpose pool” defined.

444.070              “Spray pool” defined.

444.075              “Swimming pool” defined.

444.085              “Turnover cycle” defined.

444.090              “Wading pool” defined.

444.092              “Water recreation attraction” defined.

444.093              “Water slide” defined.

444.094              “Watercourse ride” defined.

444.096              “Wave pool” defined.

444.097              Severability.

Preliminary Requirements

444.100              Application; plans and specifications.

444.102              Changes in plans; structural adequacy.

444.104              Inspections.

General Standards for Construction

444.108              Use of equipment and materials not designated by NSF International.

444.110              Location.

444.112              Shape.

444.114              Side walls and bottoms.

444.116              Limitations on depth; signs prohibiting diving.

444.118              Marking depth.

444.120              Slope.

444.122              Diving area and equipment.

444.126              Lifelines.

444.128              Ladders and stairs.

444.130              Handholds.

444.132              Chairs for lifeguards.

444.133              Innovative designs; bridges and walkways.

444.134              Decks.

444.135              Use of manufactured products to resist slipping.

444.136              Barriers; exclusion of unauthorized persons.

444.138              Hose bibs.

444.140              Electrical requirements.

444.142              Lighting.

444.144              Acoustics.

444.146              Connections for supply and disposal of water.

444.148              Quality of water.

444.150              Sampling of water.

444.152              System for recirculation.

444.154              Rate of flow.

444.156              Inlets.

444.158              Drains.

444.160              Piping.

444.162              Pumps and motors.

444.164              Arrangements for overflow.

444.166              Gutters.

444.168              Skimmers.

444.170              Filters.

444.172              Strainers.

444.174              Vacuum cleaners.

444.176              Disposal of waste.

444.178              Disinfectants: Approval of use of chemical feeders and other disinfecting materials and methods.

444.180              Disinfectants: Use of chlorine gas.

444.182              Disinfectants: Handling; storage; toxicity.

444.184              Testing equipment.

444.186              Heating units.

444.188              Equipment rooms.

Water Recreation Attractions

444.194              Consultation regarding design of attraction.

444.1942            Posting signs indicating maximum depth.

444.1944            Qualifications of attendants.

444.1946            Plan for attendants.

444.1948            Deviation from requirements.

444.195              Water slides: Design and construction.

444.1952            Water slides: Flumes.

444.1954            Water slides: Exit from flume.

444.1956            Water slides: Exit into splash pool.

444.1958            Water slides: Splash pools.

444.196              Water slides: Decks.

444.1962            Water slides: Means of access.

444.1964            Water slides: Runouts.

444.1966            Water slides: Pump reservoirs.

444.1968            Water slides: Control of water.

444.197              Water slides: Visitors and spectators.

444.1972            Water slides: Food and drink; trash.

444.1974            Water slides: Posting notice of prohibited conduct.

444.1976            Water slides: Precautions for safety.

444.198              Activity pools.

444.1985            Wave pools.

444.199              Child amusement lagoons.

444.1995            Watercourse rides.

Miscellaneous Facilities

444.200              Spray pools.

444.202              Wading pools: Construction.

444.204              General requirements for wading pools; location of spray pools.

444.206              Special purpose pools.

444.207              Isolation and flotation tanks.

444.208              Artificial swimming lagoons.

Bathhouses

444.210              Required facilities.

444.212              General requirements.

444.214              Minimum sanitary plumbing facilities.

444.216              Plumbing requirements.

444.218              Floors.

444.222              Furnishings.

444.224              Entrances and exits.

444.226              Steps not permitted.

444.228              Ventilation.

Mineral Baths, Therapeutic Pools and Similar Facilities

444.230              Applicability.

444.232              Water quality.

444.234              Temperature.

444.236              Required facilities.

Natural Bathing Places

444.240              Permit required.

444.242              Standards for approval.

444.246              Notices and markers.

444.248              Required facilities.

444.250              Lifeguards.

444.252              When bathing prohibited.

Operation

444.258              Operating permits.

444.259              Fees for permits and review of plans.

444.260              Instructions on operation and maintenance of facilities and equipment.

444.262              Supervision and maintenance of facilities.

444.263              Use of covers and solar blankets.

444.264              Records.

444.266              Lifesaving equipment.

444.268              Posting information on artificial respiration and emergency services.

444.270              Presence of lifeguards.

444.272              Number of lifeguards required.

444.274              Qualifications, duties and identification of lifeguards.

444.276              Notices when lifeguards not provided.

444.278              Capacity.

444.280              Bathers: Requirements; prohibitions.

444.282              Bathers: Failure to comply with rules and regulations.

444.284              Swimming suits and towels.

444.286              Bathing caps.

444.288              Food and drinks.

444.290              Spectators and nonbathers.

Violations

444.300              Notice of violation.

444.302              Suspension or denial of operating permit.

444.304              Order for closure; revocation of suspended permit.

444.305              Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals.

444.306              Reinspection.

PUBLIC SPAS

General Provisions

444.310              Definitions.

444.315              “Air induction system” defined.

444.317              “Antivortex drain” defined.

444.318              “Approved” defined.

444.320              “Bather” defined.

444.330              “Deck” defined.

444.340              “Health authority” defined.

444.345              “Hydrojet” defined.

444.347              “Hydrojet pump system” defined.

444.350              “Ladder” defined.

444.353              “Multiport valve” defined.

444.355              “Nonslip surface” defined.

444.360              “NTU” defined.

444.365              “Overflow system” defined.

444.370              “Person” defined.

444.375              “Plastic” defined.

444.380              “Prefabricated spa” defined.

444.385              “Public spa” defined.

444.390              “Ramp” defined.

444.395              “Recessed steps” defined.

444.397              “Recessed treads” defined.

444.398              “Remodel” defined.

444.399              “Slip resistant” defined.

444.400              “Spa” defined.

444.403              “Spa enclosure” defined.

444.405              “Stairs” defined.

444.407              “Steps” defined.

444.410              “Toxic” defined.

444.415              “Waterline” defined.

444.416              “Wet deck area” defined.

444.417              Applicability.

444.419              Severability.

Preliminary Requirements

444.420              Application; plans, specifications and descriptive material.

444.422              Changes in plans; review of plans; structural adequacy.

444.424              Inspections.

Construction of Spa

444.428              Adoption of Standards by reference.

444.429              Use of equipment and materials not approved by NSF International.

444.430              Shape.

444.432              Depth.

444.434              Depth markings.

444.436              Slope.

444.438              Materials.

444.440              Structural design.

444.442              Steps, ladders, treads and handrails required.

444.444              Spa steps and recessed steps.

444.446              Recessed treads.

444.448              Ladders.

444.450              Handholds.

444.452              Miscellaneous requirements.

444.454              Decks: Dimensional design.

444.456              Decks: Surfaces.

444.458              Hose bibs.

444.460              Drinking fountains.

444.462              Roofs and canopies.

444.463              Enclosures; exclusion of unauthorized persons.

444.465              Gates and doors.

444.466              Electrical requirements.

444.468              When bathhouses required.

444.470              Bathhouse facilities.

444.472              Ventilation.

444.474              Supply of water.

444.476              Quality of water.

444.477              Inlets.

444.480              Drains.

444.482              Piping.

444.484              Circulation and filtration.

444.486              Pumps.

444.488              Pump motors.

444.490              Valves.

444.492              Overflow systems.

444.494              Skimmers.

444.496              Filters.

444.498              Disposal of wastewater.

444.500              Air induction systems.

444.502              Disinfectant required.

444.504              Disinfectants: Approved chemical feeders.

444.506              Disinfectants: Use of chlorine gas.

444.507              Disinfectants: Storage of chlorine gas.

444.508              Disinfectants: Test equipment.

444.510              Heating units.

444.512              Equipment enclosure.

Operation

444.520              Operating permits.

444.521              Fees for permits and review of plans.

444.522              Records.

444.524              Heater and temperature requirements.

444.526              Safety requirements.

444.528              First aid.

444.530              Notices which must be posted.

444.532              Health requirements.

444.534              Capacity.

444.536              Visitor and spectator areas; food and drink.

Violations

444.540              Notice of violation.

444.542              Suspension or denial of operating permit.

444.544              Order for closure; revocation of suspended permit.

444.545              Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals.

444.546              Reinspection.

SANITATION FACILITIES FOR CAMPING SPACES

444.5461            Definitions.

444.54615          Severability.

444.5462            Scope; effect on local standards.

444.54625          Applicability: Facilities in operation on November 21, 1970; subsequent construction or alteration.

444.5463            Conformity with requirements; approval for construction; notification of health authority; inspections; permit.

444.54635          Fees for permits and review of plans.

444.5464            Location and layout of camping spaces.

444.54645          Supply of water.

444.5465            Service buildings; toilets.

444.54655          Storage, collection and disposal of refuse.

444.5466            Disposal of sewage; plumbing.

444.54665          Responsibility for sanitation.

444.5467            Control of vermin and pets.

444.54675          Enforcement by health authority; review and appeal of action taken by Health Division.

TEMPORARY MASS GATHERINGS

General Provisions

444.547              Definitions.

444.5471            “Food establishment” defined.

444.5472            “Operator of a temporary mass gathering” defined.

444.5473            “Potable water” defined.

444.5474            “Public bathing or swimming facility” defined.

444.5475            “Public spa” defined.

444.5476            “Solid waste” defined.

444.5477            “Temporary food establishment” defined.

444.5478            “Temporary mass gathering” defined.

444.5479            “Water station” defined.

Operating Permit

444.548              Requirement; application; expiration; posting.

444.5482            Fees.

Standards of Operation

444.5484            Maintenance of headquarters.

444.5486            Removal of solid waste.

444.5488            Operation of food establishment.

444.549              Provision of potable water; disposal of graywater.

444.5492            Provision of toilet facilities; removal and disposal of contents of nonsewered toilets.

444.5494            Discharge of water used to provide dust control.

444.5496            Operation of public bathing or swimming facility or public spa.

Enforcement

444.5498            Inspection by health authority.

LABOR CAMPS

444.550              Applicability.

444.552              General standards.

444.554              Living and sleeping quarters.

444.556              Cooking and eating facilities.

444.558              Sanitary facilities.

444.560              Laundry facilities.

444.562              Lighting.

444.564              Operating permit: Application; issuance; denial, suspension or revocation.

444.565              Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals.

444.566              Fees for permits and review of plans.

SCHOOLS

444.568              Definitions.

444.56802          “Charter school” defined.

444.56804          “Health authority” defined.

444.56806          “Private school” defined.

444.56808          “Public nuisance” defined.

444.5681            “Public school” defined.

444.56812          “School” defined.

444.56814          Severability of provisions.

444.56816          Adoption by reference of certain publications; revision of certain publications after adoption.

444.56818          Submission and approval or denial of plans and specifications for construction.

444.5682            Schools constructed before July 24, 2002.

444.56822          Notification of health authority regarding health or safety hazard.

444.56824          Inspections: Preparation and dissemination of reports by health authority; maintenance of other reports.

444.56826          Correction of deficiencies; reporting of corrective action taken or planned; reporting of noncompliance.

444.56828          Floors, walls and ceilings; benches, mats and other equipment.

444.5683            Lighting.

444.56832          Temperature.

444.56834          Pets.

444.56836          Hazardous materials; laboratories.

444.56838          Materials, tools and other equipment; areas used for teaching vocational education.

444.5684            Areas used for teaching home economics.

444.56842          Health rooms.

444.56844          Electrical panels, janitors’ closets, boiler rooms and storage rooms.

444.56846          Playgrounds and playground equipment.

444.56848          Programs for food service.

444.5685            Water.

444.56852          Sewage.

444.56854          Toilets, lavatories and drinking fountains.

444.56856          Drinking fountains and potable drinking water.

444.56858          Showers and shower fixtures.

444.5686            Garbage and refuse.

444.56862          Control of vermin.

SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL

General Provisions

444.570              Definitions.

444.5701            “Active life” defined.

444.5702            “Administrator” defined.

444.5703            “Appendix I” defined.

444.57035          “Appendix II” defined.

444.5704            “Aquifer” defined.

444.57048          “Cell” defined.

444.5705            “Class I site” defined.

444.571              “Class II site” defined.

444.5715            “Class III site” defined.

444.572              “Composting” defined.

444.573              “Contaminant” defined.

444.5735            “Cross-media” defined.

444.574              “Disposal site” defined.

444.576              “Division” defined.

444.577              “Existing municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined.

444.578              “Garbage” defined.

444.5785            “Gas condensate” defined.

444.579              “Groundwater” defined.

444.580              “Hazardous waste” defined.

444.581              “Household waste” defined.

444.584              “Incinerator” defined.

444.585              “Industrial solid waste” defined.

444.587              “Lateral expansion” defined.

444.5875            “Leachate” defined.

444.588              “Lift” defined.

444.589              “Medical waste” defined.

444.591              “Municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined.

444.592              “Municipality” defined.

444.593              “New municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined.

444.594              “Nuisance” defined.

444.596              “Open burning” defined.

444.598              “Open dump” defined.

444.5985            “Operator” defined.

444.599              “Owner” defined.

444.600              “Pathological wastes” defined.

444.602              “Percolation” defined.

444.604              “Person” defined.

444.605              “Pollutant” defined.

444.6065            “Postclosure” defined.

444.607              “Public waste storage bin facility” defined.

444.608              “Putrescible” defined.

444.609              “Qualified groundwater scientist” defined.

444.610              “Refuse” defined.

444.612              “Rubbish” defined.

444.614              “Salvage yard” defined.

444.616              “Salvaging” defined.

444.620              “Scavenging” defined.

444.622              “Solid waste” defined.

444.624              “Solid waste management authority” defined.

444.626              “Solid waste management system” defined.

444.6265            “Surface impoundment” defined.

444.628              “Transfer station” defined.

444.629              “Uppermost aquifer” defined.

444.630              “Vector” defined.

444.631              “Waters of the State” defined.

444.634              Severability.

444.636              Adoption by reference of certain provisions of Code of Federal Regulations, United States Geological Survey and Environmental Protection Agency.

444.638              Interpretation of provisions.

444.639              Interrelation with other laws and regulations.

Provisions Applicable to Solid Waste Management Systems

444.640              Open burning; disposal of animal carcasses.

444.6405            Permit to operate disposal site: Requirement; exemptions; application.

444.641              Permit to operate disposal site: Evaluation of application; notice to applicant concerning completeness and compliance; notice of intent to issue or deny application; period for public comment.

444.6415            Permit to operate disposal site: Response to notice of intent to issue or deny application; request for public hearing; notice of public hearing.

444.6419            Permit to operate disposal site: Response by solid waste management authority to written comments concerning proposed issuance or denial of permit; publication of written comments.

444.6425            Permit to operate disposal site: Duties of solid waste management authority after period for public review; modification or placement of conditions based on public comments.

444.643              Permit to operate disposal site: Issuance; revocation or suspension; requirements for transfer to subsequent owner or operator.

444.6435            Permit to operate disposal site: Request for modification; conditions requiring public notice and review.

444.644              Systems for solid waste.

444.645              Program for quality assurance and control for construction of required liner system.

444.646              Disposal of special wastes: Sewage sludge, septic tank pumpings and medical wastes; coverage of burial area.

444.648              Disposal of special wastes: Waste tires.

444.650              Disposal of special wastes: Waste oils.

444.652              Disposal of special wastes: Construction and demolition wastes.

444.654              Disposal of special wastes: Septic tank pumpings and raw sewage.

444.656              Disposal of special wastes: Untreated sewage sludge.

444.658              Plans to manage solid waste.

444.660              Standards for storage, collection and transportation set by ordinances.

444.662              Storage of solid wastes before collection.

444.664              Collection and transportation of solid wastes.

444.666              Transfer stations: Design and operating plans.

444.6661            Transfer stations: Application to operate or modify.

444.6662            Transfer stations: Contents of report concerning design.

444.6663            Transfer stations: Requirements for operating plan.

444.6664            Transfer stations: Construction.

444.66645          Transfer stations: Handling and salvage of solid waste; maintenance of records; handling of asbestos; removal of remaining waste at final closure.

444.66647          Public waste storage bin facility: Notification of establishment; general requirements; final closure.

444.6665            Operating criteria: Program for detecting and preventing disposal of regulated hazardous waste and PCB wastes.

444.667              Operating criteria: Control of explosive gas.

444.6675            Operating criteria: Compliance with state implementation plan; open burning of certain solid wastes prohibited.

444.6678            Operating criteria: Vector control.

444.668              System to process waste: Hazards, nuisances and impairment of environment prohibited.

444.670              System to process waste: Compost plant.

444.672              System to process waste: Incineration.

444.674              System to process waste: Salvage yard.

444.676              System to process waste: Other methods.

444.6765            Closure of existing municipal solid waste landfill unit for failure to prove compliance with certain provisions.

Class I Sites

444.6769            Minimum requirements.

444.677              Application for permit to operate Class I site or lateral expansion thereof.

444.678              Location restrictions: Generally.

444.6783            Location restrictions: Airport safety.

444.6785            Location restrictions: Floodplains.

444.679              Location restrictions: Wetlands.

444.6791            Location restrictions: Fault areas.

444.6793            Location restrictions: Seismic impact zones.

444.6795            Location restrictions: Unstable areas.

444.680              Report of design.

444.681              Design criteria.

444.683              Plan for monitoring water; suspension of monitoring requirements.

444.6835            Schedule for compliance with monitoring requirements.

444.684              Plan for operating.

444.685              Financial assurance: Compliance mandatory; exemptions; waiver.

444.6851            Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of plan for closure; adjustments to estimate.

444.68515          Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of program for postclosure; adjustments to estimate.

444.6852            Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of plan for corrective action; adjustments to estimate.

444.68525          Financial assurance: Allowable mechanisms.

444.6853            Financial assurance: Trust fund.

444.68535          Financial assurance: Surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance.

444.6854            Financial assurance: Letter of credit.

444.6855            Financial assurance: Insurance.

444.6856            Financial assurance: Alternate mechanisms approved by solid waste management authority.

444.6857            Financial assurance: Assumption of responsibility by State.

444.6858            Financial assurance: Use of multiple mechanisms.

444.6859            Financial assurance: General requirements for all mechanisms.

444.686              Operation and maintenance.

444.688              Covering of compacted solid waste; continuous operation as alternative.

444.6885            System to control runon and runoff.

444.6887            Discharge of pollutants or contaminants into surface waters prohibited.

444.6891            Requirements for design and construction of system for final cover.

444.6892            Notice of intent to close; general requirements concerning closure.

444.6893            Requirements after closure of all municipal solid waste landfill units within Class I site.

444.6894            Program for postclosure for each municipal solid waste landfill unit within Class I site.

444.6895            Plan for final cover or closure of Class I site.

444.6896            Plan for postclosure; use of property during or after period of postclosure.

444.6897            Maintenance of plans for closure and postclosure in operating records of site.

444.690              Signs.

444.692              Disposal of liquids.

444.694              Putrescible wastes; vector control.

444.696              Control of erosion and dust.

444.698              Access; roads.

444.700              Facilities for personnel.

444.702              Miscellaneous requirements for operation; quarterly reports; topographic or other volumetric surveys and reports.

444.7025            Operating records required to be kept; notice to solid waste management authority.

Class II Sites

444.704              Minimum requirements; operating records; contamination of groundwater.

444.7045            Provisions for employees; compliance with certain provisions; deviations.

444.705              Application for permit to operate Class II site or lateral expansion thereof.

444.706              Location.

444.708              Report for design.

444.711              Required installation of certain systems.

444.712              Plan for operating.

444.714              Operation and maintenance.

444.716              Cover of solid wastes.

444.7175            Final cover and closure for certain sites; deviations.

444.718              Signs.

444.720              Disposal of special wastes.

444.722              Putrescible wastes; vector control.

444.724              Control of erosion and dust.

444.726              Roads.

444.728              Miscellaneous requirements for operation; semiannual reports; topographic or other volumetric surveys and reports.

Class III Sites

444.731              Minimum standards; reduction or waiver of requirements.

444.733              Application for permit to operate Class III site or lateral expansion thereof.

444.735              Location.

444.737              Plan to characterize solid waste.

444.739              Report for design.

444.741              Plan for monitoring water; suspension of monitoring requirements.

444.743              Final cover or closure; postclosure.

444.745              Control of erosion and dust.

444.747              Miscellaneous requirements; reports; records; notification.

Materials Recovery Facilities

444.7474            “Materials recovery facility” defined.

444.74743          Approval needed for operation; submission of application before construction begins.

444.74747          Application to operate; application to modify.

444.74751          Report of design.

444.74755          Plan for operating.

444.74759          Standards for design.

444.74763          Transfer, removal, recovery and storage of solid waste.

444.74767          Maintenance, availability and content of records; classification of certain information as trade secret; reporting of recycled materials.

444.74771          Closure of facility.

444.74775          Surety bond or other financial assurance required to cover cost of closure.

444.74779          Compliance with plans for design and operation; suspension or revocation of approval to operate.

Appeals and Requests for Variance

444.748              Petition for variance; appeals.

Groundwater Monitoring and Corrective Action

444.7481            Suspension and continuation of monitoring requirements.

444.7482            Alternative schedule for complying with monitoring requirements.

444.7483            Requirements concerning system for monitoring groundwater.

444.7484            Program for sampling and analysis.

444.7485            Statistical methods for evaluating data; performance standards.

444.7486            Determination of statistically significant increase over background values.

444.7487            Constituents required to be monitored; establishment of list of alternative parameters for inorganic materials.

444.7488            Program for detection monitoring.

444.7489            Procedures upon determination of statistically significant increase of Appendix I constituents or alternative parameters.

444.749              Program for assessment monitoring.

444.7491            Procedures upon determination of concentrations of Appendix II constituents.

444.7492            Establishment of standard for protection of groundwater.

444.7493            Assessment of corrective measures upon determination that level of any Appendix II constituent exceeds standard for protection of groundwater; public notice and comment.

444.7494            Selection and approval of remedy by solid waste management authority.

444.7495            Schedule for initiation and completion of remedial activities.

444.7496            Exemptions from requirement of remediation.

444.7497            Program for monitoring corrective action; performance of remedial activities; interim measures to protect public.

444.7498            Ineffectiveness of selected remedy; impracticability of currently available methods of remediation.

444.7499            Remedy deemed complete; certification of completion.

SEWAGE DISPOSAL

General Provisions

444.750              Definitions.

444.7502            “Absorption trench” defined.

444.7503            “Accessory structure” defined.

444.7504            “Administrative authority” defined.

444.7506            “Aerobic wastewater treatment unit” defined.

444.7508            “Aggregate” defined.

444.751              “Alternative absorption system” defined.

444.7512            “Alternative treatment system” defined.

444.7514            “Approved method of sewage disposal” defined.

444.7516            “Approved service provider” defined.

444.7522            “Backflow” defined.

444.7524            “Basal area” defined.

444.7525            “Bathroom unit” defined.

444.7528            “Building drain” defined.

444.753              “Building sewer” defined.

444.7536            “Capping fill trench” defined.

444.754              “Cesspool” defined.

444.755              “Commercial system” defined.

444.758              “Distribution box” defined.

444.759              “Domestic sewage” defined.

444.760              “Dosing tank” defined.

444.7603            “Drainage channel” defined.

444.7606            “Effluent” defined.

444.7608            “Elevated mound system” defined.

444.761              “Engineer” defined.

444.7616            “Graywater” defined.

444.762              “Health authority” defined.

444.7624            “Holding tank” defined.

444.763              “Impervious soil” defined.

444.764              “Individual sewage disposal system” defined.

444.7642            “Irrigation ditch” defined.

444.7644            “Kitchen unit” defined.

444.7646            “Lot” defined.

444.765              “Multiple-dwelling structure” defined.

444.7652            “Nitrogen removal wastewater treatment unit” defined.

444.7654            “Nonsewered toilet” defined.

444.7656            “Percolation rate” defined.

444.7658            “Percolation test” defined.

444.766              “Person” defined.

444.7664            “Potable water” defined.

444.7666            “Pressure distribution system” defined.

444.7668            “Primary treatment unit” defined.

444.767              “Residential system” defined.

444.768              “Septic tank” defined.

444.770              “Septic tank pumping contractor” defined.

444.772              “Sewage” defined.

444.775              “Single-family dwelling” defined.

444.776              “Soil absorption system” defined.

444.7764            “Special event” defined.

444.777              “Watercourse” defined.

444.7772            “Water table” defined.

444.778              Purpose.

444.780              Interpretation.

444.782              Severability.

444.7825            Adoption by reference of certain publications; revision of certain publications after adoption.

444.783              Approval of alternate methods of compliance.

Individual Sewage Disposal Systems

444.784              Permits: Approval for new construction required; request for approval; nature and duration.

444.786              Permits: Denials; procedure for review of actions taken by health authority; appeals; validity and extension.

444.788              Inspections.

444.790              Lot size.

444.792              Location.

444.794              Slope requirements.

444.796              Performance of percolation test by property owner; verification of certain data by engineer.

444.7962            Determination of appropriate percolation test procedure.

444.7964            Fast percolation test procedure.

444.7966            Presoaking procedure for slow percolation test.

444.7968            Slow percolation test procedure.

444.797              Sample form for percolation test.

444.7972            Sample log for profile of soil.

444.798              Approved cleanout; building sewer.

444.804              Construction of septic tank.

444.806              Precast septic tanks.

444.808              Built-in-place septic tanks.

444.810              Coated steel septic tanks.

444.815              Plumbing accessory structure into system serving single-family dwelling.

444.818              Limitations and site requirements.

Septic Tank Pumping Contractors

444.820              General requirements for and restrictions on operation.

444.821              Permit: Contents; validity and transferability.

444.822              Permit: Conditions that require amendment.

444.823              Permit: Renewal.

444.824              Recordkeeping requirements.

Nonsewered Toilets

444.825              Toilet facilities for special events.

444.826              General requirements.

Fees

444.828              Schedule of fees.

Discharge and Treatment of Liquid Waste and Wastewater

444.8301            General requirements for primary treatment unit; use of alternative treatment system.

444.8302            Plans for commercial systems to be submitted for review.

444.8304            General requirements for septic tank used as primary treatment unit or with alternative treatment system.

444.8306            Capacity of septic tank serving single-family dwelling.

444.8314            Aerobic wastewater treatment unit: Maintenance; repair or replacement; required use.

444.8316            Aerobic wastewater treatment unit: Approval required; design criteria; limitations on use; manual of operation and maintenance.

444.8318            Aerobic wastewater treatment unit: Inspection.

444.8321            Nitrogen removal wastewater treatment unit: Maintenance; repair or replacement; required use; regulatory oversight program.

444.8322            Nitrogen removal wastewater treatment unit: Approval required; design criteria; limitations on use; manual of operation and maintenance.

444.8324            Nitrogen removal wastewater treatment unit: Inspection.

444.8326            Dosing tank: General requirements.

444.8328            Dosing tank: Design criteria.

444.833              Distribution box: General requirement; design criteria.

Absorption and Treatment of Effluent

444.835              Soil absorption system: General requirements.

444.8352            Absorption trench system: General requirements; design calculations.

444.8354            Absorption trench system: Design criteria.

444.8356            Absorption trench system: Inspections.

444.8358            Absorption bed: General requirements.

444.8361            Absorption bed: Design criteria.

444.8362            Absorption bed: Inspections.

444.8364            Chamber system: General requirements.

444.8366            Chamber system: Design criteria.

444.8368            Chamber system: Inspections.

444.837              System utilizing graywater for underground irrigation: General requirements.

444.8372            System utilizing graywater for underground irrigation: Application to construct, alter or install system; design criteria.

444.8374            Alternative absorption system: General requirements.

444.8376            Stepped network of trenches utilizing relief lines: General requirements.

444.8378            Stepped network of trenches utilizing relief lines: Design criteria.

444.8381            Stepped network of trenches utilizing relief lines: Inspections.

444.8382            Capping fill trench: General requirements.

444.8384            Capping fill trench: Design criteria.

444.8386            Capping fill trench: Inspections.

444.8388            Elevated mound system: General requirements.

444.839              Elevated mound system: Design criteria.

444.8392            Elevated mound system: Inspections.

444.8394            Pressure distribution system: General requirements.

444.8396            Pressure distribution system: Design criteria.

FACILITIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTE

General Provisions

444.842              Definitions.

444.8422            “Administrator” defined.

444.84225          “Class 3 modification” defined.

444.8423            “Commission” defined.

444.84235          “Delisted waste” defined.

444.8424            “Disposal” defined.

444.8426            “Division” defined.

444.8427            “Facility for community recycling” defined.

444.84275          “Facility for community storage” defined.

444.8428            “Facility for the management of hazardous waste” defined.

444.84285          “Facility for the recycling of hazardous waste” defined.

444.843              “Hazardous waste” defined.

444.8432            “Management of hazardous waste” defined.

444.8433            “Mobile unit for the recycling of hazardous waste” defined.

444.84335          “New or expanding facility for the management of hazardous waste” defined.

444.8434            “Person” defined.

444.8436            “Polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.8437            “Recycling” defined.

444.84375          “Remediation waste” defined.

444.8438            “Storage” defined.

444.8442            “Treatment” defined.

444.8444            “Waste containing polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.8446            Fee for processing and review of certain applications: Payment; amount; deposit; return of excess.

444.8447            Fees for emergency permit.

444.8448            Fees for modification, termination or reissuance of existing permit.

444.845              Annual operating fee; penalty for unpaid fee.

444.8452            Additional fees to offset cost of inspection and other regulation: Payment; accounting; penalty for unpaid fee; waiver.

444.8454            Deposit of fees.

444.8455            Facility or mobile unit for recycling of hazardous waste: Preliminary requirements; exemption.

444.84555          Facility or mobile unit for recycling of hazardous waste: Written determination by Administrator.

444.8456            Stationary new or expanding facility for management of hazardous waste: Restrictions on location; exempt facilities.

444.8458            Stationary new or expanding facility for management of hazardous waste: Certificate of designation; prerequisite for permit; application; issuance; exempt facilities.

444.846              Fee for volume of hazardous waste received by facility for the management of hazardous waste owned by State: Amount; payment; penalty; disposition.

Variances

444.847              Submission of application.

444.8472            Contents of application.

444.8474            Fee for review of application: Amount; return of excess.

444.8476            Initial review of application; recommendation to Commission.

444.8478            Public comment and hearing on application; statement of reasons for denial.

444.848              Duration of variance; revocation; annual review.

444.8482            Renewal of variance.

DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE

General Provisions

444.850              Definitions.

444.8505            “Administrator” defined.

444.8508            “Commission” defined.

444.8509            “Conditionally exempt small quantity generator” defined.

444.851              “Department” defined.

444.8515            “Director” defined.

444.853              “Division” defined.

444.8546            “Facility for the management of hazardous waste” defined.

444.8565            “Hazardous waste” defined.

444.861              “Used oil” defined.

444.8618            Information concerning and application for EPA identification number.

Standards of Practice

444.8632            Compliance with federal regulations adopted by reference.

444.86325          Exceptions to and revision of federal regulations adopted by reference.

444.8633            Revision of certain terms referred to in federal regulations adopted by reference.

444.8634            Meanings ascribed to certain terms referred to in federal regulations; payment and deposit of certain fees.

444.8655            Acquisition, preparation and distribution of manifests.

444.8666            Receipt of hazardous waste accompanied by manifest.

444.8671            Labeling of containers of hazardous waste accumulated or stored on-site.

444.8677            Written record of inspections by certain generators of hazardous waste.

444.8681            Mixing of used oil with hazardous waste or products prohibited; exceptions; recordkeeping requirements.

444.8682            Requirements for managing and disposing of mixtures of used oil and hazardous wastes or other products.

444.8683            Regulation of mixtures of used oil with wastes determined not to be hazardous.

444.8686            Open burning of hazardous waste.

444.8688            Transfer of hazardous waste from transport vehicle to boiler or industrial furnace.

Variances

444.8693            Submission of application for variance from certain federal regulations.

444.8696            Fee for processing and review of application for variance.

Administrative Penalties

444.8701            Definitions.

444.8706            Imposition and amounts.

444.8711            Issuance and contents of citations.

444.8716            Requests for forfeiture or hearing; scheduling and notice of hearing.

444.8721            Failure to request forfeiture or hearing or to appear at hearing.

444.8726            Continuance of hearing.

444.8731            Inspection and copying of documents Division intends to use at hearing.

444.8736            Rendering of decision by hearing officer.

444.8741            Address for delivery of documents.

444.8746            Methods of payment.

RECYCLING OF USED ANTIFREEZE

General Provisions

444.8801            Definitions.

444.8806            “Administrator” defined.

444.8811            “Center for the collection of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8816            “Commission” defined.

444.8821            “Division” defined.

444.8826            “Facility for the recycling of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8831            “Facility for the transfer of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8836            “Generator of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8841            “Hazardous waste” defined.

444.8846            “Identification number” defined.

444.8851            “Mobile unit for the recycling of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8856            “Point for aggregation” defined.

444.8861            “Transporter of used antifreeze” defined.

444.8866            “Used antifreeze” defined.

444.8871            Applicability.

General Requirements

444.8876            Containers and tanks for storage of used antifreeze: General requirements.

444.8881            Underground storage tanks: Compliance with federal regulations; identification of pipes.

444.8886            Container: Secondary system for containment.

444.8891            Above-ground storage tank: Secondary system for containment.

444.8896            Required action upon release of used antifreeze.

444.8901            Required report of release of used antifreeze.

444.8906            Required report of release of used antifreeze into body of water.

Generation, Collection and Aggregation

444.8911            Applicability.

444.8916            Mixing of used antifreeze with solid or hazardous waste forbidden; storage.

444.8921            Center for collection of used antifreeze: Registration.

444.8926            Recycling of used antifreeze for personal use: Requirements; calculation in determination of status; management of waste as hazardous waste.

444.8931            Transport of used antifreeze: Responsibilities of generator; calculation in determination of status.

Transport and Transfer

444.8936            Applicability.

444.8941            Management of used antifreeze transported in truck used for hazardous waste.

444.8946            Consolidation or aggregation; processing forbidden; exception.

444.8951            Identification number; compliance with federal regulations.

444.8956            Required destinations after transport.

444.8961            Records of used antifreeze accepted for transport: Maintenance; contents.

444.8966            Records of used antifreeze delivered to transporter: Maintenance; contents.

444.8971            Release of used antifreeze during transport.

444.8976            Release of used antifreeze into body of water during transport.

444.8981            Storage: Tanks and containers.

444.8986            Storage: Maximum duration.

Facilities for Recycling

444.8991            Applicability.

444.8996            Written determination; identification number.

444.9001            Storage: Tanks and containers.

444.9006            Requirements when above-ground storage tank no longer used.

444.9011            Requirements when facility is closed.

444.9016            Records of used antifreeze accepted by facility: Maintenance; contents.

444.9021            Management of residue as hazardous waste.

444.9026            Responsibility of owner or operator that used antifreeze not be mixed with hazardous waste; creation, maintenance and review of written plan.

444.9031            Contingency plan in case of release: Contents; review and amendment; maintenance.

444.9036            Responsibility of owner or operator for weekly inspection of storage tanks and containers.

444.9041            Written record of operation.

444.9046            Written report.

Mobile Units for Recycling

444.9051            Applicability.

444.9056            Written determination.

444.9061            Records of used antifreeze accepted by mobile unit: Maintenance; contents.

444.9066            Management of residue as hazardous waste.

444.9071            Written report.

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL

444.940              Definitions.

444.9405            “Director” defined.

444.941              “Disposal” defined.

444.9415            “Division” defined.

444.942              “Draft permit” defined.

444.9425            “Facility for the management of waste containing polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.943              “Generator of polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.9435            “Polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.944              “Site” defined.

444.9445            “Storage” defined.

444.945              “Waste containing polychlorinated biphenyl” defined.

444.9452            Adoption by reference of certain federal regulations.

444.9453            References in federal regulations to “hazardous waste” and “hazardous waste facility.”

444.946              Generators: General duties.

444.9465            Transporters: General duties.

444.9475            Restrictions on management and treatment.

444.9485            Requirements for permit to operate or construct facility; requirements for permitted facility.

444.949              Director to prepare draft permit or deny application.

444.9495            Public notice.

444.950              Public comment and hearings.

444.9505            Final decision by Director.

444.951              Requirements specified in permit.

444.9515            Transfer of permit.

444.952              Modification of permit; revocation and reissuance.

444.9525            Notice of intent to terminate permit.

444.953              Emergency permits.

444.9535            Notice of planned alterations or additions.

444.954              Report of noncompliance.

444.9545            Completion or correction of application or report.

444.955              Minor modifications to permit.

444.9555            Facilities to obtain identification number; compliance with regulations.

LIMITATIONS ON ISSUANCE OF PERMITS

444.960              Reliability, expertise and competence required; issuance prohibited if person having beneficial interest convicted of felony.

DISPOSAL OF ASBESTOS

444.965              Definitions.

444.966              “Asbestos” defined.

444.967              “Division” defined.

444.968              “Operator” defined.

444.969              “Solid waste management authority” defined.

444.970              “Transporter” defined.

444.971              Standards for handling and transportation.

444.972              Approval required for transportation; submission of information to obtain approval.

444.973              Maintenance and filing of records regarding transportation.

444.974              Notification required before delivery; disposal at site other than Class I disposal site.

444.975              Inspection upon delivery; notice of noncompliance with standards; acceptance of noncomplying load.

444.976              Duties of operator who accepts asbestos.

PRACTICE BEFORE STATE ENVIRONMENTAL COMMISSION

444.980              Appeal of final decision of State Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

 

 

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

      NAC 444.0005  “Health Division” defined. (NRS 439.200)  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, “Health Division” means the Health Division of the Department of Health and Human Services.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-30-97; A by R177-99, 7-24-2002)

STERILIZATION OF USED BEDDING

      NAC 444.001  Articles requiring sterilization. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)  Used or secondhand articles of bedding requiring sterilization or disinfection are:

     1.  Quilted pads.

     2.  Bunk quilts.

     3.  Comforters.

     4.  Mattresses.

     5.  Mattress pads.

     6.  Cushions.

     7.  Pillows.

     8.  Sheets.

     9.  Blankets.

     10.  Any other contaminated or soiled article of bedding.

     11.  Materials used in the filling of any of the above or similar articles.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. No. 1, eff. 7-16-45]

      NAC 444.002  Methods of sterilization. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)  Sterilization or disinfection of used or secondhand articles listed in NAC 444.001 must be by one of the following methods, under the conditions outlined:

     1.  By thorough washing and sterilization by prolonged boiling for at least 1 hour.

     2.  By steam under 15 pounds pressure for at least 30 minutes. A gauge for registering steam pressure, visible from the outside of the room, must be provided where steam under pressure is used.

     3.  Two applications of streaming steam maintained for a period of 1 hour each to be applied at intervals of not less than 6 hours or more than 24 hours will be accepted as an alternate for steam under pressure for disinfection of mattress materials or made-up mattresses. When streaming steam is employed, valved outlets must be provided near the bottom and top of the room used for this purpose.

     4.  By application of a chemical pesticide registered with or exempted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and registered with the State Department of Agriculture. The chemical pesticide must:

     (a) Have clearly stated on the label, or on printed matter included in each container or package, detailed instructions for its use in disinfecting used or secondhand articles;

     (b) Have clearly stated on the label a statement that the pesticide is safe to use on bedding; and

     (c) Be applied in a manner which ensures that the used or secondhand articles are disinfected.

     5.  By a method approved by a local health authority in areas where the laws and regulations governing sterilization of used bedding are administered by local health authorities.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. No. 2, eff. 7-16-45]—(NAC A by R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.003  Approval of sterilization process: Application; limitations. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)

     1.  Before engaging in any of the processes described in NAC 444.002, application must be made to the State Health Officer or his or her authorized agents, designating the process which will be employed. The fumigating room must be approved by the State Health Officer or his or her authorized agents.

     2.  In making application for approval of a sterilization plant, a complete statement must be made of the method to be employed for disinfection and this statement must be accompanied by a plan in duplicate drawn to scale showing details of the installation. This plan must bear a title indicating clearly where the installation is to be made, the scale of the drawing, and be signed by the applicant.

     3.  No approval will be issued for a period longer than 1 year. Approval is revocable at any time without notice if the manufacturer is not carrying on the disinfection process in accordance with the spirit and purpose of the law.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. Nos. 3-5, eff. 7-16-45]

      NAC 444.004  Premises used for sterilization. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)  All premises, rooms, chambers, and devices used for the purpose of sterilization or disinfection must be kept in a clean and orderly condition, free from accumulated dust, dirt and other filth, and must be kept free of vermin.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. No. 7, eff. 7-16-45]

      NAC 444.005  New covering required. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)  Filthy or soiled articles of bedding are not considered properly sterilized or disinfected unless the fabric covering the articles is laundered or replaced by a clean or new covering and the filling material subjected to one of the sterilizing methods outlined in NAC 444.002.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. No. 6, eff. 7-16-45]

      NAC 444.006  Permit required to reuse materials obtained from dumps, junkyards or hospitals. (NRS 439.200, 444.020)  No articles or materials obtained from public dump grounds, junkyards or hospitals may be reused in the manufacturing, making or renovating of mattresses, bed coverings, pillows, cushions or any other similar bedding that may be used for sleeping purposes unless a special permit is obtained from the State Health Officer or his or her authorized agents.

     [Bd. of Health, Used Bedding Reg. No. 8, eff. 7-16-45]

PUBLIC BATHING PLACES

General Provisions

      NAC 444.010  Definitions. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  As used in NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NAC 444.011 to 444.096, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

     (Supplied in codification; A by Bd. of Health, 11-1-88; 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.011  “Activity pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Activity pool” means a water recreation attraction that has water-related activities such as rope ladders, rope swings, cargo nets and other similar activities designed primarily for bathers other than small children.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.012  “Approved” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Approved” means acceptable to the health authority based upon a determination concerning conformance with appropriate standards and good public health practices.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.013  “Artificial swimming lagoon” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Artificial swimming lagoon” means an artificial body of water with more than 20,000 square feet of water surface area that is intended to be used by persons for swimming or bathing and that is constructed with special features to imitate a natural bathing place.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.015  “Child amusement lagoon” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Child amusement lagoon” means a water recreation attraction that has water-related activities such as small slides, shallow pools, children washes and other similar activities designed primarily for use by small children.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.016  “Deck” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Deck” means the area around the perimeter of a public bathing or swimming facility, adjacent to the water, that is used primarily by bathers.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.017  “Flume” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Flume” means a device designed to provide a descending ride into a splash pool or slide runout at the base of a water slide. Friction on the bed of the flume is minimized in all designs by providing a flowing film of water.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.020  “Health authority” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Health authority” means officers and agents of the Health Division or the local boards of health.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.2, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.023  “Isolation and flotation tank” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Isolation and flotation tank” means a tank that:

     1.  Provides a light- and sound-free environment; and

     2.  Contains a saturated solution of sodium chloride or magnesium sulfate having a specific gravity of 1.27 to 1.3 and maintained at a temperature of approximately 93.5°F (34.1°C).

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.030  “Natural bathing place” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Natural bathing place” means any bathing place at a lake, pond, stream or similar body of water, together with any buildings and appurtenances:

     1.  Used by the public for bathing or swimming with the express permission of the lessee or any person responsible for the premises; or

     2.  Openly advertised as a place for bathing or swimming by the public.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.3, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.040  “Normal operating level” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Normal operating level” means the overflow point on overflow gutters or the midpoint in the throat of the skimmers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.9, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.050  “Person” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Person” includes governmental agencies.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.1, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.053  “Pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Pool” means any swimming pool or any structure within a public bathing or swimming facility containing an artificial body of water.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.055  “Pool enclosure” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Pool enclosure” means the area inside of the fence or barrier surrounding a public bathing or swimming facility.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.058  “Public bathing or swimming facility” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Public bathing or swimming facility” means any:

     (a) Artificial swimming lagoon;

     (b) Isolation and flotation tank;

     (c) Mineral bath, therapeutic pool or similar facility;

     (d) Special purpose pool;

     (e) Spray pool;

     (f) Swimming pool;

     (g) Wading pool; or

     (h) Water recreation attraction,

Ê that is used by the public for swimming or bathing.

     2.  The term does not include any facility at a private residence controlled by the owner of the residence, the use of which is limited to members of the family or invited guests of the owner.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.061  “Remodel” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Remodel” means to replace all or part of any structure, circulation system or appurtenance of a public bathing or swimming facility or to modify it to the extent that its design, configuration or operating characteristics differ in any respect from those of the original.

     2.  The term does not include normal maintenance and repair or the replacement of equipment that has previously been approved unless the result of the maintenance or repair is that the type, size or operating characteristics of the equipment are substantially different from those of the original.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.064  “Slide runout” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Slide runout” means a shallow flume at the end of a water slide in which the bather ends his or her slide.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.066  “Slip resistant” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Slip resistant” means a finish or textured surface designed to prevent or reduce slipping by bare skin in contact with it under wet conditions.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.068  “Special purpose pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Special purpose pool” means a swimming pool that is used exclusively for supervised instruction, training, therapy, treatment or competition.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.070  “Spray pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Spray pool” means a recreation area intended for use by children, in which water is supplied by a system of sprays but is not allowed to accumulate.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.5, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.075  “Swimming pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Swimming pool” means any structure containing an artificial body of water that is intended to be used collectively by persons for swimming or bathing, regardless of whether a fee is charged for its use.

     2.  The term does not include:

     (a) Any structure at a private residence controlled by the owner of the residence, the use of which is limited to members of the family or invited guests of the owner; or

     (b) Any other kind of public bathing or swimming facility.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.085  “Turnover cycle” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Turnover cycle” means the period of time required to completely recirculate the water in a public bathing or swimming facility through its filter and treatment systems.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.090  “Wading pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Wading pool” means a small pool to be used mainly by nonswimming children, and those supervising the children.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 1 § 1.8, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.092  “Water recreation attraction” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Water recreation attraction” means any:

     (a) Activity pool;

     (b) Child amusement lagoon;

     (c) Water slide;

     (d) Watercourse ride; or

     (e) Wave pool.

     2.  The term does not include any facility at a private residence controlled by the owner of the residence, the use of which is limited to members of the family or invited guests of the owner.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.093  “Water slide” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Water slide” means a water recreation attraction having one or more flumes.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.094  “Watercourse ride” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Watercourse ride” means a water recreation attraction designed to convey bathers on inner tubes or raft-like devices, using an artificially created current, along a relatively flat watercourse.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.096  “Wave pool” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Wave pool” means a water recreation attraction characterized by the artificial generation of waves at one end of a pool.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.097  Severability. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If any provision of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, is declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, the remainder of the provisions of those sections are not intended to be affected thereby.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 48, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

Preliminary Requirements

      NAC 444.100  Application; plans and specifications. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  Any person desiring to construct a public bathing or swimming facility or to remodel or add to an existing facility must apply in writing to the health authority on forms furnished by the health authority, giving the name of the facility and its location together with such other information as may be required. The application must be accompanied by plans and specifications with supporting data prepared by a professional engineer who is registered in this State, an architect who is registered in this State, or a licensed contractor who holds a classification A license with an A-10 subclassification issued by the State Contractors’ Board. A licensed professional engineer or a registered architect shall include his or her seal and signature on any plans and specifications submitted to the health authority. A licensed contractor shall include his or her signature on any plans and specifications submitted to the health authority.

     2.  The plans must be drawn to scale, contain a north arrow and must be accompanied by proper specifications so as to permit a comprehensive engineering review of the plans. The plans must include:

     (a) Plan and sectional views with all necessary dimensions of the facility.

     (b) A piping diagram showing all appurtenances including treatment facilities in sufficient detail, as well as pertinent elevation data, to permit a hydraulic analysis of the system.

     (c) Details on all treatment equipment, including catalog identification. If mechanical equipment is specified by the use of a trade name or catalog numbers, individual leaflets, catalogs or other descriptive material must be furnished. This material will be returned to the applicant on his or her request after the review of the plans.

     (d) An electrical diagram showing the method of grounding, junction boxes and other pertinent details.

     (e) Detailed plans of bathhouses, equipment rooms, dressing rooms, toilet facilities, showers and other appurtenances.

     3.  The plans and specifications must be submitted in triplicate. Additional copies must be submitted if requested.

     4.  The submitted plans must be approved in writing before any construction is undertaken.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.1-2.1.5.5, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.102  Changes in plans; structural adequacy. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  The facility must be built in accordance with the plans as approved, unless prior approval of the changes has been given in writing by the health authority.

     2.  The review of the plans by the health authority will not include a review of the structural design or structural stability of any section or part of the facility. Certification of structural adequacy is the responsibility of the architect or a qualified professional engineer who is licensed by the State Board of Registered Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.2 & 2.2.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.104  Inspections. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.090)

     1.  The owner or his or her agent shall notify the health authority at specific predetermined stages of construction and at the time of completion of the facility, to permit inspection of the facility during and after construction.

     2.  In areas where the health authority cannot provide the inspections and where the local government does not require building inspections, the owner or his or her agent may be required to hire a third party inspector. The third party inspector may be selected by the owner or his or her agent upon the approval of the Health Division.

     3.  The facility may not be placed in operation until the inspection shows compliance with the requirements of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.2.1 & 2.2.2, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

General Standards for Construction

      NAC 444.108  Use of equipment and materials not designated by NSF International. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The health authority may permit the use of equipment and materials which are not designated by the NSF International as complying with the standards adopted pursuant to NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, if the health authority determines that the equipment and materials comply with standards equivalent to the NSF International Standards.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.110  Location. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  A pool must be located where it will not be exposed to undesirable substances or surface drainage from surrounding areas.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.112  Shape. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The shape of any pool must be such that the circulation of pool water and supervision of swimmers are not impaired.

     2.  There must be no obstruction extending from the wall or the floor, extending into the clear area of the diving portion.

     3.  The use of solid barriers or fences between the various depths is prohibited.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 8, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.114  Side walls and bottoms. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The side walls and bottoms of all pools must be constructed of materials which are inert, nontoxic to humans, impervious, permanent and enduring and which can withstand the anticipated loading for empty and full conditions.

     2.  Pools must be constructed of concrete or other impervious and structurally rigid materials with a finish adapted to the bathing demands of different areas of the pools. All side walls and bottom surfaces must be watertight, free from structural cracks, and have a slip-resistant finish which is smooth and easily cleanable. Floors and walls below the gutter and 6-inch tile line must be white or light pastel in color and must reflect any natural or artificial light.

     3.  Any design incorporated into the construction of a pool or painted on the floor or walls must not prevent the detection of algae, sediment, a human in distress or other objects in the pool. Permission in writing from the health authority for the use of a design must be obtained before the design is used.

     4.  All corners formed by the intersection of walls and floors must be covered. Painting of new pools is not recommended.

     5.  Provision must be made for the relief of pressures which might occur as a result of unbalanced exterior hydrostatic pressures, or means must be provided for positive and continuous drainage from under the pool floor and around the pool walls wherever groundwater is present.

     6.  Provision must be made to protect the pool structure from both internal and external stresses which may develop due to freezing.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 7, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.116  Limitations on depth; signs prohibiting diving. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Every swimming pool must have a minimum depth in the shallow area of the main swimming pool area of not less than 3 feet (0.9 meter) or more than 3 feet 6 inches (1.1 meters) from the normal operating level to the floor. Exceptions may be made for special purpose pools, or in a recessed area of the main swimming pool where the pool is of an irregular shape such as the leg of a T, L or Z, separated from the main pool by a lifeline.

     2.  If steps extend for more than one-half the width of the shallow portion of the pool, the depth of water at the base of the lowest step must not be greater than 3 feet 6 inches (1.1 meters).

     3.  The side walls of the pool must be vertical at all points for a depth of not less than 2 feet 6 inches (0.8 meter).

     4.  If a pool is not designed for diving, a sign stating “NO DIVING,” in contrasting characters of not less than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in height, must be posted.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 9, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.118  Marking depth. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The depth of the water in a pool must be plainly marked in units of feet at or above the water surface on the vertical pool wall at maximum and minimum points and at the points of break between the deep and shallow portions and at intermediate increments of depth, spaced at not more than 25-foot (7.6-meter) intervals.

     2.  Depth markers must be in numerals not less than 4 inches (10 centimeters) in height and of a color contrasting with the background. Markers must be on both sides and at the ends of the pool.

     3.  The markings must be plainly visible to persons in the pool and to persons about to enter the water.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 12, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.120  Slope. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.1958, the floor slope in a pool must not be steeper than:

     (a) One in 12 in the shallow end; or

     (b) One in 3 in the deep end.

     2.  The slope must be uniform, and the bottom surface must be smooth but must have a slip-resistant finish.

     3.  All portions of the pool bottom must have a definite slope toward the pool drains.

     4.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.1958, the depth at the slope break must be 5 feet (1.5 meters). An exception may be made permitting the breakpoint to occur at a minimum of 4 feet 6 inches (1.4 meters) for pools less than 60 feet (18.3 meters).

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 10, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.122  Diving area and equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  In a pool in which diving and swimming are allowed, the area of the pool in which diving is permitted must be:

     (a) In the case of a rectangular pool, at one end of the pool which is separated from the main swimming area by a lifeline.

     (b) In the case of a T, L or Z shaped pool, in a recessed area forming one of the legs of the T, L or Z which is separated from the main swimming area by a lifeline.

Ê A pool designed only for diving may be located in an area which is separate from a pool designed for swimming.

     2.  A pool for which an operating permit is issued before January 16, 1996, and in which diving is allowed must contain an adequate area and a depth of water to provide safe diving. A pool for which an operating permit is issued on or after January 16, 1996, and in which diving is allowed must contain an area and depth of water that complies with Article IV of the American National Standard for Swimming Pools: ANSI/NSPI-1 1991, which is hereby adopted by reference. A copy of the article may be obtained from the National Spa and Pool Institute, 2111 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, at a cost of $32.

     3.  Diving boards, towers and platforms in excess of 3 meters in height are not allowed in a pool without special provisions, controls and definite limitations on their use. Where such boards, towers or platforms are permitted, their use must be limited to adequately trained personnel and must not be open to the general public.

     4.  Diving boards, towers and platforms must have a slip-resistant finish and, if covered with an absorbent material, the cover must be disinfected daily.

     5.  At least 16 feet (4.9 meters) of unobstructed clearance must be provided above diving boards and platforms.

     6.  Supports, platforms and steps for diving boards must be of substantial construction and of sufficient structural strength to carry the maximum anticipated loads safely. Steps must be of corrosion resistant material, easily cleanable and of slip-resistant design.

     7.  Handrails must be provided at all steps and ladders leading to diving boards more than 1 meter above the water, except those ladders set at 15° or less from the vertical. Platforms and diving boards which are over 1 meter high must be protected with guard railings.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 13, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 9-16-92; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.126  Lifelines. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Devices for fastening lifelines must be installed at least 2 feet (0.6 meter) toward the shallow end from the break in grade between the shallow portion and the deep portion of a pool. These devices must be securely anchored, of corrosion resistant material and of a type which will be recessed or have no hazardous projection.

     2.  A lifeline with floats must be installed if required by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 11, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.128  Ladders and stairs. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Stairs or ladders must be provided at the shallow portion of a pool if the vertical distance from the bottom of the pool to the deck or walk is over 2 feet (0.6 meter). Stairs or ladders must be provided at the deep portion of the pool. If the pool is over 30 feet (9.1 meters) wide, such stairs or ladders must be provided at each side of the deep portion of the pool.

     2.  A minimum of one ladder must be provided for each 75 feet (22.3 meters) of perimeter and not less than two ladders must be provided at any pool. Where stairs are provided in a pool, one ladder may be deleted for each set of stairs provided.

     3.  Pool ladders must be corrosion resistant and must be equipped with slip-resistant treads.

     4.  If stepholes are provided, they must be of such design that they may be readily cleaned and must drain into the pool to prevent accumulation of dirt. Stepholes must have a minimum tread of 5 inches (13 centimeters) and a minimum width of 14 inches (36 centimeters).

     5.  A side handrail extending up above and returning to the horizontal surface of the pool deck, curb, or coping must be provided at each side of each ladder or set of stepholes. There must be a clearance of not more than 5 inches (13 centimeters) or less than 3 inches (9 centimeters) between the ladder and the pool wall.

     6.  Stairs leading into the pool must be of slip-resistant design, have a minimum tread of 12 inches (30 centimeters), and a maximum rise of 10 inches (25 centimeters). The edge of the stair tread must be constructed of a material so colored as to contrast with the color of the stairs and be clearly visible and evident to bathers.

     7.  All stairs entering a pool must be recessed into the walls of the pool and a guardrail must be provided in the walkway around the stairwell. An exception to this will permit the construction of steps at the shallow end of the pool. An approved handrail must be provided for each set of stairs.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 14, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.130  Handholds. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Every pool must be provided with a handhold around the entire perimeter of the pool, such as a perimeter overflow system, bull-nosed coping or cantilevered decking, installed not more than 9 inches (22.86 centimeters) above the waterline.

     2.  For special purpose pools used for instruction or competitive swimming, a handhold at water level similar to the rim of a perimeter overflow system is required.

     3.  If a perimeter overflow system is not provided, bull-nosed coping, cantilevered decking of reinforced concrete or material equivalent in strength and durability must be provided. The coping, decking or other material must have rounded, slip-resistant edges, and must not exceed 3 1/2 inches (8.89 centimeters) in thickness. The overhang of the coping, decking or other material must not exceed 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) nor be less than 1 inch (2.54 centimeters).

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 18, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.132  Chairs for lifeguards. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Each pool must have at least one elevated lifeguard chair. This shall be presumed to be adequate for 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters) of pool surface area with an additional lifeguard chair being provided for each additional area of 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters) or major fraction thereof.

     2.  If a pool is provided with more than one lifeguard chair and the pool width is 40 feet (12.2 meters) or more, chairs must be located on each side of the pool.

     3.  The chairs must be located to provide a clear, unobstructed view of the bottom of the pool in the area of surveillance.

     4.  The requirements of this section may be waived by the health authority in the case of a swimming pool serving a motel, apartment or hotel and having a surface area of less than 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters).

     5.  Lifeguard stations may be substituted for lifeguard chairs with written approval of the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 36, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.133  Innovative designs; bridges and walkways. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  An innovative swimming pool design or a bridge or walkway over a pool must not endanger the health or safety of bathers or contribute contamination of any kind to the water in the pool.

     2.  Any such bridge or walkway must:

     (a) Be not less than 8 feet (2.4 meters) above the bottom of the pool and not less than 4 feet (1.2 meters) above the surface of the water in the pool;

     (b) Have a slip-resistant surface which can be cleaned by hosing and will cause no discomfort to bare feet; and

     (c) Be perpendicular to the edge of the pool at any point where it meets the edge or, if the edge is curved at the point of intersection, to a tangent passing through that point.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.134  Decks. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and in NAC 444.196 and 444.1995, a clear, unobstructed deck must be provided around the entire perimeter of a pool. In no case may the width of the deck be less than 4 feet (1.2 meters). A deck may be obstructed for a distance equal to not more than 10 percent of the perimeter of the pool if:

     (a) The design of the obstruction does not endanger the health or safety of persons using the pool;

     (b) An unobstructed area of deck not less than 4 feet wide is provided around or through the obstruction not more than 15 feet (4.55 meters) from the edge of the pool; and

     (c) Written approval for the obstruction is obtained from the health authority before construction or installation of the obstruction.

     2.  The paved area of the deck must extend not less than 4 feet (1.2 meters) from both sides and rear of any diving board or its appurtenances.

     3.  The surface of the paved deck must not drain into the pool or the overflow gutter. Drainage must be conducted from the deck in a manner that will not create muddy, hazardous or objectionable conditions. Decks must slope on a minimum slope of 1/4 inch per foot (2 percent) to the drains to points at which the water will have a free, unobstructed flow to points of disposal at all times. If deck drains are provided, they must be spaced or arranged so that not more than 400 square feet (37.2 square meters) of area is tributary to each drain and drains must not be more than 25 feet (7.6 meters) apart. Drainage from the decks must not be returned to the recirculation system.

     4.  The deck must have a slip-resistant surface that can be cleaned by hosing and causes no discomfort to bare feet.

     5.  Provision must be made to prevent the drainage of materials from lawns or landscaped areas onto the pool decks or into the pool.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 15, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.135  Use of manufactured products to resist slipping. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  A manufactured product may not be used at a public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place to provide a slip-resistant finish or surface unless it is intended by the manufacturer to provide resistance to slipping under wet conditions.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.136  Barriers; exclusion of unauthorized persons. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Provision must be made to exclude unauthorized persons from any pool or pool area. A pool must be surrounded by a fence, wall, building or other barrier that completely encloses the pool area and otherwise complies with the requirements of this section. No part of a pool enclosure may be used for common foot traffic.

     2.  The barrier must be impenetrable for small children and must not offer any external handholds or footholds.

     3.  In the case of a swimming pool operated solely for and in conjunction with a hotel, motel or other place of lodging, or a trailer park, apartment, condominium or other facility containing multiple dwellings, the barrier must be not less than 5 feet (1.5 meters) in height. Courtyard-type concepts in which gates or doors open directly into a pool enclosure from a dwelling unit or hotel or motel room are not permitted. In any other case, the barrier must be not less than 6 feet (1.8 meters) in height.

     4.  Any vertical members in the barrier must not be more than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) apart.

     5.  Any opening at the bottom of the barrier must not be more than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in height.

     6.  Any gate or door that opens into the pool area:

     (a) Must be equipped with permanent locking devices and self-closing and positive self-latching mechanisms. Self-closing and self-latching mechanisms must be located not less than 3 1/2 feet above the ground.

     (b) Must self-close and positively self-latch from any open position.

     (c) Must not be blocked open or otherwise disabled to prevent closing and latching.

     (d) Must, in the case of an indoor pool, be made of metal and installed in a metal frame.

Ê The operator of the pool shall periodically inspect each such gate or door to ensure that it is operating properly.

     7.  Facilities, such as large resort hotels, which have continuous, 24-hour-a-day security of the pool area may be exempt from the requirements of this section.

     8.  Where existing construction prohibits compliance with the requirements of this section, the owner shall file with the health authority an operation procedure which will serve to ensure the exclusion of unattended small children from the pool.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 16, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.138  Hose bibs. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Hose bibs must be provided in locations where necessary to enable thorough hosing down of all walks, floors and appurtenances. They must be located so they do not constitute a safety hazard.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 17, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.140  Electrical requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All new electrical wiring in a public bathing or swimming facility must conform with the 1987 edition of the National Electric Code of the National Fire Protection Association and applicable state and local building codes. A copy of the Code may be obtained from the International Conference of Building Officials, 5360 South Workman Mill Road, Whittier, California 90601, at a cost of $20.50. All equipment, fixtures and wiring must bear an appropriate label issued by Underwriters Laboratories Inc., or an equivalent organization.

     2.  All electrical devices such as portable announcing systems, radios and soft drink dispensers that might be around the pool deck and immediate environment must not be within the reach of bathers.

     3.  Ground fault circuit interrupters must be provided on all new facilities in accordance with the 1987 edition of the National Electric Code for all lighting circuits as well as for motors and other electrical circuits in the area of any pool. These devices are required on an existing facility if the health authority determines it is necessary to protect the safety of bathers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 32, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.142  Lighting. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Artificial lighting must be provided for all public bathing or swimming facilities, natural bathing places, bathhouses, toilet rooms, dressing rooms, and equipment rooms that are to be used at night or that do not have adequate natural lighting.

     2.  Pools designed and maintained for use at night must be equipped with lighting designed and spaced so that all parts of the pool, including the bottom, may be readily seen without glare.

     3.  The lighting system for outdoor pools must be designed with sources of illumination located so as to prevent insects attracted by the lights from falling into the water.

     4.  Where underwater lighting is used, not less than 0.5 watts (10 lamp lumens) must be employed per square foot (.093 square meter) of water surface area.

     5.  If bathing or swimming at night is permitted and underwater lighting:

     (a) Is used, area lighting must be directed toward deck areas to the extent practical and not less than 0.6 watts must be employed per square foot (.093 square meter) of deck area.

     (b) Is not used, area and pool lighting must be provided and not less than 2.0 watts must be employed per square foot (.093 square meter) of deck area.

     6.  The lenses of pool lights must be clear so that the inside of the light is visible during inspection.

     7.  If lighting is not provided as required by this section, the operator of the facility or natural bathing place:

     (a) Shall not permit any use of the facility or bathing place after dark.

     (b) Shall post a sign stating “NO SWIMMING, BATHING OR OTHER USE OF FACILITY ALLOWED AFTER DARK,” in contrasting characters not less than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in height, near each entrance to the facility or bathing place.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 31, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.144  Acoustics. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  All indoor pool enclosures must receive acoustical treatment which will prevent reverberations of sound that may result in lack of control on the part of the lifeguards or instructors.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 34, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.146  Connections for supply and disposal of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  No direct mechanical connection with a domestic water supply may be made to a public bathing or swimming facility, a chlorinator or the system of piping for the facility, unless it is protected against backflow in a manner approved by the health authority. All pools must be equipped with acceptable provisions, such as overfall fillspouts, surge tanks or receptors, for adding makeup water.

     2.  Water used to fill any pool must be supplied by an overfall fillspout providing an airgap of not less than 6 inches (15 centimeters) between the flood level at the pool and the lowest point of the fillspout, or an overfall supply to a surge tank or receptor wherein the water will freely overflow at deck level or the top of the surge tank or receptor before coming in contact with the water supply outlet.

     3.  Sanitary sewage from the bathhouse must be discharged into a sewage system approved by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 24, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.148  Quality of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Water entering a public bathing or swimming facility for the first time must meet the bacteriological standards for potable water set forth in the primary drinking water standards adopted pursuant to NRS 445A.855, except the health authority may approve the use of water from natural sources including saline water. Fresh water must be added to pools that depend upon the flow of a stream, lake, well or other source which has been diverted to flow in and out of the pool, at a rate of not less than 1,000 gallons (378.5 liters) per hour for each 20 bathers using the pool during each hour.

     2.  All public bathing or swimming facilities must have a uniform flow-through of water in the volume and quality described in subsection 1, or recirculation and filtration equipment provided for water purification in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive.

     3.  The equipment must provide water which meets the following standards:

     (a) The water must be continuously disinfected by a chemical which imparts an easily measured, freely available residual effect. Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.207, adequate disinfection must be accomplished by one of the following:

          (1) Normal chlorination of 1.0 to 5.0 ppm chlorine at pH 7.0 to 8.0;

          (2) Chlorinated cyanurate chlorination of 1.0 to 5.0 ppm at pH 7.2 to 8.0; or

          (3) Normal bromination of 3.0 to 5.0 ppm at pH 7.0 to 8.0.

     (b) The health authority may accept other disinfecting materials or methods if they have been adequately demonstrated to provide a satisfactory residual effect which is easily measured, and otherwise to be equally as effective under conditions of use as the chlorine concentration required in this section.

     (c) The maximum permissible concentration of cyanuric acid is 100 ppm.

     (d) The total alkalinity should be within the range of 80 to 120 ppm.

     4.  The chemical quality of water used in the facility must not cause irritation to the eyes or skin of the bathers, or have other objectionable physiological effects on bathers.

     5.  The water must have sufficient clarity at all times so that the pattern of the main drain in any pool is clearly visible from the walk at the deep end. Failure to meet this requirement constitutes a ground for the immediate closing of the facility.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 20 §§ 20.1-20.5, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.150  Sampling of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Samples of water from each public bathing or swimming facility must be submitted to the laboratory of the Health Division once a week for bacteriological testing. This requirement may be waived for facilities maintaining approved operating records and having dependable disinfection and filtration.

     2.  Not more than 15 percent of the samples must either:

     (a) Contain more than 200 bacteria per milliliter, as determined by the standard (35°C) agar plate count; or

     (b) Show positive test (confirmed test) for coliform organisms in any of the five 10 milliliter portions of a sample or more than 1.0 coliform organisms per 50 milliliter if the membrane filter test is used.

     3.  All samples must be collected, dechlorinated and examined in accordance with the procedures outlined in the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (APHA).

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 20 §§ 20.6 & 20.6.1, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.152  System for recirculation. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.198 to 444.1995, inclusive, and 444.202, a recirculation system, consisting of pumps, filters, water conditioning, disinfection equipment and other accessory equipment, must be provided at each public bathing or swimming facility which will recirculate, clarify and disinfect the volume of water used in the facility every 6 hours or less.

     2.  The patterns of recirculation developed in any pool must be partial flow through the main drain and the remainder through the overflow gutters or skimmers.

     3.  The recirculation system must include a vacuum gauge located on or immediately before the pump on the suction side of the system and a pressure gauge immediately after the pump on the pressure side of the system.

     4.  The recirculation system must be operated at all times the facility is open for use and for not less than 3 hours after the facility is closed. If the system is shut down for periodic maintenance and repair, no person who is not an employee of the facility may be allowed into the facility.

     5.  If time clocks are used to govern the operation of the recirculation system, they must be:

     (a) Used to govern the operation of any equipment, such as chemical disinfectant feeders, slurry feeders or heaters, dependent upon the flow of water within the system.

     (b) Reset immediately after any interruption in power.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.1 & 26.2, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.154  Rate of flow. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  An adequate number of rate of flow indicators and rate of flow controllers having satisfactory range must be installed and properly located, so that the rate of flow either during normal circulation or during the filter backwashing operation can be determined.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 § 26.6, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.156  Inlets. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, inlets must be rounded and smooth and installed not less than 18 inches (46 centimeters) below the normal operating level and located to produce a uniform circulation, without the existence of dead spots. In the case of a shallow pool, an exception to this requirement may be granted by the health authority if inlets cannot be installed at the depth otherwise required.

     2.  Inlets must not extend from the pool wall or floor so as to create a hazard.

     3.  Each set of stairs must have an inlet to provide good circulation over the stairs.

     4.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, if wall inlets are used, the distance between adjacent inlets must not exceed 15 feet (4.6 meters).

     5.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, any pool having a width greater than 40 feet (12.19 meters) must have floor inlets meeting the requirements of this subsection or a combination of wall and floor units meeting the requirements of subsection 4 and this section. If floor inlets are used:

     (a) They must be located so that they provide general circulation and not direct flow to floor drains; and

     (b) The distance between:

          (1) Adjacent floor inlets must not exceed 15 feet.

          (2) Floor units and the nearest wall must not exceed 10 feet.

     6.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5 and notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 4, any combination of wall and floor units may be used if it is shown to produce a uniform circulation.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.11-26.11.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.158  Drains. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All pools must be provided with a main drain at the lowest point of the floor of the pool to permit the pool to be completely and easily drained.

     2.  The distance of each main drain from:

     (a) The nearest main drain must not exceed 20 feet (6.1 meters) on the centers.

     (b) Any side wall must not exceed 15 feet (4.6 meters).

     3.  The sump of each main drain must be covered with a suitable protective cover or grate securely fastened in such a way that it cannot be removed without the use of tools. The openings in the grate must not exceed 1/2 inch (1.27 centimeters) in diameter. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the velocity of water through the grate must not exceed 1.5 feet per second. If only one main drain in the pool is connected to a pump:

     (a) The drain must be of antivortex design.

     (b) The velocity of water through the grate must not exceed 6 feet per second.

     4.  The recirculation system must be designed to guard against outlet entrapment. Any of the following means may be employed:

     (a) The system must include no fewer than two main drains, separated by not less than 4 feet (1.22 meters), and connected to pipes of equal diameter. The system must not permit any cutoff of either drain from the suction line.

     (b) The system must include one or more antivortex outlet drains. Any drain installed at a depth of 4 1/2 feet (1.37 meters) or less must not present a tripping hazard to the bather.

     (c) Any other system, approved by the health authority, that guards against outlet entrapment.

     5.  Valves or pumps used for draining pools must be sized to prevent the surcharging of the receiving drain. Multiport valves must:

     (a) Comply with all applicable requirements of Standard 50 of the National Sanitation Foundation. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, at a cost of $8.

     (b) In the absence of an applicable standard, be approved by the health authority.

     6.  The main drains must be capable of taking at least 50 percent of the circulated flow.

     7.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Antivortex drain” means a drain having a raised cover designed to prevent or minimize any suctioning effect on a person that comes into contact with the drain.

     (b) “Multiport valve” means a separate switching valve that has a separate position for each of the various filter operations and that combines in one unit the functions of two or more direct-flow valves.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.7-26.7.4, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.160  Piping. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The water velocity in the piping of a public bathing or swimming facility must not exceed 10 feet (3 meters) per second for discharge piping, except that the velocity for copper pipe must not exceed 6 feet (1.8 meters) per second. Suction velocity for piping must not exceed 6 feet (1.8 meters) per second for both. If velocities exceed these rates, summary calculations must be provided to show that rated flows are possible with the pump and piping provided.

     2.  Piping must be of a nontoxic material, resistant to corrosion and able to withstand operating pressures. All plastic piping and fittings used in the recirculation system must be imprinted with the name of the manufacturer and the potable water mark of the National Sanitation Foundation, or its equivalent, and must:

     (a) Comply with all applicable requirements of Standard 14 for potable water applications of the National Sanitation Foundation. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, at a cost of $9.

     (b) In the absence of an applicable standard, be approved by the health authority.

     3.  Pipes must be identified by color code or tags.

     4.  All piping must be supported on piers or other substantial means to prevent possible settlement which will either provide dirt traps or air pockets.

     5.  All pressure and suction lines must have a uniform slope in one direction of not less than 3 inches per 100 feet (0.25 percent). Gravity waste lines around any pool 6 inches (15 centimeters) or smaller must have a minimum slope of one-quarter of an inch per foot (2 percent). Lines larger than 6 inches (15 centimeters) and all outfall main lines must be designed with a size of pipe and slope to carry freely the maximum flows.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.3-26.3.4, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.162  Pumps and motors. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A pump and motor unit must be provided for the recirculation of water which has been selected for performance and will meet the conditions of quantity required for filtering and cleaning the filters with the total dynamic head developed by the complete system.

     2.  The requirements for filtration must be based upon the maximum head loss developed immediately before washing the filters.

     3.  The motor must be nonoverloading in continuous operation for filtration under all conditions, but may be overloaded within the service factor for conditions of backwash and for emptying any pool.

     4.  A pump performance curve for the unit to be installed must be provided with the plans submitted for approval.

     5.  A pump used in a recirculation system must:

     (a) Comply with all applicable requirements of Standard 50 of the National Sanitation Foundation. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106, at a cost of $8.

     (b) In the absence of an applicable standard, be approved by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 § 26.4, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.164  Arrangements for overflow. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Every pool must be provided with overflow gutters or skimmers. Other kinds of overflow arrangements and pool edges, including deck level pools, may be installed if approved by the health authority. No such pool may be installed or built if a safety hazard may result.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 § 26.8, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.166  Gutters. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.1968, the overflow gutter around any pool must be continuous around the pool except at stairs or recessed ladders.

     2.  The overflow gutter may also serve as a handhold. The overflow edge must be rounded and must not be thicker than 2 1/2 inches (6 centimeters) for the top 2 inches (5 centimeters).

     3.  The gutter lip must be smooth and uniform and at a precise level in a horizontal plane so far as is practical within the limits of craftsmanship.

     4.  The pool water level must be maintained about an inch below the gutter during periods of pool use. During daily cleanup operations the water level of the pool must be raised by the addition of water until the water overflows the crest of the gutters and flushes away the debris.

     5.  The overflow gutter depth below the lip must be a minimum of 3 inches (8 centimeters) at the high points between the drains. The drains must be spaced at a maximum of 15 feet (4.6 meters) between centers and a slope provided in the bottom of not less than 2 1/2 inches in 10 feet (2 percent). The gutters must be of sufficient size and shape so that floating matter entering them will not be washed back into the pool. The branch piping to each overflow gutter drain must not be less than 2 inches (5 centimeters).

     6.  The outlet fittings must have a clear opening in the grating at least equal to 1 1/2 times the cross sectional area of the outlet. Where large gutters are used, they must be designed to prevent entrance or entrapment of bathers’ arms or legs.

     7.  The opening into the gutter beneath the coping must be not less than 4 inches (10 centimeters) and the interior of the gutter must be not less than 3 inches (8 centimeters) wide.

     8.  Disposal of water from the overflow gutters may be either to waste or may enter the recirculation system. All overflow gutters connected to the recirculation system must be connected in an approved manner, such as a surge tank.

     9.  The gutter must be capable of removing 50 percent or more of the recirculated water and returning it to the recirculation system.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.9-26.9.8, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.168  Skimmers. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Each pool must be provided with at least one skimmer for each 400 square feet (37.2 square meters), or fraction thereof, of the pool area.

     2.  There must be no fewer than two skimmers in every pool.

     3.  Any skimmer used in a pool must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of Standard 50, “Circulation System Components and Related Materials for Swimming Pools, Spas/Hot Tubs,” of the NSF International or in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, at a cost of $45.

     4.  The total capacity of all skimmers used must be a minimum of two-thirds of the required filter flow. Piping for skimmers used must be designed for a capacity of at least 80 percent of the required filter flow of the recirculation system, and in no case less than 30 gallons per minute (113.6 liters per minute).

     5.  All inlets must be spaced at least 5 feet (1.5 meters) away from any skimmer.

     6.  One skimmer must be placed at a point in the pool opposite the direction of prevailing summer winds.

     7.  All skimmers used must be equipped with an approved equalizer valve and an equalizer line with an inside diameter of not less than 2 inches (5.08 centimeters), installed not less than 12 inches (30.48 centimeters) below the normal operating level of the water. The inlet to the equalizer line or lines must be designed to prevent the creation of a holding force whenever the body or limb of a bather comes into contact with the inlet. The inlet must be protected by a grill or shroud that will prevent a bather or any limb of a bather from entering the inlet.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 §§ 26.10-26.10.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.170  Filters. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Any filter used in a pool must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of Standard 50, “Circulation System Components and Related Materials for Swimming Pools, Spas/Hot Tubs,” of the NSF International or in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, at a cost of $45. Flow rates for filters must not exceed those listed by the NSF International Standard.

     2.  The filter plant must be provided with influent pressure gauge.

     3.  The filter plant must be provided with a means for draining all filter units and piping, so that all parts of the system may be drained to prevent damage from freezing where so required.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 27, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.172  Strainers. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The recirculation system must include a strainer to prevent hair, lint and other solids from reaching the pump and filters.

     2.  Strainers must be corrosion resistant with openings not more than one-eighth of an inch in size providing a free flow area at least four times the area of the pump suction line and must be readily accessible for frequent cleaning. Valves must be installed adjacent to the strainer in order that the flow may be shut off during the cleaning or inspection. At least one spare strainer basket must be provided.

     3.  Strainers may not be required in systems using vacuum diatomaceous earth filters.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 26 § 26.5, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.174  Vacuum cleaners. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A vacuum cleaning system is required at each public bathing or swimming facility having a pool. It must be either a portable type or an integral part of the recirculation system.

     2.  There must be sufficient suction and capacity to remove all normal accumulations from the floor of the pool.

     3.  If the vacuum cleaner is an integral part of the recirculation system, sufficient connections must be located in the walls of the pool, at least 8 inches (20 centimeters) below the water level. The vacuum cleaner may be connected to the skimmers.

     4.  Water vacuumed from outdoor pools and from pools with considerable sediment must be discharged to waste.

     5.  Any visible dirt on the bottom or sides of the pool, and any visible scum or floating matter on the surface of the pool must be removed before the pool is used.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 28, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.176  Disposal of waste. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Provision must be made to dispose of material cleaned from filters and of backwash water in a manner that will not create a nuisance.

     2.  If drainage to a sanitary sewer or storm sewer is permitted, an air gap must be provided which will positively preclude against surge or backflow introducing contaminated water into the pool or the recirculation system.

     3.  Diatomaceous earth must be disposed of so that no solids appear in the wastewater. This may be done by using a separation tank, receiving chamber, or any other method approved by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 23, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.178  Disinfectants: Approval of use of chemical feeders and other disinfecting materials and methods. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A public bathing or swimming facility must be equipped with a chlorinator, hypochlorinator or other disinfectant feeder. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2 and 3, chemical feeders and process equipment, other than compressed chlorine gas feeders, must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of Standard 50, “Circulation System Components and Related Materials for Swimming Pools, Spas/Hot Tubs,” of the NSF International or in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority. A copy of this standard may be obtained from the NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, at a cost of $45.

     2.  The health authority may approve other feeders if the operator of the facility demonstrates to the health authority that the required residual concentrations of disinfectant can be maintained using the feeder.

     3.  Chemical feeders must be capable of supplying not less than the equivalent of 3 pounds (1.4 kilograms) of chlorine for outdoor pools, or 1 pound (454 grams) of chlorine in the case of an indoor facility, per 10,000 gallons (37,850 liters) of facility capacity during a 24-hour period.

     4.  The health authority may approve other disinfecting materials or methods if the operator of the facility demonstrates to the satisfaction of the health authority that they provide a satisfactory residual effect which is easily measured and are as effective at disinfecting as the use of the chlorine concentrations required in NAC 444.148.

     5.  Disinfectant feeders must be installed to ensure that the flow of the chemical disinfectant will stop immediately if there is an interruption in the flow of water to the pool or through the disinfection system.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 29, §§ 29.1-29.1.2, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.180  Disinfectants: Use of chlorine gas. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  An owner of a public bathing or swimming facility who obtained his or her operating permit on or after January 16, 1996, may not use compressed chlorine gas to sanitize or disinfect the facility. An owner of a public bathing or swimming facility who obtained his or her operating permit before January 16, 1996, may use compressed chlorine gas to sanitize the facility if the following features are provided:

     1.  The cylinders of chlorine, the scale required by subsection 15 and the chlorinator must be kept above grade in a separate, well-ventilated, reasonably gastight and corrosion-resistant enclosure.

     2.  The enclosure must be provided with vents near the floor which terminate outdoors through an airtight duct at a point where chlorine gas will not sink into spaces below the surface of the ground. Mechanical ventilation must be used. The exhaust system must be capable of providing not less than two air changes per hour in the enclosure and comply with applicable building and fire codes.

     3.  The door to the enclosure must not open into the pool enclosure and must open outward. All enclosures must be equipped with a quick exit door push bar. The enclosure must be equipped with a key locked latch, with the key lock located on the outside of the enclosure. The enclosure must be locked at all times except when personnel are inside.

     4.  An observation window must be provided in the wall or door of the enclosure that provides a good view of the inside of the enclosure and is not less than 18 square inches (116.14 square centimeters) in size. Artificial illumination of at least 20 foot-candles must be provided to permit the observation and maintenance of the equipment in the enclosure.

     5.  Switches for the operation of the exhaust fan and the artificial illumination must be located on the outside of the enclosure and near the door.

     6.  The floor area of the enclosure must be of adequate size to house the chlorinator.

     7.  The chlorinator must be of rugged design, capable of withstanding wear without developing leaks.

     8.  Chlorine cylinders must be anchored to prevent their falling over. A valve stem wrench or valve handle must be maintained on the chlorine cylinder so the supply of gas can be shut off quickly in the case of an emergency. The valve protection hood must be kept in place except when the cylinder is in operation.

     9.  The chlorine feeding device must be vacuum operated and designed so that during accidents or interruptions of the water supply, or break in the system, the feeder positively and automatically shuts off the supply of chlorine gas and vents any leaking gas outside the enclosure at a safe point of discharge. The enclosure must be equipped with an acceptable and properly functioning device, with an audible alarm, to detect chlorine leakage. A leakage test kit consisting of ammonia water and a sponge swab must also be provided.

     10.  The chlorinator must be a solution feed type, capable of delivering chlorine at its maximum rate without releasing chlorine gas into the equipment room. Pressure vacuum relief vents must discharge to the outside atmosphere in a safe area.

     11.  The temperature of the chlorine metering equipment must not fall below 55°F (12.8°C). A means to keep the temperature above that level must be provided and used.

     12.  The chlorinators must be designed to prevent the backflow of water into the chlorine solution container.

     13.  A gas mask designed for use in a chlorine atmosphere and of a type approved by the appropriate federal agency must be located outside of the enclosure in a closed, unlocked cabinet. A replacement canister for use with the mask and a record book for recording any use of the mask must also be kept in the cabinet.

     14.  A placard must be posted on the outside of the enclosure that describes the first-aid measures for treating victims of chlorine exposure and includes the telephone number of the supplier of chlorine gas.

     15.  A scale or other suitable device must be provided so that the amount of chlorine gas contained in the cylinder can be determined.

     16.  A sign or placard stating “CAUTION - CHLORINE GAS” must be placed on the door to the chlorinator room in a location where it is readily visible to any person approaching the door.

     17.  Chlorine or chlorination equipment must not be located in a building which houses sleeping guests.

     18.  Facilities that use gas chlorination must employ personnel trained to the satisfaction of the health authority in the safe handling of chlorine and in the operation and maintenance of chlorination equipment. These personnel must be available at all times that the facility is open to ensure the safety of employees and visitors.

     19.  Gas chlorine cylinders must not be stored in areas where they are exposed to direct sunlight or are readily accessible to unauthorized persons.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 29 §§ 29.2-29.2.17, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.182  Disinfectants: Handling; storage; toxicity. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The hand dosing of disinfectant or the introduction of disinfectant at a public bathing or swimming facility by means other than through a chemical feeder which has been approved by the health authority is not permitted except for superchlorination, superbromination or for bringing the residual of the disinfectant up to required levels when the facility is closed. No swimmers may use the facility until the residual of the disinfectant has dropped to the level required by NAC 444.148.

     2.  Adequate facilities for storing chemicals must be provided at all public bathing or swimming facilities. Chemicals must be stored in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer or, in the absence of such instructions, as directed by the health authority.

     3.  Chemicals used in controlling the quality of water must be demonstrated to impart no toxic properties to the water. Chemicals used for the control of algae must be approved for that use by the health authority.

     4.  If the water in a facility cannot be maintained at a pH of 7.0 to 8.0, equipment for the feeding of chemicals to maintain the required pH must be provided. Equipment and piping used to apply chemicals to the water must be of such size, design and material that they may be cleaned and be free from clogging. All material used for such equipment and piping must be resistant to the action of the chemicals to be used in them.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 29 §§ 29.3-29.6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.184  Testing equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Every public bathing or swimming facility must have an approved test set for the determination of pH, disinfectant residuals, total alkalinity and, at facilities where chlorinated cyanurates are used, cyanuric acid concentrations.

     2.  The use of orthotolodine for determining the level of residual disinfectant is not approved. The use of the DPD method for determining the level of residual chlorine or bromine is approved.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 21, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.186  Heating units. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If a pool is heated, the heating unit must be isolated or installed in a manner which ensures that bathers will not be injured because of its placement. The heating unit must be equipped with a thermostat which controls the temperature of the water. All of the parts of the heating unit must be easy to remove for cleaning.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 22 § 22.2, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-16-92)

      NAC 444.188  Equipment rooms. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Pumps, chlorinators and other electrical equipment must be installed in a protective enclosure.

     2.  If any part of the equipment room is below grade, access by stairway and suitable drainage, by sump pump if necessary, must be provided. If an open stairwell is used, ventilation through a fully louvered door and a permanently open louvered vent on at least one other side of the room is required. Enclosed stairways require louvered vents on three sides of the room or an exhaust fan. The access opening must be at least 3 feet x 6 feet (0.9 x 1.8 meters).

     3.  Equipment must be installed so that there is adequate clearance to allow for its normal operation and maintenance. An equipment room must have space to store chemicals and auxiliary equipment.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 25, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

Water Recreation Attractions

      NAC 444.194  Consultation regarding design of attraction. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The design engineer shall consult with the health authority before preparing and submitting any engineering plans or specifications for a water recreation attraction. The consultation must include a discussion of:

     1.  Any potential failure to comply with the provisions of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive; and

     2.  Changes in the design of the attraction that may be necessary as a result of the noncompliance.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1942  Posting signs indicating maximum depth. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The operator of a water recreation attraction shall post one or more warning signs at the entrance to the attraction stating the maximum depth of water in the attraction.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1944  Qualifications of attendants. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.115)  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.274, each attendant employed at a water recreation attraction must be:

     1.  Certified by the Red Cross or an equivalent organization in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation; and

     2.  Otherwise trained to deal with safety hazards related to the particular attraction at which the attendant is employed.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1946  Plan for attendants. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The operator of each water recreation attraction shall establish a plan for attendants at the attraction and shall submit the plan to the health authority for review and approval.

     2.  The plan for attendants must:

     (a) Set forth in detail the manner in which lifeguards and other attendants are to be stationed;

     (b) Describe training and emergency procedures;

     (c) Include provisions for back-up attendants in the event of a multiple rescue; and

     (d) Include any other provisions necessitated by pool depth, wave action, line of sight, bather loads or other special conditions affecting the safety of bathers.

     3.  Any significant change in the plan for attendants must be submitted to the health authority for review and approval before it is put into effect.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1948  Deviation from requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  A water recreation attraction may deviate from the requirements of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, if and to the extent:

     1.  An exemption from those requirements is necessary to accommodate the special use of the attraction; and

     2.  The design and construction of the attraction are within the limits of sound engineering practice and present no health or safety hazard.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.195  Water slides: Design and construction. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A water slide must consist of one or more flumes, splash pools or slide runouts, a pump reservoir, and facilities for the filtration, disinfection and chemical treatment of water.

     2.  The structural design of a water slide and the materials used in its construction must conform with generally accepted structural engineering practices and must provide a sound, durable structure that will safely sustain all the dead loads, live loads, liquid hydrostatic and earth pressures encountered.

     3.  Any components or accessories of a water slide that come into contact with bathers must be assembled, arranged and finished so that their external surfaces and edges do not present an injury hazard to the skin of bathers under casual contact.

     4.  The owner of a water slide and the registered engineer who designs the slide are responsible for the safe design and construction of the entire facility.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1952  Water slides: Flumes. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Each flume of a water slide must be watertight. Its surfaces must be inert, nontoxic, smooth and easily cleaned.

     2.  If a tube-type flume is used, it must be designed or ventilated to prevent a hazardous concentration of toxic disinfectant fumes under all circumstances of operation.

     3.  All curves and turns in a flume must be:

     (a) Designed so that the impact of bathers with the walls of the flume does not present a hazard; and

     (b) Banked so that the forces on bathers keep them safely inside the flume under all foreseeable circumstances of operation. Bathers must not become airborne.

     4.  In curved sections of a flume, the design of the wall of the flume must cause the outward thrust of the body of the bather to be dissipated towards the centerline of the flume.

     5.  All slopes in a flume must be designed so that the speed of bathers does not reach a point at which a safe equilibrium of dynamic forces cannot be maintained on any curve or turn in the flume.

     6.  In sections of a flume where bathers can stop, provision must be made by design or modification to prevent bathers from falling out of the flume.

     7.  The construction, dimensions and methods of mechanical attachment of the components of a flume must provide a smooth and continuous surface through the entire length of the flume. Any misalignment of joints in a sectional flume must not exceed 1/8 inch (3.17 millimeters).

     8.  The walls of any flume must be designed so that the continuous and combined action of hydrostatic, dynamic and static loads, as well as normal environmental deterioration, do not damage the flume bed to the extent of creating a structural failure that presents a hazard of injury to bathers or requires frequent patch repairs that may weaken the structural strength of the flume.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1954  Water slides: Exit from flume. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The exit of any flume must be designed to ensure that bathers enter the splash pool or slide runout at a safe speed and angle of entry.

     2.  If a slide has two or more flumes and there is a point of intersection between the centerlines of any two flumes, the distance between that point and the point of exit for each intersecting flume must not be less than 20 feet (6.08 meters), or 30 feet (9.12 meters) if any bather exits a flume at high speed.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1956  Water slides: Exit into splash pool. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If bathers exit the flume of a water slide into a splash pool:

     1.  The flume must be:

     (a) Horizontal; and

     (b) Perpendicular to the wall of the pool at the point of exit,

Ê for a distance of not less than 10 feet (3.04 meters) from that point.

     2.  The flume exit must be flush with the vertical wall of the pool at the point of exit and not more than 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) above, nor less than 6 inches (15.24 centimeters) below, the normal operating level of the pool.

     3.  The distance between:

     (a) The side wall of the pool and that portion of the flume exit nearest the wall must be not less than 5 feet (1.52 meters) at the point of exit.

     (b) The centerline of the flume and the centerline of any adjacent flume must be not less than 6 feet (1.82 meters) at the point of exit.

     (c) The point of exit and the side of the pool opposite bathers as they exit, excluding any steps, must be not less than:

          (1) Twenty feet (6.08 meters), if the flume ends above or below the normal operating level; and

          (2) Thirty feet (9.12 meters) if the flume ends at the normal operating level.

     4.  The slide may not be used if the main drain of the pool is not clearly visible from the deck with the flume water turned off.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1958  Water slides: Splash pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  If a splash pool is used at a water slide, it must be located at the base of the slide.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the depth in a splash pool at the end of the flume must be maintained at 3 1/2 feet (1.05 meters) from the normal operating level to the floor. This depth must be maintained for a distance of not less than 20 feet (6.08 meters) from the point of exit from the flume, or not less than 30 feet (9.12 meters) from that point if the point of exit is even with the normal operating level. The health authority may waive these requirements if a special exit system is used that ensures a safe exit from the flume and safe entry to the splash pool.

     3.  Beyond the area of level floor required by subsection 2, in the area of the pool opposite the point of exit from the flume, the floor of the splash pool may have a constant slope upward of not more than 1 in 7.

     4.  If steps are provided instead of exit ladders or stepholes with handrails, a handrail must be provided at the steps opposite the point of exit from each flume. The surface edge of the splash pool steps must be outlined in a contrasting color.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.196  Water slides: Decks. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A deck must be provided along the exit side of the splash pool and along one or more of the other sides of the pool. The pump and reservoir area must be accessible by a deck not less than 3 feet (0.91 meters) wide.

     2.  All decks must be sloped at not less than 1/4 inch per foot to drains or approved surface water disposal areas.

     3.  If deck drains are provided, they must have an inlet opening of not less than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in diameter.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1962  Water slides: Means of access. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A concrete walkway, steps, stairway or ramp must be provided between the splash pool and the top of the flume.

     2.  The walkway or other means of access must not retain standing water and must:

     (a) Conform to the structural requirements of the local building code.

     (b) Be not less than 4 feet (1.21 meters) wide.

     (c) Be provided with handrails.

     (d) Have a slip-resistant finish.

     (e) Be separated from the flume by a physical barrier that is located far enough from the flume to prevent it from being contacted by bathers on the flume.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1964  Water slides: Runouts. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Slide runouts, if used, must have an exit opening or step unless one or both walls of the runout are not more than 12 inches (30.48 centimeters) in height.

     2.  Runouts must be designed with adequate length and water depth and sloped so as to bring the bather to a safe stop.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1966  Water slides: Pump reservoirs. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Pump reservoirs used in water slides must have sufficient volume to contain not less than 2 minutes of combined flow from all water treatment and flume pumps or must contain enough water to ensure that the splash pool will maintain a constant water depth.

     2.  The interior of pump reservoirs must be watertight with a hard trowel or equivalent impervious, slip-resistant finish.

     3.  Pump reservoirs must be accessible only to authorized persons. Intakes to the slide pump must be designed to allow cleaning without danger of trapping the operator.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1968  Water slides: Control of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A surge-free automatic water makeup system with a manual override must be provided and constructed so that the normal operating level of the splash pool is maintained at all times. Approved backflow protection must be provided.

     2.  The velocity of water at the weir or inlet grate must not exceed 1 1/2 feet (0.4 meters) per second.

     3.  A perimeter overflow gutter, if used, is not required directly under slide flumes or along the weirs that separate splash pools and pump reservoirs.

     4.  Surface skimming devices may be used instead of a perimeter overflow gutter.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.197  Water slides: Visitors and spectators. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  There must be a definite separation between the area used by visitors and spectators and that used by bathers. Visitors and spectators in street clothing may be allowed within the pool enclosure if they remain in a separate area segregated from the area used by bathers.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1972  Water slides: Food and drink; trash. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Food or drink must not be permitted in locker or change rooms, in the immediate area of the flumes and pools, or on the surrounding decks, stairs and walkways. Food and drink must be permitted in any visitor and spectator area or in any segregated snack area for bathers.

     2.  Trash containers must be provided to keep litter off the decks and walkways and out of the flumes and pools.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1974  Water slides: Posting notice of prohibited conduct. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The operator of a water slide shall post one or more warning signs at the entrance to the facility. Each sign must state that the following types of conduct are prohibited within the facility:

     1.  Running, standing, kneeling, rotating, tumbling or stopping in any flume or tunnel.

     2.  Horseplay.

     3.  Diving or flipping while exiting from a flume.

     4.  Use of the slide while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

     5.  Use of a flume by more than one person at a time.

     6.  Failure to obey the instructions of the top pool supervisor or the lifeguard.

     7.  Failure to keep hands inside the flume while using the slide.

     8.  Failure to leave the landing pool promptly after exiting from the slide.

     9.  The possession of any glass, bottle or food in or near any pool.

     10.  Entry into an area of grass or other vegetation.

     11.  The possession of any toy or can.

     12.  The use of any clothing on the slide other than the usual swimwear.

     13.  Wearing any comb, bracelet, watch or other jewelry.

     14.  Failure to shower before using the slide.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1976  Water slides: Precautions for safety. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  At all times while a water slide is open for use, an attendant must be on duty at each splash pool or slide runout. The attendant shall serve as the safety director of the slide. In that capacity, he or she shall control crowds, keep bathers moving through the pool or runout in an orderly fashion, and control any unsafe behavior in the lower flumes, in the pool or runout, or on the decks near the base of the slide.

     2.  At all times while the slide is open for use, an attendant must be on duty at each entrance to a flume. The attendant shall control bathers near the entrance, regulate the departure of each bather down the slide and control any unsafe behavior in the upper flumes.

     3.  Radio communication between the flume entry attendant and the splash pool or slide runout attendant must be provided.

     4.  Each water slide must have a means to allow the flume entry attendant to monitor the slide exit.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.198  Activity pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The recirculation and filtration systems of activity pools must have a maximum turnover cycle of 4 hours.

     2.  Amusement devices used in activity pools must be designed and maintained so that their surfaces are smooth, nontoxic and easily cleanable. The devices must not pose a safety or health hazard to bathers and must not interfere with circulation or disinfection of the water.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1985  Wave pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The generation of waves more than 3 feet (0.91 meters) in height in a wave pool, regardless of the depth of the pool, must not continue for more than 15 minutes at a time. When the generation of waves ends, it must be stopped for not less than 5 minutes.

     2.  The recirculation and filtration system of wave pools must have a maximum turnover cycle of 4 hours.

     3.  The wave pool must not be used if the main drain is not clearly visible from the deck with the wave generating equipment turned off.

     4.  Bathers must gain access to the wave pool at the shallow or beach end. The sides of the pool must be protected from unauthorized entry into the pool by the use of a fence or other comparable barrier.

     5.  Wave pools must be provided with handholds at the static water level. The handholds must be self-draining and must be installed so that their outer edge is flush with the pool wall. The design of the handholds must ensure that body extremities will not become entangled during wave action.

     6.  Life jackets must be provided free for use by bathers who request them.

     7.  Each permanent station for pool attendants must be provided with a clearly labeled and readily accessible emergency shut-off switch for the control of the wave action.

     8.  An audible warning system must be provided to alert bathers of the beginning of wave generation.

     9.  The area where waves are generated must be protected by a barrier having openings not more than 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) in diameter.

     10.  Step holes and handrails must be provided at one or more locations along the wall of the pool. The step holes and handrails must extend down the wall so that they will be easily accessible during wave generation at the lowest water level. The distance between the handrail and the wall must not exceed 6 inches (15.24 centimeters).

     11.  A sign stating “NO DIVING” in contrasting letters not less than 4 inches (10.16 centimeters) in height must be posted in a conspicuous place.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.199  Child amusement lagoons. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The recirculation and filtration systems of child amusement lagoons must have a maximum turnover cycle of 1 hour.

     2.  Amusement devices used in child amusement lagoons must be designed and maintained so that their surfaces are smooth, nontoxic and easily cleanable. The devices must not pose a safety or health hazard to bathers and must not interfere with circulation or disinfection of the water.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.1995  Watercourse rides. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The recirculation and filtration systems of watercourse rides must have a maximum turnover cycle of 4 hours.

     2.  Handrails, steps, stairs and booster inlets for watercourse rides must not protrude into the watercourse.

     3.  The watercourse must not be narrower than 12 feet (3.65 meters), nor deeper than 3 1/2 feet (1.06 meters).

     4.  An approved method of exit must be provided not less frequently than every 200 feet (60.96 meters) along the watercourse.

     5.  A deck must be provided on at least one side of the watercourse.

     6.  The design velocity of water in a watercourse ride must not exceed 2 miles per hour.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

Miscellaneous Facilities

      NAC 444.200  Spray pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The water supply for a spray pool must at all times meet the requirements relating to water set forth in NAC 444.108 to 444.188, inclusive.

     2.  The spray pool must be equipped at its low point with an unvalved drain of sufficient capacity and design to prevent any accumulation of water in the pool.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 43 §§ 43.4-43.4.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.202  Wading pools: Construction. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A wading pool must have:

     (a) A maximum depth of 24 inches (60 centimeters);

     (b) A slope which does not exceed 1 in 12; and

     (c) A slip-resistant finish.

     2.  A wading pool constructed after November 1, 1988, must have a maximum turnover cycle of 30 minutes. All wading pools must have a separate system for circulation. Equipment which is used to recirculate and disinfect the water and which meets the applicable requirements of NAC 444.108 to 444.204, inclusive, must be installed and operated at wading pools which cannot maintain satisfactory water quality by using the equipment from an adjacent public bathing or swimming facility.

     3.  The outlets from the wading pool may be connected to a sanitary drain or returned to the recirculation system of the pool for refiltration at the suction side of the pump. A wading pool must have a waste outlet at its deepest point; so that it may be completely emptied to a sanitary drain.

     4.  A wading pool must have at least two inlets.

     5.  In general, standards of sanitation, surface skimming and all other details must be equal or superior to those set forth in NAC 444.108 to 444.188, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 43 §§ 43.2-43.3.5, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.204  General requirements for wading pools; location of spray pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Adequate sanitary toilet facilities, as determined by the health authority, must be available in the vicinity of the pool.

     2.  A sanitary drinking fountain must be provided at one side or end of the area with a raised step to enable children of all sizes to drink without assistance.

     3.  Wading pools and spray pools must be located at the shallow end of the main pool and must be separated from it by a separate fence or barrier as described in NAC 444.136.

     4.  Underwater lights are prohibited in wading pools.

     5.  Wading pools, by the nature of their usage, are likely to become polluted and a public hazard. Where installed, they must be operated very carefully to minimize the danger to public health.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 43 §§ 43.5-43.8, eff. 5-12-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.206  Special purpose pools. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  Special purpose pools may deviate from the requirements of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, if:

     (a) Their design and construction are within the limits of sound engineering practice and present no health or safety hazard; and

     (b) The deviation is required because of the special use of the pools.

     2.  The operating permit issued for a special purpose pool must denote that it is for such a pool and must state the purpose for which the pool is to be used.

     3.  The health authority shall require such measures as he or she deems necessary to ensure the health and safety of bathers using a special purpose pool.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.207  Isolation and flotation tanks. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The recirculation, filtration and disinfection systems of isolation and flotation tanks must complete no fewer than four turnover cycles between users of the tank.

     2.  The maximum bathing load in a tank is one person.

     3.  The solution in the tank must be disinfected by normal chlorination or bromination at 3.0 to 5.0 ppm.

     4.  Notices must be posted in the vicinity of the tank in the manner and with the information required by NAC 444.530.

     5.  The maximum temperature of the solution in the tank must not exceed 95°F (35°C).

     6.  The tank must be designed or ventilated to prevent any hazardous concentration of fumes from toxic disinfectants under all circumstances of operation.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.208  Artificial swimming lagoons. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The design engineer shall consult with the health authority before the preparation and submission of any engineering plans or specifications for an artificial swimming lagoon.

     2.  An artificial swimming lagoon may deviate from other provisions of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, if its design and construction are within the limits of sound engineering practice and present no health or safety hazard.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

Bathhouses

      NAC 444.210  Required facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Dressing facilities, shower facilities and drinking fountains conforming to the minimum requirements of this section must be provided for each public bathing or swimming facility except where the users of the facility have access to showers, toilet and dressing facilities in adjacent living quarters or such facilities are otherwise available for use by all persons who may use the facility.

     2.  These facilities must be under the general supervision of the owner of the public bathing or swimming facility.

     3.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Adjacent” means that not more than 10 percent of bathers will have to travel more than 300 feet (91.4 meters) to sanitary facilities.

     (b) “Living quarters” includes any hotel, motel or other place of lodging, or a trailer park, apartment, condominium or other facility containing multiple dwellings.

     4.  For distances greater than that provided in paragraph (a) of subsection 3, the following minimum sanitary facilities must be provided in the bath house:

 

Men:

1 water flush toilet

Women:

1 water flush toilet

 

1 lavatory

1 lavatory

 

1 shower

1 shower

 

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.1 & 42.1.1-42.1.2, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.212  General requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The rooms of bathhouses must be well lighted, drained, ventilated and of good construction, with impervious materials employed in general. They must be finished in light colors and so developed and planned that good sanitation can be maintained throughout the building at all times.

     2.  Every bathhouse must be provided with separate facilities for each sex with no interconnection between the provisions for male and female.

     3.  No food, drink or glass containers are permitted in the dressing room or bath areas.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.2.2, 42.2, 42.3 & 42.18, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.214  Minimum sanitary plumbing facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Minimum sanitary plumbing facilities must be provided at each public bathing or swimming facility as follows:

     (a) For males: One water flush toilet, two water flush urinals and one lavatory is presumed adequate for the first 100 bathers. One water closet, one urinal and one lavatory must be provided for each additional 100 bathers or major fraction thereof. Not less than two shower heads must be provided which will be assumed to be adequate for the first 80 bathers. One additional shower head must be provided for each additional 40 bathers.

     (b) For females: Not less than three water flush toilets and one lavatory must be provided which will be assumed to be adequate for the first 100 bathers. Two water closets and one lavatory must be provided for each additional 100 bathers or major fraction thereof. Not less than two shower heads must be provided which is presumed to be adequate for the first 80 bathers. One shower head must be added for each 40 additional bathers.

     (c) Fixture schedules should be increased for facilities at schools or other similar locations where bather loads may reach peaks due to schedules of use.

     2.  These minimum criteria for bathhouse plumbing facilities are based upon the anticipated maximum attendance in bathers.

     3.  The requirements of this section do not apply to any swimming pool operated solely for and in conjunction with a hotel, motel or other place of lodging, or a trailer park, apartment, condominium or other facility containing multiple dwellings.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.4-42.4.4, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.216  Plumbing requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  At least one drinking fountain must be made available to bathers at a public bathing or swimming facility. A raised step must be provided to enable children of all sizes to drink from the fountain without assistance.

     2.  All water provided for drinking fountains, lavatories and showers must be potable and meet the requirements and conform with the standards of the Health Division for drinking water.

     3.  Heated water must be provided at all shower heads. The water heater and thermostatic mixing valve must be inaccessible to bathers and must be capable of providing 3 gallons (11.4 liters) per minute per shower head of not less than 90°F (32°C) water. The showers must be so designed that a proper mixture of hot and cold water may be obtained without danger of scalding the bather.

     4.  Hose bibs must be provided for flushing down the dressing rooms and the interior of the bathhouse.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.7, 42.8, 42.11 & 42.16, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.218  Floors. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Floors of the bathhouse must be of smooth finished material with a slip-resistant surface and impervious to moisture. Junctions between walls and floors must be coved.

     2.  Floor drains must be provided to ensure positive drainage of all parts of the building with a slope in the floor of not less than 1/4 inch per foot (2 percent), toward drains.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.9 & 42.10, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.222  Furnishings. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All furniture must be of simple character and easily cleanable. Locker compartments, furniture, partitions and other appurtenances in dressing rooms must be so installed so as to permit thorough cleaning and flushing of the floor.

     2.  All partitions between portions of the dressing room areas, screen partitions, shower, toilet and dressing room booths must be of durable material not subject to damage by water and must be designed so that a water way is provided between the partitions and floor to permit thorough cleaning of the floor area with hoses and brooms.

     3.  Dispensers for providing soap must be provided at each lavatory and shower head. The dispensers must be all metal or plastic type. The use of glass in these is not permitted. Paper towels must be provided for users of the lavatories.

     4.  Mirrors of unbreakable material must be provided over each lavatory, and toilet paper holders, with toilet paper, must be provided at each water closet combination.

     5.  All light fixtures must be adequately shielded to prevent injury to bathers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.2.3 & 42.13-42.15, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.224  Entrances and exits. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The entrance to any pool, except a splash pool, in a public bathing or swimming facility must be located at or near the shallow end of the pool.

     2.  An emergency fire exit must be provided in the fence or structure enclosing the pool area, and this exit must be plainly marked. A suitable fire extinguisher must be maintained in the checking stand.

     3.  The entrances and exits to the dressing areas must be screened to break the line of sight.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.2.1, 42.3.1 & 42.17, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.226  Steps not permitted. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  No difference in elevation, requiring steps, may exist in the interior of male or female dressing areas.

     2.  No steps are permitted between the bathhouse and the adjoining deck areas. If it is necessary that the bathhouse floor be at a different elevation than the deck, ramps must be provided at the access doors. Where ramps are used between the bathhouse and the deck, the slope may not exceed 3 inches per foot (25 percent) and must be positively slip-resistant.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 §§ 42.12 & 42.12.1, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.228  Ventilation. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Indoor pools, shower rooms, dressing rooms, and toilets of all public bathing or swimming facilities and natural bathing places must be properly ventilated. The ventilating system for indoor pools must be so designed as to prevent direct drafts on the bathers.

     2.  All interior rooms must be ventilated so that they do not remain excessively damp.

     3.  Toilet rooms must be ventilated to the outside so that no odor nuisance may develop.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 33, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

Mineral Baths, Therapeutic Pools and Similar Facilities

      NAC 444.230  Applicability. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Any public bath containing water for the immersion of the body or providing a hot vapor environment for whatever effect, other than a public spa as defined by NAC 444.385, must comply with the provisions of NAC 444.230 to 444.236, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 45 §§ 45.1 & 45.10, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.232  Water quality. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The water in such baths must be maintained free of disease organisms and must be provided under one of the following conditions:

     (a) The water must be purified by recirculation in accordance with the provisions of NAC 444.152 to 444.170, inclusive.

     (b) The bath may be used exclusively by one person after which the basin must be drained, the walls scrubbed and disinfected, and then refilled.

     (c) The bath water must be exchanged by flow-through of unused water so as to provide a complete change of water in 1 hour or less if the basin has a capacity of less than 1,000 gallons (3,785 liters), or in 2 hours or less if the basin has a capacity of 1,000 gallons (3,785 liters) or more.

     (d) In all instances the bath lining must be of cleanable, impervious construction, and must be kept clean.

     2.  Potable drinking water must be supplied to the premises.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 45 §§ 45.2-45.2.4 & 45.6, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.234  Temperature. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The maximum recommended temperature in such baths is 104°F (40°C).

     2.  Signs which state that extended exposure to the hot water or vapors may be detrimental to the health of persons with heart conditions must be posted.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 45 §§ 45.8 & 45.9, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82)

      NAC 444.236  Required facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Toilet facilities must be provided, separate for each sex, unless individual facilities are provided for each unit. The toilet rooms and fixtures must be of cleanable construction and must be kept clean.

     2.  Shower facilities must be provided, separate for each sex, unless individual facilities are provided for each bath unit. The shower units must be of cleanable construction, free of cracks and crevices and must be kept clean. Each person must be required to take a shower bath with soap prior to entering a bath which is to be occupied by more than one person.

     3.  Where resting rooms, dressing rooms or reclining facilities are provided, they must be kept clean. Floors, walls and ceiling must be of good construction and must be kept in good repair.

     4.  All appurtenances to the bath facility must be of cleanable construction and must be kept clean.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 45 §§ 45.3-45.5 & 45.7, eff. 5-21-74]

Natural Bathing Places

      NAC 444.240  Permit required. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)  A permit to operate a natural bathing place on any waters of this State must be obtained from the health authority. Acceptability as a public bathing place will be based on the provisions of NAC 444.242.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 § 46.1, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.242  Standards for approval. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Approval of public bathing beaches will be based upon the result of a sanitary survey of the site and the results of the bacteriological and chemical analysis of the water in the bathing area.

     2.  The flow of water supplying a bathing beach or the volume of water in a body of water on which a beach is located must be sufficient to provide at least 500 gallons (1,853 liters) of water per bather when the greatest number of bathers are in the water.

     3.  Evidence of human-caused pollution, floating debris, sludge accumulation and similar gross pollutants will disqualify the site as an acceptable bathing area until such pollutants are completely and permanently eliminated.

     4.  There must be a minimum of 40 square feet (3.7 square meters) of beach area per bather.

     5.  The slope of the bottom of the beach area must be gradual and be such as to not create a safety hazard to the user of the beach. The area floor must be free of glass, tin cans and other hazards.

     6.  Because each natural bathing place presents conditions different from all other natural bathing places, the health authority may apply, waive or modify these provisions as it feels best serves the public health.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 §§ 46.2-46.3 & 46.10, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82)

      NAC 444.246  Notices and markers. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Areas of excessive depths, containing rocks, near steep banks, or other areas which might be considered a potential hazard to the users must be adequately marked with buoys, poles or other markers so as to warn users.

     2.  The outer safe limits or boundary of the bathing area must be marked with buoys or other markers visible to bathers and spaced at not more than 100 feet (30.5 meters) apart.

     3.  Signs must be placed at the ends of each beach to define the area within which bathing is allowed and lifesaving facilities furnished. The sign “No Lifeguard Service Beyond This Point” must be installed at each end of the beach.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 §§ 46.7, 46.8 & 46.16, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.248  Required facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Sanitary facilities must be provided in proportion to the anticipated bathing load. These must include:

     (a) Toilet and hand washing facilities and dressing rooms clearly marked for each sex;

     (b) A safe and approved water supply; and

     (c) Drinking fountains, soap and toilet tissue.

     2.  Conveniently located rubbish containers must be provided. These containers must be emptied whenever necessary and be kept in a sanitary condition.

     3.  Where night bathing is permitted, adequate lighting must be provided for the bathhouses and bathing area.

     4.  There must be telephone connections and transportation facilities available for emergency use.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 §§ 46.4-46.6 & 46.11, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.250  Lifeguards. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  There must be at least one lifeguard on duty for each 400 feet (122 meters) of beach front or major fraction thereof.

     2.  One lifeguard tower must be provided for each 600 feet (183 meters) of beach front or major fraction thereof. Each lifeguard tower must be equipped with a 20 inch (51 centimeter) lifesaving ring with 100 feet (30.5 meters) minimum of line, and a torpedo buoy with 50 feet (15.2 meters) of line.

     3.  The lifeguard must have the qualifications stated in NAC 444.274. If bathing is permitted beyond a depth of 5 feet (1.5 meters), a suitable boat equipped with a life ring, oars, and oarlocks or a paddle board must be provided for each 1,000 feet (304.8 meters) of beach or major fraction thereof.

     4.  At least one lifeguard must be stationed on the tower at all times while other lifeguards may be patrolling on the beach or in boats.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 §§ 46.12-46.15, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.252  When bathing prohibited. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Bathing must not be permitted during time of undue turbidity caused by natural occurrences or during electrical storms.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 46 § 46.9, eff. 5-21-74]

Operation

      NAC 444.258  Operating permits. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  No public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place may operate unless the operator has applied for and received an operating permit from the health authority.

     2.  Permits expire on January 1 of each year, unless previously revoked for a violation of the statutes and the regulations of the State Board of Health or the local board of health. The health authority will exercise the right to close facilities and bathing places not operating in conformity with those regulations.

     3.  A temporary permit may be issued in exceptional cases for a limited time to permit management to make changes to comply with the minimum requirements if sufficient safeguards are enforced to protect the health and safety of the public.

     4.  The permit must be posted in a conspicuous place at or near the office of each facility or bathing place. In addition, placards directing the behavior of bathers must be prominently posted in locker rooms, offices, showers, toilets or elsewhere about the facility or bathing place.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.259  Fees for permits and review of plans. (NRS 439.150, 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $402 for each annual permit to operate a public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing such facilities and bathing places are administered by local health authorities.

     2.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $325 for reviewing plans for a new public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing such facilities and bathing places are administered by local health authorities.

     3.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $262.50 for reviewing plans for a remodeled public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place which has a permit, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing such facilities and bathing places are administered by local health authorities.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 7-23-82; A 7-22-87; 11-1-88; 8-31-89; 1-16-96; R193-03, 1-22-2004; R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.260  Instructions on operation and maintenance of facilities and equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Upon the completion of any public bathing or swimming facility, the owner and his or her operators must be given complete written and oral instructions by the contractor in the operation of the facility and all of its equipment, in the maintenance of the water used in the facility, and specifically in the details of maintenance of the equipment. All valves must be permanently tagged and a valve operating schedule must be provided for every operation.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 44, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.262  Supervision and maintenance of facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Supervision must be present at all times a wading pool is in use.

     2.  Every public bathing or swimming facility must be maintained under the supervision of a qualified operator who is responsible for the sanitation and safety of the facility and for the maintenance of its equipment and records.

     3.  The operator must demonstrate to the health authority that he or she is familiar with the function, operation and maintenance of the equipment in the facility and is capable of maintaining the water chemistry within the required limits.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 §§ 38.1, 38.2 & 43.1, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.263  Use of covers and solar blankets. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A swimming pool cover or solar blanket may be used only if the pool is closed, unless the cover or blanket:

     (a) Is secured around its entire perimeter; and

     (b) Is designed to support and is capable of supporting the live load of one adult person.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 1, unauthorized persons must not be permitted in the pool area while a pool cover or solar blanket is in use.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.264  Records. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A written record of all data pertaining to the operation and sanitation of each public bathing or swimming facility and natural bathing place must be maintained by the management and kept at all times available to the health authority.

     2.  The operator shall initial the record and the record must include, as appropriate for the facility or bathing place:

     (a) The daily attendance;

     (b) The amounts of various chemicals used daily;

     (c) The approximate amount of fresh water added daily;

     (d) The daily water temperature;

     (e) The results of chemical and bacteriological tests;

     (f) The time and date of emptying and cleaning any pool or backwashing filters;

     (g) Recirculation operating time;

     (h) The names of all attendants; and

     (i) Any other information which the health authority may require from time to time.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 5, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.266  Lifesaving equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Not less than one unit of lifesaving equipment must be provided at every public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place. One unit of lifesaving equipment consists of:

     (a) A rescue tube or a ring buoy with a minimum outside diameter of 20 inches (50 centimeters) to which there must be attached a length of 1/4-inch (0.6-centimeter) rope, not less than 1 1/2 times the maximum width of the pool or swimming area; and

     (b) A life pole or shepherd’s crook type of pole with minimum handle length of 12 feet (3.7 meters).

     2.  One unit is presumed to be adequate for 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters) of pool or swimming area, and one additional unit must be provided for each additional 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters), or major fraction thereof of pool or swimming area.

     3.  Lifesaving equipment must be mounted in conspicuous places, distributed around the edge of the pool or swimming area, at lifeguard chairs or elsewhere, ready for use, its function plainly marked and kept in repair and ready condition. Bathers or others must not be permitted to tamper with lifesaving equipment, use it for any purpose other than its intended use or remove it from its established location.

     4.  Every public bathing or swimming facility and natural bathing place must be equipped with:

     (a) A standard first-aid kit, filled, ready for use and readily accessible for emergency use; and

     (b) Two or more blankets reserved for emergency use.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 37, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.268  Posting information on artificial respiration and emergency services. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Diagrammatic illustrations of artificial respiration procedures must be posted at all public bathing or swimming facilities where they are clearly visible from the nearby deck and protected from the elements. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the location and telephone number of the nearest ambulance, hospital, fire or police rescue service, physician and facility operator must be kept similarly posted together with instructions that, in case of need, manual or mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration should be started immediately and continued until a physician arrives or mechanical resuscitators are applied. A telephone must be located in the vicinity of the pool enclosure, but outside of the enclosure. In lieu of the emergency telephone numbers described in this section, the number for the emergency 911 service may be posted if that emergency service is available in the geographical area of the public bathing or swimming facility.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 § 38.8, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.270  Presence of lifeguards. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, any public bathing or swimming facility, except an isolation and flotation tank, spray pool, or a mineral bath, therapeutic pool or similar facility, must have a lifeguard on duty when the facility is open for use unless it is a swimming pool and all of the following conditions are met:

     (a) The pool is operated solely for and in conjunction with a hotel, motel or other place of lodging, or a trailer park, apartment, condominium or other facility containing multiple dwellings.

     (b) The pool has a surface area of less than 2,000 square feet (185.8 square meters).

     (c) There is no fee charged, whether direct or indirect, for the use of the pool.

     (d) The use of the pool is limited to the registered guests, tenants or residents of the place of lodging or facility containing multiple dwellings and their guests.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, lifeguards are not required for a swimming pool that is not open to the general public and is owned jointly by all the residents of a development or by a homeowner’s association in which all of the members are residents. The owners of such a pool shall submit to the health authority written procedures for the supervision of bathers. The health authority must approve the procedures in writing before an operating permit for the pool may be issued. A lifeguard must be on duty if the number of people in such a pool exceeds 80 percent of the maximum number of people allowed in the pool.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 §§ 38.3-38.4.3 & 38.9, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.272  Number of lifeguards required. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If lifeguard service is provided at a public bathing or swimming facility, the number of lifeguards must be adequate to maintain continuous surveillance over the bathers. At no time may there be fewer lifeguards than guard stations if there are more than 75 persons bathing or swimming at the facility.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 § 38.6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.274  Qualifications, duties and identification of lifeguards. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.115)

     1.  Lifeguards at a public bathing or swimming facility must have satisfactorily completed a Red Cross Advanced Lifesaving Course or the equivalent.

     2.  Lifeguards must be in full charge and must have the authority to enforce all rules and regulations pertaining to sanitation and safety.

     3.  Lifeguards on duty must not be subject to duties which will interfere with their supervision of bathers.

     4.  Lifeguards shall wear distinguishing suits or emblems, so that they may be easily identified by persons using the facility.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 §§ 38.5-38.5.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 7-23-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.276  Notices when lifeguards not provided. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If no lifeguard service is provided, a warning sign must be placed in plain view for all bathers and must state “Warning - No Lifeguard on Duty” with clearly legible letters, at least 4 inches (10 centimeters) in height. In addition, the sign must state “Children Under 14 Years Old Should Not Use Facility Without An Adult in Attendance,” and “Solo Bathing is Prohibited.”

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 38 § 38.7, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.278  Capacity. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  For the purpose of determining the capacity of any pool in a public bathing or swimming facility, those portions of the pool less than 5 feet (1.52 meters) deep or from the breakpoint to the shallow end is designated as the “nonswimming” area and the portion of the pool more than 5 feet (1.52 meters) deep or from the breakpoint to the deep end is designated as the “swimming” area.

     2.  The maximum number of bathers permitted within the pool enclosure at one time must be based on the following formula:

 

Maximum Bathing Load

=

Nonswimming Area (ft.2)

                 10

+

Swimming Area (ft.2)

                 24

 

     3.  The health authority may make additional allowance in cases of facilities with extensive deck areas used by patrons for lounging or sunbathing.

     4.  The maximum number of bathers permitted within the pool enclosure must be posted at each facility. The number must be based on the area of the facility or on the sanitary facilities which are provided. The most restrictive regulation applies.

     5.  The owner of the facility is responsible for seeing that the maximum capacity is not exceeded.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 19, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.280  Bathers: Requirements; prohibitions. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All bathers at a public bathing or swimming facility shall take a cleansing shower using warm water and soap and shall thoroughly rinse off all soap suds before entering or reentering the pool enclosure.

     2.  Persons not dressed for bathing must not be allowed in the pool.

     3.  Persons suffering from colds, fever, coughs, sore or inflamed eyes, any skin disease or any communicable disease or open sores or bandages must be excluded from the facility.

     4.  Spitting, soiling, or in any way contaminating the water, walkways, or dressing room floors in the facility must be prohibited.

     5.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.288, eating, drinking and smoking within the pool enclosure are prohibited.

     6.  Bringing or throwing into the water or onto walkways any objects that may in any way carry contamination, endanger safety of bathers or produce unsightliness must be prohibited.

     7.  No boisterous or rough play may be permitted in the water, on the walkways, diving boards, floors or platforms, or in the dressing rooms or showers.

     8.  Persons under the influence of liquor must not be permitted in or about the facility.

     9.  Public bathing or swimming facilities are for use of people only; animals must be excluded from the pool and enclosure.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 39 §§ 39.1-39.6, 39.8 & 39.9, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.282  Bathers: Failure to comply with rules and regulations. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Any person who refuses to comply with any regulation governing a public bathing or swimming facility or any rule of that facility must be excluded from the premises, and the management shall promptly bring any action which may be necessary to prosecute or eject from the premises any such person.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 39 § 39.7, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.284  Swimming suits and towels. (NRS 439.200, 444.060)

     1.  Swimming suits and towels furnished by the management, unless sent to a public laundry, must be washed with hot water and soap or detergent, rinsed and thoroughly dried and sterilized by heat each time they are used, or an equivalent, approved process must be used.

     2.  Clean swimming suits and towels must not be permitted to come in contact with unwashed suits and towels or be stored on shelves or in baskets which have been used for storing dirty swimming suits and towels.

     3.  Clean suits and towels must not be issued at the same counters where dirty towels and suits are returned.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 41 §§ 41.1-41.2.1, eff. 5-21-74]

      NAC 444.286  Bathing caps. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Any person with long hair who uses a public bathing or swimming facility shall wear an acceptable bathing cap if required to do so by the management of the facility. The use of common bathing caps is prohibited.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 41 § 41.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.288  Food and drinks. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Food or drinks are not permitted in a public bathing or swimming facility, except in the visitor area or in areas which have been approved by the health authority for food or drinks.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 40, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 9-17-82; 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.290  Spectators and nonbathers. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Except as otherwise provided in this section, spectators and nonbathers must be excluded from the toilet rooms provided for the persons using a public bathing or swimming facility. If the management desires to accommodate spectators and nonbathers, they must be provided with separate toilet facilities. An exception to the requirements of this section may be granted if, in the opinion of the health authority, the toilet facilities provided for bathers are also adequate to accommodate spectators and nonbathers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 42 § 42.6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

Violations

      NAC 444.300  Notice of violation. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If the health authority inspects a public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place and finds a violation of any provision of NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, that does not seriously endanger the public health, the health authority shall issue a written notice of the violation to the owner or his or her representative and allow a reasonable time for the violation to be corrected.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 4 § 4.1, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

      NAC 444.302  Suspension or denial of operating permit. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080, 444.100)

     1.  The health authority may order a suspension of an operating permit and may order the owner or operator of a public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place to prohibit any person from using it if the health authority finds:

     (a) A failure of the equipment, structure, area or enclosure of the facility or bathing place which jeopardizes the health or safety of the persons using or operating it.

     (b) That the facility or bathing place lacks properly functioning equipment or proper material for recirculating, treating or testing the water used for swimming or bathing.

     (c) A lack of required supervisory personnel or required lifeguards.

     (d) That the operator of the facility or bathing place is not maintaining the required water quality.

     (e) That the operator does not possess a valid operating permit.

     2.  The health authority may deny an application for an operating permit if the applicant fails to:

     (a) Notify the health authority before construction and completion of the facility;

     (b) Allow inspection of the facility during or after its construction; or

     (c) Follow any of the requirements set forth in NRS 444.065 to 444.120, inclusive, and NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 4 §§ 4.2-4.2.5, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.304  Order for closure; revocation of suspended permit. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  If the health authority orders the closing of a public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place, the health authority shall issue a written order to the owner or operator of the facility or bathing place, or his or her representative, stating with particularity the reason for the order of closure along with his or her finding that the condition giving rise to the order represents a serious threat to the public health and safety.

     2.  The order must state that the facility or bathing place is to be closed immediately and must specify the corrective action necessary before the facility or bathing place may be reopened for use.

     3.  The order must be served upon the owner, operator, representative or a person in charge of the facility or bathing place. The person on whom the order is served shall close the facility or bathing place immediately and shall prohibit any person from using it.

     4.  If the order is served upon a person whose operating permit is suspended, the health authority may take appropriate action to revoke the operating permit unless the operator:

     (a) Closes the facility or bathing place immediately; and

     (b) Takes any corrective action required by the order within the time therein specified.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 4 § 4.3, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88; 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.305  Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  A person who has reason to believe that an action taken by the Health Division pursuant to NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, is incorrect or based on inadequate knowledge may, within 10 business days after receiving notice of the action, request an informal discussion with the employee responsible for the action and the immediate supervisor of the employee.

     2.  If the informal discussion does not resolve the problem, the aggrieved person may, within 10 business days after the date scheduled for the informal discussion, submit a written request to the Bureau for an informal conference. The informal conference must be scheduled for a date, place and time mutually agreed upon by the aggrieved person and the Bureau, except that the informal conference must be held no later than 60 days after the date on which the Bureau received the written request.

     3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the determination of the Bureau resulting from the informal conference cannot be appealed and is the final remedy available to the aggrieved person.

     4.  An applicant for or holder of a permit or license issued pursuant to NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, who is aggrieved by an action of the Health Division relating to the denial of an application for or renewal of such a permit or license or the suspension or revocation of such a permit or license may appeal that action in accordance with NAC 439.300 to 439.395, inclusive, after exhausting the informal procedures set forth in this section, except that the Bureau may waive the informal procedures, or any portion thereof, by giving written notice to the aggrieved person.

     5.  As used in this section, “Bureau” means the Bureau of Health Protection Services of the Health Division or its successor.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.306  Reinspection. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  After the specified corrective action has been taken, the owner or operator or his or her representative shall notify the health authority that the facility or bathing place is ready for reinspection.

     2.  If upon reinspection the corrective action is approved, the health authority shall order the reinstatement of the operating permit, at which time the facility or bathing place may be opened for use.

     3.  If upon reinspection the corrective action is not approved, the operating permit remains suspended and the facility or bathing place must be kept closed and out of use until corrective action is approved.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Bathing Places Reg. Art. 4 §§ 4.4-4.6, eff. 5-21-74]—(NAC A 11-1-88)

PUBLIC SPAS

General Provisions

      NAC 444.310  Definitions. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  As used in NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NAC 444.315 to 444.416, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

     (Supplied in codification; A by Bd. of Health, 11-2-88; 1-16-96; 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.315  “Air induction system” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Air induction system” means a system activated by a separate air power unit or blower which forces air into hollow ducting built into the spa floor, bench or other part of the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.317  “Antivortex drain” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Antivortex drain” means a drain having a raised cover designed to prevent or minimize any suctioning effect on a person that has come into contact with the drain.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.318  “Approved” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Approved” means acceptable to the health authority based upon a determination concerning conformance with appropriate standards and good public health practices.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.320  “Bather” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Bather” means any person using the spa and adjoining deck area for the purpose of therapy, water sports or related activities.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1, § 1.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.330  “Deck” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Deck” means the unobstructed area around the perimeter of a spa which is specifically used by bathers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.3, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.340  “Health authority” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Health authority” means officers and agents of the Health Division or of the local boards of health.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.4, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.345  “Hydrojet” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Hydrojet” means a fitting which blends air and water creating a high velocity turbulent stream of air and water.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.347  “Hydrojet pump system” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Hydrojet pump system” means a system in which one or more hydrojets are activated by the use of a pump which is completely independent of the filtration and heating system of the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.6, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.350  “Ladder” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Ladder” means a series of vertically separated treads or rungs connected by vertical rail members or independently fastened to a vertical spa wall.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.17.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.353  “Multiport valve” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Multiport valve” means a separate switching valve that has a separate position for each of the various filter operations and that combines in one unit the functions of two or more direct-flow valves.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.355  “Nonslip surface” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Nonslip surface” means a surface which is designed to reduce or prevent slipping of bare feet.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.7, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.360  “NTU” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “NTU” means nephelometric turbidity units, a measure of water clarity.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.8, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.365  “Overflow system” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Overflow system” means perimeter-type overflows, surface skimmers, and surface water collection systems of various design and manufacture.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.9, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.370  “Person” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Person” includes governmental agencies.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.10, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.375  “Plastic” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Plastic” means any of numerous organic, synthetic, or processed materials which are composed mostly of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers of high molecular weight and which can be molded, cast, or extruded at some stage in manufacture or in processing into finished articles or objects, or can be shaped by flow.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.11, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.380  “Prefabricated spa” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Prefabricated spa” means a public spa that has been designed by a licensed professional engineer to be fabricated at a factory into a packaged unit consisting of all of the required components for a public spa, with construction on-site consisting mainly of assembling the components.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.12, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.385  “Public spa” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Public spa” means any spa operated by any person, whether owner, lessee, operator, licensee or concessionaire, for the use of the public or the membership of an organization, whether or not a fee is charged for its use.

     2.  The term does not include spas at single-family private residences which are controlled by the homeowner, the use of which is limited to swimming or bathing by members of the family or invited guests.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.13, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.390  “Ramp” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Ramp” means a sloping floor, walk or roadway leading from one level to another, or leading to the spa edge and having a maximum slope of 1:12.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.14, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.395  “Recessed steps” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Recessed steps” means a riser and tread or a series of risers and treads extending down into the deck with the bottom riser and tread ending at the spa wall, creating a stair well.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.17.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.397  “Recessed treads” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Recessed treads” means a series of vertically spaced cavities in the spa wall creating tread areas for stepholes.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.17.3, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.398  “Remodel” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Remodel” means to replace all or part of any structure, circulation system or appurtenance of a public bathing or swimming facility or to modify it to the extent that its design, configuration or operating characteristics differ in any respect from those of the original.

     2.  The term does not include normal maintenance and repair or the replacement of equipment that has previously been approved unless the result of the maintenance or repair is that the type, size or operating characteristics of the equipment are substantially different from those of the original.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.399  “Slip resistant” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Slip resistant” means a finish or textured surface designed to prevent or reduce slipping by bare skin in contact with it under wet conditions.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.400  “Spa” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  “Spa” means a pool primarily designed for therapeutic use which is not drained, cleaned or refilled for each user.

     2.  The term includes units which employ hydrojet circulation, hot water, cold water, mineral water, air induction bubbles or combinations of them.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.15, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.403  “Spa enclosure” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Spa enclosure” means an effective barrier for excluding unauthorized persons from the spa area and the area inside of the fence or barrier surrounding the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.16, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.405  “Stairs” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Stairs” means a riser and tread or a series of risers and treads extending down from the deck into the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.17.4, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.407  “Steps” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Steps” means stairs or ladders designed to permit entry and exit to and from the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.17, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.410  “Toxic” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Toxic” means a quality which might produce an adverse physiological effect on a person.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 § 1.18, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.415  “Waterline” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Waterline” means:

     1.  Where a skimmer system is in use, the midpoint of the operating range of the skimmer.

     2.  Where an overflow system is in use, the height of the overflow rim.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 1 §§ 1.19-1.19.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.416  “Wet deck area” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  “Wet deck area” means the 4-foot-wide unobstructed area outside a spa’s or pool’s water perimeter, curb, diving boards, diving towers or pool sides.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.417  Applicability. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The provisions of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, referring to construction or modifications apply to all public spas constructed on or after November 27, 1979, and to any other public spa, where, in the opinion of the health authority, enforcement of those provisions is necessary to eliminate a condition hazardous to health or safety.

     2.  The provisions of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, pertaining to maintenance and sanitation apply to all public spas.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 31, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.419  Severability. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  If any provision of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, is declared unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, the remainder of the provisions of those sections are not intended to be affected thereby.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 32, eff. 11-27-79]

Preliminary Requirements

      NAC 444.420  Application; plans, specifications and descriptive material. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  Any person who desires to construct a public spa or modify or add to an existing public spa or alter its equipment must apply in writing to the health authority on forms furnished by the health authority, giving the name of the bathing place and its location together with such other information as may be required. The application must be accompanied by plans, specifications and supporting data.

     2.  Plans and specifications for spas which are not prefabricated must have been prepared by a professional engineer who is registered in this State, an architect who is registered in this State, or a licensed contractor who holds a classification A license with an A-10 subclassification issued by the State Contractors’ Board. A licensed professional engineer or a registered architect shall include his or her seal and signature on any plans and specifications submitted to the health authority. A licensed contractor shall include his or her signature on any plans and specifications submitted to the health authority.

     3.  The plans must be drawn to scale, include a north arrow, and be accompanied by proper specifications to permit a comprehensive engineering review. The plans must include:

     (a) A plot plan and sectional views with all necessary dimensions of the spa and surrounding area.

     (b) A piping diagram showing all plumbing, including treatment facilities with pertinent elevation data, in sufficient detail to permit a hydraulic analysis of the system.

     (c) An electrical diagram showing the method of grounding and other pertinent details, which must show lighting and other electrical systems.

     (d) Detailed plans of the bathhouse, equipment rooms, dressing rooms, toilet facilities, showers, and other spa structures and facilities.

     (e) A hydraulic analysis completed by the applicant or his or her representative and submitted to the health authority on a form provided by the health authority.

     4.  Leaflets, catalogs or other descriptive material must be furnished when mechanical equipment is specified by trade name, catalog number or any other designation which identifies the equipment, rather than by specification. This material will be returned to the applicant upon his or her request after the review of the plans has been completed.

     5.  The plans must be complete. The plans and specifications must be submitted in triplicate or as otherwise required.

     6.  The submitted plans must be approved in writing before any construction is undertaken.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.1-2.1.5.6, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.422  Changes in plans; review of plans; structural adequacy. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  Public spa facilities must be built in accordance with the plans as approved, unless prior approval of any changes is obtained in writing from the health authority.

     2.  The review of the plans by the health authority will not include review of structural design or structural stability of any part of a public spa. Certification of structural adequacy is the responsibility of the design engineer, architect, licensed contractor or the manufacturer.

     3.  The health authority shall review the plans within 30 days after receiving them.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.2-2.3, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.424  Inspections. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.090)

     1.  The owner, or his or her agent, shall notify the health authority at specific predetermined stages of construction and at the time of completion of the public spa to permit inspection of the public spa and related equipment during and after construction.

     2.  In areas of the State where the health authority cannot provide the inspection and where local government does not require building inspections, the owner or his or her agent may be required to hire an independent inspector. The independent inspector may be selected by the owner or his or her agent upon the approval of the health authority.

     3.  No public spa may be placed in operation until such inspections show compliance with the requirements of NAC 444.310 to 444.512, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 2 §§ 2.4-2.4.3, eff. 11-27-79]

Construction of Spa

      NAC 444.428  Adoption of Standards by reference. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The State Board of Health adopts by reference NSF International Standards 14, “Plastic Piping Components and Related Materials,” 50, “Circulation System Components for Swimming Pools, Spas/Hot Tubs” and 61, “Drinking Water System Components-Health Effects.” A copy of the Standards may be purchased from the NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113. The cost of Standard 14 is $40. The cost of Standard 50 is $45. The cost of Standard 61 is $65.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88; A 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.429  Use of equipment and materials not approved by NSF International. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The health authority may permit the use of equipment and materials which are not designated by the NSF International as complying with the Standards adopted pursuant to NAC 444.428 if the health authority determines that the equipment and materials comply with standards equivalent to the NSF International Standards.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.430  Shape. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The shape of any public spa must be such that the circulation of the water will not be impaired.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 11 § 11.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.432  Depth. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The maximum water depth for a public spa is 4 feet (1.22 m), measured from the waterline. Exceptions may be made by the health authority for spas designed for special purposes such as instruction, treatment and therapy.

     2.  The maximum depth for any seat or sitting bench in a public spa is 2 feet (61 cm) measured from the waterline.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 11 §§ 11.2 & 11.3, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.434  Depth markings. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Spas must have permanent depth markings plainly and conspicuously posted and located as follows:

     1.  The maximum water depth must be clearly marked.

     2.  Depth markings must be positioned within 18 inches (46 cm) of the water’s edge.

     3.  Depth markings must be positioned to be read while standing on the deck facing the water.

     4.  There must be at least two depth markings per spa regardless of spa size or shape.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 28 §§ 28.2-28.2.4, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.436  Slope. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The slope of the spa floor must not exceed 1 foot (30.50 cm) of fall in 12 feet (3.66 m).

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 11 § 11.5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.438  Materials. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Materials used in components and accessories used in and around public spas must not be hazardous to humans or to the environment in which the spa is installed. These materials must be capable of fulfilling the requirements of design, installation and intended use.

     2.  All materials and accessories to be used in and around public spas must be selected to ensure that all parts with external surfaces and edges which might come in contact with a bather are assembled, arranged and finished so that they will not constitute a hazard to the health or safety of children or adults who are using the spa for its intended purpose.

     3.  Wood may not be used as a material, component or accessory in public spas.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 7, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.440  Structural design. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The structural design and materials used in constructing a public spa must meet generally accepted structural engineering practice and provide a sound, durable structure which will safely sustain all the dead loads, live loads, liquid, hydrostatic and earth pressures involved. The spa must be watertight and the surfaces must be inert, nontoxic, smooth and easily cleaned, and should be light in color.

     2.  The strength of the assembled or installed components and accessories used in and around a public spa must be such that no structural failure of any component part can cause the failure of any other part.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 8 §§ 8.1 & 8.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.442  Steps, ladders, treads and handrails required. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Spa steps, ladders or recessed treads must be provided when the spa is more than 2 feet (61 cm) deep.

     2.  A spa must be equipped with at least one handrail (or ladder equivalent) for each 50 feet (15.25 m) of perimeter or portion thereof, to designate the point or points of entry and exit.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 12 §§ 12.1 & 12.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.444  Spa steps and recessed steps. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Where required, spa steps and recessed steps must meet the following specifications:

     1.  Step treads must have a minimum unobstructed horizontal tread depth of 10 inches (25.40 cm) and a minimum width of 12 inches (30.48 cm). Step treads must have slip-resistant surfaces.

     2.  Step risers must not be less than 7 inches (17.78 cm) high nor more than 1 foot (30.48 cm) high. When the bottom tread serves as a bench or seat, the bottom riser must be no more than 1 foot 2 inches (35.56 cm) high. The first and last risers need not be uniform in height, but must comply with the requirements of this subsection. The height of the top riser must be measured from the finished deck. Risers between the first and last risers must be uniform in height.

     3.  The horizontal edge of a step, seat or bench tread must be constructed of a material which contrasts with the color of the steps, and must be clearly visible and evident to bathers. The contrasting material on the horizontal edge must be at least 2 inches (5 cm) wide.

     4.  The outside edge of handrails placed to assist bathers to leave the spa must be located not more than 1 foot 9 inches (53.34 cm) or less than 1 foot 3 inches (38.10 cm) from a line drawn vertically from the bottom riser, away from the spa wall.

     5.  Seats or benches may be provided as part of the steps.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 12 §§ 12.3 & 12.3.1-12.3.9, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.446  Recessed treads. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Recessed treads, when provided, must meet the following specifications:

     1.  Stepholes must be:

     (a) Uniformly spaced, not more than 1 foot (30.48 cm) nor less than 7 inches (17.48 cm) apart at the centerline.

     (b) At least 5 inches (12.70 cm) deep and at least 1 foot (30.48 cm) wide.

     2.  Stephole treads must be sloped to drain into the spa to prevent accumulation of dirt.

     3.  The vertical distance between the spa coping edge and the uppermost recessed tread must be 1 foot (30.48 cm) or less.

     4.  Each set of recessed treads must be provided with two handrails which fully serve all treads and risers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 12 §§ 12.5-12.5.5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.448  Ladders. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Where required, ladders must meet the following specifications:

     1.  Spa ladders must be made entirely of corrosion-resistant materials.

     2.  Ladder treads must have slip-resistant surfaces.

     3.  Ladder designs must provide two handholds or handrails which fully serve all treads. The outside diameter of handrails must not be more than 1.9 inches (4.83 cm) or less than 1 inch (2.54 cm).

     4.  The clearance between a ladder and the spa wall must be not more than 6 inches (15.24 cm) nor less than 3 inches (7.62 cm).

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. 12 §§ 12.4-12.4.5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.450  Handholds. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A public spa must be provided with suitable handholds around the perimeter in areas where the spa is more than 3 feet 6 inches (1.07 m) deep, measured from the deepest point of the spa floor to the waterline.

     2.  Handholds must be spaced no farther apart than 4 feet (1.22 m) and must be provided with a suitable, slip-resistant surface.

     3.  Handholds may be:

     (a) Ledges, radiused flanges, or cantilevered decks along the immediate top edge of the spa, located not more than 1 foot (30.50 cm) above the waterline.

     (b) A rope or railing placed not more than 1 foot (30.50 cm) above the waterline, fastened to the spa wall.

     (c) Ladders, steps and seat ledges.

     (d) A combination of the handholds listed in this section.

     4.  The overhang for coping or cantilevered decking:

     (a) Must not exceed 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) or be less than 1 inch (2.54 centimeters).

     (b) Must not exceed 2 1/2 inches (6.4 centimeters) in thickness for a spa for which an operating permit has been issued before January 16, 1996.

     (c) Must not exceed 3 1/2 inches (8.89 centimeters) in thickness for a spa for which an operating permit is issued on or after January 16, 1996.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 11 §§ 11.4-11.4.4, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.452  Miscellaneous requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The surface finish of all public spas, including the bottom and sides, should be light-colored material and must present a smooth surface which can be easily cleaned and which has no cracks, openings, seams or expansion joints.

     2.  The finished trim dimension tolerances for prefabricated units must be the manufacturer’s stated “rough-in” dimensions ±1/2 inch (±1.27 cm).

     3.  Each prefabricated spa must be supplied by the manufacturer with a copy of the manufacturer’s written installation instructions affixed to the spa in a conspicuous place.

     4.  Each prefabricated spa must be supplied with a copy of the manufacturer’s written care and maintenance instructions affixed to the unit in a conspicuous place.

     5.  The manufacturer’s name, trademark, or both, must be permanently and legibly marked on each prefabricated spa so that it is visible after installation.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 6, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.454  Decks: Dimensional design. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A continuous unobstructed deck at least 4 feet (1.22 m) wide, including the coping, must be provided around at least half of the perimeter of the spa. Deck and wall junctures must be coved with a minimum of 4 inches (10.16 cm). Decks elevated above the normal walking level of the area must have protective safety barriers at the edge as required by NAC 444.463.

     2.  Risers of steps for the deck must be uniform and be not less than 3.75 inches (9.53 cm) nor more than 7.75 inches (19.70 cm) high. The minimum tread width is 10 inches (25.40 cm).

     3.  The maximum slope of decks is .5 inch per foot (4.0 cm per meter) except for ramps. Ramps may have a slope of not more than 5 percent.

     4.  The maximum voids between adjoining concrete slabs or between concrete slabs and expansion joint material is .2 inch (.51 cm) of horizontal clearance, with a maximum difference in elevation of .25 inch (.64 cm).

     5.  Joints where spa coping meets concrete deck work must be watertight and must not allow water to seep to the ground beneath. Joints in decks must be provided to prevent cracks which may be hazardous because of differences in elevations, separation of surfaces or movement of the deck.

     6.  Areas where deck work joins concrete work other than the spa must be protected by expansion joints filled with nonrigid material such as mastic to protect the spa from the pressures of relative movements. In the absence of specific local engineering practices, the work must be performed in accordance with recommended practices of the American Concrete Institute.

     7.  Where deck work joins the spa coping, the joining areas must be designed and installed to protect adequately the spa coping and its mortar bed from damage as a result of reasonable movement of adjoining deck work.

     8.  Decks must be edged, radiused or otherwise relieved so as to present no exposed sharp corners.

     9.  Decks must be sloped as required by subsection 3 to drain to perimeter areas or to deck drains. Deck drains must not be greater than 25 feet (7.62 m) apart and must not return water to the recirculation system. Drains must remove spa splash water, deck cleaning water, and rainwater at a rate approximately equal to the rate of arrival without leaving excessive puddles.

     10.  Deck work must be designed and installed in accordance with engineering practices required in the area of installation. This includes, but is not limited to, the design and quality of the subbase when required, concrete mix design, and reinforcing. In the absence of specific local engineering practices, the work must be performed in accordance with recommended practices of the American Concrete Institute.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 13 §§ 13.4 & 13.7-13.16, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.456  Decks: Surfaces. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Decks, ramps and similar surfaces, including step treads, must be reserved for the use of bathers only, and be slip resistant.

     2.  Roughness or irregularity of slip-resistant surfaces must not cause injury or discomfort under intended use.

     3.  Special features in or on decks, such as depth markings, pool brand insignia or similar markings, must conform to the requirements of NAC 444.454 to 444.460, inclusive.

     4.  The ground on which any spa structure rests must be adequately compacted to support properly the structure.

     5.  Synthetic deck surfaces must be designed to be slip resistant and comply with requirements set forth by the health authority.

     6.  Wood decks, carpets and other absorbent materials are prohibited in the wet deck area.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 13 §§ 13.1-13.3, 13.5 & 13.6, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.458  Hose bibs. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  One or more hose bibs must be provided within 50 feet (15.24 m) of the facility for use in cleaning the deck area and above, and they must be located so that they do not constitute a safety hazard.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 13 § 13.17, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.460  Drinking fountains. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  A drinking fountain must be provided within 100 feet (30.48 m) of the spa where it will be readily accessible from a spa pool. The drinking fountain may be inside or outside the spa pool enclosure.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 13 § 13.18, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.462  Roofs and canopies. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Roofs and canopies over public spas must be constructed so that moisture or condensation from the roof or canopy does not drain into the spa. Roofs and canopies must be constructed so that they blend in with the surroundings and must be acoustically treated.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 8 §§ 8.3 & 8.3.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.463  Enclosures; exclusion of unauthorized persons. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The holder of a permit to operate a public spa must:

     1.  Establish procedures to exclude unauthorized persons from the spa and spa area.

     2.  Construct a fence, wall, building, enclosure or any combination thereof which completely encloses the spa or pool area and:

     (a) Is constructed from materials which:

          (1) Offer no external handholds or footholds.

          (2) Are impenetrable by small children.

     (b) Has a height of at least 5 feet (1.52 meters) if the facility is operated solely for and in conjunction with lodgings, or a height of a least 6 feet (1.8 meter) if the facility is open to the general public and not operated solely for and in conjunction with lodgings.

     (c) Has vertical supports spaced no wider than 4 inches (10.16 cm) apart.

     (d) If an opening is provided under the bottom of the enclosure, has an opening no wider than 4 inches (10.16 cm).

     (e) Contains gates and doors equipped with permanent locking devices and self-closing and positive self-latching closure mechanisms at least 3 1/2 feet (1.06 meters) above the deck, walkway or floor and opening into the spa or pool area so that the gates and doors close by themselves and positively latch from any open position.

Ê Facilities which have 24-hour-a-day security for the spa or pool area may be exempted from the requirements of this section.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.465  Gates and doors. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Gates and doors which open into a spa or pool area must not be blocked open. The self-closing mechanisms or latches on the gates and doors may not be altered so that the gates and doors remain open.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.466  Electrical requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Wiring and grounding of all electrical equipment associated with a spa and the bonding and grounding of all metal parts must meet the National Electric Code published by the National Fire Protection Association.

     2.  Area lighting must not be installed directly over the spa water surface. Area lights must be shielded.

     3.  Underwater lighting may be installed on the bottom step or bench riser only.

     4.  All equipment, fixtures and wiring must bear an appropriate Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., label or the equivalent.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 10, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.468  When bathhouses required. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Dressing rooms, toilet facilities and shower rooms are required for all public spas other than those provided in connection with lodging facilities if the spa is reserved for tenants or guests who occupy the lodging facilities. “In connection with lodging facilities” means that the spa is so situated that no bather will have to walk more than 300 feet (91.44 m) to sanitary facilities.

     2.  Where no bathhouse is located within 300 feet (91.44 m) of the spa, there must be a flush toilet, a lavatory and a shower for men, and the same facilities for women, at the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 14 §§ 14.1-14.3, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.470  Bathhouse facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The entrance and exits of a bathhouse must be screened to break any line of sight from outside.

     2.  Each bathhouse must be provided with separate facilities for each sex with no interconnection between the provisions for male and female bathers.

     3.  Floor surfaces must be reasonably smooth and slope at a rate of .25 inch per foot (2 cm per meter) toward the floor drains. Walls and partitions must be reasonably smooth and be made of durable material. A space of 10 inches to 12 inches (25.40 to 30.48 cm) must be left between the floor and the bottom of partitions forming compartments within dressing, shower and toilet rooms.

     4.  Each bathhouse must be arranged so that patrons, on leaving the dressing rooms, must pass the toilets and go through the showers to get to the spa.

     5.  Showers must be supplied with water at a temperature of at least 90°F (32.22°C) at a rate of 3 gallons per minute (11.34 liters per minute) per shower head. Mixing valves must be installed to prevent scalding of bathers.

     6.  Each licensee shall provide:

     (a) One water closet for each 75 male bathers or fraction thereof, and one for each 50 female bathers or fraction thereof.

     (b) One urinal for each 75 male bathers or fraction thereof.

     (c) One lavatory for each 100 male bathers and one for each 100 female bathers, or fractions.

     (d) One shower for each 50 male bathers and one for each 50 female bathers, or fractions.

     7.  Lockers, if provided, must be properly vented and set on solid masonry bases at least 4 inches high (10.16 cm) or on legs at least 10 inches (25.40 cm) long.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 14 §§ 14.4-14.11, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.472  Ventilation. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Indoor spas, shower rooms, dressing rooms and toilets of public spas must be properly ventilated.

     2.  Ventilation systems for indoor spas must be designed to prevent direct drafts on the bathers.

     3.  There must be at least five air changes per hour in the area in which an indoor spa is located, including spas located adjacent to enclosed swimming pools.

     4.  All interior rooms must be ventilated to the outside and in such a way that they do not remain excessively damp.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 9, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.474  Supply of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The water supply of the spa must be from an approved source and meet the requirements of the Health Division for potable water, except that the health authority may approve the use of natural hot or mineral waters.

     2.  A fillspout, if used, must have an air gap of not less than twice the pipe diameter, or 3 inches (7.62 cm) above the overflow of the spa, whichever is greater, and the fillspout must not protrude more than 2 inches (5.08 cm) beyond the edge of the spa.

     3.  The fillspout, if used, must be properly shielded so as not to create a hazard.

     4.  A surge tank or receptor may be installed for filling the spa if the spa water will freely overflow at deck level, the top of the surge tank or the top of the receptor before coming in contact with the water supply outlet.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 17 §§ 17.1-17.3, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.476  Quality of water. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The spa equipment must provide water meeting the following standards:

     1.  The water must be continuously disinfected by a chemical which imparts an easily measured, freely available residual effect. Adequate disinfection may be accomplished by:

     (a) Normal chlorination 1.0 to 5.00 ppm (1.0 to 5.0 mg/l) of free chlorine at pH 7.0 to 8.0.

     (b) Chlorinated cyanurate chlorination 1.0 to 5.00 ppm (1.0 to 5.0 mg/l) at pH 7.2 to 8.0.

     (c) Normal bromination 3.0 to 5.0 ppm (3.0 to 5.0 mg/l) at pH 7.0 to 8.0.

     2.  The health authority may accept another disinfecting material or method when it has been adequately demonstrated to the health authority that it provides a satisfactory residual effect which is easily measured, and that it is otherwise as effective under conditions of use as the chlorine concentration required in this section.

     3.  The maximum permissible concentration of cyanuric acid is 100 ppm (100 mg/l).

     4.  The total alkalinity should be within the range of 80 to 120 ppm (80 to 120 mg/l), but alkalinity must not exceed 150 ppm (150 mg/l).

     5.  The chemical quality of water in the spa must not cause objectionable physiological effects to bathers.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 17 §§ 17.4-17.4.4, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.477  Inlets. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Spa inlets must be:

     (a) Rounded.

     (b) Smooth.

     (c) Installed at least 18 inches (46 centimeters) below the normal operating water level. An exception to this requirement may be granted by the health authority if the shallow depth of the pool or spa prevents the inlets from being installed at that depth.

     (d) Located to produce a uniform circulation, without the existence of dead spots.

     2.  Spa inlets must not extend from the pool wall or floor.

     3.  Each set of stairs must have an inlet positioned to provide good circulation over the stairs.

     4.  If wall inlets are used, the spacing between adjacent inlets must not exceed 15 feet. The spacing may be varied if the number of inlets is not reduced below a number equal to one-fifteenth of the pool’s perimeter in feet.

     5.  Any spa having a width greater than 30 feet (9 meters) must have floor inlets located to provide general circulation and not direct flow to floor drains. If floor inlets are used, the spacing between adjacent inlets must not exceed 15 feet and the spacing between inlets and the adjacent wall must not exceed 10 feet (3.04 meters).

     6.  A combination of wall and floor inlets may be used if the design can be shown to produce a uniform circulation of water to maintain a uniform residual of disinfectant throughout the spa.

     7.  Spas greater than 30 feet (9.14 meters) in width must have floor inlets which comply with the spacing requirements of subsection 5 or with a combination of wall and floor inlets which comply with the spacing requirements of subsections 4 and 5.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.480  Drains. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Each spa must be provided with a drain at the deepest point to permit complete drainage. Outlets on the pump suction must be covered by suitable protective grates or antivortex covers which are securely fastened and cannot be removed except with tools.

     2.  The total velocity through grate openings must not exceed 1 1/2 feet per second (.5 meters per second) through an opening no greater than 1/2 square inch (1.3 square centimeters). Where only one main drain is provided, it must be an antivortex drain and velocity must not exceed 6 feet per second.

     3.  The location and design of spa outlets must incorporate at least one of the following methods for preventing outlet entrapment:

     (a) The spa must contain at least two outlets separated by a minimum of 3 feet, or located on different surface planes within the spa.

     (b) A hydrojet booster system that includes no fewer than two main drains separated by not less than 4 feet and connected to pipes of equal diameter. The system must not permit either drain to be cut off from the suction line. Drains for hydrojet booster systems must have antivortex covers as approved by the health authority.

     (c) The spa’s drainage system must include at least one antivortex outlet drain. In depths of 4 feet 6 inches (1.37 meters) or less the antivortex drain must not provide a tripping or stubbing hazard to the bather.

     (d) The spa’s drainage system must contain some other approved means to guard against outlet entrapment.

     4.  The main drains must be capable of taking at least 50 percent of the circulated flow.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 18 §§ 18.3-18.5, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.482  Piping. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Piping must be made of nontoxic material, resistant to corrosion and able to withstand operating pressures. Pipes must be identified by color code, tags or labels. All plastic piping and fittings used in the recirculation system must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of NSF International Standard 14 or Standard 61 for potable water applications or in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority. The piping must be imprinted with the manufacturer’s name and the potable water mark of the NSF International, “NSF-pw,” the make that indicates compliance with Standard 61, “NSF-61,” or an equivalent mark.

     2.  The water velocity in spa piping other than copper piping must not exceed 10 feet per second (3.05 meters per second) for discharge piping. The velocity for copper piping must not exceed 6 feet per second (1.83 meters per second). Suction velocity for all piping must not exceed 6 feet per second (1.83 meters per second).

     3.  Piping around the spa which is subject to damage by freezing must be sloped for adequate drainage and supported at sufficiently close intervals so that sagging between supports will not trap water. Provisions must be made for expansion and contraction of pipes.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 18 §§ 18.6-18.8, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.484  Circulation and filtration. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Public spas must be equipped with circulation and filtration equipment which meets the following criteria:

     1.  Circulation and filtration equipment must be of sufficient capacity to recirculate the entire spa water capacity at least once every 30 minutes, and must be capable of returning the spa water to a turbidity of 1.0 NTU’s at least once during the 4 hours following the use of the spa by the largest number of bathers which its size permits.

     2.  Equipment must be provided with installation and operation instructions by those who furnish the equipment.

     3.  A pressure gauge with an appropriate range must be provided in connection with each filter.

     4.  A rate-of-flow indicator must be installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

     5.  Materials used in the circulation system must comply with the applicable requirements of National Sanitation Foundation Standards 14 and 50 or, in the absence of any applicable or current standards, be approved by the health authority.

     6.  In climates in which freezing temperatures can be expected, the spa shell and appurtenances, piping, filter system, pump and motor, and other components must be designed and constructed to be protected from damage from freezing.

     7.  A spa which does not have a water recirculation system for purification may be used by only one person, after which the spa must be drained and the walls scrubbed and disinfected.

     8.  A vacuum gauge must be located on or just before the circulation pump on the suction side and a pressure gauge must be located immediately after the pump on the pressure side.

     9.  The recirculation system must be operated at all times the facility is open for use and for not less than 3 hours after the facility is closed. If the system is shut down for periodic maintenance and repair, no person who is not an employee of the facility may be allowed into the facility.

     10.  If time clocks are used to govern the operation of the recirculation system, they must be:

     (a) Used to govern the operation of any equipment, such as chemical disinfectant feeders, slurry feeders or heaters, dependent upon the flow of water within the system.

     (b) Reset immediately after any interruption in power.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 19, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.486  Pumps. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A pump and motor must be provided for circulation of the spa water. All pumps must provide the conditions of flow required for filtering and cleaning the filters against the total dynamic head developed by the complete system.

     2.  With all pressure filter systems, a suitable removable strainer or screen must be provided before circulation pumps to remove debris, hair, lint and other solids. Water entering the pump must first pass through the screen.

     3.  Pumps must be designed to perform the functions for which they are intended. Units must be accessible for inspection and service. Replacement parts must fit with existing parts in the pump without the need for redrilling mounting holes or otherwise altering the replacement part of the pump.

     4.  The pump and component parts must be designed and constructed to operate safely.

     5.  Proper direction of rotation for the pump must be clearly indicated by an arrow on the pump data plate, on a separate plate attached to the pump, or cast into the pump itself.

     6.  Pumps used on spas must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of NSF International Standard 50 or, in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority.

     7.  Hydrotherapy pumps and piping systems must be independent and must not be interconnected with the filtration plumbing system.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 22 §§ 22.1-22.5, 22.10 & 22.11, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.488  Pump motors. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All motors must have as a minimum an open drip-proof enclosure, as defined by National Electrical Manufacturers’ Association standards, and be constructed electrically and mechanically so they will perform satisfactorily and safely under the conditions of load and environment normally encountered in spa installations.

     2.  Motors must be capable of operating pumps under full load, and must have as a minimum a 1.15 service factor. If the maximum service factor of the motor is exceeded at full voltage, the manufacturer shall indicate this on the pump curve.

     3.  All motors must have thermal overload protection and locked rotor protection, or equivalent, built in or in the line starter, to provide locked rotor and running protection.

     4.  The motor frame must include adequate provisions for proper grounding.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 22 §§ 22.6-22.9, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.490  Valves. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  When a pump is installed below the overflow rim of the spa, valves must be installed on permanently connected suction and discharge lines and located in an accessible place outside the walls of the spa.

     2.  All valves must be located where they will be readily and easily accessible for maintenance and removal.

     3.  Multiport valves must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of NSF International Standard 50 or, in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 23, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.492  Overflow systems. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  An overflow system must be provided unless the spa does not have a water recirculation system and the procedures required by subsection 7 of NAC 444.484 are used.

     2.  The overflow system must be designed and constructed so that the water level of the spa is maintained at the operating level of the rim or weir device.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 20 §§ 20.1 & 20.2, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.494  Skimmers. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  When surface skimmers are used as the sole overflow system, at least one surface skimmer must be provided for each 100 square feet (9.03 square meters), or fraction thereof, of the surface area of the water. When two or more skimmers are used in a spa, they must be located to maintain effective skimming action over the entire surface area of the water.

     2.  The total capacity of all skimmers must be at least two-thirds of the required recirculation flow.

     3.  In outdoor spas, one skimmer must be placed at a point away from the direction from which prevailing winds blow, if the surface area of the water is greater than 100 square feet (9.03 square meters).

     4.  Skimmers must comply with all applicable requirements of NSF International Standard 50 or, in the absence of any current or applicable standards, be approved by the health authority.

     5.  All skimming devices must be equipped with an approved equalizer valve and equalizer line with an inside diameter of at least 2 inches (5.08 centimeters) installed at least 12 inches (30.48 centimeters) below the normal operating level of the water. The inlet to the equalizer line or lines must be designed to prevent the creation of a holding force whenever the body or limb of a bather comes into direct contact with the inlet. The inlet must be protected by a grill or shroud that will prevent a bather or any limb of a bather from entering the inlet.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 20 §§ 20.3-20.5, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.496  Filters. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Filters must be designed to maintain spa water under anticipated operating conditions in accordance with NAC 444.484.

     2.  Filters must be designed so that filtration surfaces can be easily restored to design capacity, inspected and serviced.

     3.  Separate filter, recirculation and chlorination systems must be provided for each spa and must be independent of any adjacent swimming pool or spa.

     4.  A means must be provided to permit release of air which enters the filter tank. This may be automatic, manual, or, when upflow design is used, air must be expelled through the filter tank. Any filters incorporating an automatic internal air release as the principal means of air release must have lids which provide a slow and safe release of pressure as a part of its design. Any separation tank used in conjunction with a filter tank must have, as part of its design, a manual means of air release or a lid which provides a slow and safe release of pressure as it is opened. Each separation tank must have a cautionary statement warning the user not to start up the filter pump without first opening the air release. The statement must be visible and noticeable within the area of the air release.

     5.  Piping furnished with the filter must be of suitable material capable of withstanding three times the working pressure. The suction piping must not collapse when there is a complete shutoff of flow on the suction side of the pump.

     6.  Filter components which require servicing must be accessible and available for inspection and repair when installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

     7.  All filters must meet the applicable standards adopted by the National Sanitation Foundation.

     8.  When the filter is regenerated by backwashing, provisions must be made to dispose of the backwash water in a sanitary manner and without undue labor.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 21, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.498  Disposal of wastewater. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Provisions must be made for disposing of material cleaned from filters and of backwash water in a manner which will not create a nuisance. The backwash water must be disposed of in accordance with applicable local law and regulation.

     2.  When drainage to a sanitary sewer or storm sewer is permitted, an air gap must be provided which will prevent any surge or backflow of contaminated water into the spa or the recirculation system.

     3.  Disposal of diatomaceous earth must be made so that no solids appear in the wastewater. This may be done by using a separation tank, stand trap, or any other method approved by the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 26, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.500  Air induction systems. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  An air induction system must totally prevent water backup which could cause electrical shock hazards.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 24, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.502  Disinfectant required. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  A means for disinfecting the spa water which provides a residual of disinfectant in the spa water must be employed. Chlorine or chlorine compounds are most frequently used for the purpose of disinfecting but another bactericidal agent may be accepted if it is registered with the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Nevada State Department of Agriculture.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 25 § 25.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.504  Disinfectants: Approved chemical feeders. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  The spa must be equipped with a chlorinator, hypochlorinator or other disinfectant feeder or feeders which meet the following standards:

     1.  All chemical feeding equipment and process equipment, except for feeding equipment for chlorine gas, must be designated by the NSF International as complying with all applicable requirements of NSF International Standard 50 or, in the absence of applicable requirements, be approved by the health authority.

     2.  Chemical feeding equipment must be capable of supplying at least the equivalent of 3 pounds (1.4 kilograms) of chlorine per 24 hours per 10,000 gallons (37,850 liters) of spa capacity for outdoor spas, and the equivalent of 1 pound (454 grams) of chlorine per 24 hours per 10,000 gallons (37,850 liters) of spa capacity for indoor spas.

     3.  Other disinfectant feeders may be approved if it can be demonstrated to the health authority that the required disinfectant residuals can be maintained. The material used must be subject to a simple testing procedure which will permit a ready means of determining the residual disinfectant in the water at the site of the spa.

     4.  Disinfectant feeders must be installed to ensure that the flow of the chemical disinfectant will stop immediately if there is an interruption in the flow of water to the pool or through the disinfection system.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 25, §§ 25.2-25.2.2, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.506  Disinfectants: Use of chlorine gas. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Where equipment for the use of chlorine gas is provided, the mechanical proportioning device, required scales and cylinders of chlorine must be housed above grade in a reasonable gas-tight room which is mechanically vented and constructed of materials which are resistive to corrosion, and which is equipped with a door which opens outward to the outside.

     2.  Facilities in which chlorine gas is used must be provided with:

     (a) Equipment for fastening chlorine cylinders firmly in place.

     (b) Keys or valves on chlorine cylinders to permit quick shutoff in case of emergency.

     (c) A chlorine feeding device which will vent leaking chlorine gas to the outside and away from the spa during emergencies and interruptions in the water supply.

     (d) An airtight duct beginning near the floor of the room and ending at a safe point of discharge at least 8 feet (2.44 meters) above the surrounding grade outside.

     (e) A mechanical exhaust system capable of providing at least one air change per minute in the room.

     (f) An observation window at least 18 square inches (116.14 square centimeters) which provides a good view of the inside of the chlorine room.

     (g) Artificial illumination of at least 20 foot-candles which permits a person to observe and maintain equipment in the room.

     (h) Switches for the control of artificial lighting and ventilation, located outside the room and near the door.

     (i) A gas mask designed for use in a chlorine atmosphere, of a type approved by an appropriate federal agency and stored in a closed, unlocked cabinet located outside the room with a replacement canister and a record book in which mask usage can be recorded.

     (j) Personnel trained to the satisfaction of the health authority in handling chlorine and chlorination equipment.

     (k) A means to keep the temperature inside the room housing the chlorine metering equipment at a minimum temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12.8 degrees Celsius).

     (l) A sign stating “CAUTION - CHLORINE GAS” placed on the outside of the door to the chlorinator room.

     (m) A leakage test kit consisting of ammonia water and a sponge swab.

     (n) A placard posted outside the storage enclosure for cylinders of chlorine gas which has first-aid measures described on it and the telephone number of the supplier of the chlorine gas.

     (o) A chlorine gas detector with an audible alarm for each storage enclosure for cylinders of chlorine gas.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 25 §§ 25.3-25.3.10, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.507  Disinfectants: Storage of chlorine gas. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Cylinders of chlorine gas must not be stored:

     1.  Where they are exposed to direct sunlight;

     2.  Where they are readily accessible to the public; or

     3.  In buildings where sleeping guests are housed.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.508  Disinfectants: Test equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  Each spa must be provided with an approved test kit for the determination of pH, disinfectant residuals and total alkalinity. At spas where chlorinated cyanurates are used, a test kit must be provided for cyanuric acid concentrations.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 25 § 25.6, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.510  Heating units. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  All heating units must be separated from the spa enclosure or protected to prevent injury to bathers and other persons.

     2.  Heater parts must be easily isolated and removed for cleaning.

     3.  The manufacturer’s recommendations for manual bypass installation must be followed.

     4.  Temperature control must be maintained by thermostat.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 15 §§ 15.2-15.3, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.512  Equipment enclosure. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Filters, pumps, motors, chemical feeders and other accessory equipment must be enclosed in a protective enclosure.

     2.  Floor drainage must be provided within the protective enclosure.

     3.  Lighting and ventilation for enclosed rooms must be provided in the enclosure.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 27, eff. 11-27-79]

Operation

      NAC 444.520  Operating permits. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  No person may operate a public spa unless he or she has applied for and received an operating permit from the health authority.

     2.  Permits expire 1 year after the date of issue unless previously revoked for a violation of the statutes and regulations of the State Board of Health or the local board of health.

     3.  A temporary permit may be issued in exceptional cases for a limited time to permit management to make changes in order to comply with the minimum requirements. Safeguards must be provided to protect the health and safety of the bathers during the time that a temporary permit is in effect.

     4.  The permit must be posted in a conspicuous place at or near the office of each spa.

     5.  An operating permit is not transferable, and applies only to the public spa for which it is issued. When the spa is transferred or sold, the new owner must apply for and obtain a new operating permit from the health authority within 30 days of the sale or transfer.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art 3 §§ 3.1, 3.1.2, 3.1.3 & 3.1.5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.521  Fees for permits and review of plans. (NRS 439.150, 439.200, 444.070, 444.080)

     1.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $332 for each annual permit to operate a public spa, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing public spas are administered by local health authorities.

     2.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $370 for reviewing plans for a new public spa, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing public spas are administered by local health authorities.

     3.  The Health Division shall charge and collect $285 for reviewing plans for a remodeled public spa which has a permit, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing public spas are administered by local health authorities.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 7-20-82; A 6-23-86; 7-22-87; 8-31-89; 1-16-96; R193-03, 1-22-2004; R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.522  Records. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  A written record of all data pertaining to the operation and sanitation of a public spa must be maintained by the management and made available to the health authority at all times.

     2.  This record must include:

     (a) Amounts of various chemicals used daily;

     (b) The approximate amount of water added each day;

     (c) A daily check of water temperature;

     (d) Results of chemical tests for pH and chlorine;

     (e) Date on which the spa was emptied or the filters were cleaned;

     (f) Flowmeter readings;

     (g) Names of all attendants; and

     (h) Any other information which the health authority requires.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 5, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.524  Heater and temperature requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Water temperature in a therapy pool must be maintained above 70°F (21.11°C), and must not be artificially heated above 104°F (40.0°C).

     2.  Signs must be posted which state that:

 

EXTENDED EXPOSURE TO HOT WATER OR VAPORS MAY BE DETRIMENTAL TO THE HEALTH OF ELDERLY PERSONS AND PERSONS WITH HEART CONDITIONS, DIABETES, OR HIGH OR LOW BLOOD PRESSURE.

 

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 15 §§ 15.1 & 15.1.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.526  Safety requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The spa must be free of protrusions, extensions, means of entanglement or other obstructions which might cause submerged entrapment of, or injury to, a bather.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 7 of NAC 444.484, no person may use a spa alone. No children 12 years of age or younger who are not supervised by an adult may use a spa.

     3.  Spa covers and solar blankets may only be used when the spa is closed unless the spa cover or solar blanket is secured around the entire spa perimeter and is designed and able to support the weight of an adult person.

     4.  A sign with at least 4-inch letters on a contrasting background must be posted near the spa which indicates that children 12 years of age or younger must be supervised by an adult and that the maximum recommended time for such children to use the spa is 10 minutes.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 28 §§ 28.1 & 28.4, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.528  First aid. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Each spa or spa facility must be equipped with a standard 16-unit first-aid kit which must be kept filled and ready for use at a convenient place near the spa.

     2.  The person who is in charge of the spa must have completed a course in standard first aid which is acceptable to the health authority.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 25 §§ 25.4 & 25.5, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88)

      NAC 444.530  Notices which must be posted. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Placards directing behavior of bathers must be prominently posted in locker rooms, offices, showers, toilets or elsewhere about the spa enclosure.

     2.  A sign must be posted in the immediate vicinity of the spa, stating the location of the nearest telephone with the information that emergency telephone numbers are posted on or near the telephone.

     3.  Emergency telephone numbers must be posted on or near the telephone and must include:

     (a) The name and telephone number of the police, fire and rescue unit responsible for serving the spa.

     (b) The name and telephone number of the nearest available physician.

     (c) The name and telephone number of the nearest ambulance service.

     (d) The name and telephone number of the nearest available hospital.

     (e) In lieu of the telephone numbers listed in paragraphs (a) to (d), inclusive, the number for the emergency 911 service if that emergency service is available in the geographical area of the spa.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 3 § 3.1.4 + Art. 28 §§ 28.5-28.5.4, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 1-16-96)

      NAC 444.532  Health requirements. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  No person who has any communicable disease may be employed in any capacity at any public spa.

     2.  Any person who is or suspected by the health authority or the management to be afflicted with an infectious disease or suffering from a cough, cold, fever or sores, must be excluded from the spa area.

     3.  Any person who is suspected by the operator of being under the influence of alcohol, drugs or the like must not be permitted to enter the spa.

     4.  Since high temperature, the presence of excess oil on the skin and difficulties of maintaining a chlorine residual enhance the possibility of microbial growth and disease transmission, no person may be allowed to enter a spa which maintains less than 1.0 ppm (1.0 mg/l) of free chlorine.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 29, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.534  Capacity. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  The number of persons allowed to enter a spa must be limited to a number which allows 10 square feet (0.93 square meters) of water surface area for each person using the spa.

     2.  A sign must be posted within the spa area which states the maximum number of people allowed in the spa at one time.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 30, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.536  Visitor and spectator areas; food and drink. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)

     1.  Spaces used by visitors and spectators must be separated from spaces used by bathers.

     2.  Food or drink must not be permitted in the immediate area of the spa or on the deck which surrounds it.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 16, eff. 11-27-79]

Violations

      NAC 444.540  Notice of violation. (NRS 439.200, 444.070)  When the health authority inspects a public spa and finds a violation of the provisions of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, which does not seriously endanger the public health, the health authority shall issue a written notice of the violation to the owner or his or her representative and give a reasonable time for correction.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 4 § 4.1, eff. 11-27-79]

      NAC 444.542  Suspension or denial of operating permit. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.080, 444.100)

     1.  The health authority may order a suspension of an operating permit, and order the owner or operator of a public spa to prohibit persons from using it if the health authority finds:

     (a) A failure of spa equipment, structure, area or enclosure which endangers the health or safety of the persons using or operating it.

     (b) That the spa lacks properly functioning equipment or proper material for recirculating, treating or testing the spa water.

     (c) That the operator of the spa is not maintaining the required water quality.

     (d) That the operator does not have a valid operating permit.

     (e) Serious or repeated violations of any of the requirements of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, or interference with the health authority in the performance of his or her duties.

     2.  The health authority may deny an application for an operating permit if the applicant fails to:

     (a) Notify the health authority before construction and completion of the facility or bathing place;

     (b) Allow inspection of the public bathing or swimming facility or natural bathing place during or after its construction; or

     (c) Follow any of the requirements set forth in NRS 444.065 to 444.120, inclusive, and NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 4 §§ 4.2 & 4.2.1-4.2.5, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.544  Order for closure; revocation of suspended permit. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  The health authority may close public spas which are not operating according to the provisions of NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive.

     2.  When the health authority orders the closing of a public spa, the health authority shall issue a written order to the spa owner or operator or his or her representative stating the particular reason or reasons for the order of closure, along with the finding that the condition or conditions giving rise to the order represent a serious threat to the public health and safety.

     3.  The order must state that the spa is to be closed immediately and specify the corrective action necessary for the reinstatement of the operating permit.

     4.  The health authority shall serve the order upon the owner, operator, representative or a person in charge of the public spa. The person on whom the order is served shall close the spa immediately and shall prohibit any person from using it.

     5.  The owner, operator or representative of the person in charge of a public spa who has his or her permit suspended must comply with the requirements of the written notice of suspension within the time stated in the notice. If the corrections ordered in the notice are not made within the time allowed, the permit to operate may be revoked.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art 4 § 4.3, eff. 11-27-79]—(NAC A 11-2-88; 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.545  Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  A person who has reason to believe that an action taken by the Health Division pursuant to NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, is incorrect or based on inadequate knowledge may, within 10 business days after receiving notice of the action, request an informal discussion with the employee responsible for the action and the immediate supervisor of the employee.

     2.  If the informal discussion does not resolve the problem, the aggrieved person may, within 10 business days after the date scheduled for the informal discussion, submit a written request to the Bureau for an informal conference. The informal conference must be scheduled for a date, place and time mutually agreed upon by the aggrieved person and the Bureau, except that the informal conference must be held no later than 60 days after the date on which the Bureau received the written request.

     3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the determination of the Bureau resulting from the informal conference cannot be appealed and is the final remedy available to the aggrieved person.

     4.  An applicant for or holder of a permit or license issued pursuant to NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, who is aggrieved by an action of the Health Division relating to the denial of an application for or renewal of such a permit or license or the suspension or revocation of such a permit or license may appeal that action in accordance with NAC 439.300 to 439.395, inclusive, after exhausting the informal procedures set forth in this section, except that the Bureau may waive the informal procedures, or any portion thereof, by giving written notice to the aggrieved person.

     5.  As used in this section, “Bureau” means the Bureau of Health Protection Services of the Health Division or its successor.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.546  Reinspection. (NRS 439.200, 444.070, 444.100)

     1.  After corrective action has been taken, the owner or operator or his or her representative shall notify the health authority that the spa is ready for reinspection.

     2.  If upon reinspection the corrective action is approved, the health authority may order the reinstatement of the operating permit, at which time the spa may be opened for use.

     3.  If upon reinspection the corrective action is not approved, the operating permit must remain suspended and the spa must be kept closed and out of use until corrections are approved.

     [Bd. of Health, Public Spa Reg. Art. 4 §§ 4.4-4.6, eff. 11-27-79]

SANITATION FACILITIES FOR CAMPING SPACES

      NAC 444.5461  Definitions. (NRS 439.200)  As used in NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires:

     1.  “Camping space” means a plainly marked plot of ground designated for:

     (a) The occupation of a camping vehicle or other vehicle;

     (b) The erection of a tent or shelter;

     (c) The parking of a camping vehicle or other vehicle; or

     (d) The arrangement of bedding.

     2.  “Camping vehicle” means a travel trailer, whose overall length does not exceed 32 feet and whose body width does not exceed 8 feet, a pickup camper or similar vehicular dwelling used for travel, vacation or recreational purposes, occupied in any one place for 30 days or less.

     3.  “Health authority” means officers and agents of the Health Division or officers and agents of the local boards of health.

     4.  “Person” includes governmental agencies.

     5.  “Sanitary station” means a facility used for removing and disposing of wastes from camping vehicle retention tanks.

     6.  “Service building” means a building provided to house sanitary facilities.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 1, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A 10-30-97; R195-03, 1-22-2004)

      NAC 444.54615  Severability. (NRS 439.200)  If any of the provisions of NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, or any application thereof to any person, thing, or circumstance is held invalid, it is intended that such invalidity not affect the remaining provisions, or their application, that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 14, eff. 11-21-70]—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.510)

      NAC 444.5462  Scope; effect on local standards. (NRS 439.200)  NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, contain minimum standards. Nothing contained in those sections precludes local health agencies or governmental units from formulating and adopting additional standards or standards in excess of those set forth in those sections.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 12, eff. 11-21-70]—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.520)

      NAC 444.54625  Applicability: Facilities in operation on November 21, 1970; subsequent construction or alteration. (NRS 439.200)  Those facilities in operation on November 21, 1970, must obtain a permit. All sanitary requirements must be followed, but the health authority may waive deficiencies in existing structures. After November 21, 1970, construction or major alterations must comply fully with NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, regarding construction or alteration.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 13, eff. 11-21-70]—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.530)

      NAC 444.5463  Conformity with requirements; approval for construction; notification of health authority; inspections; permit. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  All sanitation facilities for camping spaces in Nevada which are constructed, reconstructed or extensively altered after November 21, 1970, must conform to the requirements in NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive.

     2.  Approval for construction of sanitation facilities for camping spaces must be obtained from all appropriate state and local agencies before commencing construction.

     3.  Any person providing camping spaces must notify the health authority at least 30 days before their intended use and must furnish the following information:

     (a) Names and addresses of owners or operators;

     (b) Location of facilities;

     (c) Size of camp and facilities;

     (d) Number of camping spaces available;

     (e) Water availability;

     (f) Sewage system and sanitation facilities;

     (g) Garbage facilities; and

     (h) Availability of open pit fires or enclosed fire facilities.

     4.  The health authority may inspect camping facilities annually or as often as deemed necessary and prepare a written report on the camp. An official permit will be given only once, and again when the facilities change ownership. A person must possess an unrevoked permit for camping space facilities issued by the health authority in the name of that person before operating sanitation facilities for camping spaces.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 2, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A 10-30-97; R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.540)

      NAC 444.54635  Fees for permits and review of plans. (NRS 439.150, 439.200)

     1.  The Health Division shall charge and collect fees for an annual permit to operate a facility for sanitation for camping spaces in accordance with the following schedule, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing such facilities are administered by local health authorities:

 

          For a permit to operate a facility having 30 or less camping spaces.............................

         $166

          For a permit to operate a facility having more than 30 camping spaces........................

           166

               Plus $1.50 for each camping space over 30.

 

 

     2.  The Health Division shall charge and collect the following fees for reviewing plans of facilities for sanitation for camping spaces, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing such facilities are administered by local health authorities:

 

          For a plan for a new facility......................................................................................

          $166

               Plus $1.50 for each camping space over 30.

 

          For a plan for remodeling a facility which has a permit...............................................

            100

               Plus $1.50 for each camping space over 30.

 

 

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 7-20-82; A 6-23-86; R195-03, 1-22-2004; R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.5464  Location and layout of camping spaces. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  Camping spaces must be located on a well-drained site and may not create a public health hazard or nuisance.

     2.  Camping spaces must be arranged in a manner so that there will be a minimum of 15 feet between camping spaces or other structures, and so that each camping space will be at least 5 feet from any road, public walkway or the exterior boundary of the property.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 3, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.550)

      NAC 444.54645  Supply of water. (NRS 439.200, 445A.860)

     1.  Any person providing camping spaces shall provide an adequate supply of drinking water from an approved source. It must be of a safe, sanitary quality, meeting the requirements of NAC 445A.450 to 445A.492, inclusive.

     2.  The development of an independent water supply to serve the camping spaces must not be made without prior approval by the health authority.

     3.  Water must be available within 100 feet of every camping space. Overflow from faucets must empty into a drain connected to a disposal system or sump approved by the health authority.

     4.  Persons providing camping spaces must conspicuously post unapproved sources in the immediate vicinity as unfit for drinking if, in the opinion of the health authority, there is a likelihood of these sources being used for human consumption.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 5, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R088-00, 8-3-2001; R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.560)

      NAC 444.5465  Service buildings; toilets. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  Any person providing camping spaces shall provide toilet facilities, separate for the sexes, in conveniently located buildings.

     2.  Flush-type toilets and hand-washing facilities must be provided unless a supply of water under adequate pressure is not available, or other conditions preclude the use of such facilities.

     3.  Toilet rooms, shower rooms and other service buildings must have adequate illumination, where a power source is available. The average illumination level for general seeing tasks in these rooms are to be 5 foot-candles. In the work area of laundry rooms and at mirrors in toilet rooms, a minimum of 40 foot-candles must be provided.

     4.  These rooms must be well ventilated with all openings screened, to exclude flying insects, and constructed of material permitting satisfactory cleaning.

     5.  Floors in a service building must be constructed of water-impervious material, well pitched to a floor drain. The floor must be free from cracks or uneven surfaces that interfere with proper cleaning.

     6.  Partitions must be raised 12 inches from the floor and must be so constructed as to be easily cleaned. All service buildings and sanitary facilities must be kept in good repair.

     7.  There must be a minimum of one toilet for each sex for every 10 camping spaces or major fraction thereof. Urinals may be substituted for one-third of the toilets for males. A camping space used by a camping vehicle with a toilet facility is exempt from the toilet requirements if the camping space has an individual sewer connection and is used exclusively by the camping vehicle. However, in no case may there be less than one toilet provided for each sex.

     8.  Toilet paper must be provided at each toilet and hand towels provided in each restroom.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 6, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.570)

      NAC 444.54655  Storage, collection and disposal of refuse. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  The storage, collection and disposal of refuse at facilities for camping spaces must be conducted to create no health hazards, rodent harborage, insect breeding areas, accident or fire hazards or air pollution.

     2.  All refuse must be stored in flyproof, watertight, rodent-proof containers which are located not more than 150 feet from any camping space. Containers must be maintained on collection stands designed to prevent tipping and must be provided in sufficient number and capacity to properly store all refuse.

     3.  Where suitable collection service is not available from municipal or private agencies, the operator of the facilities for camping spaces must provide this service.

     4.  All refuse must be collected and transported in covered vehicles or covered containers to an approved disposal site or disposed of by other methods approved by the health authority or air pollution control authorities.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 8, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.580)

      NAC 444.5466  Disposal of sewage; plumbing. (NRS 439.200, 444.650)

     1.  All liquid wastes from service buildings and camping vehicles, including sink wastes, must be discharged into a public sewer or private sewage disposal system approved by the health authority. These wastes must be disposed of in accordance with NAC 444.750 to 444.8396, inclusive.

     2.  All plumbing must comply with principles stated in the Uniform Plumbing Code.

     3.  Sewer riser pipe, if provided for camping vehicles having toilet facilities, must be at least 4 inches in diameter and must be provided with a standard threaded fitting to assure a watertight connection. Each connection must be closed when not linked to a camping vehicle.

     4.  An approved sanitary station, according to subsection 5, must be provided and toilet wastes from retention tanks of camping vehicles must be discharged through the sanitary station.

     5.  Sanitary stations:

 

 

 

 

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 7, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R129-98, 3-25-99)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.590)

      NAC 444.54665  Responsibility for sanitation. (NRS 439.200)  Persons providing camping spaces and service buildings are responsible for maintaining the premises in a clean and sanitary condition.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. part No. 4, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A by R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.600)

      NAC 444.5467  Control of vermin and pets. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  Appropriate measures must be taken to control rodent and insect infestations.

     2.  Dogs, cats or other pets are not permitted to run at large or to commit any nuisance within the camping area.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. part No. 4, eff. 11-21-70]—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.610)

      NAC 444.54675  Enforcement by health authority; review and appeal of action taken by Health Division. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  Whenever the health authority finds unsanitary or other conditions or violations of NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, in the operation and maintenance of facilities for camping spaces, the health authority shall:

     (a) In the case where the health authority determines that a substantial and immediate hazard to public health or safety exists, take any of the following actions:

          (1) Revoke the permit;

          (2) Remove or abate such hazards;

          (3) Take necessary steps to protect persons from such hazards; or

          (4) Notify the permit holder or operator and any person who might be affected by such hazardous conditions, require specific corrective action and specify the time period within which such action must be taken.

     (b) In all other cases, issue a notice of violation to the permit holder or operator citing such conditions, specifying the corrective action to be taken, and specifying the time period within which action must be taken.

     2.  If the permit holder or operator fails to comply with a notice of violation, the permit must be revoked.

     3.  A permit may be revoked without notice if the health authority determines that a substantial and immediate hazard to public health and safety exists.

     4.  A person who has reason to believe that an action taken by the Health Division pursuant to NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, is incorrect or based on inadequate knowledge may, within 10 business days after receiving notice of the action, request an informal discussion with the employee responsible for the action and the immediate supervisor of the employee.

     5.  If the informal discussion does not resolve the problem, the aggrieved person may, within 10 business days after the date scheduled for the informal discussion, submit a written request to the Bureau for an informal conference. The informal conference must be scheduled for a date, place and time mutually agreed upon by the aggrieved person and the Bureau, except that the informal conference must be held no later than 60 days after the date on which the Bureau received the written request.

     6.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 7, the determination of the Bureau resulting from the informal conference cannot be appealed and is the final remedy available to the aggrieved person.

     7.  An applicant for or holder of a permit issued pursuant to NAC 444.5461 to 444.54675, inclusive, who is aggrieved by an action of the Health Division relating to the denial of an application for or the suspension or revocation of such a permit may appeal that action in accordance with NAC 439.300 to 439.395, inclusive, after exhausting the informal procedures set forth in this section, except that the Bureau may waive the informal procedures, or any portion thereof, by giving written notice to the aggrieved person.

     8.  Nothing in this section prevents the health authority from extending the time allowed for corrective action when the permit holder provides a written response within 10 days after receiving a notice of violation setting forth the nature and time needed for corrective action. The health authority shall require periodic reports as may be necessary to demonstrate reasonable progress toward final compliance.

     9.  As used in this section, “Bureau” means the Bureau of Health Protection Services of the Health Division or its successor.

     [Bd. of Health, Sanitation Facilities for Camping Vehicles Reg. No. 11, eff. 11-21-70]—(NAC A 10-30-97; R195-03, 1-22-2004)—(Substituted in revision for NAC 461A.620)

TEMPORARY MASS GATHERINGS

General Provisions

      NAC 444.547  Definitions. (NRS 439.200)  As used in NAC 444.547 to 444.5498, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NAC 444.5471 to 444.5479, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5471  “Food establishment” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Food establishment” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 446.020.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5472  “Operator of a temporary mass gathering” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Operator of a temporary mass gathering” means the person responsible for the operation of a temporary mass gathering. The term includes, but is not limited to, the holder of a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering issued by the health authority.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5473  “Potable water” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Potable water” has the meaning ascribed to it in NAC 444.7664.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5474  “Public bathing or swimming facility” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Public bathing or swimming facility” has the meaning ascribed to it in NAC 444.058.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5475  “Public spa” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Public spa” has the meaning ascribed to it in NAC 444.385.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5476  “Solid waste” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Solid waste” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 444.490.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5477  “Temporary food establishment” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Temporary food establishment” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 446.067.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5478  “Temporary mass gathering” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Temporary mass gathering” means an outdoor assembly of persons with an actual or reasonably anticipated daily attendance of not fewer than 500 persons that operates or may reasonably be expected to operate not less than 20 hours a day for more than 3 days and takes place at a location that lacks permanent facilities specifically intended for the type of assembly involved.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5479  “Water station” defined. (NRS 439.200)  “Water station” means a facility for dispensing potable water for immediate human consumption. The term includes a drinking fountain.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

Operating Permit

      NAC 444.548  Requirement; application; expiration; posting. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  A person shall not operate a temporary mass gathering unless he or she first obtains a permit to do so from the health authority.

     2.  A person desiring to obtain a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering must apply to the health authority on an application provided by the health authority. The application must include, without limitation:

     (a) The full name and mailing address of the applicant.

     (b) A statement specifying whether the applicant is a natural person, firm or corporation, and, if the applicant is a partnership, the names and addresses of the partners.

     (c) The location of the temporary mass gathering.

     (d) A description of the type of temporary mass gathering.

     (e) The inclusive dates and hours of operation of the temporary mass gathering.

     (f) The number of persons that the applicant anticipates will attend the temporary mass gathering.

     3.  The application for a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering must be:

     (a) Received by the health authority not later than 30 days before the first day of the temporary mass gathering.

     (b) Signed by the applicant or a person authorized by the applicant to sign on his or her behalf.

     (c) Accompanied by:

          (1) The fee established by the health authority.

          (2) A detailed plan of the site of the temporary mass gathering. The plan must identify:

               (I) The location, types and number of toilet facilities and facilities for hand washing.

               (II) The location and a description of each water station and the source of the water for each station.

               (III) The location and identity of each food establishment, including each temporary food establishment, and the type of food to be served at each establishment.

               (IV) The location, types and number of containers for the collection or storage of solid waste and the name of the provider of the containers.

               (V) The location of the headquarters of the operator.

               (VI) The location of each public bathing or swimming facility and public spa.

     4.  The health authority may require an applicant to provide any additional information that the health authority determines is reasonably necessary to protect the public health.

     5.  Unless the health authority provides an earlier expiration date, a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering expires at midnight on the 30th day of operation of the gathering. A permit to operate a temporary mass gathering may not be renewed.

     6.  A permit to operate a temporary mass gathering must be posted in the headquarters of the operator at the site of the gathering.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5482  Fees. (NRS 439.150, 439.200)  The Health Division shall charge and collect fees for a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering in accordance with the following schedule, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing temporary mass gatherings are administered by local health authorities:

 

     For a permit to operate a temporary mass gathering with an anticipated attendance of:

       Fee per day

               500 to 1,000 persons..................................................................................

                 $500

               1,001 to 5,000 persons...............................................................................

                   750

               5,001 to 10,000 persons.............................................................................

                1,000

               10,001 or more persons..............................................................................

                2,644

 

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003; A by R100-07, 10-31-2007)

Standards of Operation

      NAC 444.5484  Maintenance of headquarters. (NRS 439.200)  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall:

     1.  Maintain a headquarters at the site of the gathering.

     2.  Ensure that a natural person designated by the operator is:

     (a) Present at the headquarters of the operator at all times that the temporary mass gathering is in operation; and

     (b) Authorized to take immediate action to correct or terminate a violation of any provision of NAC 444.547 to 444.5498, inclusive, identified to him or her by the health authority.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5486  Removal of solid waste. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall remove all solid waste from the site of the gathering within a reasonable time after the end of the gathering.

     2.  If, during the operation of a temporary mass gathering, the health authority determines that an accumulation of solid waste is a nuisance:

     (a) The health authority shall notify the operator of the gathering; and

     (b) The operator shall, within a reasonable time after being notified, abate the nuisance.

     3.  As used in this section, “nuisance” has the meaning ascribed to it in NAC 444.594.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5488  Operation of food establishment. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in NRS 446.870, the operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not operate, or allow another person to operate, a food establishment, including a temporary food establishment, at the gathering unless the person operating the food establishment:

     (a) Possesses a valid permit issued to him or her by the health authority; and

     (b) Complies with the applicable provisions of:

          (1) Chapter 446 of NRS; and

          (2) The regulations of the State Board of Health, or the local board of health, adopted pursuant to chapter 446 of NRS.

     2.  For the purposes of this section, a person who sells, offers or displays for sale or serves, at a temporary mass gathering, water, including water dispensed from a water station, or ice intended for ultimate human consumption operates a food establishment or temporary food establishment.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.549  Provision of potable water; disposal of graywater. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall ensure that each person who attends the gathering:

     (a) Provides sufficient potable water to meet his or her individual needs; and

     (b) Disposes of his or her graywater in a manner approved by the health authority or transports it away from the site of the gathering for disposal.

     2.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not engage, or allow another person to engage, in the bulk transportation of water to the site of the temporary mass gathering for the purpose of consumption or external use unless the person so engaged has first obtained the approval of the health authority pursuant to NAC 445A.6728 to engage in water hauling.

     3.  As used in this section, “graywater” means untreated wastewater that has not come into contact with toilet waste. The term includes, without limitation, used water from bathtubs, showers, washbasins, kitchen sinks, dishwashers, machines for washing clothes and laundry tubs.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5492  Provision of toilet facilities; removal and disposal of contents of nonsewered toilets. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall provide toilet facilities as set forth in NAC 444.825 unless the health authority reduces the number of toilet facilities otherwise required pursuant to NAC 444.825 by the number of public toilet facilities available.

     2.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall provide at least one facility for hand washing at each group of toilet facilities provided by the operator pursuant to subsection 1.

     3.  An operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not operate, or allow another person to operate, a service to provide nonsewered toilets at the gathering unless the person operating the service has obtained a permit in accordance with NAC 444.820, 444.826 and 444.828.

     4.  An operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not engage, or allow another person to engage, in the operation of removing and disposing of the solid and liquid contents of nonsewered toilets at the temporary mass gathering unless the person so engaged has obtained a permit as a septic tank pumping contractor in accordance with NAC 444.820, 444.821, 444.822 and 444.828.

     5.  As used in this section, “nonsewered toilet” has the meaning ascribed to it in NAC 444.7654.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5494  Discharge of water used to provide dust control. (NRS 439.200)  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not discharge, or allow another person to discharge, water onto the ground to provide dust control at the gathering unless:

     1.  If the water used is potable:

     (a) The source of the water is licensed by the Health Division and approved by the health authority; and

     (b) Each vehicle used to transport the water, and each tank used to discharge the water, is:

          (1) Approved by the Bureau of Health Protective Services of the Health Division; and

          (2) Used for no other purpose than the transportation or discharge of potable water.

     2.  If the water used is nonpotable, the tank from which the water is discharged is marked “NONPOTABLE WATER, AVOID CONTACT” on each side and on the rear of the water tank. The lettering used to mark the tank must be legible, of a color that contrasts with the color of the water tank and, unless the health authority otherwise approves, not less than 4 inches in height. The health authority shall not approve lettering that is less than 4 inches in height unless there is insufficient room on the tank for such lettering.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

      NAC 444.5496  Operation of public bathing or swimming facility or public spa. (NRS 439.200)

     1.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not operate, or permit another person to operate, a public bathing or swimming facility at the gathering unless the person operating the public bathing or swimming facility:

     (a) Possesses a permit to do so from the health authority; and

     (b) Complies with all applicable provisions of:

          (1) NRS 444.065 to 444.120, inclusive; and

          (2) NAC 444.010 to 444.306, inclusive, or the regulations adopted by the local board of health.

     2.  The operator of a temporary mass gathering shall not operate, or permit another person to operate, a public spa at the gathering unless the person operating the public spa:

     (a) Possesses a permit to do so from the health authority; and

     (b) Complies with all applicable provisions of:

          (1) NRS 444.065 to 444.120, inclusive; and

          (2) NAC 444.310 to 444.546, inclusive, or the regulations adopted by the local board of health.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

Enforcement

      NAC 444.5498  Inspection by health authority. (NRS 439.200)  The health authority may conduct any inspection reasonably necessary to enforce any provision of NAC 444.547 to 444.5498, inclusive.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R071-03, eff. 10-22-2003)

LABOR CAMPS

      NAC 444.550  Applicability. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)  NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive, do not apply to facilities for permanent family or individual occupancy, nor to facilities or premises assigned to an employee for his or her exclusive use or convenience. The application of these sections is not intended to apply to temporary ranching activities, including buckarooing or the roundup and moving of sheep and cattle.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 8, eff. 1-29-59]—(NAC A 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.552  General standards. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  All housing and housing grounds must be maintained in a clean, safe and sanitary condition, free from rubbish, debris, waste paper, garbage and other refuse. Grounds must also be well drained and free from depressions where water may stand.

     2.  All garbage, kitchen waste and rubbish in camp must be deposited in suitable covered metal receptacles which must be emptied daily, or more often if necessary, and the contents burned, buried or disposed of in a manner which is not or does not become offensive or insanitary.

     3.  Fly-tight metal containers must be provided adjacent to living and sleeping quarters for garbage and other refuse.

     4.  All drainage from kitchen sinks, toilets, baths or laundry must be carried through a covered drain to a covered cesspool or septic tank, or otherwise disposed of in a manner which is not or does not become offensive or insanitary. Where public sewer systems are available, all building sewers must be connected.

     5.  An adequate and convenient supply of water of a quality that meets the standards of the water supply regulations in chapter 445A of NAC must be available at all times for drinking, cooking, bathing and laundry purposes.

     6.  Fresh and safe drinking water must be provided for all workers. Faucets must be suitably and conveniently located and in no event more than 100 yards distant from workers’ living quarters. The use of a common drinking cup or drinking from a common container is prohibited, as is dipping into containers.

     7.  The water supply must be capable of delivering at least 36 gallons of water per person per day to the campsite.

     8.  Tanks or other receptacles used for storage of water must be kept in a clean and sanitary condition and must be suitably covered to prevent contamination.

     9.  Effective measures must be taken to control rats and flies, mosquitoes, bedbugs and other insects or parasites within the camp premises.

     10.  All buildings or structures of a camp must be maintained and used in accordance with the provisions of state and local regulations governing safety and fire prevention. An adequate water supply for fire fighting should be available during occupancy.

     11.  No camp may be located on a site which is subject to or may cause extreme traffic or other hazard unless acceptable safeguards are provided.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 1, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.554  Living and sleeping quarters. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  Living and sleeping spaces must be in good structural condition and constructed to provide shelter to the occupants against the elements and to exclude dampness.

     2.  The floors and roofing of all buildings must be in good condition. Floors of buildings used as living or sleeping quarters must be constructed of wood, asphalt, concrete or other comparable material. Dirt floors are not acceptable.

     3.  All buildings used as living or sleeping quarters for 10 or more persons must have at least two outside exits, for use in case of fire, located to provide alternate means of escape.

     4.  Suitable and separate beds or cots must be provided for each worker. Where single beds are used, at least 40 square feet of floor space must be provided for each worker. Where double deck bunks are used, 35 square feet of floor space per worker is required. Every sleeping space must contain at least 350 cubic feet of air space for each occupant.

     5.  Where double deck bunks are used, ceiling height should be at least 12 feet from the floor. At least 4 feet of clear space should be allowed between each set of double bunks.

     6.  Triple deck bunks are not acceptable.

     7.  Where beds or bunks are used, mattresses and mattress covers must be provided and kept in a clean and sanitary condition.

     8.  Every sleeping room must have one or more windows with an aggregate area of not less than 10 percent of the floor space of the room.

     9.  All windows must be arranged so that at least 45 percent of their aggregate area may be opened, except where there is supplied some other approved device affording adequate ventilation. All windows must be fitted with screening of at least 16 mesh.

     10.  All doors and outside openings in living and sleeping quarters must be secured with screens not less than 16 mesh. All screen doors must be equipped with self-closing devices.

     11.  When a camp is operated during a season and in a climate requiring artificial heating, all living quarters must be adequately heated in such a way as to ensure the comfort and safety of the occupants.

     12.  A stove or other source of heat must be installed and vented to avoid a fire hazard and a dangerous concentration of fumes or gas. In a room with wooden or combustible flooring, there must be a concrete slab, metal sheet or other fire resistant material on the floor under every stove, extending at least 18 inches beyond the perimeter of the base of the stove. Any wall or ceiling not having a fire resistant surface within 24 inches of a stove or stovepipe must be protected by a metal sheet or other fire resistant material. Heating appliances, other than electrical, must be provided with a stovepipe or vent connected to the appliance and discharging to the outside air or chimney. Such vent or chimney must extend above the peak of the roof. A vented metal collar must be installed around a stovepipe, vent or flue in a wall, ceiling, floor or roof through which the stovepipe, vent or flue passes.

     13.  Automatically operated heat-producing equipment must be provided with controls to cut off the fuel supply upon the failure or interruption of flame or ignition, or whenever a predetermined safe temperature or pressure is exceeded. All steam and hot water systems must be provided with safety devices arranged to prevent hazardous pressures and excessive temperatures.

     14.  All living and sleeping quarters must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. Floors must be scrubbed with hot water and suitable cleansing agents once a week and more often if necessary.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 2, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.556  Cooking and eating facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  Every structure used as a mess hall where food is cooked, prepared or served must be kept in a clean and sanitary condition.

     2.  The same standards relative to ventilation, window space and screening, and means of exit which apply to living and sleeping quarters also apply to cooking and eating facilities.

     3.  The size of cooking and eating facilities must be in proper proportion to the capacity of the camp and separate from sleeping quarters. In all cases, however, cooking and eating space must be in addition to the minimum space requirements for sleeping.

     4.  For workers required to board themselves, sufficient cooking stoves, tables, seats and fuel for cooking must be provided. One oil, wood or gas stove, with not less than one burner for each five workers is required. Outdoor cooking facilities, unprotected from inclement weather, are not acceptable.

     5.  Table tops on all tables used in mess halls must have a smooth, hard surface which may be easily cleaned.

     6.  Provision must be made for the safe storage and refrigeration of food in a suitable and sanitary place away from sleeping quarters.

     7.  Garbage disposal and drainage from kitchen sinks must meet the requirements described under the general standards for labor camp sanitation.

     8.  Kitchens for group food service must comply with at least the grade B requirements set for food and drink establishments in chapter 446 of NAC.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 3, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.558  Sanitary facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  Convenient and suitable bathing facilities maintained in a sanitary condition must be provided in each camp, readily accessible to the living quarters.

     2.  Where showers are provided there must be at least one shower head in operating condition for every 25 workers. After January 29, 1959, all new construction must provide for at least one shower head for each 15 workers.

     3.  The floors and walls of the shower compartments must be constructed and maintained in waterproof condition. Floor drains are required in all shower rooms to remove wastewater.

     4.  Each shower must have adequate hot and cold water under pressure.

     5.  Where tubs are used there must be one No. 3 size tub in good condition for every five workers.

     6.  Provision must be made for adequate dressing space adjacent to bathing facilities.

     7.  All toilet facilities must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.

     8.  All exterior openings in toilet buildings must be screened with wire mesh of not less than 16 mesh.

     9.  Toilet rooms must be ventilated in conformity with the requirements in this respect which apply to living and sleeping quarters and cooking and eating facilities.

     10.  At least one usable enclosed toilet must be provided for each 10 workers and must be located within 150 feet of the living quarters. Toilet facilities may not be located in a sleeping room.

     11.  Where privy-type toilets are used they must consist of a fly- and rodent-tight pit that should be at least 4 feet deep, with a well-constructed shelter, the openings of which shall be effectively screened and fly-tight. When the excreta reaches a point 1 foot below the surface of the ground the pit must be filled and the shelter demolished or moved over a new pit. All excreta in a pit must be covered with earth, ashes, lime or some similar substance at least every 48 hours.

     12.  Privy toilets must not be located closer than 75 feet to any sleeping place or any kitchen or mess hall.

     13.  Where 10 or more are employed, urinals may be provided. Adequate washing facilities must be provided in every toilet room or adjacent to it.

     14.  All sanitary facilities must be inspected regularly by management to assure that they are operating properly.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 4, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.560  Laundry facilities. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  Laundry facilities must be maintained in a sanitary condition and provided with adequate drainage as described in NAC 444.552.

     2.  At least one laundry tray, wash tub or other laundry facility must be provided for every 10 workers or fraction of 10, and must be convenient to all living quarters. Hot and cold water must be provided at each laundry tray or wash tub.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 6, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.562  Lighting. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  All habitable rooms must be well lighted. Rooms used for living quarters and mess hall must be equipped with ceiling-type light fixtures arranged to provide at least 10 foot-candles of light to every part of the room. Water closet compartments, privies, laundry rooms and toilets must contain at least one ceiling or wall-type fixture.

     2.  Electric wiring must be installed in accordance with provisions of the National Electric Code.

     3.  Where electricity is not available, at least one lamp must be provided for every five workers.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 5, eff. 1-29-59]

      NAC 444.564  Operating permit: Application; issuance; denial, suspension or revocation. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  Before operating a labor camp, the operator must apply for a permit to operate, submit sufficient plans for review by the Health Division and pay the required fees.

     2.  Within a reasonable period after receipt of an application for a permit to operate a labor camp, plans of the labor camp and the required fees, the Health Division shall review the application and plans submitted for accuracy and completeness. Upon receipt of an application that it determines to be complete, the Health Division shall conduct an inspection to determine whether the facility complies with NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive.

     3.  The Health Division shall issue a permit to operate a labor camp if the labor camp is in compliance with NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive.

     4.  The Division may deny, suspend or revoke a permit to operate a labor camp if the applicant fails to:

     (a) Notify the health authority before construction and completion of the labor camp;

     (b) Allow inspection of the labor camp during or after its construction; or

     (c) Follow any of the requirements set forth in NRS 444.130 to 444.200, inclusive, and NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive.

     [Bd. of Health, Labor Camp Reg. § 7, eff. 1-29-59]—(NAC A 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.565  Procedure for review of actions taken by Health Division; appeals. (NRS 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  A person who has reason to believe that an action taken by the Health Division pursuant to NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive, is incorrect or based on inadequate knowledge may, within 10 business days after receiving notice of the action, request an informal discussion with the employee responsible for the action and the immediate supervisor of the employee.

     2.  If the informal discussion does not resolve the problem, the aggrieved person may, within 10 business days after the date scheduled for the informal discussion, submit a written request to the Bureau for an informal conference. The informal conference must be scheduled for a date, place and time mutually agreed upon by the aggrieved person and the Bureau, except that the informal conference must be held no later than 60 days after the date on which the Bureau received the written request.

     3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the determination of the Bureau resulting from the informal conference cannot be appealed and is the final remedy available to the aggrieved person.

     4.  An applicant for or holder of a permit or license issued pursuant to NAC 444.550 to 444.566, inclusive, who is aggrieved by an action of the Health Division relating to the denial of an application for or the renewal of such a permit or license or the suspension or revocation of such a permit or license may appeal that action in accordance with NAC 439.300 to 439.395, inclusive, after exhausting the informal procedures set forth in this section, except that the Bureau may waive the informal procedures, or any portion thereof, by giving written notice to the aggrieved person.

     5.  As used in this section, “Bureau” means the Bureau of Health Protection Services of the Health Division or its successor.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-30-97)

      NAC 444.566  Fees for permits and review of plans. (NRS 439.150, 439.200, 444.190)

     1.  For an annual permit to operate a labor camp, the Health Division shall charge and collect $166, plus $1.25 for each five workers above 30 workers in the camp, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing the sanitation of labor camps are administered by local health authorities.

     2.  The Health Division shall charge and collect the following fees for reviewing plans for labor camps as follows, except in areas where the laws and regulations governing the sanitation of labor camps are administered by local health authorities:

 

          For a plan for a new camp..................................................................................

               $124

               Plus $1.25 for each five workers above 30 workers in the camp.

          For a plan to remodel a camp which has a permit.................................................

                   83

               Plus $1.25 for each five workers above 30 workers in the camp.

 

 

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 7-20-82; A 6-23-86; R100-07, 10-31-2007)

SCHOOLS

      NAC 444.568  Definitions. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  As used in NAC 444.568 to 444.56862, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NAC 444.56802 to 444.56812, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56802  “Charter school” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “Charter school” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 385.007.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56804  “Health authority” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “Health authority” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 439.005.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56806  “Private school” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “Private school” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 394.103.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56808  “Public nuisance” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “Public nuisance” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 202.450.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5681  “Public school” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “Public school” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 385.007.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56812  “School” defined. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  “School” means a charter school, private school or public school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56814  Severability of provisions. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  If any provision set forth in NAC 444.568 to 444.56862, inclusive, or any application thereof to any person, thing or circumstance is held invalid, it is intended that the invalidity not affect the remaining provisions or applications to the extent that those provisions and applications can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56816  Adoption by reference of certain publications; revision of certain publications after adoption. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  The State Board of Health hereby adopts by reference:

     (a) The guidelines for playground safety set forth in the Handbook for Public Playground Safety, as those guidelines existed on July 24, 2002. A copy of the publication may be obtained, free of charge, from the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, Office of Information and Public Affairs, Washington D.C. 20207, or at the Internet address http://www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/playpubs.html.

     (b) The Recommended Practice on Lighting for Educational Facilities, in the form most recently published by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. A copy of this publication may be obtained from the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America at the Internet address https://www.iesna.org/shop/, for the price of $50.

     (c) The Uniform Plumbing Code, in the form most recently published by the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials. A copy of this publication may be obtained from the International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials by telephone at (800) 854-2766 or at the Internet address http://iapmostore.org, for the price of $93.

     (d) The standards of the American National Standards Institute set forth in ANSI Z358.1, Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment, in the form most recently published by the American National Standards Institute. A copy of the standards may be obtained from IHS Global Engineering Documents by telephone at (877) 413-5184 or at the Internet address http://store.ihs.com, for the price of $85.

     2.  The State Board of Health will review each revision of the publications adopted by reference pursuant to paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection 1 to ensure its suitability for this State. If the Board determines that a revision is not suitable for this State, the Board will hold a public hearing to review its determination within 6 months after the date of publication of the revision and give notice of that hearing. If, after the hearing, the Board does not revise its determination, the Board will give notice within 30 days after the hearing that the revision is not suitable for this State. If the Board does not give such notice, the revision becomes part of the publication adopted by reference.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002; A by R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.56818  Submission and approval or denial of plans and specifications for construction. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  A person may not begin the construction of a school until the plans and specifications for the school are submitted to and approved by the health authority. The plans and specifications must include, without limitation:

     (a) The layout, arrangement and construction materials for all rooms and grounds, including, without limitation, classrooms, utility rooms, janitors’ closets and playgrounds; and

     (b) The location, size and type of:

          (1) Equipment that will be used at the school, including fixed equipment; and

          (2) Facilities that will be included in the construction, including, without limitation, lavatories and kitchens.

     2.  The health authority shall review the plans and return a written decision of approval or denial to the person submitting the plans within 30 days after receipt of the plans. If the decision is to deny the plans, the written decision must include a detailed statement of the reasons for the denial.

     3.  As used in this section, “construction” means any construction of, remodeling of, additions made to, or other substantial alterations made to a school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5682  Schools constructed before July 24, 2002. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  A school that is constructed before July 24, 2002, shall be deemed to be in compliance with NAC 444.568 to 444.56862, inclusive, if the use of the space in the school is not changed or any deficiency in the school does not constitute a substantial or an immediate threat to the health or safety of the general public.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56822  Notification of health authority regarding health or safety hazard. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  If the superintendent or principal of a school or the designee of the superintendent or the principal determines that a substantial health or safety hazard exists at the school, the superintendent, the principal or the designee of the superintendent or the principal shall notify the health authority of:

     (a) The hazard; and

     (b) Any remedial action that has been taken to correct the hazard,

Ê within 24 hours after the determination is made.

     2.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Public water system” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 445A.235.

     (b) “Substantial health or safety hazard” means any violation of the provisions of NAC 444.568 to 444.56862, inclusive, that may endanger the health or safety of the general public. The term includes, without limitation:

          (1) A loss of electrical power or any other utility in the school that causes the failure of a system which is required for the operation of the school, including, without limitation, a system for lighting, heating or cooling;

          (2) A supply of potable water for the school that has not been approved by the health authority or does not comply with the provisions relating to sampling and notification of the general public set forth in chapter 445A of NRS and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto;

          (3) The existence of a defect or condition in the public water system that supplies potable water to the school which may result in the contamination of the water;

          (4) Sewage or liquid waste in the school that:

               (I) Is disposed of in a manner which has not been approved by the health authority; or

               (II) Has contaminated any part of the school to which the general public has access;

          (5) The presence of insects, rodents or other vermin in the school that constitutes a significant threat to the health or safety of the general public, as determined by the health authority;

          (6) The presence of any toxic material in the school that is labeled, stored or used improperly;

          (7) Toxic or noxious gases, vapors, fumes, mist or particulates that are present in the school in concentrations which are immediately dangerous to the life or health of a person present in the school or in concentrations which are sufficient to cause a public nuisance;

          (8) Any condition or equipment used in the school that constitutes an unreasonable risk of crushing a person, puncturing or pinching the skin of a person or otherwise injuring a person by causing the person to fall, trip or sustain any physical injury;

          (9) A classroom or any other room in the school that is occupied by pupils or members of the staff of the school and has ambient temperatures which constitute a significant threat to the health or safety of the pupils or members of the staff, as determined by the health authority; or

          (10) A school in which toilets and facilities for washing hands are not provided or are not accessible.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56824  Inspections: Preparation and dissemination of reports by health authority; maintenance of other reports. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  The health authority shall prepare a written report of the findings of an inspection of a school required by NRS 444.335 while on the premises of the school and provide a copy of the report to the principal of the school or any other person designated by the principal to receive the report at that time.

     2.  In addition to the copy of the report provided pursuant to subsection 1, the health authority may provide a copy of the report to:

     (a) The board of trustees of the school district in which the school is located, if the school is a public school;

     (b) The governing body of the charter school, if the school is a charter school; or

     (c) The Superintendent of Public Instruction, if the school is a private school.

     3.  Any report which is prepared by any other authority which conducts a health or safety inspection of a school must be maintained by the school for the period prescribed by that authority and be available for review by the health authority upon request.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56826  Correction of deficiencies; reporting of corrective action taken or planned; reporting of noncompliance. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Any deficiency indicated in a report of an inspection prepared pursuant to NAC 444.56824 must be corrected within 30 days after the inspection unless otherwise indicated in the report.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the principal of the school which was inspected or his or her designee shall prepare a written report of corrective action taken or planned and submit that report to the health authority within 30 days after the inspection of the school.

     3.  The provisions of subsection 2 do not apply if:

     (a) Corrective action was taken at the time of the inspection and the health authority indicates in the report of the inspection that the deficiency indicated in the report was corrected; or

     (b) The health authority inspects the school again before the period set forth in subsection 2 expires and the health authority indicates in the report of the inspection that the deficiency previously indicated in the report was corrected.

     4.  If a school is not in compliance with the provisions of NAC 444.568 to 444.56862, inclusive, the health authority may advise the following persons or entities of the noncompliance:

     (a) The department of education;

     (b) The board of trustees of the school district in which the school is located, if the school is a public school;

     (c) The board of trustees of the school district that is the sponsor of the charter school, if the school is a charter school; or

     (d) The Superintendent of Public Instruction, if the school is a private school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56828  Floors, walls and ceilings; benches, mats and other equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  The floors, walls and ceilings in a school must be:

     (a) Constructed of durable materials that are easy to clean and appropriate for their intended use; and

     (b) Maintained in good repair.

     2.  Benches, mats or any other equipment that is intended for use by more than one person must be:

     (a) Constructed of nonabsorbent materials; and

     (b) Clean, sanitary and in good repair.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5683  Lighting. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  Artificial sources of light that are permanently fixed in a school must be installed to provide lighting at luminance levels equal to or greater than those prescribed in tables 1 and 2 of the Recommended Practice on Lighting for Educational Facilities, adopted by reference pursuant to NAC 444.56816.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002; A by R100-07, 10-31-2007)

      NAC 444.56832  Temperature. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  The temperature in a classroom that is occupied by pupils or members of the staff of the school, other than an area used for teaching vocational education or for physical activities, including, without limitation, weight lifting, must be maintained at a level which is not less than 65 degrees Fahrenheit and not more than 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Every effort must be made to maintain a comfortable temperature after considering the humidity in each room.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56834  Pets. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Pets may be kept only in the designated areas of a school.

     2.  An enclosure used for pets must be clean and sanitary to prevent odors and the accumulation of excrement.

     3.  A pet that is on the premises of a school may be handled by a pupil only under the supervision of an adult. A pupil or member of the staff of the school shall wash his or her hands after handling a pet.

     4.  A pet that is not housebroken or trained to use a litter box may not be allowed on the absorbent surfaces in the school.

     5.  The provisions of this section do not apply to:

     (a) A person with a visual, aural or other physical disability who is accompanied by a guide dog, hearing dog, helping dog or other service animal;

     (b) A person who is accompanied by an animal described in paragraph (a) if the person is training the animal; or

     (c) A peace officer who is performing his or her duties as a peace officer and is accompanied by a police dog.

     6.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Guide dog” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 426.075.

     (b) “Hearing dog” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 426.081.

     (c) “Helping dog” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 426.083.

     (d) “Police dog” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 651.075.

     (e) “Service animal” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 426.097.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56836  Hazardous materials; laboratories. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  A unit for washing eyes in an emergency, in combination with or in addition to an accessible shower used in an emergency, must be provided in each classroom in which acid, caustic substances, flammable materials or other hazardous materials are handled. The unit for washing eyes and the shower for use in an emergency must comply with the requirements set forth in ANSI Z358.1, as adopted by reference in NAC 444.56816.

     2.  Countertops that are resistant to chemicals must be used in each classroom which is used as a chemistry laboratory.

     3.  A classroom that is used as a science laboratory must have a sink for washing hands which is conveniently located and equipped with:

     (a) Hot and cold water that is tempered by a mixing valve or combination faucet;

     (b) Hot water that is delivered at a maximum temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit;

     (c) A supply of soap or detergent for washing hands; and

     (d) A supply of disposable towels designed for a single use or a device that provides heated air for drying hands.

     4.  A classroom in which volatile chemicals are used or two or more chemicals are mixed and the reaction of those chemicals is likely to produce toxic or noxious gases, vapors, fumes or suspended particulates must be equipped with a fume hood. Any activity that produces toxic or noxious gases, vapors, fumes or suspended particulates must be conducted under the fume hood.

     5.  An aspirator or suction bulb must be used for drawing a liquid into a pipette.

     6.  Each chemical or biological reagent must be stored according to the instructions of the manufacturer. The area in which a chemical or biological reagent is stored must be:

     (a) Secure and accessible only to authorized members of the staff of the school;

     (b) Cool and dry;

     (c) Ventilated and free of objectionable odors; and

     (d) Clean and organized.

     7.  A reagent or other similar material that is stored in its original container must bear a legible label of the manufacturer. If a reagent or other similar material has been repackaged, it must be labeled to identify its contents and manner of use.

     8.  Eating, drinking or any other activity that involves contact between the hands and mouth of a person is prohibited in a classroom which is used as a science laboratory.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56838  Materials, tools and other equipment; areas used for teaching vocational education. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Machinery, tools or any other equipment that is used in an area of the school for teaching vocational education may be operated or used by a pupil only under the supervision of an adult.

     2.  An area that is used for teaching vocational education must be clean and organized.

     3.  Machinery, tools, material stock, hardware or any other equipment must be stored in a manner that prevents health and safety hazards.

     4.  Stationary equipment must be secured in place and arranged to provide for a work area which is of a sufficient size and which is free of hazards which may cause a person to fall, trip, slip or sustain any physical injury.

     5.  Instructions relating to safety and the operation of machinery, tools or other equipment must be posted conspicuously in the area in which the machinery, tools or other equipment is operated or used.

     6.  Cylinders of compressed gas must be secured in a manner that prevents the cylinders from tipping or falling.

     7.  An area used for teaching vocational education must have a sink for washing hands that is conveniently located and equipped with:

     (a) Hot and cold water that is tempered by a mixing valve or combination faucet;

     (b) Hot water that is delivered at a maximum temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit;

     (c) A supply of soap or detergent for washing hands; and

     (d) A supply of disposable towels designed for a single use or a device that provides heated air for drying hands.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5684  Areas used for teaching home economics. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Any area in a classroom that is used for home economics in which food is prepared or eaten must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.

     2.  Food must be stored and handled in a manner that prevents the rapid growth of pathogenic organisms, contamination and spoilage and prevents the harborage and feeding of insects and other vermin.

     3.  A classroom used for home economics must have a sink for washing hands that is conveniently located and equipped with:

     (a) Hot and cold water tempered by a mixing valve or combination faucet;

     (b) Hot water that is delivered at a maximum temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit;

     (c) A supply of soap or detergent for washing hands; and

     (d) A supply of disposable towels designed for a single use or a device that provides heated air for drying hands.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56842  Health rooms. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Each school shall provide a health room with beds, couches, mats, cots or other furniture that may be used for resting. The beds, couches, mats, cots and other furniture must be covered with a nonabsorbent material that is maintained in good repair and is cleaned and sanitized before each use.

     2.  Any medications that are stored in a health room must be accessible only to authorized members of the staff of the school.

     3.  As used in this section, “health room” means a room or an area where an ill or injured pupil is temporarily isolated until such time as the pupil is released to the custody of his or her parent or guardian.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56844  Electrical panels, janitors’ closets, boiler rooms and storage rooms. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  Electrical panels, janitors’ closets, boiler rooms, storage rooms, including, without limitation, storage rooms for supplies and equipment, and rooms containing a transformer that are located in a school, must be locked and accessible only to authorized members of the staff of the school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56846  Playgrounds and playground equipment. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  Playgrounds and playground equipment must be designed, constructed and maintained in the manner prescribed in the guidelines set forth in the Handbook for Public Playground Safety as adopted by reference in NAC 444.56816.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56848  Programs for food service. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  A program used by a school to serve food must comply with:

     1.  The provisions of chapter 446 of NRS and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto; and

     2.  Any ordinances, rules or regulations governing food establishments adopted by the appropriate district board of health, county board of health or board of county commissioners.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5685  Water. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Potable water of a sufficient amount to meet the requirements of a school must be provided to the school from a supplier that is approved by the health authority and licensed by the Health Division.

     2.  Water that is under pressure and maintained at the required temperature must be provided to all fixtures and equipment of the school which uses water. The system that provides hot water to the school must provide a sufficient amount of hot water to meet the requirements of the school during its hours of operation.

     3.  There must not be a cross connection between:

     (a) The supply of potable water and any water that is nonpotable or may be nonpotable; or

     (b) The supply of potable water and any source of pollution by which the potable water may become contaminated.

     4.  A system for supplying nonpotable water may be used only for air conditioning, cleaning, flushing toilets and fire protection, if the system is approved by the health authority and does not come into direct or indirect contact with the supply of potable water. The piping of a system for nonpotable water must be clearly and permanently identified so that it is readily distinguishable from piping which carries potable water.

     5.  The system for potable water must be installed to prevent backflow. Devices to prevent backflow and back siphonage must be installed on a fixture or equipment that does not have an air gap which is at least twice the diameter of the inlet for the water between the inlet and the flood level rim of the fixture. A hose may not be attached to a faucet unless a device to prevent backflow is installed.

     6.  A device to prevent backflow or back siphonage that is installed on a system for potable water must comply with the standards for the construction, installation, maintenance, inspection and testing for that specific application and type of device set forth in the Uniform Plumbing Code, as adopted by reference in NAC 444.56816.

     7.  The use of lead solder on piping carrying potable water is prohibited.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56852  Sewage. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  All sewage at a school, including liquid waste, must be disposed of in a manner that is approved by the health authority.

     2.  Facilities for the disposal of sewage that do not use water, including chemical toilets, are prohibited unless authorized by the health authority for temporary use.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56854  Toilets, lavatories and drinking fountains. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  A minimum number of toilets, lavatories and drinking fountains must be installed in a school as prescribed in the standards for plumbing facilities of the Uniform Plumbing Code, as adopted by reference in NAC 444.56816.

     2.  A toilet and lavatory must be located within 250 feet of each classroom and area used for teaching vocational education and be accessible for use at all times.

     3.  Toilets must be clean and in good repair. A supply of toilet tissue that is dispensed from a permanently affixed dispenser must be provided at each toilet at all times.

     4.  Each lavatory must provide hot and cold water that is tempered by a mixing valve or combination faucet. The hot water must be delivered at a maximum temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit. A faucet that closes automatically, closes slowly or is metered must provide a flow of water for not less than 20 seconds.

     5.  A supply of soap or detergent for washing hands must be available in each lavatory.

     6.  A supply of disposable towels designed for a single use or a device that provides heated air for drying hands must be conveniently located near each lavatory.

     7.  Lavatories must be clean and in good repair.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56856  Drinking fountains and potable drinking water. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Each drinking fountain in a school must be clean and in good repair.

     2.  Potable drinking water must be provided and dispensed in a sanitary manner in gymnasiums and during outdoor events held at the school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56858  Showers and shower fixtures. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)  A shower that is provided in a school must have hot and cold water which is tempered by a mixing valve or combination fixture. The hot water must be delivered at a maximum temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Each shower and shower fixture must be clean and in good repair.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.5686  Garbage and refuse. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  There must be a sufficient number of containers located in a school to hold all garbage and refuse that accumulates in the school. The containers must be conveniently located throughout the school.

     2.  Garbage and refuse must be:

     (a) Deposited in containers that are closable, durable, nonabsorbent, protected against vermin and clean; and

     (b) Stored in a manner that is not accessible to insects and rodents.

     3.  Storage areas or enclosures which are located outside a school must be clean and of sufficient size to store the containers of garbage and refuse.

     4.  Containers for garbage and refuse which are located outside a school must be:

     (a) Stored on a smooth surface of concrete or asphalt;

     (b) Clean and in good repair; and

     (c) Maintained in a manner that does not cause a public nuisance.

     5.  If the health authority or public works department of the appropriate local government requires a school to install an interceptor for grease, the interceptor must be maintained in a manner that does not cause a public nuisance.

     6.  Garbage and refuse must be removed from the premises of the school at such times as is necessary to prevent the garbage and refuse from developing an odor, causing a public nuisance or attracting insects and rodents, but in any event the garbage and refuse must be disposed of within intervals of 7 days, unless otherwise approved by the health authority.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

      NAC 444.56862  Control of vermin. (NRS 439.200, 444.335)

     1.  Measures must be taken to minimize the presence of rodents, flies, cockroaches or other vermin on the premises of a school, including regular inspections to detect the presence of those vermin. The premises of the school, including the contiguous land or property under the control of the school, must be maintained in a condition that prevents or eliminates the harboring or feeding of insects, rodents and other vermin.

     2.  Insecticides, herbicides and rodenticides must be used in accordance with the directions on the label of the container and stored in a manner that is accessible only to authorized members of the staff of the school.

     (Added to NAC by Bd. of Health by R177-99, eff. 7-24-2002)

SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL

General Provisions

      NAC 444.570  Definitions. (NRS 444.560)  As used in NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NAC 444.5701 to 444.631, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

     (Supplied in codification; A by Environmental Comm’n, 12-19-89; 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 3-1-94; R034-98, 4-17-98; R173-99, 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.5701  “Active life” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Active life” means the period of operation of a disposal site beginning with the initial receipt of solid waste and ending at the completion of closure activities in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.5702  “Administrator” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Administrator” means the Administrator of the Division of Environmental Protection of the State Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.5703  “Appendix I” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Appendix I” means the Appendix I of 40 C.F.R. Part 258.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.57035  “Appendix II” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Appendix II” means the Appendix II of 40 C.F.R. Part 258.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.5704  “Aquifer” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Aquifer” means a geological formation, group of formations or portion of a formation capable of yielding usable quantities of groundwater to wells and springs.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.57048  “Cell” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Cell” means a portion of a municipal solid waste landfill unit which consists of compacted wastes completely enclosed in cover material.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.5705  “Class I site” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Class I site” means a disposal site which:

     1.  Is comprised of at least one municipal solid waste landfill unit including all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances and improvements on the land used for the disposal of solid waste; and

     2.  Is not a Class II or Class III site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.571  “Class II site” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Class II site” means a disposal site:

     1.  Which is comprised of at least one municipal solid waste landfill unit;

     2.  Which accepts less than 20 tons of solid waste per day on an annual average;

     3.  For which there is no evidence of contamination of groundwater originating from the site;

     4.  Which serves a community that has no other practicable alternatives for waste management; and

     5.  Which is located in an area which annually receives no more than 25 inches of precipitation.

Ê The term includes all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances and improvements on the land used for the disposal of solid waste.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.5715  “Class III site” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Class III site” means a disposal site which accepts only industrial solid waste.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.572  “Composting” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Composting” means a controlled process of biological degradation of solid waste to an inoffensive humus-like product.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.1, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.573  “Contaminant” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Contaminant” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 445A.325.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.5735  “Cross-media” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Cross-media” means the transfer of a constituent from a medium such as water, land or air, to another medium.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.574  “Disposal site” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Disposal site” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 444.460.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.2, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.576  “Division” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Division” means the Division of Environmental Protection of the State Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.3, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.577  “Existing municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Existing municipal solid waste landfill unit” means a municipal solid waste landfill unit which is receiving waste on November 8, 1993.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.578  “Garbage” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Garbage” means putrescible animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, storage, sale, preparation, cooking and serving of food.

     (Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.4, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.5785  “Gas condensate” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Gas condensate” means the liquid generated as a result of any processes to recover gas at a municipal solid waste landfill unit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.579  “Groundwater” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Groundwater” means all subsurface water comprising the zone of saturation, including perched water.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.580  “Hazardous waste” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Hazardous waste” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 459.430.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.5, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.581  “Household waste” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Household waste” means any solid waste, including garbage, trash and sanitary wastes, derived from households, including single and multiple family residences, hotels, motels, bunkhouses, ranger stations, crew quarters, campgrounds, picnic grounds and recreation areas used during the daytime.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.584  “Incinerator” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Incinerator” means an engineered apparatus capable of withstanding heat and designed to efficiently reduce solid, semi-solid, liquid or gaseous waste at specified rates, and from which the residues contain little or no combustible material.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.7, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.585  “Industrial solid waste” defined. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  “Industrial solid waste” means solid waste derived from industrial or manufacturing processes, including, but not limited to, the solid waste generated by the:

     (a) Generation of electric power;

     (b) Manufacture of fertilizer and agricultural chemicals;

     (c) Manufacture of food and its related products and by-products;

     (d) Manufacture of inorganic chemicals;

     (e) Manufacture of leather and products made from leather;

     (f) Manufacture of nonferrous metals, including the foundries which manufacture those metals;

     (g) Manufacture of organic chemicals;

     (h) Manufacture of plastics, resins and other miscellaneous products made from plastic;

     (i) Pulp and paper industry;

     (j) Manufacture of rubber and other miscellaneous products made from rubber;

     (k) Manufacture of products made from stone, glass, clay and concrete;

     (l) Manufacture of textiles;

     (m) Manufacture of transportation equipment;

     (n) Treatment of water;

     (o) Manufacture of iron and steel; and

     (p) Construction, refurbishing or demolition of buildings or other structures.

     2.  The term does not include waste generated by the mining, oil and gas industries.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.587  “Lateral expansion” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Lateral expansion” means a horizontal expansion of the waste boundaries of a disposal site after October 9, 1993.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.5875  “Leachate” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Leachate” means a liquid which has passed through or emerged from a municipal solid waste landfill unit and contains soluble, suspended or miscible materials removed from the waste within the unit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.588  “Lift” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Lift” means a compacted layer of solid waste, typically consisting of several cells, which is approximately 10 to 15 feet thick, placed within a defined area of a municipal solid waste landfill unit and separated from other lifts on the top and bottom by a layer of cover material.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.9, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.589  “Medical waste” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Medical waste” has the meaning as ascribed to it in 49 C.F.R. Part 173, Appendix G - “Definition of Regulated Medical Waste,” as that Appendix existed on November 8, 1993.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.591  “Municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Municipal solid waste landfill unit” means a discrete area of land or an excavation that receives household waste. A municipal solid waste landfill unit may receive other types of solid waste, including sludge and industrial solid waste. A municipal solid waste landfill unit may be publicly or privately owned. The term does not include an injection well, a surface impoundment, a land application unit or a waste pile, as those terms are defined in 40 C.F.R. § 257.2.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.592  “Municipality” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Municipality” means any county and any city or town, whether incorporated or unincorporated, and Carson City.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.11, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.593  “New municipal solid waste landfill unit” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “New municipal solid waste landfill unit” means a municipal solid waste landfill unit which has not received waste before November 8, 1993.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.594  “Nuisance” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Nuisance” means anything which is injurious to health, offensive to the senses, or an obstruction to the free use of property, and thus interferes with the comfortable enjoyment of life or property.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.12, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.596  “Open burning” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Open burning” means the combustion of solid waste without:

     1.  The control of air to maintain an adequate temperature for efficient combustion;

     2.  The containment of the reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for a complete combustion; and

     3.  The control of the emission of the products resulting from the combustion.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.13, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.598  “Open dump” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Open dump” means an uncontrolled disposal site where solid waste is disposed of in a manner which does not comply with NRS 444.630, NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, or any permit issued pursuant thereto.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.14, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.5985  “Operator” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Operator” means the person responsible for the overall operation of a disposal site or any part of that site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.599  “Owner” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Owner” means the person who owns a disposal site or any part of that site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.600  “Pathological wastes” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Pathological wastes” means human and animal remains, consisting of carcasses, organs and solid organic waste from hospitals, laboratories, abattoirs, animal pounds and similar sources.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.15, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.602  “Percolation” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Percolation” means the downward movement of water through soil or waste.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.16, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.604  “Person” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Person” includes any state or federal agency, any state, including the State of Nevada, a political subdivision of any state, including the State of Nevada, and an interstate agency or organization.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.17, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.605  “Pollutant” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Pollutant” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 445A.400.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.6065  “Postclosure” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Postclosure” means the period immediately after a disposal site is closed which lasts in accordance with NAC 444.6894.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.607  “Public waste storage bin facility” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Public waste storage bin facility” means a facility that provides one or more portable waste containers which are used for the collection of solid waste for transport to a solid waste disposal site. The term does not include residential or commercial waste containers that are located on or near a site of waste generation.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98; A by R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.608  “Putrescible” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Putrescible” means capable of being decomposed by microorganisms with sufficient rapidity as to cause nuisances from odors or gases.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.19, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.609  “Qualified groundwater scientist” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Qualified groundwater scientist” means a person who has received a baccalaureate or postgraduate degree in the natural sciences or engineering and has sufficient training and experience in groundwater hydrology and related fields as may be demonstrated by professional certifications or the completion of accredited programs offered by a college or university which enable him or her to make sound professional judgments regarding the monitoring of groundwater, the fate and transportation of contaminants, and required corrective actions.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.610  “Refuse” defined. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  “Refuse” means any:

     (a) Garbage.

     (b) Sludge from a:

          (1) Plant that treats wastewater.

          (2) Plant that treats the water supply.

          (3) Facility for controlling air pollution.

     (c) Other discarded material, including solid, semi-solid, liquid or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial or commercial operations or community activities.

     2.  The term does not include:

     (a) Any discarded material, including solid, semi-solid, liquid or contained gaseous material, resulting from mining or agricultural activities which is excluded from a plan for a system for the management of solid waste pursuant to NRS 444.620.

     (b) Solid or dissolved materials in domestic sewage.

     (c) Industrial discharges that are point sources subject to NRS 445A.465.

     (d) Source material, special nuclear material or by-product material, as those terms are defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as that act existed on November 8, 1993.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.20, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.612  “Rubbish” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Rubbish” means nonputrescible solid waste, consisting of both combustible and noncombustible wastes such as paper, cardboard, abandoned automobiles, tin cans, wood, glass, bedding, crockery and similar materials.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.21, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.614  “Salvage yard” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Salvage yard” means any place where salvaged material is regularly dismantled, accumulated, stored or offered for sale, unless such operations are wholly contained in an approved building.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.23, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.616  “Salvaging” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Salvaging” means the controlled removal of material from the solid waste stream for reuse, sale or recycling.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.22, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.620  “Scavenging” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Scavenging” means the uncontrolled removal of material from the solid waste stream for any purpose in a manner which interferes with the safe, efficient operation of the system.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.25, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.622  “Solid waste” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Solid waste” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 444.490.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.26, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.624  “Solid waste management authority” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Solid waste management authority” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 444.495.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.27, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.626  “Solid waste management system” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Solid waste management system” means the entire process of storage, collection, transportation, processing and disposal of solid waste by any person engaging in such process as a business or by any municipality or by any combination thereof.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.28, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.6265  “Surface impoundment” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Surface impoundment” means a facility or part of a facility which is a natural topographic depression, artificially created excavation or diked area formed primarily of earthen material or lined with artificially created material, which is designed to hold an accumulation of liquid wastes or wastes containing free liquids. The term includes holding storage, settling and aeration pits, ponds and lagoons. The term does not include an injection well.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.628  “Transfer station” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Transfer station” means a solid waste processing site where solid waste is transferred from one vehicle to another vehicle or storage device for temporary storage until transferred to a disposal site. Some processing may be included therein. The term does not include public waste storage bin facilities.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.29, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A by R034-98, 4-17-98; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.629  “Uppermost aquifer” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Uppermost aquifer” means the aquifer located within the boundaries of a disposal site that is nearest the natural ground surface. The term includes lower aquifers which are hydraulically interconnected within the boundary of the disposal site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.630  “Vector” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Vector” means a living insect or other arthropod or animal (not human) capable of carrying infectious disease from one person or animal to another.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 1.30, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.631  “Waters of the State” defined. (NRS 444.560)  “Waters of the State” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 445A.415.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.634  Severability. (NRS 444.560)  If any of the provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, or any application thereof to any person, thing or circumstance is held invalid, it is intended that such invalidity not affect the remaining provisions, or their application, that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 2.1.1, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; 3-1-94; R173-99, 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.636  Adoption by reference of certain provisions of Code of Federal Regulations, United States Geological Survey and Environmental Protection Agency. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The following provisions are hereby adopted by reference:

     (a) Appendix I to 40 C.F.R. Part 258, as that Appendix existed on November 8, 1993;

     (b) Appendix II to 40 C.F.R. Part 258, as that Appendix existed on November 8, 1993;

     (c) The provisions of 40 C.F.R. Part 257.2, as that part existed on November 8, 1993, for the limited purposes of defining “municipal solid waste landfill unit” in NAC 444.591;

     (d) The United States Geological Survey, Open File Report 82-1033, “Probabilistic Estimates of Maximum Acceleration and Velocity in Rock in the Contiguous United States,” for the limited purpose of defining “seismic impact zone” in NAC 444.6793;

     (e) “Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods,” Environmental Protection Agency, Publication No. SW-846, for the limited purposes of defining “liquid waste” in NAC 444.692; and

     (f) The Toxic Substances Control Act Good Laboratory Practice Standards, 40 C.F.R. Part 792, as those standards existed on March 1, 1994, for the limited purpose of conducting scientific studies pursuant to sub-subparagraph (II) of subparagraph (2) of paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NAC 444.7492.

     2.  Volume 40 C.F.R. Parts 190 to 259, inclusive, may be obtained by mail from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, P.O. Box 979050, St. Louis, Missouri 63197-9000, or by toll-free telephone at (866) 512-1800, for the price of $22.

     3.  The report of the United States Geological Survey may be obtained from the United States Geological Survey, Books and Open Files Reports Section, Federal Center, Building 810, Box 25425, Denver, Colorado 80225, at a cost of $24.50.

     4.  Publication No. SW-846 of the Environmental Protection Agency may be obtained from NTIS, United States Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22161, at a cost of $243.

     5.  The Toxic Substances Control Act Good Laboratory Practice Standards, 40 C.F.R. Part 792, may be obtained by mail from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, P.O. Box 979050, St. Louis, Missouri 63197-9000, or by toll-free telephone at (866) 512-1800, for the price of $19.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93; 3-1-94; R202-97, 3-5-98)

      NAC 444.638  Interpretation of provisions. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, may not be interpreted to circumvent any of those provisions to make them less effective.

     2.  If more than one interpretation exists for a provision, the more restrictive interpretation applies.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.2.1 & 2.2.2, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; 3-1-94; R173-99, 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.639  Interrelation with other laws and regulations. (NRS 444.560)  The provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, do not waive or circumvent the provisions of NRS 445A.300 to 445A.730, inclusive, 445B.100 to 445B.640, inclusive, 459.400 to 459.600, inclusive, and 459.800 to 459.856, inclusive. Each owner and operator shall comply with all other laws and regulations adopted and orders issued pursuant to those sections governing the disposal of solid waste.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94; R173-99, 2-9-2000)

Provisions Applicable to Solid Waste Management Systems

      NAC 444.640  Open burning; disposal of animal carcasses. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, open burning of solid wastes at a disposal site, transfer station or other facility which handles solid waste is prohibited.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may approve open burning of yard waste and other untreated wood waste at facilities that serve remote communities if:

     (a) There is no other practicable alternative for the management of the waste; and

     (b) The burning is done in accordance with NAC 445B.22067.

     3.  The provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, do not prevent the disposal of animal carcasses by burning if such burning is done in accordance with NAC 445B.22067, except that such burning is not allowed at municipal solid waste landfill units and Class III sites covered by those provisions.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.3.1 & 2.3.2, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; 3-1-94; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.6405  Permit to operate disposal site: Requirement; exemptions; application. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, the owner or operator of a disposal site must obtain a permit to operate the site from the appropriate solid waste management authority.

     2.  The following sites are exempt from the provisions of subsection 1:

     (a) Composting bins which are operated at a personal residence for personal use; and

     (b) Municipal composting operations for yard wastes.

     3.  The owner or operator of a proposed disposal site must obtain the permit before the construction or operation of that site. An application for the permit must be submitted at least 180 days before the anticipated start of construction, to allow sufficient time for the review and issuance of the permit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 11-9-95; 10-3-96; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.641  Permit to operate disposal site: Evaluation of application; notice to applicant concerning completeness and compliance; notice of intent to issue or deny application; period for public comment. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A solid waste management authority shall, within 45 days after receiving an application for a permit to operate a disposal site, notify the applicant as to whether the application is complete or deficient in content. A determination of completeness must be based on whether the application contains all specified documents and supporting information required by NAC 444.677, 444.705 or 444.733, as applicable. The solid waste management authority may require the submittal of any such additional documents or information as it deems necessary and may specify the period within which the documents or information must be submitted to the authority.

     2.  If the solid waste management authority determines that an application is complete, the authority shall evaluate the merits of the application to determine if the application is in compliance with all applicable statutes and regulations. If the solid waste management authority determines that the application does not comply with all applicable statutes and regulations, it shall mail a notice to the applicant. The notice must specify:

     (a) Each statute or regulation with which the applicant has failed to comply;

     (b) Any documents or other information which the applicant is required to submit to the authority; and

     (c) The period within which the applicant is required to submit to the authority the documents or other information requested pursuant to paragraph (b).

     3.  Upon completion of the evaluation, the solid waste management authority shall prepare and issue:

     (a) A notice of intent to issue or deny the issuance of the permit. The notice must:

          (1) Be sent to the applicant and the local governing body in the area in which the disposal site is to be located, and published in a newspaper of general circulation for the area in which the site is located;

          (2) Summarize the action to be taken by the solid waste management authority;

          (3) State that the authority will accept comments from the general public for 30 days after the date that the notice is issued; and

          (4) Describe the procedure for obtaining copies of the documents and comments submitted with the application.

     (b) A factual sheet which describes the proposed facility, the proposed action, the availability of the documents submitted with the application, and the procedure for public review and comment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 10-3-96)

      NAC 444.6415  Permit to operate disposal site: Response to notice of intent to issue or deny application; request for public hearing; notice of public hearing. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An applicant for a permit to operate a disposal site and any other interested person may, within 30 days after the notice of intent is issued pursuant to NAC 444.641:

     (a) Submit a written request to the solid waste management authority for a public hearing on the proposed issuance or denial of the permit which must state the nature of the issues which the requester intends to raise at the hearing; or

     (b) Submit written comments on the proposed issuance or denial of the permit to the solid waste management authority.

     2.  The solid waste management authority:

     (a) May schedule a public hearing if requested pursuant to this section or on its own initiative; and

     (b) Shall publish a notice of a hearing scheduled pursuant to this section at least 30 days before the date of that hearing.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may extend the period for public review as it deems necessary.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6419  Permit to operate disposal site: Response by solid waste management authority to written comments concerning proposed issuance or denial of permit; publication of written comments. (NRS 444.560)  The solid waste management authority shall issue a statement responding to the written comments on the proposed issuance or denial of a permit to operate a disposal site which are received during the period for public review. A copy of the statement must be sent to the applicant, the person who submitted the written comments, if different from the applicant, and all other persons who specifically request, in writing, a copy of the statement. A copy of the statement must be made available for inspection by the general public at a location specified by the solid waste management authority.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6425  Permit to operate disposal site: Duties of solid waste management authority after period for public review; modification or placement of conditions based on public comments. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Within 30 days after the end of the period for public review, the solid waste management authority shall:

     (a) Issue a permit to operate a disposal site; or

     (b) Deny the application and send written notice to the applicant which details the reasons why the application is being denied. The written notice must set forth the time and procedure by which the applicant may appeal the decision of the solid waste management authority.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may modify or place conditions on a permit issued pursuant to this section based on public comments received concerning the permit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A by R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.643  Permit to operate disposal site: Issuance; revocation or suspension; requirements for transfer to subsequent owner or operator. (NRS 444.560)  A permit to operate a disposal site issued by a solid waste management authority:

     1.  Must be issued for the life of the design of the disposal site;

     2.  May be modified by the solid waste management authority if the statutes or regulations upon which the issuance of the permit is based change, or if a modification is otherwise necessary to protect public health and safety and the environment;

     3.  Must specify the amount and type of solid waste which the disposal site may receive that is consistent with the design and operational plans of the site;

     4.  Must be issued for the area and volume of waste specified in the application, if the disposal site is a municipal solid waste landfill unit or Class III site;

     5.  May be revoked or suspended if written notice is given by the solid waste management authority and the disposal site does not remain in compliance with the applicable statutes and regulations; and

     6.  Must be issued to a specific operator or owner. A permit may be transferred to a subsequent owner or operator only if the solid waste management authority approves the transfer based on documentation of financial responsibility provided by the new owner or operator.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6435  Permit to operate disposal site: Request for modification; conditions requiring public notice and review. (NRS 444.560)  A permit to operate a disposal site may be modified upon the request of the owner or operator of the disposal site and approval of the solid waste management authority. A proposal to modify a permit may be subject to public notice and 30 days of public review if the proposed modification includes:

     1.  An increase in the amount or type of solid wastes managed at the site which is inconsistent with the permitted design, operational plans or municipal plans concerning the management of solid waste;

     2.  A change in the manner of waste management at the site which is inconsistent with the permitted design or operational plans of the site;

     3.  A substantive change in the:

     (a) Permitted design of the site;

     (b) Plans for closure and postclosure;

     (c) Procedures for monitoring the site and for taking any necessary corrective actions; or

     (d) The mechanisms for financial assurance; and

     4.  Any other change which is deemed by the solid waste management authority to require public notice and a public hearing.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.644  Systems for solid waste. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  All solid wastes must be:

     (a) Stored, collected, utilized, treated, processed and disposed of by means that do not create a health hazard, public nuisance or impairment of the environment.

     (b) Handled in such a manner which does not contribute to breeding of insects and rodents or to support any disease vector.

     2.  All solid waste systems must be operated in a manner that will not cause or contribute to pollution of:

     (a) The atmosphere; or

     (b) Surface or groundwaters of the State.

     3.  No system for solid waste handling, processing, salvage or disposal may be placed in operation unless approved by the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.5.1-2.5.5, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.645  Program for quality assurance and control for construction of required liner system. (NRS 444.560)  The owner or operator of a municipal solid waste landfill unit shall:

     1.  Develop and carry out a program for quality assurance and quality control for the construction of all liner systems required by NAC 444.681; and

     2.  Submit a summary of this program to the solid waste management authority before waste may be placed in the municipal solid waste landfill unit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.646  Disposal of special wastes: Sewage sludge, septic tank pumpings and medical wastes; coverage of burial area. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Sewage sludges, septic tank pumpings and medical wastes may be deposited at a disposal site only if provisions for such disposal are included in the operational plan and approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  A completed special waste burial area must be covered with a layer of suitable cover material compacted to a minimum uniform depth of 36 inches.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.6.1.1-2.6.1.3, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.648  Disposal of special wastes: Waste tires. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Disposal of waste tires by open dumping is prohibited.

     2.  Disposal of waste tires by open burning is prohibited.

     3.  Waste tires which are disposed of by landfilling and which are not incorporated with other wastes in a landfill for which a permit has been issued by a solid waste management authority pursuant to NAC 444.6405 must be chipped, split or otherwise handled in a manner approved by the solid waste management authority which:

     (a) Prevents tires from resurfacing after they have been covered;

     (b) Reduces the possibility of a fire at the landfill;

     (c) Controls vectors; and

     (d) Otherwise protects the environment and public health.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.6.2.1-2.6.2.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 12-15-94)

      NAC 444.650  Disposal of special wastes: Waste oils. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Large quantities of waste oils, greases, oil sludges or oil soaked wastes must not be placed in any land disposal site unless special provisions for handling and other special precautions are included in the operational plan to prevent fires and pollution of surface or groundwaters.

     2.  Provisions for handling and disposing of large quantities of waste oils are effective only if approved by the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.6.3.1-2.6.3.2, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.652  Disposal of special wastes: Construction and demolition wastes. (NRS 444.560)  Landfills incorporating large quantities of construction and demolition wastes of combustible nature must be cross-sectioned into cells by compacted cover material to prevent spread of accidental fires.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 2.6.4.1, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.654  Disposal of special wastes: Septic tank pumpings and raw sewage. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Septic tank pumpings and raw sewage must not be disposed of by land spreading, unless it is specifically determined and approved in writing by the solid waste management authority that such disposal can be conducted with assured, adequate protection of public health and safety and the environment.

     2.  The disposal of raw sewage and the septic tank pumpings at a municipal solid waste landfill unit or a Class III site are prohibited.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 2.6.5.1, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.656  Disposal of special wastes: Untreated sewage sludge. (NRS 444.560)  Untreated sewage sludges must not be:

     1.  Used as fertilizer on root crops, vegetables, low-growing berries or fruits that may be eaten raw.

     2.  Applied to land later than 1 year prior to planting, where vegetables are to be grown.

     3.  Used on grass in public parks or other areas at a time or in such a way that people could unknowingly come in contact with it.

     4.  Given or sold to the public without their knowledge as to its origin.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.6.5.2.1-2.6.5.2.4, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.658  Plans to manage solid waste. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Every municipality or district board of health must develop a plan for the management of solid waste within the area of its jurisdiction, together with a program for carrying out the plan.

     2.  The area or region to be included in such plan is the area within the boundaries of each county in the State, except in those instances where an incorporated city develops and carries out a separate plan. This section does not prevent several municipalities from developing a single combined plan.

     3.  Such plans must be comprehensive in scope so as to provide for all parts of a complete solid waste management system.

     4.  In those areas where plans for a solid waste management system have already been developed and approved, plans must be updated as necessary to conform with NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, and submitted to the Division. The updated plan may be in the form of a letter or summary if all necessary items are included.

     5.  The schedule for carrying out the plan must state the times for putting each part of the plan into effect.

     6.  All municipalities and district boards of health must submit their respective plans for a solid waste management system on or before October 1, 1994.

     7.  Every plan must be reviewed and updated as necessary, but not less often than once every 5 years following October 1, 1994.

     8.  Every plan must be submitted to the Division for its approval. The plan may not be carried out unless it has been approved by the Division.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 2.7.1-2.7.7, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.660  Standards for storage, collection and transportation set by ordinances. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The storage on the premises, the collection and the transportation to the disposal site of solid waste must generally be according to the pertinent ordinances or regulations of the city, town or county wherein those services are performed.

     2.  The provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, do not abridge the authority of a town, city or county to establish, by ordinance or otherwise, higher standards than those contained in those sections.

     3.  No system for the storage, collection or transportation of solid waste may be allowed to cause health hazards, public nuisances or otherwise cause or contribute to the impairment of the environment.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 3.1 & 3.2, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.662  Storage of solid wastes before collection. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or occupant, or both, of any premises, business establishment or industry are responsible for the safe and sanitary storage of all solid waste accumulated at the premise until it is removed.

     2.  All garbage and similar putrescible waste:

     (a) Must be stored in:

          (1) Durable, nonabsorbent, watertight and easily cleanable containers that are resistant to corrosion and rodents. The covers of such containers must prevent the entry of flies.

          (2) Other types of containers acceptable to the solid waste management authority which conform to the intent of NAC 444.660 to 444.666, inclusive.

     (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5, must not be stored for more than 1 week before collection.

     3.  The size and allowable weight of the container must be determined by the collection agency, subject to the approval of the solid waste management authority.

     4.  If garbage and similar putrescible wastes are stored in combination with nonputrescible wastes, containers for the storage of the mixture must meet the requirements for garbage storage.

     5.  The solid waste management authority may approve the storage of garbage and similar putrescible wastes for more than 1 week before collection in a remote community if the municipality in whose jurisdiction the storage occurs demonstrates that an alternative minimum collection frequency will not result in increased litter or odors, the harboring of vectors, the storage of excess waste outside of containers, or any other health hazard, public nuisance or impairment to the environment. The solid waste management authority may revoke its approval of an alternative minimum collection frequency.

     6.  Medical wastes must be stored in watertight, tightly covered and clearly labeled containers that are resistant to corrosion and are in a safe location, inaccessible to the public. In addition, medical wastes must be stored in cleanable containers with liners or in a manner approved by the solid waste management authority. Medical wastes must not be deposited in containers with other solid wastes. Medical wastes must be transported separately from other solid wastes to an approved disposal site and handled in accordance with a method approved by the solid waste management authority.

     7.  Bulky wastes or other nonputrescible wastes unsuitable for storage containers must be stored in a manner that does not cause a nuisance.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 3.3.1-3.3.5, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.664  Collection and transportation of solid wastes. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or occupant, or both, of any premises, business establishment or industry are responsible for the satisfactory and legal arrangement for removal of all solid waste accumulated at the premises.

     2.  The person collecting or transporting solid waste is responsible for prevention of littering and creation of other nuisances at the loading point and during transport, and for proper unloading at an authorized site or facility for solid waste disposal.

     3.  Vehicles or containers used for the collection and transportation of garbage and similar putrescible waste or refuse must be tightly covered, leak proof, durable and of easily cleanable construction. The vehicles or containers must be cleaned frequently to prevent nuisances and insect breeding and must be maintained in good repair.

     4.  Vehicles or containers used for the collection and transportation of any solid waste must be loaded and moved in such a manner that the contents will not fall, leak or spill therefrom and must be covered as necessary to prevent the blowing of material from the vehicle or container. Where spillage does occur, the waste must be picked up immediately by the collector or transporter and returned to the vehicle or container and the area otherwise properly cleaned.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 3.4.1-3.4.4, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.666  Transfer stations: Design and operating plans. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A transfer station must not be established until the site location and the design and operating plans of the transfer station have been approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  A transfer station must be designed and constructed so as to be esthetically compatible with its environs.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 3.5.1-3.5.3, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A by R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.6661  Transfer stations: Application to operate or modify. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An application to operate a new transfer station or to modify an existing transfer station must be submitted to the solid waste management authority before construction commences.

     2.  The application must include:

     (a) The name, location and mailing address of:

          (1) The transfer station;

          (2) The owner of the transfer station;

          (3) The operator of the transfer station; and

          (4) The authorized agent of the owner;

     (b) Evidence of ownership of the land on which the transfer station will be located;

     (c) The report concerning the design of the transfer station, as described in NAC 444.6662;

     (d) The plan for operating the transfer station, as described in NAC 444.6663;

     (e) Evidence of approval to establish a transfer station from the applicable local government; and

     (f) Any other information that the solid waste management authority requires.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.6662  Transfer stations: Contents of report concerning design. (NRS 444.560)  The report concerning the design of the transfer station required pursuant to NAC 444.6661 must:

     1.  Be prepared under the direction of a licensed professional engineer.

     2.  Be signed and stamped by a professional engineer who is licensed in this State.

     3.  Include, without limitation, a general location map that shows land use and zoning within a 1-mile radius of the transfer station.

     4.  Include, without limitation, plans and specifications of the transfer station in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance with the design standards set forth in NAC 444.6664. The plans must:

     (a) Be drawn to a scale of not more than 200 feet per inch and must include, without limitation, contour intervals of not more than 5 feet;

     (b) Show existing and proposed contours;

     (c) Show access roads and traffic routing inside of and around the transfer station;

     (d) Include, without limitation, provisions for the control of surface water runon and runoff and show grades, berms, dikes, swales and other devices used for drainage and control of surface water;

     (e) Show fencing, equipment, shelter, employee facilities, waste handling areas and any other appurtenance;

     (f) Include, without limitation, provisions for weighing and measuring incoming solid waste;

     (g) Include, without limitation, provisions for controlling odors and dust as necessary to prevent a public nuisance;

     (h) Define the population and area to be served by the transfer station;

     (i) List the anticipated types, quantities and sources of solid waste to be received at the transfer station; and

     (j) Provide evidence that the transfer station will be in compliance with the design standards set forth in NAC 444.6664.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.6663  Transfer stations: Requirements for operating plan. (NRS 444.560)  The operating plan of the transfer station required pursuant to NAC 444.6661 must include, without limitation:

     1.  Provisions for the control of access to the transfer station;

     2.  The number of attendants who will be at the transfer station during operating hours;

     3.  A list of the equipment and machinery that will be used at the transfer station;

     4.  Procedures for controlling vehicular traffic;

     5.  The types of wastes that the transfer station will not receive and a list of the facilities where such waste will be directed;

     6.  A program for detecting and preventing the disposal of regulated hazardous waste and polychlorinated biphenyl wastes;

     7.  Procedures for measuring or weighing incoming solid waste;

     8.  The proposed capacity and expected life of the transfer station;

     9.  The frequency and method of transfer of solid waste to a disposal site;

     10.  The maximum time that solid waste will be stored at the transfer station;

     11.  The location of waste storage areas at the transfer station;

     12.  The proposed operating hours;

     13.  A contingency plan that describes procedures for emergencies and alternate solid waste handling systems;

     14.  A plan approved by the local fire authority for the prevention and control of fires;

     15.  A plan for the management of special wastes that are proposed for acceptance at the facility; and

     16.  A description of how the transfer station will comply with the operating standards set forth in NAC 444.66645.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.6664  Transfer stations: Construction. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A transfer station must be constructed with:

     (a) Any barriers and appurtenances necessary to control access to the station;

     (b) An all-weather access road;

     (c) Appurtenances to control litter; and

     (d) Areas for processing, tipping, sorting and storing that:

          (1) Are located within a covered enclosure with at least three sides; and

          (2) Have a floor with a hard surface such as concrete or asphalt pavement and a drainage structure for the recovery of liquids.

     2.  The transfer station must be constructed to comply with the requirements regarding signs set forth in NAC 444.690.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.66645  Transfer stations: Handling and salvage of solid waste; maintenance of records; handling of asbestos; removal of remaining waste at final closure. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Any solid waste accepted at a transfer station must be:

     (a) Transferred to a disposal site that has been issued a permit by the solid waste management authority; or

     (b) Salvaged for reuse or recycling and thereafter promptly removed from the transfer station.

     2.  A transfer station must be kept in a neat and orderly condition. All residual wastes or other residual material must be promptly removed from the transfer station.

     3.  Any area that is used for tipping, handling or storing solid waste must be free of standing water. The drainage from the floor of such an area must be discharged into a sewer or its equivalent.

     4.  A person shall not salvage solid waste from a transfer station unless he or she:

     (a) Is authorized by the solid waste management authority;

     (b) Is supervised by the operator of the station;

     (c) Stores the salvaged material in clearly identified containers or areas; and

     (d) Maintains the salvaged material in a safe, sanitary and orderly manner.

     5.  The operator of the transfer station shall maintain accurate records of the operations of the station. The records must be furnished upon request to the solid waste management authority or be made available for inspection by the solid waste management authority at any reasonable time. The records must include, without limitation:

     (a) A daily log of the quantity of solid waste received and transported;

     (b) Instances in which the station rejected a waste load; and

     (c) Any emergencies or unusual events.

     6.  Solid waste must be removed from a transfer station not more than 72 hours after acceptance unless the owner or operator is prevented from doing so because of an emergency such as a fire or flood. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority not more than 24 hours after an emergency that results in the storage of solid waste for more than 72 hours.

     7.  The acceptance, handling and transportation of asbestos waste must be conducted pursuant to NAC 444.965 to 444.980, inclusive.

     8.  At the final closure of a transfer station, any remaining wastes must be removed to a disposal site that has been issued a permit by the solid waste management authority.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.66647  Public waste storage bin facility: Notification of establishment; general requirements; final closure. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner of a public waste storage bin facility shall notify the solid waste management authority in writing not more than 30 days after establishing the facility. The notification must include, without limitation:

     (a) The location of the facility;

     (b) The owner of the facility;

     (c) The name and phone number of the authorized agent of the owner;

     (d) The capacity of the facility in cubic yards;

     (e) The types of solid waste the facility receives; and

     (f) The population and area to be served by the facility.

     2.  Waste storage bins may have a combined capacity of not more than 160 cubic yards and must be constructed of durable, watertight materials with a lid or screen on top that prevents the loss of materials during transport. Storage of solid waste outside of the waste storage bins is prohibited unless approved by the solid waste management authority.

     3.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if garbage and similar putrescible waste is stored in combination with nonputrescible waste, the wastes must not be stored at the facility for more than 1 week. The solid waste management authority may approve the storage of such waste for more than 1 week before collection in a remote community if the municipality in whose jurisdiction the storage occurs demonstrates that an alternative minimum collection frequency will not result in increased litter or odors, the harboring of vectors, the storage of excess waste outside of containers, or any other health hazard, public nuisance or impairment to the environment. The solid waste management authority may revoke its approval of an alternative minimum collection frequency.

     4.  The owner of a public waste storage bin facility shall:

     (a) Provide access to the facility by an all-weather road;

     (b) Construct the facility in a manner that allows the public to deposit waste materials conveniently and safely in the public waste storage bin;

     (c) Service the facility as often as is necessary to ensure that there is adequate storage capacity at all times;

     (d) Provide for the inspection of the site at least weekly and collect all scattered papers and other lightweight debris;

     (e) Use fences and other appurtenances to prevent the scattering of papers and other lightweight debris; and

     (f) Comply with the requirements regarding signs set forth in NAC 444.690.

     5.  At final closure, the owner or operator shall remove any remaining wastes to a proper facility and shall remove all waste storage bins.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R034-98, eff. 4-17-98; A by R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.6665  Operating criteria: Program for detecting and preventing disposal of regulated hazardous waste and PCB wastes. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator shall carry out a program at the municipal solid waste landfill unit for detecting and preventing the disposal of regulated hazardous waste and PCB wastes. The program must include, but is not limited to:

     (a) Random inspections of incoming loads;

     (b) Records of inspections;

     (c) Training persons employed at the unit to recognize regulated hazardous waste and PCB wastes;

     (d) Procedures for handling hazardous waste or PCB wastes found at the site; and

     (e) Notification of the solid waste management authority if hazardous waste or PCB wastes are discovered at the unit.

     2.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Hazardous waste” includes those wastes described by 40 C.F.R. Part 261.3 which are not excluded by 40 C.F.R. Part 261.4(b) or generated by a conditionally exempt small quantity generator in accordance with 40 C.F.R. Part 261.5, as those sections existed on November 8, 1993.

     (b) “PCB” has the meaning ascribed to it in 40 C.F.R. Part 761.3, as that section existed on November 8, 1993.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.667  Operating criteria: Control of explosive gas. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator shall provide for the control of explosive gas at the municipal solid waste landfill unit in accordance with the provisions of this section.

     2.  The owner or operator shall ensure that:

     (a) The concentration of methane gas generated at the unit does not exceed 25 percent of the lower explosive limit for methane in structures, excluding components for any system to control or recover the gas; and

     (b) The concentration of methane gas does not exceed the lower explosive limit for methane at the boundary of the unit.

     3.  The owner or operator shall carry out a routine program for monitoring methane gas to ensure that the standards set forth in subsection 2 are met. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, the level of methane must be monitored at least quarterly each year. The type and frequency of monitoring must be determined based on the:

     (a) Conditions of the soil;

     (b) Hydrogeologic conditions surrounding the unit;

     (c) Hydraulic conditions surrounding the unit; and

     (d) Location of the structures and boundaries of the unit.

     4.  The solid waste management authority may, after public review and comment, allow the owner or operator of a Class II site to monitor the level of methane gas less frequently than one time each quarter. In deciding whether to allow such a deviation, the solid waste management authority shall consider:

     (a) The unique characteristics of small communities;

     (b) Climatic and hydrogeologic conditions; and

     (c) Whether allowing the deviation would have an adverse effect on human health or the environment.

     5.  If the owner or operator detects levels of methane gas exceeding the limits specified in paragraph (a) of subsection 2, he or she shall:

     (a) Immediately take all necessary actions to ensure protection of public health and safety and notify the solid waste management authority;

     (b) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, within 7 days after detection, place in the operating records for the unit the levels of methane gas detected and a description of the actions taken to protect public health and safety; and

     (c) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 6, within 60 days after detection, carry out a plan for remediation for the releases of methane gas, place a copy of the plan in the operating records and notify the solid waste management authority that the plan has been carried out. The plan must describe the nature and extent of the problem and the proposed remedy.

     6.  The solid waste management authority may establish alternative schedules for demonstrating compliance with paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection 5.

     7.  As used in this section, “lower explosive limit” means the lowest percent by volume of a mixture of explosive gases in air that will propagate a flame at 25°C and at atmospheric pressure.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94; R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.6675  Operating criteria: Compliance with state implementation plan; open burning of certain solid wastes prohibited. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator shall ensure that the municipal solid waste landfill unit does not violate any applicable requirements developed by the state implementation plan, if any, approved or adopted by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to section 110 of the federal Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 7410, as that section existed on November 8, 1993, and NRS 445B.100 to 445B.640, inclusive, and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto.

     2.  Open burning of solid waste, except for the infrequent burning of agricultural wastes, silvicultural wastes, debris from land clearing, diseased trees or debris from emergency clean-up operations, is prohibited at all municipal solid waste landfill units.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6678  Operating criteria: Vector control. (NRS 444.560)  An owner or operator shall prevent or control populations of disease vectors at the municipal solid waste landfill unit using techniques appropriate for the protection of public health and safety and the environment. Other than daily cover, appropriate techniques must be instituted whenever required by the solid waste management authority to minimize the transmission of disease.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.668  System to process waste: Hazards, nuisances and impairment of environment prohibited. (NRS 444.560)  No solid waste processing system may be allowed to cause health hazards, public nuisances or otherwise cause or contribute to the impairment of the environment.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 4.1, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.670  System to process waste: Compost plant. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A compost plant must not be established until the site location, design of the plant and proposed method of operation have been approved by the solid waste management authority and a permit to operate the compost plant has been issued in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.6405 to 444.6435, inclusive. An application for such a permit must include:

     (a) A description of the materials to be composted, including a characterization of the waste sufficient to evaluate the potential for biological or chemical contaminant migration in the event of a release;

     (b) A layout diagram of the plant showing property boundaries, fencing, roads, principal processing equipment, storage areas for stockpiles of incoming materials and intermediate and final products;

     (c) A description of the equipment and personnel necessary to operate the plant;

     (d) A description of the process, with a schematic diagram, that shows loading and unloading areas and traffic flow routing;

     (e) The maximum inventory, by volume, of feed stocks, intermediate materials and products;

     (f) Proposed product specifications and a program to verify conformance with the specifications;

     (g) A program for monitoring the parameters of the process, including moisture content and temperature;

     (h) A description of the final use for the compost or the available markets for the compost;

     (i) Provisions for fire prevention and control;

     (j) Provisions for odor prevention and control;

     (k) Provisions for the control of surface water runon and runoff;

     (l) Provisions for litter prevention and control;

     (m) Contingency plans to be followed in the event of emergencies and unforeseen circumstances that may occur at the facility. The plans must provide, at a minimum, for an organized and coordinated course of action to be taken and address the following situations:

          (1) A fire at the facility;

          (2) A release of hazardous or toxic materials; and

          (3) The shutdown of the facility for any reason; and

     (n) Provisions for proper disposal of by-products.

     2.  Any person or municipality which maintains or operates a compost plant shall maintain and operate the site in conformance with the following standards:

     (a) If the compost plant accepts municipal solid waste and is not fully contained within a building, a buffer zone must be maintained of at least 500 feet from the adjoining property and 1,000 feet from any public roads.

     (b) Incoming solid waste must be confined to as small an area as practicable. At the conclusion of each day of operation, all windblown material resulting from the operation must be collected and returned to the area.

     (c) Materials resulting from composting and offered for sale:

          (1) Must meet the requirements relating to the maximum allowable density of fecal coliform or Salmonella sp. bacteria for Class A sewage sludge set forth in 40 C.F.R. § 503.32(a);

          (2) Must not reheat upon standing;

          (3) Must be innocuous; and

          (4) Must contain no sharp particles which could cause injury to persons handling the compost.

     (d) By-products removed during the processing must be handled in a sanitary and nuisance-free manner and disposed of at a facility approved by the solid waste management authority.

     3.  A compost plant shall comply with the plans for the design and operation of the facility approved by the solid waste management authority. A compost plant shall not:

     (a) Contribute to the pollution of the air or waters of this State;

     (b) Cause an impairment of the environment;

     (c) Cause a health or safety hazard to employees of the facility or the general public; or

     (d) Cause a public nuisance.

     4.  The solid waste management authority may suspend or revoke a permit to operate a compost plant if the owner or operator of the facility fails to comply with the provisions of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 4.2.1-4.2.2.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A by R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.672  System to process waste: Incineration. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An incinerator plant must not be established until the site location, facilities and the proposed method of operation have been approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  All incineration equipment and air pollution control appurtenances thereto must comply with the requirements of NAC 445B.001 to 445B.3689, inclusive, and any local regulations governing the construction and operation of incinerators.

     3.  Incinerators used for the burning of pathological waste, garbage or material of high moisture content must be high temperature types with either grate or solid hearth construction, drying shelves for wet wastes and an auxiliary heating unit to ensure temperatures of 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit for not less than 0.3 second.

     4.  Any person or municipality which maintains or operates an incinerator must maintain and operate the site in conformance with the following standards:

     (a) Adequate storage must be provided for incoming solid wastes and for incinerator residue to assure a nuisance-free operation. Storage facilities must conform to the requirements of NAC 444.660 to 444.666, inclusive.

     (b) Incinerator residue must be disposed of at an approved land disposal site or in accordance with provisions of an operational plan as approved by the solid waste management authority.

     (c) Provisions must be made for emergency disposal of all solid wastes handled by the plant in the event of plant breakdown.

     (d) Salvaging, if permitted, must be controlled so as not to interfere with optimum operation or create unsightly conditions or vector harborage.

     (e) All quench water, washdown water, dust spray or surface water carrying organic matter must be discharged into a sanitary sewer or otherwise disposed of as provided in an operational plan as approved by the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 4.3.1-4.3.4.5, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.674  System to process waste: Salvage yard. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A salvage yard must not be established until the location, facilities and proposed method of operation have been approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  Salvage in a salvage yard must be stored in an orderly manner so as to prevent harboring rodents, any public nuisance and accidents.

     3.  All nonsalvageable material must be stored and disposed of according to NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive. In no case may nonsalvageable items be stored for more than 1 week.

     4.  No garbage or similar putrescible material may be present at a salvage yard, except in approved containers for such materials.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 4.4.1-4.4.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.676  System to process waste: Other methods. (NRS 444.560)  Before any method of solid waste processing, not otherwise provided for in these regulations, is placed into operation, complete plans, specifications and design data must meet the approval of the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 4.5, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.6765  Closure of existing municipal solid waste landfill unit for failure to prove compliance with certain provisions. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, an existing municipal solid waste landfill unit which does not file the proof required by NAC 444.6783, 444.6785 and 444.6795 must close by October 9, 1996, in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893, and must conduct postclosure activities in accordance with NAC 444.6894.

     2.  The deadline for closure required by this section may be extended for not more than 2 years if the owner or operator demonstrates to the solid waste management authority that there is:

     (a) No available alternative for the disposal of waste; and

     (b) No immediate threat to public health and safety and the environment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

Class I Sites

      NAC 444.6769  Minimum requirements. (NRS 444.560)  A Class I site must comply with the minimum requirements set forth in NAC 444.6405 to 444.6435, inclusive, 444.645, 444.6665 to 444.6678, inclusive, 444.6765 to 444.7025, inclusive, and 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive. A Class I site which fails to comply with these minimum requirements shall be deemed to be an open dump for the purposes of solid waste planning and is prohibited.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.677  Application for permit to operate Class I site or lateral expansion thereof. (NRS 444.553, 444.556, 444.560)  An application for a permit to operate a Class I site or a lateral expansion of a Class I site must be submitted to the solid waste management authority and must include:

     1.  The name, location and mailing address of the:

     (a) Site;

     (b) Owner of the site;

     (c) Operator of the site; and

     (d) Authorized agent of the owner.

     2.  Proof of ownership of the land on which the site will be located.

     3.  The report of the design of the site required by NAC 444.680.

     4.  The plan for monitoring water required by NAC 444.683.

     5.  The plan for operating the site required by NAC 444.684.

     6.  A plan for closure required by NAC 444.6895.

     7.  A plan for postclosure required by NAC 444.6896.

     8.  A copy of the financial assurance required by NAC 444.685.

     9.  Any additional information which the solid waste management authority may require.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.678  Location restrictions: Generally. (NRS 444.560)  The location of a Class I site must:

     1.  Be easily accessible in all kinds of weather to all vehicles expected to use it.

     2.  Prevent pollutants and contaminants from the municipal solid waste landfill units at the site from degrading the waters of the State.

     3.  Prevent uncontrolled migration of gas at the site.

     4.  Have an adequate quantity of earth cover that is workable and compactible and does not contain organic material of a quantity and distribution conducive to harboring and breeding disease vectors.

     5.  Conform with land use planning of the area.

     6.  Not be within one-fourth mile of the nearest inhabited dwelling or place of public gathering or be within 1,000 feet of a public highway, unless special provisions for the beautification of the site and the control of litter and vectors are included in the design and approved by the solid waste management authority.

     7.  Meet with the approval of the solid waste management authority.

     8.  Comply with the requirements set forth in NAC 444.6765 and 444.6783 to 444.6795, inclusive.

     9.  Unless approved by the solid waste management authority, not be within 1,000 feet of any surface water or 100 feet of the uppermost aquifer if the site is approved after September 2, 1992.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1-5.1.1.7, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.6783  Location restrictions: Airport safety. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A Class I site must meet the following safety requirements relating to airports:

     (a) An owner or operator of a new or existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or a lateral expansion which is located:

          (1) Within 10,000 feet of the end of any airport runway used by a turbojet aircraft; or

          (2) Within 5,000 feet of the end of any airport runway used only by piston-type aircraft,

Ê shall maintain proof that the unit or lateral expansion is designed and operated so that it does not pose a hazard to aircraft.

     (b) The owner or operator shall place the proof in the operating record of the municipal solid waste landfill unit and notify the solid waste management authority that the proof has been placed in the operating records.

     (c) The owner or operator who proposes to locate a new municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion within a 5-mile radius of the end of any airport runway used by a turbojet or piston-type aircraft shall notify the affected airport and the Federal Aviation Administration.

     2.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Airport” means any public airport.

     (b) “Hazard to aircraft” means an increase in the likelihood of a collision between a bird and an aircraft that may cause damage to the aircraft or injury to its occupants.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 10-3-96)

      NAC 444.6785  Location restrictions: Floodplains. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a new or existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion located in a 100-year floodplain shall maintain proof that the unit or lateral expansion will not:

     (a) Restrict the flow of the floodplain;

     (b) Reduce the temporary capacity of the floodplain to store water; and

     (c) Result in the washout of solid waste that poses a hazard to public health and safety and the environment.

     2.  The owner or operator shall place the proof in the operating records of the municipal solid waste landfill unit and notify the solid waste management authority that the proof has been placed within the operating records.

     3.  As used in this section, “100-year floodplain” means the lowland and the relatively flat lands adjoining the waters that are inundated by a 100-year flood.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.679  Location restrictions: Wetlands. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A new municipal solid waste landfill unit or a lateral expansion may not be located in wetlands unless the owner or operator satisfactorily demonstrates to the solid waste management authority and the Administrator that:

     (a) The presumption, if applicable pursuant to section 404 of the federal Clean Water Act of 1977, 33 U.S.C. § 1344, as that section existed on November 8, 1993, that a practicable alternative to the proposed unit or lateral expansion is available which does not involve wetland is clearly rebutted.

     (b) The construction and operation of the municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion will not:

          (1) Cause or contribute to violations of any applicable state water quality standard set forth in NAC 445A.450 to 445A.492, inclusive;

          (2) Violate any applicable toxic effluent standard or prohibition set forth in section 307 of the federal Clean Water Act of 1977, 33 U.S.C. § 1317, as that section existed on November 8, 1993;

          (3) Jeopardize the continued existence of endangered or threatened species, or result in the destruction or adverse modification of a critical habitat, protected by the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1531 et seq., as that act existed on November 8, 1993; and

          (4) Violate any requirement set forth in the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972, 33 U.S.C. §§ 1401 et seq., for the protection of a marine sanctuary, as that act existed on November 8, 1993.

     (c) The site will not cause or contribute to any significant degradation of the wetlands. The owner or operator shall demonstrate the integrity of the municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion and its ability to protect ecological resources by showing:

          (1) The potential erosion, stability and migration of the soils, muds and deposits of the wetlands that are used to support the site;

          (2) The potential erosion, stability and migration of dredged and fill materials used to support the site;

          (3) The volume and chemical composition of the waste managed at the site;

          (4) The potential impact on fish, wildlife and other aquatic resources and their habitat;

          (5) The potential effects of a catastrophic release of waste to the wetlands and the resulting impacts on the environment; and

          (6) Any additional factors required by the solid waste management authority to show that the ecological resources in the wetlands are protected.

     (d) To the extent required by section 404 of the Clean Water Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1344, as that section existed on November 8, 1993, or any applicable state laws, actions have been taken to attempt to achieve no net loss of wetlands, as defined by acreage and function, by first avoiding impacts to wetlands to the maximum extent practicable as required by paragraph (a), then minimizing the unavoidable impacts to the maximum extent practicable, and then offsetting the remaining unavoidable impacts on the wetlands through all appropriate and practicable mitigation actions such as restoration of existing degraded wetlands or the creation of an artificially created wetland.

     (e) Sufficient information is available to make a reasonable determination with respect to these demonstrations.

     2.  As used in this section, “wetlands” means those areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and which under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soils, including swamps, marshes, bogs and other similar areas.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6791  Location restrictions: Fault areas. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A new municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion must not be located within 200 feet of a fault that has had a displacement in Holocene time unless the owner or operator demonstrates to the solid waste management authority that an alternative setback distance of less than 200 feet will prevent damage to the structural integrity of the unit and will protect public health and safety and the environment.

     2.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Displacement” means the relative movement of any two sides of a fault measured in any direction.

     (b) “Fault” means a fracture or a zone of fractures in any material along which strata on one side have been displaced with respect to that on the other side.

     (c) “Holocene” means the most recent epoch of the Quaternary period, extending from the end of the Pleistocene Epoch to the present.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6793  Location restrictions: Seismic impact zones. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A new municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion may not be located in a seismic impact zone, unless the owner or operator submits proof to the solid waste management authority that all structures for containment, including liners, systems for the collection of leachate and systems for the control of surface water, are designed to resist the maximum horizontal acceleration in lithified earth material for the site. The owner or operator shall place the proof in the operating records for the site and notify the solid waste management authority that the proof has been placed in the operating records.

     2.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Lithified earth material” means all rock, including all naturally occurring and naturally formed aggregates or masses of minerals or small particles of older rock which formed by the crystallization of magma or by the induration of loose sediments. The term does not include artificially created materials, such as fill, concrete and asphalt, or unconsolidated earth materials, soils or regolith lying at or near the surface of the earth.

     (b) “Maximum horizontal acceleration” means the maximum expected horizontal acceleration depicted on a seismic hazard map with a 90 percent or greater probability that the acceleration will not be exceeded in 250 years, or the maximum expected horizontal acceleration based on a seismic risk assessment for the specific site.

     (c) “Seismic impact zone” means an area with a 10 percent or greater probability that the maximum horizontal acceleration in lithified earth material will exceed 10 percent of the earth’s gravitational pull in 250 years, as determined by referencing the United States Geological Survey, Open File Report 82-1033, “Probabilistic Estimates of Maximum Acceleration and Velocity in Rock in the Contiguous United States.”

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.6795  Location restrictions: Unstable areas. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a new or existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or a lateral expansion located in an unstable area shall maintain proof that engineering measures have been incorporated into the structural design of the unit or lateral expansion to ensure that the integrity of the unit or lateral expansion will not be disrupted. The owner or operator shall place the proof in the design report and the operating records of the unit and notify the solid waste management authority that the proof has been placed in the operating records.

     2.  To determine if an area is unstable, the owner or operator shall consider:

     (a) Conditions of the soil on or near the site which may result in a significant differential settling;

     (b) Geologic or geomorphic features on or near the site; and

     (c) Artificially created features or events which are on the surface or subsurface.

     3.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Areas susceptible to mass movement” means those areas where the movement of earth material at, beneath or adjacent to the unit, because of natural or artificially created features, results in the downslope movement of soil and rock by means of gravitational influence. The term includes, but is not limited to, areas with landslides, avalanches, debris, slides and flows, block slidings and rock falls.

     (b) “Karst terranes” means areas where karst topography, with its characteristic surface and subterranean features, is developed as the result of the dissolution of limestone, dolomite or soluble rock. The term includes, but is not limited to, areas with sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, large springs and blind valleys.

     (c) “Poor foundation conditions” means those areas with features which indicate that a natural or human-caused event may result in an inadequate foundation for the structural components of a municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion.

     (d) “Structural components” means liners, systems for leachate collection, final cover, systems for runon or runoff and any other component used in the construction and operation of a municipal solid waste landfill unit which is necessary for the protection of public health and safety and the environment.

     (e) “Unstable area” means a location which is susceptible to natural or artificially created features that are capable of impairing the integrity of some or all of the structural components of a municipal solid waste landfill unit that will prevent the release of the solid waste, or any by-product thereof, from that landfill. The term includes poor foundation conditions, areas susceptible to mass movements and karst terranes.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.680  Report of design. (NRS 444.560)  The report of the design of a Class I site must:

     1.  Be signed by a professional engineer registered in this State.

     2.  Include a general location map showing land use and zoning within 1 mile of the disposal site.

     3.  Include plans and specifications of the facility which are of sufficient detail to show compliance with the applicable design standards and provide a clear understanding of the development of the site. The plan must:

     (a) Be at a scale of not more than 200 feet to the inch, including contour intervals of not more than 5 feet.

     (b) Show the topography of the site before the development.

     (c) Show the proposed limits of excavation and fill areas, including:

          (1) The final elevations and grades of each municipal solid waste landfill unit on the site;

          (2) The system for final cover;

          (3) The location and placement of each system of liners; and

          (4) Each system for the collection and removal of leachate showing all critical grades and elevations of the inverts and drainage envelopes for the collection pipes, manholes, cleanouts, valves and sumps and showing the thicknesses of the drainage blankets.

     (d) Show any proposed soil borrow areas.

     (e) Show the sequence of development for the facility including an outline of fill areas, the sequence of filling operations and the locations of access roads.

     (f) Show access roads, including dimensions, slopes, profiles and the types of pavement to be used.

     (g) Show a typical cross section of the landfill.

     (h) Show grades, berms, dikes, swales and other devices for proper drainage and control of surface water, runon and runoff for the site.

     (i) Show the devices for monitoring and controlling the gases at the site.

     (j) Show fencing, equipment shelter, employee facilities and all other features for the development of the site.

     4.  Define the population and area to be served by the site.

     5.  Define the anticipated types, quantities and sources of solid wastes to be disposed of at the site.

     6.  Define the source, type and quantity of cover material.

     7.  Include proof of compliance with the requirements relating to the control of surface water set forth in NAC 444.6885 and 444.6887.

     8.  Contain documentation that the disposal site is in compliance with NAC 444.681, including:

     (a) Appropriate charts and graphs;

     (b) Soil borings, test pit logs and other relevant geologic information;

     (c) Engineering calculations; and

     (d) Other supporting data, including literature citations.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.2.1-5.1.2.3.8, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.681  Design criteria. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A new municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion must be constructed:

     (a) In accordance with a design approved by the solid waste management authority that is sufficient to protect the waters of the State from degradation by pollutants or contaminants; or

     (b) With a composite liner and a system for the collection of leachate which is designed and constructed to maintain less than a 30-centimeter depth of leachate over the liner. The composite liner must have an upper component consisting of a flexible membrane liner of at least 30 mils and a lower component consisting of a layer of compacted soil that is at least 2 feet with a hydraulic conductivity of no more than 10-7 centimeters per second. Components of the flexible membrane liner consisting of high density polyethylene must be at least 60 mils. The flexible membrane liner must be installed in direct and uniform contact with the compacted soil.

     2.  To approve the design of a new municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion, the solid waste management authority shall consider:

     (a) The hydrogeologic characteristics of the facility and surrounding land;

     (b) The climate of the area;

     (c) The volume and physical and chemical characteristics of the anticipated leachate; and

     (d) Any other relevant factors.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.683  Plan for monitoring water; suspension of monitoring requirements. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The plan for monitoring water for a Class I site must provide a complete description of a system capable of monitoring the performance of the design of the site, including monitoring of the groundwater to detect the release of pollutants or contaminants from the municipal solid waste landfill unit into the waters of the State.

     2.  The plan must:

     (a) Identify the location and construction of monitoring points;

     (b) Specify monitoring parameters and the frequency of monitoring those parameters;

     (c) Specify procedures for quality assurance for all field and laboratory work;

     (d) Provide for the semiannual submittal of monitoring data to the solid waste management authority;

     (e) Establish procedures which must be used if monitoring provides evidence of leachate migration; and

     (f) Comply with NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may suspend monitoring requirements if the owner or operator of a Class I site demonstrates that there is no potential for migration of pollutants or contaminants from the site to waters of the State during the active life of the site, including the period for closure and postclosure. The demonstration must be:

     (a) Certified by a qualified groundwater scientist and approved by the solid waste management authority; and

     (b) Based on:

          (1) Measurements collected at a specific field site, sampling and an analysis of physical, chemical and biological processes affecting the fate and transportation of pollutants or contaminants; and

          (2) Predictions of the fate and transportation of the pollutants or contaminants that consider the maximum rate of the migration of contaminants and the impact of the pollutants or contaminants on public health and safety and the environment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6835  Schedule for compliance with monitoring requirements. (NRS 444.560)  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.7482, the owner or operator of a municipal solid waste landfill unit in a Class I site shall comply with the requirements for monitoring groundwater according to the following schedule:

     1.  An existing municipal solid waste landfill unit and lateral expansion that is less than 1 mile from a surface or subsurface intake for drinking water must comply with NAC 444.7483 to 444.7492, inclusive, by October 9, 1994.

     2.  An existing municipal solid waste landfill unit and lateral expansion that is at least 1 mile but less than 2 miles from a surface or subsurface intake for drinking water must comply with NAC 444.7483 to 444.7492, inclusive, by October 9, 1995.

     3.  An existing municipal solid waste landfill unit and lateral expansion that is at least 2 miles from a surface or subsurface intake for drinking water must comply with NAC 444.7483 to 444.7492, inclusive, by October 9, 1996.

     4.  A new municipal solid waste landfill unit must comply with NAC 444.7483 to 444.7492, inclusive, before waste may be placed in the unit.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.684  Plan for operating. (NRS 444.560)  The plan for operating a Class I site must:

     1.  Include a description of the equipment and persons necessary to operate the site;

     2.  Provide for:

     (a) Adequate fire control methods to extinguish and prevent the spread of accidental fires;

     (b) The prevention of scattering of papers and other lightweight debris by portable litter fences or other suitable devices; and

     (c) The disposal of any special wastes specifically permitted by the solid waste management authority;

     3.  Show how the site will comply with the requirements set forth in NAC 444.6665 to 444.6678, inclusive, and 444.686 to 444.7025, inclusive; and

     4.  Include a plan of action to be taken in the event of an emergency which might occur at the site. The plan must include, without limitation, an organized, coordinated and technically and financially feasible course of action to be taken:

     (a) If a fire occurs at the site, including identifying the nearest fire department and how and under what circumstances the fire department will be notified.

     (b) To protect the safety of personnel and users of the site, including training for employees on first aid and the availability of emergency services. The site must have a telephone, radio or other similar communication device to enable the personnel to contact the appropriate providers of emergency services.

     (c) To shut down the site because of inclement weather or an act of God.

     (d) If equipment breaks down, including the provision for and a description of backup equipment.

     (e) If hazardous or toxic materials are released from the site.

     (f) If the presence of leachate is detected in a structure for the collection of leachate which was previously dry, or if a spill or leak occurs at a tank or surface impoundment for the storage of leachate.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.2.5-5.1.2.10, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.685  Financial assurance: Compliance mandatory; exemptions; waiver. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the owner or operator of a Class I site or lateral expansion of a Class I site shall comply with the provisions of NAC 444.6851 to 444.6859, inclusive.

     2.  Owners or operators of Class I sites:

     (a) Who are entities of the State of Nevada or the Federal Government; and

     (b) Whose debts and liabilities are the debts and liabilities of the State of Nevada or the Federal Government,

Ê are exempt from the provisions of this section.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may approve an alternate plan for financial assurance if the alternate plan meets the criteria set forth in NAC 444.6859.

     4.  The solid waste management authority may waive compliance with the provisions of NAC 444.6851 to 444.6859, inclusive, for a period not to extend beyond April 9, 1998, if an owner or operator demonstrates that:

     (a) The date for compliance set forth in NAC 444.6851 to 444.6859, inclusive, does not provide the owner or operator with sufficient time to comply with the provisions of those sections; and

     (b) A waiver will not adversely affect human health and the environment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94; 10-29-97)

      NAC 444.6851  Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of plan for closure; adjustments to estimate. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator shall obtain a detailed written estimate, in current dollars, of the cost of hiring a third person to close the largest area of all municipal solid waste landfill units within the site requiring a final cover as required by NAC 444.6891 at any time during the active life of the unit, in accordance with the plan for closure. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the estimate has been placed in the operating records of the disposal site.

     2.  The estimate must equal the cost of closing the largest area of all municipal solid waste landfill units within the site requiring a final cover at any time during the active life of the unit when the extent and manner of its operation would make closure the most expensive, as indicated by the plan for closure.

     3.  During the active life of the municipal solid waste landfill unit, the owner or operator shall annually adjust the estimate for inflation.

     4.  The owner or operator shall increase the estimate and amount of financial assurance if changes to the plan for closure or conditions at the municipal solid waste landfill unit increase the maximum cost of closure at any time during the remaining active life of the unit.

     5.  The owner or operator may reduce the estimate and amount of financial assurance if the estimate exceeds the maximum cost of closure at any time during the remaining life of the municipal solid waste landfill unit. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the justification for the reduction has been placed in the operating records of the site.

     6.  The owner or operator of each municipal solid waste landfill unit shall establish financial assurance for closure of the municipal solid waste landfill unit in compliance with NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive. The owner or operator shall provide continuous coverage for closure until released by the solid waste management authority from the requirements for financial assurance by demonstrating compliance with NAC 444.6893.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95)

      NAC 444.68515  Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of program for postclosure; adjustments to estimate. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator shall obtain a detailed written estimate, in current dollars, of the cost of hiring a third person to conduct a program for postclosure for each of the municipal solid waste landfill units within the site in compliance with the plan for postclosure developed pursuant to NAC 444.6894. The estimate for postclosure used to demonstrate financial assurance pursuant to subsection 6 must account for the total costs of conducting the program for postclosure, including annual and periodic costs as described in the plan for postclosure over the entire period for postclosure. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the estimate has been placed in the operating records of the unit.

     2.  The estimate for postclosure must be based on the most expensive costs of postclosure during the period for postclosure.

     3.  During the active life of the municipal solid waste landfill unit and the period for postclosure, the owner or operator shall annually adjust the estimate for postclosure for inflation.

     4.  The owner or operator shall increase the estimate for postclosure and amount of financial assurance if changes in the plan for postclosure or the conditions of the municipal solid waste landfill unit increase the maximum costs of postclosure.

     5.  The owner or operator may reduce the estimate for postclosure and amount of financial assurance if the estimate exceeds the maximum costs of postclosure remaining over the period for postclosure. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the justification for the reduction has been placed in the operating records of the unit.

     6.  The owner or operator of each municipal solid waste landfill unit shall establish, in accordance with NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive, financial assurance for the costs of postclosure as required by NAC 444.6894. The owner or operator shall provide continuous coverage for postclosure until released by the solid waste management authority from the requirements of financial assurance for postclosure by demonstrating compliance with subsection 3 of NAC 444.6894.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95)

      NAC 444.6852  Financial assurance: Estimate for cost of plan for corrective action; adjustments to estimate. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator of a municipal solid waste landfill unit required to undertake a plan for corrective action pursuant to NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499, shall obtain a detailed written estimate, in current dollars, of the cost of hiring a third person to perform the corrective action in accordance with that plan. The estimate of the corrective action must account for the total cost of activities for corrective action as described in the plan for corrective action for the period of the plan. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the estimate has been placed in the operating records of the unit.

     2.  The owner or operator shall annually adjust the estimate for inflation until the plan for corrective action is completed in accordance with NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499.

     3.  The owner or operator shall increase the estimate for corrective action and amount of financial assurance if changes in the plan for corrective action or conditions at the municipal solid waste landfill unit increase the maximum costs of the corrective action.

     4.  The owner or operator may reduce the amount of the estimate for corrective action and amount of financial assurance if the estimate exceeds the maximum remaining costs of the corrective action. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the justification for the reduction has been placed in the operating records of the unit.

     5.  The owner or operator of each municipal solid waste landfill unit required to undertake a plan for corrective action pursuant to NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499, shall establish, in accordance with NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive, financial assurance for the most recent plan for corrective action. The owner or operator shall provide continuous coverage for corrective action until released by the solid waste management authority from the requirements of financial assurance for corrective action by demonstrating compliance with NAC 444.7499.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.68525  Financial assurance: Allowable mechanisms. (NRS 444.560)  The mechanisms used to demonstrate financial assurance pursuant to NAC 444.685 must ensure that the money necessary to meet the cost of closure, postclosure and corrective action for known releases of contaminants will be available whenever it is needed. The financial assurance may be in the form of:

     1.  A trust fund as described in NAC 444.6853;

     2.  A surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance as described in NAC 444.68535;

     3.  A letter of credit as described in NAC 444.6854;

     4.  A policy of insurance as described in NAC 444.6855;

     5.  A mechanism approved by the solid waste management authority pursuant to NAC 444.6856;

     6.  An assumption of responsibility by the State as described in NAC 444.6857; or

     7.  Any combination of the options listed in subsections 1 to 6, inclusive.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95)

      NAC 444.6853  Financial assurance: Trust fund. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator may satisfy the requirements of NAC 444.685 by establishing a trust fund which conforms to the requirements of this section. The trustee must be an entity which has the authority to act as a trustee and whose trust operations are regulated and examined by a federal or state agency. A copy of the trust agreement must be placed in the operating records of the disposal site.

     2.  The owner or operator shall annually make payments into the trust fund over the term of the period for payment into the fund.

     3.  If a trust fund is used to demonstrate financial assurance for closure and postclosure, the first payment into the fund must be at least equal to the current estimate of the cost for closure or postclosure, except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.6857, divided by the number of years of the period for payment into the fund. The amount of subsequent payments must be determined by the following formula:

 

 

       CE-CV

 

          Next Payment

=    _______

 

 

     Y

 

where:

CE is the current estimate for closure or postclosure, as adjusted for inflation or other changes.

CV is the current value of the trust fund.

Y is the number of years remaining in the period for payment into the fund.

 

     4.  If a trust fund is used to demonstrate financial assurance for corrective action, the first payment into the trust fund must be at least equal to one-half of the current estimate of the cost for corrective action, except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.6857, divided by the number of years in the period for payment into the fund. The amount of subsequent payments must be determined by the following formula:

 

 

       RB-CV

 

          Next Payment

=    _______

 

 

     Y

 

where:

          RB is the most recent estimate of the required balance in the trust fund needed for corrective action.

          CV is the current value of the trust fund.

          Y is the number of years remaining in the period for payment into the trust fund.

 

     5.  The owner or operator shall:

     (a) For a trust fund for closure and postclosure, obtain and make the initial payment into the trust fund before April 9, 1997, or the initial receipt of solid waste, whichever is later.

     (b) For a trust fund for corrective action, obtain the trust fund and make the initial payment into the trust fund no later than 120 days after the remedy for corrective action has been selected in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499.

     (c) Maintain the trust fund until he or she is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility pursuant to NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     6.  If the owner or operator establishes a trust fund after having used one or more alternate mechanisms specified in NAC 444.68525, the first payment into the trust fund must be at least equal to the amount which the fund would have contained if the trust fund were established initially and annual payments made pursuant to this section.

     7.  The owner, operator or any other person authorized to conduct activities for closure, postclosure or corrective action may request reimbursement from the trustee for related expenditures. Requests for reimbursement may be granted by the trustee only if sufficient money is remaining in the trust fund to cover the remaining costs of closure, postclosure or corrective action, and if justification and documentation of the cost is placed in the operating records of the disposal site. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that the documentation of the justification for reimbursement has been placed in the operating records and that reimbursement has been received.

     8.  The owner or operator may terminate the trust fund only if he or she substitutes alternate financial assurance as specified in this section or is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 or 444.6852.

     9.  As used in this section, “period for payment into the fund” means:

     (a) In the case of a trust fund for closure or postclosure, the remaining life of the municipal solid waste landfill unit.

     (b) In the case of a trust fund for corrective action, over one-half of the estimated length of the program for corrective action.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.68535  Financial assurance: Surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator may demonstrate financial assurance for closure or postclosure by obtaining a surety bond guaranteeing payment or performance which conforms to the requirements of this section. An owner or operator may demonstrate financial assurance for corrective action by obtaining a surety bond guaranteeing performance which conforms to the requirements of this section.

     2.  A bond must:

     (a) If for closure and postclosure, be obtained by the owner or operator and become effective before April 9, 1997, or the initial receipt of waste, whichever is later.

     (b) If for corrective action, be obtained by the owner or operator and become effective no later than 120 days after the remedy for corrective action has been selected in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499.

     (c) Be maintained until the owner or operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility pursuant to NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     3.  The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that a copy of the bond has been placed in the operating records of the disposal site.

     4.  The surety company issuing the bond must be among those listed as an acceptable surety on federal bonds in Circular 570 of the U.S. Department of the Treasury which is published each July in the Federal Register.

     5.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.6858, the sum of the bond must be in an amount at least equal to the current estimate for closure, postclosure or corrective action, whichever is applicable.

     6.  The surety must become liable on the bond if the owner or operator fails to make payments or perform as guaranteed by the bond.

     7.  In addition to obtaining the surety bond, the owner or operator shall establish a trust fund. The trust fund must meet the requirements of NAC 444.6853, except the requirements for initial payment and subsequent annual payments specified in that section.

     8.  The surety shall deposit payments made under the terms of the bond directly into the trust fund. Payments from the trust fund must be approved by the trustee.

     9.  The terms of the bond must authorize the surety to cancel the bond by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the owner or operator and to the solid waste management authority at least 120 days before cancellation. If the surety cancels the bond, the owner or operator shall obtain alternate financial assurance as specified in NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive.

     10.  The owner or operator may cancel the bond only if alternate financial assurance is substituted as specified in NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive, or the owner or operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility in accordance with NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 or 444.6852.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.6854  Financial assurance: Letter of credit. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator may satisfy the requirements of NAC 444.685 by obtaining an irrevocable letter of credit which conforms to the requirements of this section.

     2.  A letter of credit must:

     (a) If for closure and postclosure, be obtained by the owner or operator and become effective before April 9, 1997, or the initial receipt of waste, whichever is later.

     (b) If for corrective action, be obtained by the owner or operator and become effective no later than 120 days after the remedy for corrective action has been selected in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499.

     (c) Be maintained until the owner or operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility pursuant to NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     3.  The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that a copy of the letter of credit has been placed in the operating records of the disposal site.

     4.  The issuing institution must be an entity which has the authority to issue letters of credit and whose operations are regulated and examined by a federal or state agency.

     5.  A letter from the owner or operator must be filed with the letter of credit in the operating records that includes:

     (a) A reference to the letter of credit by number;

     (b) The issuing institution;

     (c) The date of issuance;

     (d) The name of the owner or operator;

     (e) The address of the disposal site; and

     (f) The amount of money assured.

     6.  Except as otherwise provided in this section, the letter of credit must be irrevocable and issued for a period of at least 1 year in an amount at least equal to the current estimate for closure, postclosure or corrective action, whichever is applicable. The letter of credit must provide that the expiration date will be automatically extended for a period of at least 1 year unless the issuing institution has cancelled the letter of credit.

     7.  The terms of the letter of credit must authorize the issuing institution to cancel the letter of credit by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the owner or operator and to the solid waste management authority at least 120 days before the cancellation. If the letter of credit is cancelled by the issuing institution, the owner or operator shall obtain alternate financial assurance.

     8.  The owner or operator may cancel the letter of credit only if alternate financial assurance is substituted as specified in NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive, or the owner or operator is released from the requirements of this section in accordance with NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 or 444.6852.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.6855  Financial assurance: Insurance. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator may demonstrate financial assurance for closure and postclosure by obtaining insurance which conforms to the requirements of this section.

     2.  The insurance must:

     (a) Be obtained by the owner or operator and become effective before April 9, 1997, or the initial receipt of waste, whichever is later; and

     (b) Be maintained until the owner or operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility pursuant to NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     3.  The insurer must be licensed to transact the business of insurance, or eligible to provide insurance as an excess or surplus lines insurer, in this State.

     4.  The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that a copy of the policy of insurance has been placed in the operating records of the disposal site.

     5.  The policy of insurance must guarantee that money will be available to close the municipal solid waste landfill unit whenever final closure occurs or to carry out a program for postclosure whenever the period of postclosure begins, whichever is applicable. The policy must also guarantee that once closure or postclosure begins, the insurer is responsible for paying money to the owner, operator or any other person authorized to conduct the closure or postclosure, up to an amount equal to the face amount of the policy.

     6.  Except as otherwise provided in NAC 444.6853, the policy of insurance must be issued for a face amount at least equal to the current estimate for closure or postclosure, whichever is applicable. Actual payments by the insurer must not change the face amount, although the insurer’s future liability may be lowered by the amount of the payments.

     7.  An owner, operator or any other person authorized to conduct the closure or postclosure may receive reimbursements for related expenditures. Requests for reimbursement may be granted by the insurer only if the remaining value of the policy is sufficient to cover the remaining costs of the closure or postclosure, and if justification and documentation of the cost is placed in the operating records of the disposal site. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that documentation of the justification for reimbursement has been placed in the operating records and that reimbursement has been received.

     8.  Each policy of insurance must contain a provision allowing the assignment of the policy to a successor owner or operator. The assignment may be conditional upon the consent of the insurer, if the consent is not unreasonably refused.

     9.  The policy of insurance must provide that the insurer may not cancel, terminate or fail to renew the policy except for a failure to pay the premium. An automatic renewal of the policy must, at a minimum, provide the insured with the option of renewal at the face amount of the expiring policy. If there is a failure to pay the premium, the insurer may cancel the policy by sending notice of cancellation by certified mail to the owner, operator and solid waste management authority at least 120 days before the cancellation. If the insurer cancels the policy, the owner or operator shall obtain alternate financial assurance as specified in NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive.

     10.  If a policy of insurance provides coverage for postclosure, the insurer shall, commencing on the date that liability to make payments pursuant to the policy accrues, annually increase the face amount of the policy. The increase must be equivalent to the face amount of the policy, less any payments made, multiplied by an amount equal to 85 percent of the most recent rate of interest for or 85 percent of the equivalent yield announced by the United States Treasury for 26-week treasury bills.

     11.  The owner or operator may cancel the policy of insurance only if he or she substitutes alternate financial assurance in accordance with NAC 444.68525 to 444.6859, inclusive, or he or she is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     12.  As used in this section, “face amount” means the total amount the insurer is obligated to pay under the policy.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.6856  Financial assurance: Alternate mechanisms approved by solid waste management authority. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator may satisfy the requirements of NAC 444.685 by obtaining any other mechanism which:

     (a) Meets the criteria specified in NAC 444.6859; and

     (b) Is approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  A mechanism obtained pursuant to this section must be obtained by the owner or operator:

     (a) For closure and postclosure, by April 9, 1997, or before the initial receipt of waste, whichever is later.

     (b) For corrective action, no later than 120 days after the remedy for corrective action has been selected in accordance with the requirements of NAC 444.7497, 444.7498 and 444.7499.

     (c) Maintained until the owner or operator is no longer required to demonstrate financial responsibility pursuant to NAC 444.6851, 444.68515 and 444.6852.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.6857  Financial assurance: Assumption of responsibility by State. (NRS 444.560)  If this State assumes legal responsibility for an owner’s or operator’s compliance with the requirements for closure, postclosure or corrective action set forth in NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, or assures that money will be available from the State to cover the related expenses, the owner or operator shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of NAC 444.685. Any assumption of responsibility by this State must meet the criteria specified in NAC 444.6859.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 4-9-95; A 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.6858  Financial assurance: Use of multiple mechanisms. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, an owner or operator may satisfy the requirements of NAC 444.685 by establishing more than one mechanism for financial assurance per municipal solid waste landfill unit as specified in NAC 444.6853 to 444.6857, inclusive. The combination of mechanisms, rather than a single mechanism, must provide financial assurance for an amount at least equal to the current estimate of cost for closure, postclosure or corrective action, whichever is applicable.

     2.  Any financial assurance provided by:

     (a) A corporate parent, if the entity holding the financial mechanism is a subsidiary of the corporate parent or a subsidiary of a subsidiary of the corporate parent; or

     (b) Another subsidiary of the corporate parent, if the entity holding the financial mechanism is a subsidiary of the same corporate parent,

Ê may not be combined if the financial statements of the two entities are consolidated.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93; eff. 4-9-95)

      NAC 444.6859  Financial assurance: General requirements for all mechanisms. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An entity providing the mechanism used to demonstrate financial assurance pursuant to NAC 444.685 shall reimburse or make payments to the owner, operator or any other person designated by the solid waste management authority, from that mechanism, for expenses in such amounts as the solid waste management authority shall direct in writing.

     2.  Any such mechanism must:

     (a) Ensure that the amount of money assured is sufficient to cover the costs of closure, postclosure or corrective action for known releases of contaminants, when needed;

     (b) Ensure that money will be available in a timely fashion, when needed; and

     (c) Be legally valid, binding and enforceable under applicable state and federal law.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93; eff. 4-9-95)

      NAC 444.686  Operation and maintenance. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The operation and maintenance of a Class I site must be in a manner which will not create odors, unsightliness or other nuisances.

     2.  The face of the working fill must be kept as narrow as is consistent with safe and efficient operation of equipment.

     3.  Bulky waste material which may provide for the harborage of rodents must not be used for the final surface of side slopes.

     4.  The solid wastes must be spread and compacted in thin layers. In the construction of each cell it must be spread into layers that do not exceed 2 feet before compaction. Equipment for compaction must be appropriately sized and must make a minimum of two passes over each layer of waste.

     5.  Solid waste must not be placed within 200 feet of the boundary line of a Class I site unless a shorter distance is approved by the solid waste management authority. In approving a setback of less than 200 feet, the solid waste management authority shall consider the uses of the surrounding land, the surrounding topography and the operations conducted at the site.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.1-5.1.3.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.688  Covering of compacted solid waste; continuous operation as alternative. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The compacted solid waste of a Class I site must be covered as follows:

     (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, solid waste that is disposed of at the Class I site must be covered at the end of each operating day or at more frequent intervals as necessary to control disease vectors, fires, odors, blowing litter and scavenging with at least 6 inches of compacted earthen material.

     (b) The solid waste management authority may approve alternative materials to be used for compaction and alternative thicknesses of that material if the owner or operator shows that the alternative materials and thicknesses are capable of controlling disease vectors, fires, odors, blowing litter and scavenging without presenting a threat to public health and safety and the environment.

     (c) The solid waste management authority may grant a temporary waiver from the requirements of paragraphs (a) and (b) if the owner or operator can show that extreme seasonal climatic conditions make the requirements impractical.

     (d) Unless otherwise approved by the solid waste management authority, at least 12 inches of compacted earthen material must be placed as an intermediate cover on a fill surface if that surface is not to receive waste for more than 90 days. This paragraph does not apply to final fill surfaces.

     (e) The integrity of daily and intermediate cover must be maintained until further filling or the addition of final cover is made. All cracks, depressions and erosion of the cover for surface and side slopes of fills must be promptly repaired.

     (f) Daily and temporary cover must be graded to drain runoff of surface water. The top slope must have a grade of not less than 3 percent.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may approve the continuous operation of a Class I site as an alternative to the requirements of subsection 1 if the owner or operator shows that its plan for the continuous operation of the site is sufficient to control disease vectors, fires, odors, blowing litter and scavenging without presenting a threat to public health and safety and the environment.

     3.  As used in this section:

     (a) “Continuous operation” means that at all times throughout each 24-hour period:

          (1) Waste is being received, placed, spread or compacted on the working surface of the site; and

          (2) At least one piece of heavy equipment is operating on the working surface of the site to spread or compact the waste.

     (b) “Operating day” means the portion of a day during which a site is accepting or managing solid waste.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.5.1-5.1.3.5.5, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; R034-98, 4-17-98; R179-05, 1-30-2008, eff. 4-1-2008)

      NAC 444.6885  System to control runon and runoff. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall provide a system to control runon and runoff.

     2.  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall design, construct and maintain:

     (a) A system to control runon to prevent flow onto the active portion of the landfill during the peak discharge from a 25-year storm; and

     (b) A system to control runoff from the active portion of the landfill to collect and control at least the volume of water resulting from a 24-hour, 25-year storm,

Ê as those durations and frequencies for storms are defined in the “Precipitation Frequency Atlas of the Western United States,” vol. VII-Nevada, prepared by the National Weather Service and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce. The publication may be obtained from the Hydrometeorological Design Studies Center, Office of Hydrology, National Weather Service, 1325 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, at a cost of $9.

     3.  Runoff from the active portion of the landfill must be handled in accordance with NAC 444.6887.

     4.  As used in this section, “active portion” means that part of a municipal solid waste landfill unit which has received or is receiving wastes and which has not been closed in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A by R202-97, 3-5-98)

      NAC 444.6887  Discharge of pollutants or contaminants into surface waters prohibited. (NRS 444.560)  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall not:

     1.  Cause a discharge of pollutants or contaminants from a municipal solid waste landfill unit into the waters of the State or waters of the United States, including wetlands, which violates any requirements of the federal Clean Water Act of 1977, including, but not limited to, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, 33 U.S.C. § 1342, as that section existed on November 8, 1993, or NRS 445A.300 to 445A.730, inclusive, and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto; or

     2.  Cause the discharge of a nonpoint source of pollution into the waters of the State or waters of the United States, including wetlands, which violates any requirement of a plan for the management of the quality of water that is applicable in the area or throughout the State and which has been approved pursuant to sections 208 or 319 of the Clean Water Act of 1977, 33 U.S.C. §§ 1288 or 1329, as those sections existed on November 8, 1993, or NRS 445A.300 to 445A.730, inclusive, and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6891  Requirements for design and construction of system for final cover. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall install a system for a final cover which is designed to minimize infiltration and erosion. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, the system must be designed and constructed to:

     (a) Have a permeability that is less than or equal to the permeability of any system for a bottom liner or natural subsoils present, or have a permeability no greater than 1 x 10-5 centimeters per second, whichever is less;

     (b) Minimize infiltration through the closed municipal solid waste landfill unit by the use of an infiltration layer which contains at least 18 inches of earthen material; and

     (c) Minimize erosion of the final cover by the use of an erosion layer which contains at least 6 inches of earthen material which is capable of sustaining the growth of native plants.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may approve an alternative design for a final cover which includes:

     (a) An infiltration layer which achieves an equivalent reduction in infiltration as the infiltration layer specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection 1; and

     (b) An erosion layer which provides equivalent protection from wind and water erosion as the erosion layer specified in paragraph (c) of subsection 1.

     3.  The final cover must be graded to drain surface water from the cover. The top slope must have a grade of not less than 3 percent. The design of the final cover must be sufficient to control erosion and maintain the stability of the slope.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6892  Notice of intent to close; general requirements concerning closure. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  At least 15 days before beginning the closure of a municipal solid waste landfill unit at a Class I site pursuant to subsection 2, an owner or operator shall provide notice to the solid waste management authority of the intent to close the unit.

     2.  The owner or operator shall begin activities for the closure of the municipal solid waste landfill unit no later than 30 days after the date on which the unit receives the final receipt of wastes or, if the unit has remaining capacity and there is a reasonable likelihood that the unit will receive additional wastes, no later than 1 year after the most recent receipt of wastes. Extensions beyond the 1-year deadline may be granted by the solid waste management authority if the owner or operator demonstrates that the unit has the capacity to receive additional wastes and the owner or operator has taken and will continue to take all actions necessary to prevent threats to public health and safety and the environment from the open unit.

     3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 4 and 5, the owner or operator of a Class I site shall complete activities for the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit at the site in accordance with the plan for closure within 180 days after the beginning the closure. Extensions of the period for closure may be granted by the solid waste management authority if the owner or operator demonstrates that closure will, of necessity, take longer than 180 days and that the owner or operator has taken and will continue to take all actions to prevent threats to public health and safety and the environment from the open unit.

     4.  The owner or operator of a Class I site which stopped receiving waste before November 8, 1993, shall:

     (a) Comply with the requirements for a final cover set forth in NAC 444.6891; and

     (b) Complete activities for the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit at the site by May 8, 1994.

     5.  The owner or operator of an existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or lateral expansion at a Class I site which accepts less than 100 tons of solid waste per day shall, if the site stops receiving waste before April 9, 1994:

     (a) Comply with the requirements for a final cover set forth in NAC 444.6891; and

     (b) Complete activities for the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit at the site within 180 days after the last receipt of waste.

     6.  After the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit, the owner or operator of the site shall notify the solid waste management authority that a certification, signed by an independent licensed professional engineer and approved by the solid waste management authority verifying that closure has been completed in accordance with the plan for closure, has been placed in the operating record of the site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.6893  Requirements after closure of all municipal solid waste landfill units within Class I site. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  After the closure of all municipal solid waste landfill units within a Class I site, the owner or operator of the site shall:

     (a) Record a notation that complies with the requirements of subsection 2 on the deed to the property on which the site is located or on any other instrument which is normally examined during a title search; and

     (b) Notify the solid waste management authority that the notation has been recorded and a copy of the notation has been placed in the operating records of the site.

     2.  The notation on the deed or other instrument must in perpetuity notify any potential purchaser of the property that:

     (a) The land has been used as a landfill; and

     (b) Its use is restricted in accordance with NAC 444.6896.

     3.  The owner or operator may request permission from the solid waste management authority to remove the notation from the deed or other instrument if all wastes are removed from the site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6894  Program for postclosure for each municipal solid waste landfill unit within Class I site. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  After the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit of a Class I site, the owner or operator of the site shall conduct a program for postclosure for that unit. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, the program must be conducted for 30 years and consist of at least the following:

     (a) The integrity and effectiveness of any final cover must be maintained, including making repairs to the cover as necessary to correct the effects of settlement, subsidence, erosion or other events, and preventing runon and runoff from eroding or otherwise damaging the final cover.

     (b) The system to collect leachate must be maintained and operated in accordance with the requirements in NAC 444.681, if applicable. The solid waste management authority may allow the owner or operator to stop managing leachate if the owner or operator demonstrates that leachate no longer poses a threat to public health and safety and the environment.

     (c) The groundwater must be monitored in accordance with NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive, and the system for monitoring the groundwater must be maintained, if applicable.

     (d) The system for monitoring gas must be maintained and operated in accordance with NAC 444.667.

     2.  The length of the program for postclosure may be:

     (a) Decreased by the solid waste management authority if the owner or operator demonstrates that the reduced period is sufficient to protect public health and safety and the environment and this demonstration is approved by the solid waste management authority; or

     (b) Increased by the solid waste management authority if it determines that the lengthened period is necessary to protect public health and safety and the environment.

     3.  After the completion of the program for postclosure for each municipal solid waste landfill unit at a Class I site, the owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority that a certification, signed by an independent licensed professional engineer and approved by the solid waste management authority verifying that the program has been completed in accordance with the plan for postclosure, has been placed in the operating record.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6895  Plan for final cover or closure of Class I site. (NRS 444.560)  A plan for closing a Class I site must include:

     1.  A description of the actions necessary to close all municipal solid waste landfill units within the site at any time during their active life;

     2.  A description of the final cover required by NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893;

     3.  An estimate of the largest area of the municipal solid waste landfill unit which would require final cover at any time during the active life of the unit if the site is closed;

     4.  An estimate of the total maximum inventory of wastes to be placed on the disposal site during the entire estimated life of the site;

     5.  The equipment and structures for the removal of wastes, decommissioning and decontamination;

     6.  The placement and installation of devices to monitor or control water, vadose zone and landfill gases, if necessary; and

     7.  A schedule for completing all construction and related activities needed to close the disposal site in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.6896  Plan for postclosure; use of property during or after period of postclosure. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A plan for postclosure which specifies how and at what frequency a municipal solid waste landfill unit will be maintained and monitored during the period of postclosure must include:

     (a) A program for monitoring water which complies with the requirements of NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive;

     (b) A program for the inspection and maintenance of:

          (1) The final cover;

          (2) Structures for drainage and protection from floods; and

          (3) Systems for monitoring and controlling landfill gases;

     (c) The name, address and telephone number of the person or office to contact about the unit during the period of postclosure;

     (d) A description of the planned uses of the property during the period of postclosure; and

     (e) Any other information which the solid waste management authority may require.

     2.  Any use of the property during or after the period of postclosure must not disturb the integrity of the final cover, liners, any other components of the system for containment or the function of the monitoring system unless necessary to comply with the requirements of NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94)

      NAC 444.6897  Maintenance of plans for closure and postclosure in operating records of site. (NRS 444.553, 444.560)  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall maintain a copy of the plans for closure and postclosure in the operating records of the site. To receive a permit to operate the disposal site, the plans for closure and postclosure must be placed in the operating records of the disposal site by November 8, 1993, or by the initial receipt of waste, whichever is later. The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority immediately upon placing the plans in its operating records. The owner or operator shall include the plans for closure and postclosure in his or her application for a permit to operate the site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.690  Signs. (NRS 444.560)  Signs must be posted that clearly indicate:

     1.  The owner and operator of the site.

     2.  The hours of operation.

     3.  Materials accepted or excluded.

     4.  Fees charged.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.18.1-5.1.3.18.4, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.692  Disposal of liquids. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An owner or operator of a Class I site shall restrict the types and amounts of liquids disposed of in a Class I site except as permitted by the solid waste management authority in accordance with subsections 2 and 3.

     2.  Liquids which are in bulk or not in containers may not be placed in a municipal solid waste landfill unit unless:

     (a) The waste is household waste other than septic waste; or

     (b) The waste is leachate or gas condensate from the municipal solid waste landfill unit and the new or existing unit or lateral expansion is designed with a composite liner and system for the collection of leachate as described in NAC 444.681.

     3.  Containers holding liquid waste may not be placed in a municipal solid waste landfill unit unless:

     (a) The container is a small container similar in size to a container which would normally be found in household waste;

     (b) The container is designed to hold liquids for use other than storage; and

     (c) The liquid waste is household waste.

     4.  As used in this section, “liquid waste” means any waste material which is determined to contain free liquids as a result of a paint filter liquids test, Method 9095, described in Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods, Environmental Protection Agency, Publication No. SW-846, as adopted by reference in NAC 444.636.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.1.3.12, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93; 11-9-95; R202-97, 3-5-98)

      NAC 444.694  Putrescible wastes; vector control. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Any dead animals, carrion, slaughterhouse wastes and other highly putrescible wastes accepted at the land disposal site must be placed in a separate trench or area and covered immediately.

     2.  Vector control must be instituted, whenever necessary in the judgment of the solid waste management authority, to minimize transmission of disease.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.13 & 5.1.3.14, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.696  Control of erosion and dust. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Suitable grasses must be planted, as required, in completed areas of the landfill to prevent erosion, surface deterioration and fugitive dust.

     2.  Adequate water must be available at all times for dust control and for compaction of cover material.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.5.6 & 5.1.3.6, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.698  Access; roads. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Access to a municipal solid waste landfill unit must be controlled as to time of use and as to those authorized to use the site in order to prevent unauthorized vehicular traffic and illegal dumping. Access must be controlled by using artificial or natural barriers, or both, as appropriate, to protect public health and safety and the environment. An attendant must be on duty to control access during hours of operation.

     2.  Permanent roads may be provided from the public road system to the site. Temporary roads may be provided as necessary to the working face. All roads must be passable during inclement weather.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.11 & 5.1.3.16, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.700  Facilities for personnel. (NRS 444.560)  Suitable shelter and sanitary facilities must be provided for operating personnel and waste transport personnel.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.1.3.10, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.702  Miscellaneous requirements for operation; quarterly reports; topographic or other volumetric surveys and reports. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Scavenging at a Class I site is prohibited.

     2.  Salvaging is prohibited at the working face of a Class I site.

     3.  A Class I site must be inspected daily and all scattered paper and other lightweight debris returned to the fill area and covered.

     4.  The operator of a Class I site shall establish provisions concerning weighing or otherwise adequately measuring and recording all solid waste delivered to the site.

     5.  The operation of a Class I site must be approved by the solid waste management authority.

     6.  The operator of a Class I site shall submit quarterly to the Division a report of the solid waste received at the site. The report must be submitted on a form prescribed by the Division.

     7.  The operator of a Class I site shall, on or before January 1, 2004, and at least once every 5 years thereafter until the site is closed in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893, conduct a topographic survey, or other volumetric survey approved by the solid waste management authority, of the site and submit a report to the solid waste management authority. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, each such report must be submitted not later than 5 years after the date on which the immediately preceding report was submitted. Each report must:

     (a) Be signed by a professional engineer registered in this State;

     (b) Be at a scale of not more than 200 feet to the inch, including contour intervals of not more than 5 feet;

     (c) Show the current topography of the site;

     (d) Indicate the remaining volume and disposal capacity of the site;

     (e) Indicate the volume used and waste disposed of since the original report of design; and

     (f) Calculate the remaining life of the site, in years.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.1.3.7-5.1.3.9, 5.1.3.15 & 5.1.3.17, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

      NAC 444.7025  Operating records required to be kept; notice to solid waste management authority. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a Class I site shall record and retain at the site in the operating records or at a location approved by the solid waste management authority, the following information as it becomes available:

     (a) Any demonstration of restrictions on location required by NAC 444.678 to 444.6795, inclusive;

     (b) Records of inspection, training procedures and procedures for notification required by NAC 444.6665;

     (c) Results from the monitoring of gas and any remediation plans required by NAC 444.667;

     (d) Any documentation relating to the design of the municipal solid waste landfill unit for the placement of leachate or gas condensate in the unit as required by paragraph (b) of subsection 2 of NAC 444.692;

     (e) Any demonstration, certification, finding, monitoring, testing or analytical data from the program for monitoring groundwater required by NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive;

     (f) Plans for closure and postclosure and any monitoring, testing or analytical data required by NAC 444.6891 to 444.6896, inclusive; and

     (g) Any documentation of cost estimates and financial assurance required by NAC 444.685.

     2.  The owner or operator shall notify the solid waste management authority when the documentation has been placed in or added to the operating records. All information contained in the operating records must be furnished upon request to the solid waste management authority or be made available at all reasonable times for inspection by the solid waste management authority.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may establish alternative schedules for recordkeeping and notification required by NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, except for the notification required by paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NAC 444.6783 and by subsection 3 of NAC 444.7491.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94)

Class II Sites

      NAC 444.704  Minimum requirements; operating records; contamination of groundwater. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  All Class II sites must comply with the minimum requirements set forth in this section and NAC 444.706 to 444.728, inclusive. A Class II site which fails to satisfy the minimum requirements shall be deemed to be an open dump for the purpose of the disposal of solid waste and is prohibited.

     2.  The owner or operator of a new or existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or a lateral expansion which meets the criteria for a Class II site pursuant to NAC 444.571 shall place in the operating records of the unit such information as necessary to demonstrate how the unit or lateral expansion meets the criteria.

     3.  An owner or operator of a new or existing municipal solid waste landfill unit or a lateral expansion which meets the criteria for a Class II site who has knowledge that the unit or lateral expansion has contaminated the groundwater shall:

     (a) Notify the solid waste management authority of the contamination; and

     (b) Comply with the requirements for a Class I site set forth in NAC 444.645, 444.6665 to 444.6678, inclusive, 444.6765 to 444.7025, inclusive, and 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.2, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.7045  Provisions for employees; compliance with certain provisions; deviations. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a Class II site shall provide suitable shelter, drinking water and sanitary facilities for the employees who work at the Class II site.

     2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the owner or operator of a Class II site shall comply with:

     (a) NAC 444.6895, for the closure of the municipal solid waste landfill units;

     (b) NAC 444.6894 and 444.6896, for the postclosure maintenance of municipal solid waste landfill units;

     (c) NAC 444.685 to 444.6859, inclusive;

     (d) NAC 444.6665 to 444.6678, inclusive, 444.6885, 444.6887, 444.692, 444.698 and 444.7025, if the Class II site contains at least one municipal solid waste landfill unit;

     (e) NAC 444.6765 and 444.678 to 444.6795, inclusive; and

     (f)NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may, after public review and comment, allow the owner or operator to deviate from the provisions concerning the infiltration barrier set forth in NAC 444.6891. In deciding whether to allow the deviation, the solid waste management authority shall consider:

     (a) The unique characteristics of small communities;

     (b) Climatic and hydrogeologic conditions; and

     (c) Whether allowing the deviation would have an adverse effect on human health or the environment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, 11-8-93, eff. 10-9-95; A 3-1-94; 11-9-95, eff. 10-9-97; R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.705  Application for permit to operate Class II site or lateral expansion thereof. (NRS 444.553, 444.556, 444.560)  An application for a permit to operate a Class II site or a lateral expansion of a Class II site must be submitted to the solid waste management authority and must include:

     1.  The name, location and mailing address of the:

     (a) Site;

     (b) Owner of the site;

     (c) Operator of the site; and

     (d) Authorized agent of the owner.

     2.  Proof of ownership of the land on which the site will be located.

     3.  The report for the design of the site required by NAC 444.708.

     4.  The plan for operating the site required by NAC 444.712.

     5.  The plan for closing the site, the plan for postclosure and the documentation of the financial assurance required by NAC 444.704.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93; 10-3-96)

      NAC 444.706  Location. (NRS 444.560)  The location of a Class II site must:

     1.  Not be within one-half mile of the nearest inhabited dwelling or place of public gathering or within 1,000 feet of a public highway, unless special provisions for the beautification of the site and the control of litter and vectors are included in the design and approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  Meet with the approval of the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.1.1-5.2.1.7, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.708  Report for design. (NRS 444.560)  The report for the design of a Class II site must include a design that:

     1.  Is intended to protect the waters of the State from degradation by pollutants or contaminants; and

     2.  Complies with the requirements set forth in subsections 1 to 7, inclusive, of NAC 444.680.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.2.2-5.2.2.3.8, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.711  Required installation of certain systems. (NRS 444.560)  The solid waste management authority may require the owner or operator of a Class II site to install:

     1.  A system for monitoring groundwater which complies with the provisions of NAC 444.7483; or

     2.  A system for monitoring moisture in the unsaturated zone,

Ê if the solid waste management authority determines that the system is necessary to protect the waters of the State from degradation by pollutants or contaminants.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94; 11-9-95; 10-3-96)

      NAC 444.712  Plan for operating. (NRS 444.560)  The plan for operating a Class II site must:

     1.  Comply with subsections 1, 2 and 4 of NAC 444.684; and

     2.  Demonstrate how the site will comply with NAC 444.6665 to 444.6678, inclusive, and 444.714 to 444.728, inclusive.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.2.6-5.2.2.9, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.714  Operation and maintenance. (NRS 444.560)  The operation and maintenance of a Class II site must be in accordance with NAC 444.686.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.3.1-5.2.3.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.716  Cover of solid wastes. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, solid wastes at a Class II site must be covered in accordance with NAC 444.688.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may, after public review and comment, allow the owner or operator of a Class II site to cover solid waste less frequently than set forth in NAC 444.688. In deciding whether to allow the deviation, the solid waste management authority shall consider:

     (a) The unique characteristics of small communities;

     (b) Climatic and hydrogeologic conditions; and

     (c) Whether allowing the deviation would have an adverse effect on human health or the environment.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.3.5.1-5.2.3.5.4, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-8-93, eff. 10-9-95; 11-9-95, eff. 10-9-97; R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.7175  Final cover and closure for certain sites; deviations. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The owner or operator of a Class II site that stops receiving waste before October 9, 1997, shall:

     (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, comply with the requirements for a final cover set forth in NAC 444.6891; and

     (b) Complete activities for the closure of each municipal solid waste landfill unit at the site within 180 days after the last receipt of waste.

     2.  The solid waste management authority may, after public review and comment, allow the owner or operator to deviate from the provisions concerning the infiltration barrier set forth in NAC 444.6891. In deciding whether to allow the deviation, the solid waste management authority shall consider:

     (a) The unique characteristics of small communities;

     (b) Climatic and hydrogeologic conditions; and

     (c) Whether allowing the deviation would have an adverse effect on human health or the environment.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 11-8-93; A 3-1-94; 11-9-95; R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.718  Signs. (NRS 444.560)  Signs must be posted that clearly indicate:

     1.  The owner and operator of the site.

     2.  The hours of operation.

     3.  Materials accepted or excluded.

     4.  Fees charged.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.3.14-5.2.3.14.4, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.720  Disposal of special wastes. (NRS 444.560)  Sewage solids or liquids and other special wastes must not be disposed of in a Class II site except when special permission has been given by the solid waste management authority.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.2.3.8, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.722  Putrescible wastes; vector control. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Any dead animals, carrion, slaughterhouse wastes or other highly putrescible wastes accepted at the land disposal site must be placed in a separate trench or area and covered immediately.

     2.  Vector control must be instituted, whenever necessary in the judgment of the solid waste management authority, to minimize transmission of disease.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.3.9 & 5.2.3.10, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.724  Control of erosion and dust. (NRS 444.560)  Suitable grasses must be planted, as required, in completed areas of the landfill to prevent erosion, surface deterioration and fugitive dust.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.2.3.5.5, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.726  Roads. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Permanent roads should be provided from the public road system to the site.

     2.  Temporary roads may be provided as necessary to the working face.

     3.  All roads must be passable during normal inclement weather.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. § 5.2.3.12, eff. 9-21-77]

      NAC 444.728  Miscellaneous requirements for operation; semiannual reports; topographic or other volumetric surveys and reports. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Salvaging is prohibited at the working face of a Class II site. Scavenging is prohibited at a Class II site.

     2.  A Class II site must be inspected semiweekly and all scattered papers and other lightweight debris returned to the fill area and covered.

     3.  The operator of a Class II site shall establish provisions concerning weighing or otherwise adequately measuring and recording all solid waste delivered to the site.

     4.  The operation of a Class II site must be approved by the solid waste management authority.

     5.  The operator of a Class II site shall:

     (a) Comply with the requirements relating to the maintenance and operation of the site set forth in 40 C.F.R. Parts 258.20 to 258.29, inclusive, effective October 9, 1997.

     (b) Submit semiannually to the Division a report of the solid waste received at the site. The report must be submitted on a form prescribed by the Division.

     (c) On or before January 1, 2004, and at least once every 5 years thereafter until the site is closed in accordance with NAC 444.6891, 444.6892 and 444.6893, conduct a topographic survey, or other volumetric survey approved by the solid waste management authority, of the site and submit a report to the solid waste management authority. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, each such report must be submitted no later than 5 years after the date on which the immediately preceding report was submitted. Each report must:

          (1) Be signed by a professional engineer registered in this State;

          (2) Be at a scale of not more than 200 feet to the inch, including contour intervals of not more than 5 feet;

          (3) Show the current topography of the site;

          (4) Indicate the remaining volume and disposal capacity of the site;

          (5) Indicate the volume used and waste disposed of since the original report of design; and

          (6) Calculate the remaining life of the site, in years.

     [Environmental Comm’n, Solid Waste Mgt Reg. §§ 5.2.3.6, 5.2.3.7, 5.2.3.11 & 5.2.3.13, eff. 9-21-77]—(NAC A 9-2-92; 11-9-95; R105-02, 10-18-2002)

Class III Sites

      NAC 444.731  Minimum standards; reduction or waiver of requirements. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2 and 3, each Class III site must comply with the standards for location, design, construction, operation and maintenance set forth in NAC 444.733 to 444.747, inclusive.

     2.  A solid waste management authority may adopt less restrictive standards for a Class III site which receives waste material which is inert or unlikely to create an environmental hazard or threaten the health of the general public.

     3.  A solid waste management authority may waive the requirements for a Class III site if the owner or operator of that site demonstrates that:

     (a) All waste which is placed in the landfill is incidental to his or her industrial operation;

     (b) The landfill is located on property controlled by the operator of the industrial operation; and

     (c) The landfill will not receive any hazardous materials and is unlikely to produce pollutants or contaminants that may degrade waters of the State.

     4.  An owner or operator who applies for a waiver must submit a plan to the solid waste management authority for approval. The plan must include:

     (a) A description of the type and estimated amount of material which will be placed in the landfill; and

     (b) A program for the maintenance of the site.

     5.  As used in this section, “hazardous material” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 459.7024.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-9-95)

      NAC 444.733  Application for permit to operate Class III site or lateral expansion thereof. (NRS 444.553, 444.560)  An application for a permit to operate a Class III site or a lateral expansion of a Class III site must be submitted to the solid waste management authority. Unless otherwise determined by the solid waste management authority, the application must include:

     1.  The name, location and mailing address of the:

     (a) Site;

     (b) Owner of the site;

     (c) Operator of the site; and

     (d) Authorized agent of the owner.

     2.  Proof of ownership of the land on which the site will be located.

     3.  The plan to characterize solid waste required by NAC 444.737.

     4.  The report required by NAC 444.739.

     5.  The plan for monitoring water required by NAC 444.741.

     6.  The plan for operating the site required by NAC 444.684.

     7.  The plan for closing the site which complies with NAC 444.6895.

     8.  The plan for postclosure of the site which complies with NAC 444.6896.

     9.  Documentation of financial assurance which complies with NAC 444.685.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.735  Location. (NRS 444.560)  The location of a Class III site must:

     1.  Be easily accessible in all kinds of weather to all vehicles expected to use it.

     2.  Safeguard against water pollution originating from the decomposed solid waste at the site.

     3.  Safeguard against uncontrolled movement or collection of gas originating from the decomposed waste at the site.

     4.  Have an adequate quantity of cover material that is workable, compactible and does not contain organic material of a quantity and distribution conducive to the harboring and breeding of disease vectors.

     5.  Conform to the land use planning of the area.

     6.  Not be within one-fourth mile of the nearest inhabited domestic dwelling or place of public gathering or be within 1,000 feet of a public highway, unless special provisions for the beautification of the site and the control of litter vectors are included in the design and approved by the solid waste management authority.

     7.  Not be within 1,000 feet of any surface water or be within 100 feet of the uppermost aquifer if the site is approved after September 2, 1992, unless approved by the solid waste management authority.

     8.  Be approved by the solid waste management authority.

     9.  If the site accepts hazardous waste from conditionally exempt small quantity generators as defined in 40 C.F.R. § 261.5, comply with the provisions of NAC 444.6785 and 444.679.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A by R034-98, 4-17-98)

      NAC 444.737  Plan to characterize solid waste. (NRS 444.560)  A plan to characterize solid waste for a Class III site must be sufficient to:

     1.  Determine that the waste is not a hazardous waste;

     2.  Identify physical and chemical characteristics of the waste which may create an environmental hazard or threaten the health of the general public; and

     3.  Provide for the periodic characterization of the waste stream as needed.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.739  Report for design. (NRS 444.560)  A report for the design of a Class III site must:

     1.  Be signed by a professional engineer registered in this State.

     2.  Include a general location map showing land use and zoning within 1 mile of the disposal site.

     3.  Include a topographic map of the area which must:

     (a) Be at a scale of not more than 200 feet to the inch, including contour intervals of not more than 5 feet.

     (b) Indicate the proposed fill areas.

     (c) Indicate any proposed borrow areas.

     (d) Indicate access roads.

     (e) Indicate a typical cross section of a lift.

     (f) Indicate grades for proper drainage of each lift.

     (g) Indicate the placement of special devices for drainage and controlling gas, if required.

     (h) Indicate fencing, equipment for shelter, facilities for employees and all other relevant data to indicate clearly that the landfill will be developed, operated and completed in an orderly manner.

     4.  Define anticipated types, quantities and sources of solid wastes to be disposed of at the site.

     5.  Demonstrate the design is sufficient to protect the waters of the State from degradation by pollutants or contaminants. The demonstration must consider, without limitation:

     (a) The hydrogeologic characteristics of the site and surrounding area;

     (b) The climatic factors of the area; and

     (c) The volume and physical and chemical characteristics of predicted leachate generation.

     6.  Provide proof of compliance with the provisions relating to the runoff and control of surface water set forth in NAC 444.6885 and 444.6887.

     7.  Define the source, type and quantity of cover material for the site.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.741  Plan for monitoring water; suspension of monitoring requirements. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A plan for monitoring water for a Class III site must provide for a system capable of monitoring the performance of the design of the site, including the monitoring of the unsaturated zone or groundwater depending on local conditions.

     2.  The plan must:

     (a) Identify the location and construction of monitoring points to be used to detect the migration of pollutants or contaminants from the site to the waters of the State;

     (b) Specify monitoring parameters and the frequency of monitoring those parameters;

     (c) Specify procedures to ensure quality for all field and laboratory work;

     (d) Provide for the semiannual submittal of monitoring data to the solid waste management authority;

     (e) Define procedures which will be followed if monitoring provides evidence of potential design failure; and

     (f) Comply with the provisions of NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive, if the plan includes the monitoring of groundwater.

     3.  The solid waste management authority may suspend monitoring requirements if the owner or operator of a Class III site demonstrates that there is no reasonable potential for migration of pollutants or contaminants from the site to waters of the State.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.743  Final cover or closure; postclosure. (NRS 444.560)  A Class III site must comply with requirements set forth in NAC 444.6891 to 444.6894, inclusive, concerning closure and postclosure.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A 11-8-93)

      NAC 444.745  Control of erosion and dust. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Suitable grasses must be planted at a Class III site, if required, in completed areas of the landfill to prevent erosion, surface deterioration and fugitive dust.

     2.  The operator of the site shall ensure that an adequate amount of water is available at all times for the control of dust and the compaction of cover material.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92)

      NAC 444.747  Miscellaneous requirements; reports; records; notification. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Scavenging at a Class III site is prohibited.

     2.  The area of a Class III site must be inspected daily and all scattered paper and other lightweight debris returned to the fill area and covered.

     3.  The operator of a Class III site shall:

     (a) Establish provisions concerning weighing or otherwise adequately measuring and recording all solid waste received at the site; and

     (b) Submit annually to the Division a report of the solid waste received at the site. The report must be submitted on a form provided by the Division within 30 days following the end of each calendar year.

     4.  The operation of a Class III site must be approved by the solid waste management authority.

     5.  The owner or operator of a Class III site shall record and retain in its operating records at its site or at another location approved by the solid waste management authority:

     (a) Any documentation of cost estimates and financial assurance required pursuant to NAC 444.685;

     (b) Plans for closure and postclosure care and any monitoring, testing or analytical data required pursuant to NAC 444.6891 to 444.6896, inclusive;

     (c) How the site conforms to the restrictions on location set forth in NAC 444.735;

     (d) Any plan to characterize solid waste required pursuant to NAC 444.737; and

     (e) Any demonstration, certification, finding, monitoring, testing or analytical data from the program for monitoring groundwater required pursuant to NAC 444.7481 to 444.7499, inclusive.

     6.  The owner or operator shall promptly notify the solid waste management authority after the owner or operator has placed the information in the operating record of its facility pursuant to subsection 5. The information must be furnished upon request to the solid waste management authority or be made available for inspection by the solid waste management authority at any reasonable time.

     7.  Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the solid waste management authority may establish alternative schedules for Class III sites for any recordkeeping and notification required pursuant to NAC 444.570 to 444.7499, inclusive, except that the authority will not establish an alternative schedule for the notification required pursuant to subsection 3 of NAC 444.7491.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n, eff. 9-2-92; A by R034-98, 4-17-98)

Materials Recovery Facilities

      NAC 444.7474  “Materials recovery facility” defined. (NRS 444.560)  As used in NAC 444.7474 to 444.74779, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, “materials recovery facility” means a solid waste management facility that provides for the extraction from solid waste of recyclable materials, materials suitable for use as a fuel or soil amendment, or any combination of those materials. The term does not include:

     1.  A facility that receives only recyclable materials that have been separated at the source of waste generation if further processing of the materials generates less than 10 percent waste residue by weight on an annual average;

     2.  A salvage yard for the recovery of used motor vehicle parts;

     3.  A facility that receives, processes or stores only concrete, masonry waste, asphalt pavement, brick, uncontaminated soil or stone for the recovery of recyclable materials; and

     4.  A facility that recovers less than 10 percent by weight of the recyclable material from the solid waste received on an annual average.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74743  Approval needed for operation; submission of application before construction begins. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A person shall not operate a materials recovery facility unless the location, design and operating plans of the facility have been approved by the solid waste management authority.

     2.  An application to operate a materials recovery facility must be submitted to the solid waste management authority before construction of the facility begins.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74747  Application to operate; application to modify. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  An application to operate a materials recovery facility must include:

     (a) The name, location and mailing address of:

          (1) The materials recovery facility;

          (2) The owner of the materials recovery facility;

          (3) The operator of the materials recovery facility; and

          (4) The authorized agent of the owner.

     (b) Proof of ownership of the land on which the materials recovery facility will be located.

     (c) A report of the design of the materials recovery facility that complies with the provisions of NAC 444.74751.

     (d) A plan for operating the materials recovery facility that complies with the provisions of NAC 444.74755.

     (e) A plan for the closure of the materials recovery facility that identifies the procedures required to close the facility and describes the manner in which the facility will comply with the provisions for closure set forth in NAC 444.74771. The plan must include a detailed written estimate, in current dollars, of the cost to hire a person to close the materials recovery facility in accordance with the plan.

     (f) Proof of financial assurance that complies with the provisions of NAC 444.74775.

     (g) A list of the recyclable materials that will be recovered at the materials recovery facility.

     (h) A description of the final use, or the available markets, for the materials identified for recovery.

     (i) Any other information that the solid waste management authority requires to evaluate the proposed operation of the facility.

     2.  A materials recovery facility that has been approved by the solid waste management authority may not modify:

     (a) The storage or processing capacity of the facility;

     (b) The types of waste that a facility may accept; or

     (c) The design or method of operation of the facility,

Ê unless the facility obtains the prior approval of the solid waste management authority for those modifications. An application to modify a materials recovery facility must be submitted on a form prescribed by the solid waste management authority.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74751  Report of design. (NRS 444.560)  The report of the design of the materials recovery facility required by NAC 444.74747 must:

     1.  Include a detailed description of the site of the facility, a diagram indicating the manner in which the materials are processed at the facility and the design capacity and environmental controls for the facility.

     2.  Be prepared under the direction of and signed and stamped by a professional engineer who is licensed in this State.

     3.  Include a general location map that indicates land use and zoning within 1 mile of the materials recovery facility.

     4.  Include plans and specifications of the materials recovery facility in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance with the standards for the design of the facility set forth in NAC 444.74759. The plans must:

     (a) Be drawn to a scale of not more than 200 feet per inch;

     (b) Indicate existing and proposed contours;

     (c) Indicate access roads and traffic routes around and within the materials recovery facility;

     (d) Include provisions for the control of surface water to minimize the contact of storm water with waste materials and to prevent pollutants or other contaminants from entering the waters of the State;

     (e) Indicate fencing, areas for storing equipment, facilities for employees, areas for receiving and handling waste, maintenance areas and any other appurtenances;

     (f) Include the maximum processing rate of the facility and the maximum storage capacity, in cubic yards, for processed and unprocessed waste and recovered materials;

     (g) Include provisions for controlling odors and dust to prevent a public nuisance;

     (h) Define the population and area that will be served by the materials recovery facility; and

     (i) List the anticipated types, quantities and sources of solid waste that will be received at the materials recovery facility.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74755  Plan for operating. (NRS 444.560)  The plan for operating the materials recovery facility required by NAC 444.74747 must provide a detailed description of the proposed operating procedures and include, without limitation:

     1.  The provisions for controlling access to the materials recovery facility;

     2.  The number of persons who will be employed at the materials recovery facility during operating hours;

     3.  A list of the equipment and machinery that will be required to operate the materials recovery facility;

     4.  The procedures to control vehicular traffic within the materials recovery facility;

     5.  The types of wastes that the materials recovery facility will not accept and a list of the facilities where such waste will be directed;

     6.  A program to detect and reject regulated hazardous waste, polychlorinated biphenyl wastes or any other unacceptable wastes identified in the application;

     7.  The procedures for measuring or weighing solid waste that is accepted by the materials recovery facility;

     8.  The frequency and method for transferring solid waste to a disposal site;

     9.  The location of storage areas for processed and unprocessed solid wastes and recovered materials at the materials recovery facility;

     10.  A plan for the disposal of processed and unprocessed solid wastes and recovered materials;

     11.  The proposed operating hours of the materials recovery facility;

     12.  A contingency plan that describes the procedures for emergencies and identifies alternate solid waste management systems;

     13.  A description of the manner in which the materials recovery facility will comply with the provisions set forth in NAC 444.74763; and

     14.  The safety procedures and protective equipment required for persons who handle solid waste at the materials recovery facility.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74759  Standards for design. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  A materials recovery facility must be constructed with:

     (a) Barriers and appurtenances necessary to control access to the facility;

     (b) A road that provides access to the facility in all kinds of weather;

     (c) Appurtenances to control litter;

     (d) Provisions that screen the facility from the view of members of the general public;

     (e) In areas where putrescible wastes will be received, processed or stored, a covered enclosure with at least three sides, and a floor with a durable surface that contains drainage controls to control runoff and prevent runon or the accumulation of standing water; and

     (f) In areas where solid wastes from the construction, refurbishment or demolition of buildings or other structures will be received, processed or stored, a floor with a durable surface that contains drainage controls to control runoff and prevent runon or the accumulation of standing water.

     2.  A materials recovery facility that is open to the public must comply with the provisions relating to signs set forth in NAC 444.690.

     3.  The design and location of a materials recovery facility must comply with applicable local ordinances.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74763  Transfer, removal, recovery and storage of solid waste. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  Solid waste that is accepted by a materials recovery facility must be:

     (a) Transferred to a disposal site that has been issued a permit by the solid waste management authority; or

     (b) Recovered for reuse or recycling.

     2.  Unless the owner or operator is unable to do so because of an emergency, putrescible solid waste or solid waste that is mixed with putrescible solid waste must be removed from a materials recovery facility not more than 72 hours after acceptance by the facility.

     3.  Nonputrescible solid waste may not be stored at the materials recovery facility for more than 1 week. Not more than 3,000 cubic yards of solid waste may be stored at the facility at one time, unless otherwise approved by the solid waste management authority.

     4.  Recovered materials may not be stored at the facility for more than 1 year. At least 75 percent of the materials recovered at the facility must be sold and removed from the facility in a 12-month period. Any recovered materials stored for more than 1 year must be considered waste and properly disposed of at a disposal site that has been issued a permit by the solid waste management authority or a facility approved by the solid waste management authority.

     5.  Solid waste or recovered materials may not be stored in piles which are more than 15 feet in height or have an area at the base which is more than 5,000 square feet. A distance of at least 12 feet must be maintained between adjacent piles of material and at least 10 feet between any pile of materials and the boundary of the facility.

     6.  The acceptance, handling and transportation of asbestos must be conducted in the manner prescribed by NAC 444.965 to 444.976, inclusive.

     7.  The owner or operator of a materials recovery facility shall:

     (a) Inspect the area of the facility daily and collect, and properly dispose of, all scattered paper and lightweight debris; and

     (b) Comply, in accordance with the provisions of NAC 444.660, with any local ordinances concerning the storage, collection or transportation of solid waste.

     (Added to NAC by Environmental Comm’n by R173-99, eff. 2-9-2000)

      NAC 444.74767  Maintenance, availability and content of records; classification of certain information as trade secret; reporting of recycled materials. (NRS 444.560)

     1.  The operator of a materials recovery facility shall maintain accurate operating records at the facility. The records must be furnished upon request to the solid waste management authority or made available for inspection by the solid waste management authority during the regular business hours of the facility. T