[Rev. 5/1/2022 10:05:03 PM--2021]

CHAPTER 484C - DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL OR A PROHIBITED SUBSTANCE

GENERAL PROVISIONS

NRS 484C.010        Definitions.

NRS 484C.020        “Concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.020        “Concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.030        “Concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined.

NRS 484C.040        “Concentration of alcohol of less than 0.18 in his or her blood or breath” defined.

NRS 484C.050        “Evaluation center” defined.

NRS 484C.053        “Ignition interlock device” defined.

NRS 484C.057        “Ignition interlock privilege” defined.

NRS 484C.060        “License to drive a motor vehicle” defined.

NRS 484C.070        “Nonresident’s driving privilege” defined.

NRS 484C.080        “Prohibited substance” defined.

NRS 484C.090        “Revocation of driver’s license” defined.

NRS 484C.100        “Treatment provider” defined.

NRS 484C.105        “Under the influence” defined.

NRS 484C.109        Person deemed not to be in actual physical control of vehicle in certain circumstances.

PROHIBITED ACTS

NRS 484C.110        Unlawful acts relating to operation of vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.110        Unlawful acts relating to operation of vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.120        Unlawful acts relating to operation of commercial motor vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation of out-of-service declaration or violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.120        Unlawful acts relating to operation of commercial motor vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation of out-of-service declaration or violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.130        Vehicular homicide; affirmative defense. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.130        Vehicular homicide; affirmative defense. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

PRELIMINARY AND EVIDENTIARY TESTING OF DRIVERS AND OTHERS

NRS 484C.150        Implied consent to preliminary test of person’s breath; effect of failure to submit to test; prohibited use of test results in criminal action.

NRS 484C.160        Implied consent to evidentiary test; exemption from blood test; choice of test; when blood test may be requested; when other tests may be used; reasonable force authorized to obtain test in certain circumstances; notification of parent, guardian or custodian of minor requested to submit to test.

NRS 484C.170        Analysis of blood of deceased victim of crash involving motor vehicle to determine presence and concentration of alcohol.

NRS 484C.180        Arrested person to be given opportunity to choose qualified person to administer test; substitution of test prohibited.

NRS 484C.190        Presumption that solution or gas used to calibrate or verify calibration of device for testing breath is properly prepared.

NRS 484C.200        Requirements for evidentiary test of breath to determine concentration of alcohol in breath; refusal or failure to submit to test.

NRS 484C.210        Revocation of license, permit or privilege to drive when person fails to submit to evidentiary test or when test shows concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in blood or breath or detectable amount of controlled or prohibited substance in blood or urine; installation of ignition interlock device in motor vehicle; issuance of restricted license in lieu of ignition interlock device under certain circumstances; cancellation of revocation; periods of ineligibility to run consecutively. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.210        Revocation of license, permit or privilege to drive when person fails to submit to evidentiary test or when test shows concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in blood or breath or detectable amount of controlled or prohibited substance in blood or urine; installation of ignition interlock device in motor vehicle; issuance of restricted license in lieu of ignition interlock device under certain circumstances; cancellation of revocation; periods of ineligibility to run consecutively. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.220        Seizure of license or permit; order of revocation; administrative and judicial review; temporary license; sufficiency of notice. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.220        Seizure of license or permit; order of revocation; administrative and judicial review; temporary license; sufficiency of notice. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.230        Hearing by Department; additional temporary license; judicial review; cancellation of temporary license. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.230        Hearing by Department; additional temporary license; judicial review; cancellation of temporary license. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.240        Admissibility of evidence of refusal to submit to evidentiary test; availability of results of test; admissibility of evidence from test.

NRS 484C.250        Admissibility of results of blood test in hearing or criminal action; immunity from liability for person administering blood test in certain circumstances.

EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS FOR ALCOHOL OR OTHER SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS

NRS 484C.300        Evaluation of certain offenders before sentencing; persons qualified to conduct evaluation; results of evaluation to be forwarded to Director of Department of Corrections or court with jurisdiction over offender.

NRS 484C.310        Standards for approval of evaluation center.

NRS 484C.320        Application by first-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of sentence; administration of program; notice to Department.

NRS 484C.330        Application by second-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of sentence; administration of program; notice to Department.

NRS 484C.340        Application by third-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of proceedings; administration of program; requirements to participate in program; certain previous convictions preclude offender from participating in program; requirements for offender placed under active electronic monitoring; unlawful to intentionally remove or disable or attempt to remove or disable electronic monitoring device.

NRS 484C.350        Required evaluation of first-time offender with a concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath, second-time offenders and offenders convicted of possessing 1 ounce or less of marijuana; required evaluation of certain offenders under 21 years of age; requirements of evaluation; out-of-state evaluation; offender to pay cost of evaluation.

NRS 484C.360        Placement of offender under clinical supervision of treatment provider; monthly progress reports; payment of charges for treatment; liability of provider limited.

NRS 484C.365        Placement of offender under clinical supervision of treatment provider in another jurisdiction authorized.

NRS 484C.370        Evaluation or treatment by private company authorized.

NEVADA 24/7 SOBRIETY AND DRUG MONITORING PROGRAM

NRS 484C.372        Short title.

NRS 484C.373        Legislative declarations.

NRS 484C.374        Definitions.

NRS 484C.376        “Core components” defined.

NRS 484C.378        “Designated law enforcement agency” defined.

NRS 484C.380        “Immediate sanction” defined.

NRS 484C.383        “Political subdivision” defined.

NRS 484C.385        “Program” defined.

NRS 484C.386        “Program participant” defined.

NRS 484C.388        “Testing” defined.

NRS 484C.390        “Timely sanction” defined.

NRS 484C.392        Sobriety and drug monitoring program: Establishment; political subdivision may participate; requirements.

NRS 484C.393        Sobriety and drug monitoring program: Department of Public Safety may assist political subdivision; political subdivision to designate law enforcement agency to enforce program; powers and duties of law enforcement agency.

NRS 484C.394        Court may assign offender to program; duties and powers of court; notices required to offender and Department of Motor Vehicles; eligibility for restricted driver’s license; regulations.

NRS 484C.395        Requirements for offender in program. [Repealed.]

NRS 484C.396        Guidelines to be adopted by political subdivision participating in program; requirements; establishment of fees.

NRS 484C.397        Designated law enforcement agency to collect fees; disposition of fees.

PENALTIES

Criminal Penalties

NRS 484C.400        Penalties for first, second and third offenses; segregation of offender; intermittent confinement; consecutive sentences; aggravating factor.

NRS 484C.410        Penalties when offender previously convicted of certain felonious conduct or homicide; segregation of offender; intermittent confinement; consecutive sentences; aggravating factor.

NRS 484C.420        Probation prohibited; suspension of sentence and plea bargaining restricted; exception; mandatory orders when person is nonresident.

NRS 484C.430        Penalty if death or substantial bodily harm results; exception; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; affirmative defense; exception; aggravating factor. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.430        Penalty if death or substantial bodily harm results; exception; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; affirmative defense; exception; aggravating factor. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

NRS 484C.440        Penalties for vehicular homicide; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; aggravating factor.

 

Ignition Interlock Device to Prevent Person Who Has Consumed Alcohol From Starting Vehicle

NRS 484C.450        “Device” defined. [Repealed.]

NRS 484C.454        Ignition Interlock Program: Establishment; rules and regulations; contracts for services; creation of Account for the Ignition Interlock Program; use of money in Account; administration of Account; fees.

NRS 484C.460        When court is required to order installation of ignition interlock device; exceptions; installation and inspection; tolling of period for which ignition interlock device required.

NRS 484C.470        Extension of order to install ignition interlock device; penalties for tampering with or driving without ignition interlock device; probation and suspension of sentence prohibited; plea bargaining restricted. [Effective through December 31, 2022.]

NRS 484C.470        Extension of order to install ignition interlock device; penalties for tampering with or driving without ignition interlock device; probation and suspension of sentence prohibited; plea bargaining restricted. [Effective January 1, 2023.]

NRS 484C.475        Penalty for person providing sample of breath for ignition interlock device of another person.

NRS 484C.480        Regulations.

 

Other Penalties

NRS 484C.500        Civil penalty; cancellation of reinstated license upon conviction for violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120; notice.

NRS 484C.510        Fee for chemical analysis.

NRS 484C.520        Mandatory suspension of registration of each motor vehicle registered to person convicted of second or subsequent violation or convicted of vehicular homicide; duration of suspension; court to forward copy of order to Department; contents of order; limited exceptions.

NRS 484C.530        Offender to attend meeting of panel of victims and provide proof of attendance to court.

COMMITTEE ON TESTING FOR INTOXICATION

NRS 484C.600        Creation; appointment and qualifications of members; meetings; quorum; appeal from decision of Committee.

NRS 484C.610        Certification of breath-testing devices; creation and maintenance of list of such devices; presumption of accuracy and reliability of device; other evidence of concentration of alcohol in breath not precluded.

NRS 484C.620        Adoption of regulations to prescribe standards and procedures to calibrate breath-testing devices; issuance of certificates by Director of Department of Public Safety.

NRS 484C.630        Adoption of regulations for certification of persons to operate device to test concentration in breath; judicial notice; presumption of proper operation; evidence of test performed by others not precluded.

NRS 484C.640        Adoption of regulations for calibration of devices to test blood or urine and certification of persons who calibrate or operate devices or who examine operators; adoption of regulations concerning operation of devices to test blood or urine.

_________

 

GENERAL PROVISIONS

      NRS 484C.010  Definitions.  As used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 484C.020 to 484C.105, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1202, 1476; A 1973, 448; 1975, 1076; 1981, 621; 1987, 1073; 1989, 291, 798; 1993, 1392, 1414, 2586; 1995, 568; 1999, 3415; 2003, 380; 2005, 21, 72; 2009, 397; 2015, 2535; 2021, 2454)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.013)

      NRS 484C.020  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath” means 0.08 gram or more of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 291; A 1999, 2451; 2003, 2559)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.038)

      NRS 484C.020  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath” means 0.10 gram or more of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 291; A 1999, 2451; 2003, 2559, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.038)

      NRS 484C.030  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath” defined.  “Concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath” means 0.18 gram or more of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1737; A 1993, 2895; 1997, 3370; 1999, 2140; 2005, 151, 613, 2042; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 105; 2007, 100, 2805; 2009, 1867)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3792)

      NRS 484C.040  “Concentration of alcohol of less than 0.18 in his or her blood or breath” defined.  “Concentration of alcohol of less than 0.18 in his or her blood or breath” means less than 0.18 gram of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1737; A 1993, 2895; 1997, 3370; 1999, 2140; 2005, 151, 613, 2042; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 105; 2007, 100, 2805)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3943)

      NRS 484C.050  “Evaluation center” defined.  “Evaluation center” means a facility which is approved by the Division of Public and Behavioral Health of the Department of Health and Human Services to provide an evaluation of an offender to a court to determine if the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder. The term includes a facility operated by a court or other governmental agency.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2890; A 1997, 1748; 1999, 1882; 2001, 435)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3793)

      NRS 484C.053  “Ignition interlock device” defined.  “Ignition interlock device” means a mechanism that:

      1.  Tests a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in his or her breath; and

      2.  If the results of the test indicate that the person has a concentration of alcohol of 0.02 or more in his or her breath, prevents the motor vehicle in which it is installed from starting.

      (Added to NRS by 2021, 2453)

      NRS 484C.057  “Ignition interlock privilege” defined.  “Ignition interlock privilege” means a license issued by the Department which authorizes the holder to operate a motor vehicle that has an ignition interlock device installed.

      (Added to NRS by 2021, 2453)

      NRS 484C.060  “License to drive a motor vehicle” defined.  “License to drive a motor vehicle” means any license or permit to drive a motor vehicle issued under the laws of this State, including:

      1.  Any temporary license or instruction permit.

      2.  The privilege of any person to drive a motor vehicle whether or not such person holds a valid license.

      3.  Any nonresident’s driving privilege.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1478)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.077)

      NRS 484C.070  “Nonresident’s driving privilege” defined.  “Nonresident’s driving privilege” means the privilege conferred upon a nonresident by the laws of this State pertaining to the driving by such person of a motor vehicle, or the use of a vehicle owned by such person, in this State.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1479)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.087)

      NRS 484C.080  “Prohibited substance” defined.  “Prohibited substance” means any of the following substances if the person who uses the substance has not been issued a valid prescription to use the substance and the substance is classified in schedule I or II pursuant to NRS 453.166 or 453.176 when it is used:

      1.  Amphetamine.

      2.  Cocaine or cocaine metabolite.

      3.  Heroin or heroin metabolite (morphine or 6-monoacetyl morphine).

      4.  Lysergic acid diethylamide.

      5.  Marijuana or marijuana metabolite.

      6.  Methamphetamine.

      7.  Phencyclidine.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 3414)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.1245)

      NRS 484C.090  “Revocation of driver’s license” defined.  “Revocation of driver’s license” means the termination by formal action of the Department of a person’s license to drive a motor vehicle.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1480; A 1985, 1943)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.138)

      NRS 484C.100  “Treatment provider” defined.  “Treatment provider” has the meaning ascribed to it in NRS 458.010.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2890; A 1997, 1748; 1999, 1882; 2001, 435; 2015, 754)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3793)

      NRS 484C.105  “Under the influence” defined.  “Under the influence” means impaired to a degree that renders a person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle.

      (Added to NRS by 2015, 2535)

      NRS 484C.109  Person deemed not to be in actual physical control of vehicle in certain circumstances.  For the purposes of this chapter, a person shall be deemed not to be in actual physical control of a vehicle if:

      1.  The person is asleep inside the vehicle;

      2.  The person is not in the driver’s seat of the vehicle;

      3.  The engine of the vehicle is not running;

      4.  The vehicle is lawfully parked; and

      5.  Under the facts presented, it is evident that the person could not have driven the vehicle to the location while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, a controlled substance or a prohibited substance.

      (Added to NRS by 2015, 2535)

PROHIBITED ACTS

      NRS 484C.110  Unlawful acts relating to operation of vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath; or

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access.

      2.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of a controlled substance;

      (b) Is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance; or

      (c) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access. The fact that any person charged with a violation of this subsection is or has been entitled to use that drug under the laws of this State is not a defense against any charge of violating this subsection.

      3.  It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with an amount of any of the following prohibited substances in his or her blood or urine that is equal to or greater than:

 

                                                                                                        Urine                           Blood

                                                                                             Nanograms                 Nanograms

      Prohibited substance                                                per milliliter                 per milliliter

 

      (a) Amphetamine                                                                     500                               100

      (b) Cocaine                                                                               150                                 50

      (c) Cocaine metabolite                                                           150                                 50

      (d) Heroin                                                                              2,000                                 50

      (e) Heroin metabolite:

             (1) Morphine                                                                  2,000                                 50

             (2) 6-monoacetyl morphine                                               10                                 10

      (f) Lysergic acid diethylamide                                                25                                 10

      (g) Methamphetamine                                                            500                               100

      (h) Phencyclidine                                                                       25                                 10

 

      4.  For any violation that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, it is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with an amount of any of the following prohibited substances in his or her blood that is equal to or greater than:

 

                                                                                                                                             Blood

                                                                                                                                   Nanograms

      Prohibited substance                                                                                        per milliliter

 

      (a) Marijuana (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)                                                              2

      (b) Marijuana metabolite (11-OH-tetrahydrocannabinol)                                          5

 

      5.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      6.  A person who violates any provision of this section may be subject to any additional penalty set forth in NRS 484B.130 or 484B.135.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1485; A 1971, 2030; 1973, 587, 1277, 1501; 1975, 788; 1981, 1924; 1983, 1068; 1993, 539; 1999, 2451, 3415; 2001, 172; 2003, 2559, 3245; 2015, 1580; 2017, 303; 2021, 1460)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.379)

      NRS 484C.110  Unlawful acts relating to operation of vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath; or

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access.

      2.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of a controlled substance;

      (b) Is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance; or

      (c) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access. The fact that any person charged with a violation of this subsection is or has been entitled to use that drug under the laws of this State is not a defense against any charge of violating this subsection.

      3.  It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with an amount of any of the following prohibited substances in his or her blood or urine that is equal to or greater than:

 

                                                                                                        Urine                           Blood

                                                                                             Nanograms                 Nanograms

      Prohibited substance                                                per milliliter                 per milliliter

 

      (a) Amphetamine                                                                     500                               100

      (b) Cocaine                                                                               150                                 50

      (c) Cocaine metabolite                                                           150                                 50

      (d) Heroin                                                                              2,000                                 50

      (e) Heroin metabolite:

             (1) Morphine                                                                  2,000                                 50

             (2) 6-monoacetyl morphine                                               10                                 10

      (f) Lysergic acid diethylamide                                                25                                 10

      (g) Methamphetamine                                                            500                               100

      (h) Phencyclidine                                                                       25                                 10

 

      4.  For any violation that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, it is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with an amount of any of the following prohibited substances in his or her blood that is equal to or greater than:

 

                                                                                                                                             Blood

                                                                                                                                   Nanograms

      Prohibited substance                                                                                        per milliliter

 

      (a) Marijuana (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)                                                              2

      (b) Marijuana metabolite (11-OH-tetrahydrocannabinol)                                          5

 

      5.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      6.  A person who violates any provision of this section may be subject to any additional penalty set forth in NRS 484B.130 or 484B.135.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 1485; A 1971, 2030; 1973, 587, 1277, 1501; 1975, 788; 1981, 1924; 1983, 1068; 1993, 539; 1999, 2451, 3415; 2001, 172; 2003, 2559, 3245; 2015, 1580; 2017, 303; 2021, 1460, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.379)

      NRS 484C.120  Unlawful acts relating to operation of commercial motor vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation of out-of-service declaration or violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.08 in his or her blood or breath; or

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.08 in his or her blood or breath,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access.

      2.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of a controlled substance;

      (b) Is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance; or

      (c) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access. The fact that any person charged with a violation of this subsection is or has been entitled to use that drug under the laws of this State is not a defense against any charge of violating this subsection.

      3.  It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with any prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine. As used in this subsection, “prohibited substance” means any substance described in 21 C.F.R. § 1308.11.

      4.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the commercial motor vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      5.  A person who violates any provision of this section may be subject to any additional penalty set forth in NRS 483.939, 484B.130 or 484B.135.

      6.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Commercial motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used in commerce to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle:

             (1) Has a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds which includes a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds;

             (2) Has a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds;

             (3) Is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver; or

             (4) Regardless of size, is used in the transportation of materials which are considered to be hazardous for the purposes of the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 5101 et seq., and for which the display of identifying placards is required pursuant to 49 C.F.R. Part 172, Subpart F.

      (b) The phrase “concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.08 in his or her blood or breath” means 0.04 gram or more but less than 0.08 gram of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 2793; 2009, 1893; 2015, 1581; 2017, 304; 2021, 1462)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.379778)

      NRS 484C.120  Unlawful acts relating to operation of commercial motor vehicle; affirmative defense; additional penalty for violation of out-of-service declaration or violation committed in work zone or pedestrian safety zone. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.10 in his or her blood or breath; or

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.10 in his or her blood or breath,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access.

      2.  It is unlawful for any person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of a controlled substance;

      (b) Is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance; or

      (c) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle,

Ê to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access. The fact that any person charged with a violation of this subsection is or has been entitled to use that drug under the laws of this State is not a defense against any charge of violating this subsection.

      3.  It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with any prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine. As used in this subsection, “prohibited substance” means any substance described in 21 C.F.R. § 1308.11.

      4.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the commercial motor vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      5.  A person who violates any provision of this section may be subject to any additional penalty set forth in NRS 483.939, 484B.130 or 484B.135.

      6.  As used in this section:

      (a) “Commercial motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used in commerce to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle:

             (1) Has a gross combination weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds which includes a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds;

             (2) Has a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds;

             (3) Is designed to transport 16 or more passengers, including the driver; or

             (4) Regardless of size, is used in the transportation of materials which are considered to be hazardous for the purposes of the federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 5101 et seq., and for which the display of identifying placards is required pursuant to 49 C.F.R. Part 172, Subpart F.

      (b) The phrase “concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more but less than 0.10 in his or her blood or breath” means 0.04 gram or more but less than 0.10 gram of alcohol per 100 milliliters of the blood of a person or per 210 liters of his or her breath.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 2793; A 2007, 2812; 2009, 1893; 2015, 1581; 2017, 304; 2021, 1462, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.379778)

      NRS 484C.130  Vehicular homicide; affirmative defense. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  A person commits vehicular homicide if the person:

      (a) Drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on or off the highways of this State and:

             (1) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

             (2) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath;

             (3) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath;

             (4) Is under the influence of a controlled substance or is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance;

             (5) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle; or

             (6) Has a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine, as applicable, in an amount that is equal to or greater than the amount set forth in subsection 3 or 4 of NRS 484C.110;

      (b) Proximately causes the death of another person while driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle on or off the highways of this State; and

      (c) Has previously been convicted of at least three offenses.

      2.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under subparagraph (3) of paragraph (a) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      3.  As used in this section, “offense” means:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120 or 484C.430;

      (b) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by this section or NRS 484C.110 or 484C.430; or

      (c) A violation of a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a) or (b).

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 138; A 2007, 1454; 2009, 1873; 2017, 306)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.37955)

      NRS 484C.130  Vehicular homicide; affirmative defense. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  A person commits vehicular homicide if the person:

      (a) Drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on or off the highways of this State and:

             (1) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

             (2) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath;

             (3) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath;

             (4) Is under the influence of a controlled substance or is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance;

             (5) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle; or

             (6) Has a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine, as applicable, in an amount that is equal to or greater than the amount set forth in subsection 3 or 4 of NRS 484C.110;

      (b) Proximately causes the death of another person while driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle on or off the highways of this State; and

      (c) Has previously been convicted of at least three offenses.

      2.  If consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under subparagraph (3) of paragraph (a) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      3.  As used in this section, “offense” means:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120 or 484C.430;

      (b) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by this section or NRS 484C.110 or 484C.430; or

      (c) A violation of a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a) or (b).

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 138, 173; A 2007, 1454, 1455; 2009, 1873, 1874; 2017, 306, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.37955)

PRELIMINARY AND EVIDENTIARY TESTING OF DRIVERS AND OTHERS

      NRS 484C.150  Implied consent to preliminary test of person’s breath; effect of failure to submit to test; prohibited use of test results in criminal action.

      1.  Any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access shall be deemed to have given his or her consent to a preliminary test of his or her breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in his or her breath when the test is administered at the request of a police officer at the scene of a vehicle crash or where the police officer stops a vehicle, if the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be tested was:

      (a) Driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance; or

      (b) Engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430.

      2.  If the person fails to submit to the test, the officer shall, if reasonable grounds otherwise exist, arrest the person and take him or her to a convenient place for the administration of a reasonably available evidentiary test under NRS 484C.160.

      3.  The result of the preliminary test must not be used in any criminal action, except to show there were reasonable grounds to make an arrest.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1066; A 1993, 2072; 1995, 1883; 1999, 2453, 3424; 2001, 172; 2005, 148; 2007, 2802; 2015, 1638, 2535; 2021, 2454)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.382)

      NRS 484C.160  Implied consent to evidentiary test; exemption from blood test; choice of test; when blood test may be requested; when other tests may be used; reasonable force authorized to obtain test in certain circumstances; notification of parent, guardian or custodian of minor requested to submit to test.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 4 and 5, any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access shall be deemed to have given his or her consent to an evidentiary test of his or her blood, urine, breath or other bodily substance to determine the concentration of alcohol in his or her blood or breath or to determine whether a controlled substance, chemical, poison, organic solvent or another prohibited substance is present, if such a test is administered at the request of a police officer having reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be tested was:

      (a) Driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine; or

      (b) Engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430.

      2.  A police officer who requests that a person submit to a test pursuant to subsection 1 shall inform the person that his or her license, permit or privilege to drive will be revoked if he or she fails to submit to the test.

      3.  If the person to be tested pursuant to subsection 1 is dead or unconscious, the officer shall direct that samples of blood from the person to be tested.

      4.  Any person who is afflicted with hemophilia or with a heart condition requiring the use of an anticoagulant as determined by a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse is exempt from any blood test which may be required pursuant to this section but must, when appropriate pursuant to the provisions of this section, be required to submit to a breath or urine test.

      5.  If the concentration of alcohol in the blood or breath of the person to be tested is in issue:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the person may refuse to submit to a blood test if means are reasonably available to perform a breath test.

      (b) The person may request a blood test, but if means are reasonably available to perform a breath test when the blood test is requested, and the person is subsequently convicted, the person must pay for the cost of the blood test, including the fees and expenses of witnesses whose testimony in court or an administrative hearing is necessary because of the use of the blood test. The expenses of such a witness may be assessed at an hourly rate of not less than:

             (1) Fifty dollars for travel to and from the place of the proceeding; and

             (2) One hundred dollars for giving or waiting to give testimony.

      (c) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 484C.200, not more than three samples of the person’s blood or breath may be taken during the 5-hour period immediately following the time of the initial arrest.

      6.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 7, if the presence of a controlled substance, chemical, poison, organic solvent or another prohibited substance in the blood or urine of the person is in issue, the officer may request that the person submit to a blood or urine test, or both.

      7.  If the presence of marijuana in the blood of the person is in issue, the officer may request that the person submit to a blood test.

      8.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 4 and 6, a police officer shall not request that a person submit to a urine test.

      9.  If a person to be tested fails to submit to a required test as requested by a police officer pursuant to this section and the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be tested was:

      (a) Driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine; or

      (b) Engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430,

Ê the officer may apply for a warrant or court order directing that reasonable force be used to the extent necessary to obtain samples of blood from the person to be tested.

      10.  If a person who is less than 18 years of age is requested to submit to an evidentiary test pursuant to this section, the officer shall, before testing the person, make a reasonable attempt to notify the parent, guardian or custodian of the person, if known.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 593; A 1973, 1502; 1975, 73; 1979, 1164; 1981, 1361; 1983, 18, 1074; 1985, 785; 1987, 1237; 1989, 2048; 1993, 117, 2073; 1995, 1883; 1997, 325, 3047; 1999, 633, 2453, 3434; 2001, 172; 2005, 149; 2007, 2802; 2015, 2535; 2017, 306; 2019, 501)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.383)

      NRS 484C.170  Analysis of blood of deceased victim of crash involving motor vehicle to determine presence and concentration of alcohol.

      1.  Any coroner, or other public official performing like duties, shall in all cases in which a death has occurred as a result of a crash involving a motor vehicle, whether the person killed is a driver, passenger or pedestrian, cause to be drawn from each decedent, within 8 hours of the crash, a blood sample to be analyzed for the presence and concentration of alcohol.

      2.  The findings of the examinations are a matter of public record and must be reported to the Department by the coroner or other public official within 30 days after the death.

      3.  Blood-alcohol analyses are acceptable only if made by laboratories licensed to perform this function.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 893; A 1985, 1952; 1999, 2460; 2015, 1638)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.394)

      NRS 484C.180  Arrested person to be given opportunity to choose qualified person to administer test; substitution of test prohibited.

      1.  A person who is arrested for driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or for engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 must be permitted, upon request and at the person’s expense, reasonable opportunity to have a qualified person of his or her own choosing administer a chemical test or tests to determine:

      (a) The concentration of alcohol in his or her blood or breath; or

      (b) Whether a controlled substance, chemical, poison, organic solvent or another prohibited substance is present in his or her blood or urine.

      2.  The failure or inability to obtain such a test or tests by such a person does not preclude the admission of evidence relating to the refusal to submit to a test or relating to a test taken upon the request of a police officer.

      3.  A test obtained under the provisions of this section may not be substituted for or stand in lieu of the test required by NRS 484C.160.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 594; A 1973, 1504; 1999, 2459, 3428; 2001, 172; 2005, 151; 2007, 2804)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.391)

      NRS 484C.190  Presumption that solution or gas used to calibrate or verify calibration of device for testing breath is properly prepared.  If:

      1.  A manufacturer or technician in a laboratory prepares a chemical solution or gas to be used in calibrating, or to verify the calibration of, a device for testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in his or her breath; and

      2.  A person who is certified pursuant to NRS 484C.620 examines the solution or gas, confirms the concentration of alcohol contained in the solution or gas, and makes an affidavit or declaration that identifies the concentration of alcohol contained in the solution or gas and states that the solution or gas has the chemical composition that is necessary for use in accurately calibrating, or verifying the calibration of, the device,

Ê it is presumed that the solution or gas has been properly prepared and is suitable for use in calibrating, or verifying the calibration of, the device.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1913; A 1987, 686; 1993, 2076; 1999, 2460; 2013, 289)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3935)

      NRS 484C.200  Requirements for evidentiary test of breath to determine concentration of alcohol in breath; refusal or failure to submit to test.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, an evidentiary test of breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in a person’s breath may be used to establish that concentration only if two consecutive samples of the person’s breath are taken and:

      (a) The difference between the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath indicated by the two samples is less than or equal to 0.02;

      (b) If the provisions of paragraph (a) do not apply, a third evidentiary test of breath is administered and the difference between the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath indicated by the third sample and one of the first two samples is less than or equal to 0.02; or

      (c) If the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply, a fourth evidentiary test is administered. Except as otherwise provided in NRS 484C.160, the fourth evidentiary test must be a blood test.

      2.  If the person fails to provide the second or third consecutive sample, or to submit to the fourth evidentiary test, the results of the first test may be used alone as evidence of the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath. If for some other reason a second, third or fourth sample is not obtained, the results of the first test may be used with all other evidence presented to establish the concentration.

      3.  If a person refuses or otherwise fails to provide a second or third consecutive sample or submit to a fourth evidentiary test, such refusal or failure constitutes a failure to submit to a required test as provided in NRS 484C.160.

      (Added to NRS by 1985, 1226; A 1991, 957; 1993, 2074; 1995, 1886; 1999, 2457; 2015, 2537)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.386)

      NRS 484C.210  Revocation of license, permit or privilege to drive when person fails to submit to evidentiary test or when test shows concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in blood or breath or detectable amount of controlled or prohibited substance in blood or urine; installation of ignition interlock device in motor vehicle; issuance of restricted license in lieu of ignition interlock device under certain circumstances; cancellation of revocation; periods of ineligibility to run consecutively. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  If a person fails to submit to an evidentiary test as requested by a police officer pursuant to NRS 484C.160, the license, permit or privilege to drive of the person must be revoked as provided in NRS 484C.220, and the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive for a period of:

      (a) One year; or

      (b) Three years, if the license, permit or privilege to drive of the person has been revoked during the immediately preceding 7 years for failure to submit to an evidentiary test.

      2.  If the result of a test given under NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 shows that a person had a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath or a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, at the time of the test, the license, permit or privilege of the person to drive must be revoked as provided in NRS 484C.220 and the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege for a period of 185 days.

      3.  At any time while a person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive following a revocation under subsection 1 or 2, the person shall install, at his or her own expense, an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle which the person operates as a condition to obtaining an ignition interlock privilege pursuant to NRS 483.490.

      4.  The Department may provide for an exception to the requirements of subsection 3 and issue a restricted license pursuant to subsection 1 of NRS 483.490 if the Department determines that the person is not a repeat intoxicated driver, as that term is defined in 23 C.F.R. § 1275.3(k), and:

      (a) The person is unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for analysis by an ignition interlock device, as certified in writing by a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse of the person; or

      (b) The person resides more than 100 miles from a manufacturer of an ignition interlock device or its agent.

      5.  If a revocation of a person’s license, permit or privilege to drive under NRS 62E.640 or 483.460 follows a revocation under subsection 2 which was based on the person having a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath, the Department shall cancel the revocation under that subsection and give the person credit for any period during which the person was not eligible for a license, permit or privilege.

      6.  If an order to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 62E.640 or 484C.460 follows the installation of an ignition interlock device pursuant to subsection 3, the court shall give the person day-for-day credit for any period during which the person can provide proof satisfactory to the court that he or she had an ignition interlock device installed as a condition to obtaining an ignition interlock privilege.

      7.  Periods of ineligibility for a license, permit or privilege to drive which are imposed pursuant to this section must run consecutively.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1066; A 1995, 1884, 1919; 1999, 2455; 2003, 1158, 2561; 2015, 2538; 2017, 4044; 2019, 3880; 2021, 2454)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.384)

      NRS 484C.210  Revocation of license, permit or privilege to drive when person fails to submit to evidentiary test or when test shows concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in blood or breath or detectable amount of controlled or prohibited substance in blood or urine; installation of ignition interlock device in motor vehicle; issuance of restricted license in lieu of ignition interlock device under certain circumstances; cancellation of revocation; periods of ineligibility to run consecutively. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  If a person fails to submit to an evidentiary test as requested by a police officer pursuant to NRS 484C.160, the license, permit or privilege to drive of the person must be revoked as provided in NRS 484C.220, and the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive for a period of:

      (a) One year; or

      (b) Three years, if the license, permit or privilege to drive of the person has been revoked during the immediately preceding 7 years for failure to submit to an evidentiary test.

      2.  If the result of a test given under NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 shows that a person had a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath or a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, at the time of the test, the license, permit or privilege of the person to drive must be revoked as provided in NRS 484C.220 and the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege for a period of 185 days.

      3.  At any time while a person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive following a revocation under subsection 1 or 2, the person shall install, at his or her own expense, an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle which the person operates as a condition to obtaining an ignition interlock privilege pursuant to NRS 483.490.

      4.  The Department may provide for an exception to the requirements of subsection 3 and issue a restricted license pursuant to subsection 1 of NRS 483.490 if the Department determines that the person is not a repeat intoxicated driver, as that term is defined in 23 C.F.R. § 1275.3(k), and:

      (a) The person is unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for analysis by an ignition interlock device, as certified in writing by a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse of the person; or

      (b) The person resides more than 100 miles from a manufacturer of an ignition interlock device or its agent.

      5.  If a revocation of a person’s license, permit or privilege to drive under NRS 62E.640 or 483.460 follows a revocation under subsection 2 which was based on the person having a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath, the Department shall cancel the revocation under that subsection and give the person credit for any period during which the person was not eligible for a license, permit or privilege.

      6.  If an order to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 62E.640 or 484C.460 follows the installation of an ignition interlock device pursuant to subsection 3, the court shall give the person day-for-day credit for any period during which the person can provide proof satisfactory to the court that he or she had an ignition interlock device installed as a condition to obtaining an ignition interlock privilege.

      7.  Periods of ineligibility for a license, permit or privilege to drive which are imposed pursuant to this section must run consecutively.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1066; A 1995, 1884, 1919; 1999, 2455; 2003, 1158, 2561; 2015, 2538; 2017, 4044; 2019, 3880; 2021, 2454, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.384)

      NRS 484C.220  Seizure of license or permit; order of revocation; administrative and judicial review; temporary license; sufficiency of notice. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  As agent for the Department, the officer who requested that a test be given pursuant to NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 or who obtained the result of a test given pursuant to NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 shall immediately serve an order of revocation of the license, permit or privilege to drive on a person who failed to submit to a test requested by the police officer pursuant to NRS 484C.160 or who has a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath or has a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, if that person is present, and shall seize the license or permit to drive of the person. The officer shall then, unless the information is expressly set forth in the order of revocation, advise the person of his or her right to administrative and judicial review of the revocation pursuant to NRS 484C.230 and, except as otherwise provided in this subsection, that the person has a right to request a temporary license. The officer shall also, unless the information is expressly set forth in the order of revocation, advise the person that he or she is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210. If the person currently is driving with a temporary license that was issued pursuant to this section or NRS 484C.230, the person is not entitled to request an additional temporary license pursuant to this section or NRS 484C.230, and the order of revocation issued by the officer must revoke the temporary license that was previously issued. If the person is entitled to request a temporary license, the officer shall issue the person a temporary license on a form approved by the Department if the person requests one, which is effective for only 7 days including the date of issuance. The officer shall immediately transmit the person’s license or permit to the Department along with the written certificate required by subsection 2.

      2.  When a police officer has served an order of revocation of a driver’s license, permit or privilege on a person pursuant to subsection 1, or later receives the result of an evidentiary test which indicates that a person, not then present, had a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath or had a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, the officer shall immediately prepare and transmit to the Department, together with the seized license or permit and a copy of the result of the test, if any, a written certificate that the officer had reasonable grounds to believe that the person had been driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle:

      (a) With a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath or with a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, as determined by a chemical test; or

      (b) While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine and the person refused to submit to a required evidentiary test.

Ê The certificate must also indicate whether the officer served an order of revocation on the person and whether the officer issued the person a temporary license.

      3.  The Department, upon receipt of such a certificate for which an order of revocation has not been served, after examining the certificate and copy of the result of the chemical test, if any, and finding that revocation is proper, shall issue an order revoking the person’s license, permit or privilege to drive by mailing the order to the person at the person’s last known address. The order must indicate the grounds for the revocation and the period during which the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive and state that the person has a right to administrative and judicial review of the revocation and to have a temporary license. The order must also state whether the person is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210. The order of revocation becomes effective 5 days after mailing.

      4.  Notice of an order of revocation and notice of the affirmation of a prior order of revocation or the cancellation of a temporary license provided in NRS 484C.230 is sufficient if it is mailed to the person’s last known address as shown by any application for a license. The date of mailing may be proved by the certificate of any officer or employee of the Department, specifying the time of mailing the notice. The notice is presumed to have been received upon the expiration of 5 days after it is deposited, postage prepaid, in the United States mail.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 593; A 1973, 484, 1503; 1981, 1927; 1983, 1075; 1985, 1948; 1991, 1588; 1995, 1885; 1999, 2455, 3425; 2001, 172; 2003, 2562; 2007, 2046; 2015, 2538; 2017, 4044; 2019, 3881; 2021, 2455)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.385)

      NRS 484C.220  Seizure of license or permit; order of revocation; administrative and judicial review; temporary license; sufficiency of notice. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  As agent for the Department, the officer who requested that a test be given pursuant to NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 or who obtained the result of a test given pursuant to NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160 shall immediately serve an order of revocation of the license, permit or privilege to drive on a person who failed to submit to a test requested by the police officer pursuant to NRS 484C.160 or who has a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath or has a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, if that person is present, and shall seize the license or permit to drive of the person. The officer shall then, unless the information is expressly set forth in the order of revocation, advise the person of his or her right to administrative and judicial review of the revocation pursuant to NRS 484C.230 and, except as otherwise provided in this subsection, that the person has a right to request a temporary license. The officer shall also, unless the information is expressly set forth in the order of revocation, advise the person that he or she is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210. If the person currently is driving with a temporary license that was issued pursuant to this section or NRS 484C.230, the person is not entitled to request an additional temporary license pursuant to this section or NRS 484C.230, and the order of revocation issued by the officer must revoke the temporary license that was previously issued. If the person is entitled to request a temporary license, the officer shall issue the person a temporary license on a form approved by the Department if the person requests one, which is effective for only 7 days including the date of issuance. The officer shall immediately transmit the person’s license or permit to the Department along with the written certificate required by subsection 2.

      2.  When a police officer has served an order of revocation of a driver’s license, permit or privilege on a person pursuant to subsection 1, or later receives the result of an evidentiary test which indicates that a person, not then present, had a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath or had a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, the officer shall immediately prepare and transmit to the Department, together with the seized license or permit and a copy of the result of the test, if any, a written certificate that the officer had reasonable grounds to believe that the person had been driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle:

      (a) With a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath or with a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080, as determined by a chemical test; or

      (b) While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine and the person refused to submit to a required evidentiary test.

Ê The certificate must also indicate whether the officer served an order of revocation on the person and whether the officer issued the person a temporary license.

      3.  The Department, upon receipt of such a certificate for which an order of revocation has not been served, after examining the certificate and copy of the result of the chemical test, if any, and finding that revocation is proper, shall issue an order revoking the person’s license, permit or privilege to drive by mailing the order to the person at the person’s last known address. The order must indicate the grounds for the revocation and the period during which the person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive and state that the person has a right to administrative and judicial review of the revocation and to have a temporary license. The order must also state whether the person is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210. The order of revocation becomes effective 5 days after mailing.

      4.  Notice of an order of revocation and notice of the affirmation of a prior order of revocation or the cancellation of a temporary license provided in NRS 484C.230 is sufficient if it is mailed to the person’s last known address as shown by any application for a license. The date of mailing may be proved by the certificate of any officer or employee of the Department, specifying the time of mailing the notice. The notice is presumed to have been received upon the expiration of 5 days after it is deposited, postage prepaid, in the United States mail.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 593; A 1973, 484, 1503; 1981, 1927; 1983, 1075; 1985, 1948; 1991, 1588; 1995, 1885; 1999, 2455, 3425; 2001, 172; 2003, 2562; 2007, 2046, 2047; 2015, 2538; 2017, 4044; 2019, 3881; 2021, 2455, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.385)

      NRS 484C.230  Hearing by Department; additional temporary license; judicial review; cancellation of temporary license. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  At any time while a person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive following an order of revocation issued pursuant to NRS 484C.220, the person may request in writing a hearing by the Department to review the order of revocation, but the person is only entitled to one hearing. The hearing must be conducted as soon as is practicable at any location, if the hearing officer permits each party and witness to attend the hearing by telephone, videoconference or other electronic means. The Director or agent of the Director may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant books and papers and may require a reexamination of the requester. Unless the person is ineligible for a temporary license pursuant to NRS 484C.220, the Department shall issue an additional temporary license for a period which is sufficient to complete the administrative review. A person who is issued a temporary license is not subject to and is exempt during the period of the administrative review from the requirement to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      2.  The scope of the hearing must be limited to the issue of whether the person:

      (a) Failed to submit to a required test provided for in NRS 484C.160; or

      (b) At the time of the test, had a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath or a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080.

Ê Upon an affirmative finding on either issue, the Department shall affirm the order of revocation. Otherwise, the order of revocation must be rescinded.

      3.  If, after the hearing, the order of revocation is affirmed, the person whose license, permit or privilege to drive has been revoked shall, if not previously installed, install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      4.  If, after the hearing, the order of revocation is affirmed, the person whose license, privilege or permit has been revoked is entitled to a review of the same issues in district court in the same manner as provided by chapter 233B of NRS. The court shall notify the Department upon the issuance of a stay, and the Department shall issue an additional temporary license for a period which is sufficient to complete the review. A person who is issued a temporary license is not subject to and is exempt during the period of the judicial review from the requirement to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      5.  If a hearing officer grants a continuance of a hearing at the request of the person whose license was revoked, or a court does so after issuing a stay of the revocation, the officer or court shall notify the Department, and the Department shall cancel the temporary license and notify the holder by mailing the order of cancellation to the person’s last known address.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 594; A 1971, 83; 1973, 485, 1504; 1975, 1463; 1981, 85; 1983, 1077; 1985, 1949; 1987, 1456; 1989, 1655; 1991, 1590; 1995, 1887; 1999, 2457, 3427; 2001, 172; 2003, 2562; 2007, 2048; 2015, 2539; 2017, 4046; 2019, 3882; 2021, 2457)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.387)

      NRS 484C.230  Hearing by Department; additional temporary license; judicial review; cancellation of temporary license. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  At any time while a person is not eligible for a license, permit or privilege to drive following an order of revocation issued pursuant to NRS 484C.220, the person may request in writing a hearing by the Department to review the order of revocation, but the person is only entitled to one hearing. The hearing must be conducted as soon as is practicable at any location, if the hearing officer permits each party and witness to attend the hearing by telephone, videoconference or other electronic means. The Director or agent of the Director may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant books and papers and may require a reexamination of the requester. Unless the person is ineligible for a temporary license pursuant to NRS 484C.220, the Department shall issue an additional temporary license for a period which is sufficient to complete the administrative review. A person who is issued a temporary license is not subject to and is exempt during the period of the administrative review from the requirement to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      2.  The scope of the hearing must be limited to the issue of whether the person:

      (a) Failed to submit to a required test provided for in NRS 484C.160; or

      (b) At the time of the test, had a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath or a detectable amount of a controlled substance or prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine for which he or she did not have a valid prescription, as defined in NRS 453.128, or hold a valid registry identification card, as defined in NRS 678C.080.

Ê Upon an affirmative finding on either issue, the Department shall affirm the order of revocation. Otherwise, the order of revocation must be rescinded.

      3.  If, after the hearing, the order of revocation is affirmed, the person whose license, permit or privilege to drive has been revoked shall, if not previously installed, install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      4.  If, after the hearing, the order of revocation is affirmed, the person whose license, privilege or permit has been revoked is entitled to a review of the same issues in district court in the same manner as provided by chapter 233B of NRS. The court shall notify the Department upon the issuance of a stay, and the Department shall issue an additional temporary license for a period which is sufficient to complete the review. A person who is issued a temporary license is not subject to and is exempt during the period of the judicial review from the requirement to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210.

      5.  If a hearing officer grants a continuance of a hearing at the request of the person whose license was revoked, or a court does so after issuing a stay of the revocation, the officer or court shall notify the Department, and the Department shall cancel the temporary license and notify the holder by mailing the order of cancellation to the person’s last known address.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 594; A 1971, 83; 1973, 485, 1504; 1975, 1463; 1981, 85; 1983, 1077; 1985, 1949; 1987, 1456; 1989, 1655; 1991, 1590; 1995, 1887; 1999, 2457, 3427; 2001, 172; 2003, 2562; 2007, 2048, 2049; 2015, 2539; 2017, 4046; 2019, 3882; 2021, 2457, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.387)

      NRS 484C.240  Admissibility of evidence of refusal to submit to evidentiary test; availability of results of test; admissibility of evidence from test.

      1.  If a person refuses to submit to a required chemical test provided for in NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160, evidence of that refusal is admissible in any criminal or administrative action arising out of acts alleged to have been committed while the person was:

      (a) Driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine; or

      (b) Engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3 of NRS 484C.150, a court or hearing officer may not exclude evidence of a required test or failure to submit to such a test if the police officer or other person substantially complied with the provisions of NRS 484C.150 to 484C.250, inclusive, and 484C.600 to 484C.640, inclusive.

      3.  If a person submits to a chemical test provided for in NRS 484C.150 or 484C.160, full information concerning that test must be made available, upon request of the person, to the person or his or her attorney.

      4.  Evidence of a required test is not admissible in a criminal or administrative proceeding unless it is shown by documentary or other evidence that the law enforcement agency calibrated the breath-testing device and otherwise maintained it as required by the regulations of the Committee on Testing for Intoxication.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 594; A 1973, 1504; 1983, 1078, 1914; 1993, 2076; 1995, 1888; 1999, 3428; 2005, 150; 2007, 2804; 2015, 2540)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.389)

      NRS 484C.250  Admissibility of results of blood test in hearing or criminal action; immunity from liability for person administering blood test in certain circumstances.

      1.  The results of any blood test administered under the provisions of NRS 484C.160 or 484C.180 are not admissible in any hearing or criminal action arising out of acts alleged to have been committed by a person who was driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or with a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine or who was engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 unless:

      (a) The blood tested was withdrawn by a person, other than an arresting officer, who:

             (1) Is a physician, physician assistant licensed pursuant to chapter 630 or 633 of NRS, registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, advanced emergency medical technician, paramedic or a phlebotomist, technician, technologist or assistant employed in a medical laboratory; or

             (2) Has special knowledge, skill, experience, training and education in withdrawing blood in a medically acceptable manner, including, without limitation, a person qualified as an expert on that subject in a court of competent jurisdiction or a person who has completed a course of instruction that qualifies him or her to take an examination in phlebotomy that is administered by the American Medical Technologists or the American Society for Clinical Pathology; and

      (b) The test was performed on whole blood, except if the sample was clotted when it was received by the laboratory, the test may be performed on blood serum or plasma.

      2.  The limitation contained in paragraph (a) of subsection 1 does not apply to the taking of a chemical test of the urine, breath or other bodily substance.

      3.  No person listed in paragraph (a) of subsection 1 incurs any civil or criminal liability as a result of the administering of a blood test when requested by a police officer or the person to be tested to administer the test.

      (Added to NRS by 1969, 595; A 1973, 1505; 1981, 1362; 1983, 1078, 1914; 1987, 1154; 1999, 3429; 2001, 791; 2005, 151, 2041; 2007, 1868, 2804; 2013, 105, 963; 2015, 2541)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.393)

EVALUATION AND TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS FOR ALCOHOL OR OTHER SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS

      NRS 484C.300  Evaluation of certain offenders before sentencing; persons qualified to conduct evaluation; results of evaluation to be forwarded to Director of Department of Corrections or court with jurisdiction over offender.

      1.  Before sentencing an offender for a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable as a felony pursuant to NRS 484C.400 or 484C.410, other than an offender who has been evaluated pursuant to NRS 484C.340, or a violation of NRS 484C.130 or 484C.430, the court shall require that the offender be evaluated to determine whether the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder and whether the offender can be treated successfully for the condition.

      2.  The evaluation must be conducted by:

      (a) An alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make such an evaluation;

      (b) A physician who is certified to make such an evaluation by the Board of Medical Examiners;

      (c) An advanced practice registered nurse who is certified to make such an evaluation by the State Board of Nursing; or

      (d) A psychologist who is certified to make such an evaluation by the Board of Psychological Examiners.

      3.  The alcohol and drug counselor, clinical alcohol and drug counselor, physician, advanced practice registered nurse or psychologist who conducts the evaluation shall immediately forward the results of the evaluation to the Director of the Department of Corrections or, if the offender is assigned to any specialty court or diversionary program, to the court having jurisdiction over the offender.

      (Added to NRS by 1991, 784; A 1993, 1643, 2016; 1999, 1886, 3074; 2001 Special Session, 245; 2005, 146, 613; 2007, 1064, 2800, 3092; 2019, 502; 2021, 2458)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3796)

      NRS 484C.310  Standards for approval of evaluation center.  The State Board of Health shall adopt by regulation the standards to be used for approving the operation of a facility as an evaluation center for the purposes of NRS 484C.310 to 484C.360, inclusive.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2890; A 1997, 1748; 1999, 1882; 2001, 435)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37935)

      NRS 484C.320  Application by first-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of sentence; administration of program; notice to Department.

      1.  An offender who is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, other than an offender who is found to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath, may, at that time or any time before the offender is sentenced, apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder for at least 6 months. The court shall authorize that treatment if:

      (a) The offender is diagnosed as a person with an alcohol or other substance use disorder by:

             (1) An alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that diagnosis;

             (2) A physician who is certified to make that diagnosis by the Board of Medical Examiners; or

             (3) An advanced practice registered nurse who is certified to make that diagnosis by the State Board of Nursing;

      (b) The offender agrees to pay the cost of the treatment to the extent of his or her financial resources; and

      (c) The offender has served or will serve a term of imprisonment in jail of not less than 1 day, or has performed or will perform 24 hours of community service.

      2.  A prosecuting attorney may, within 10 days after receiving notice of an application for treatment pursuant to this section, request a hearing on the question of whether the offender is eligible to undergo a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder. The court shall order a hearing on the application upon the request of the prosecuting attorney or may order a hearing on its own motion. The hearing must be limited to the question of whether the offender is eligible to undergo such a program of treatment.

      3.  At the hearing on the application for treatment, the prosecuting attorney may present the court with any relevant evidence on the matter. If a hearing is not held, the court shall decide the matter upon affidavits and other information before the court.

      4.  If the court grants an application for treatment, the court shall:

      (a) Immediately sentence the offender and enter judgment accordingly.

      (b) Suspend the sentence of the offender for not more than 3 years upon the condition that the offender be accepted for treatment by a treatment provider that is approved by the court, that the offender complete the treatment satisfactorily and that the offender comply with any other condition ordered by the court. If the court has a specialty court program for the supervision and monitoring of the person, the treatment provider must comply with the requirements of the specialty court, including, without limitation, any requirement to submit progress reports to the specialty court.

      (c) Advise the offender that:

             (1) He or she may be placed under the supervision of a treatment provider for a period not to exceed 3 years.

             (2) The court may order the offender to be admitted to a residential treatment facility or to be provided with outpatient treatment in the community.

             (3) If the offender fails to complete the program of treatment satisfactorily, the offender shall serve the sentence imposed by the court. Any sentence of imprisonment must be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before beginning treatment.

             (4) If the offender completes the treatment satisfactorily, the offender’s sentence will be reduced to a term of imprisonment which is not less than 1 day and a fine of not more than the minimum fine provided for the offense in NRS 484C.400, but the conviction must remain on the record of criminal history of the offender for the period prescribed by law.

      5.  The court shall administer the program of treatment pursuant to the procedures provided in NRS 176A.230 to 176A.245, inclusive, except that the court:

      (a) Shall not defer the sentence, set aside the conviction or impose conditions upon the election of treatment except as otherwise provided in this section.

      (b) May immediately revoke the suspension of sentence for a violation of any condition of the suspension.

      6.  The court shall notify the Department, on a form approved by the Department, upon granting the application of the offender for treatment and his or her failure to be accepted for or complete treatment.

      (Added to NRS by 1997, 1744; A 1999, 1882, 3070, 3418; 2001, 127, 133, 435, 1886; 2001 Special Session, 149; 2003, 448; 2005, 141, 609; 2007, 3089; 2009, 1870; 2015, 754; 2019, 502, 4480; 2021, 2458)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37937)

      NRS 484C.330  Application by second-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of sentence; administration of program; notice to Department.

      1.  An offender who is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 may, at that time or any time before the offender is sentenced, apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder for at least 1 year. The court shall authorize that treatment if:

      (a) The offender is diagnosed as a person with an alcohol or other substance use disorder by:

             (1) An alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that diagnosis;

             (2) A physician who is certified to make that diagnosis by the Board of Medical Examiners; or

             (3) An advanced practice registered nurse who is certified to make that diagnosis by the State Board of Nursing;

      (b) The offender agrees to pay the costs of the treatment to the extent of his or her financial resources; and

      (c) The offender has served or will serve a term of imprisonment in jail of not less than 5 days and, if required pursuant to NRS 484C.400, has performed or will perform not less than one-half of the hours of community service.

      2.  A prosecuting attorney may, within 10 days after receiving notice of an application for treatment pursuant to this section, request a hearing on the matter. The court shall order a hearing on the application upon the request of the prosecuting attorney or may order a hearing on its own motion.

      3.  At the hearing on the application for treatment, the prosecuting attorney may present the court with any relevant evidence on the matter. If a hearing is not held, the court shall decide the matter upon affidavits and other information before the court.

      4.  If the court grants an application for treatment, the court shall:

      (a) Immediately sentence the offender and enter judgment accordingly.

      (b) Suspend the sentence of the offender for not more than 3 years upon the condition that the offender be accepted for treatment by a treatment provider that is approved by the court, that the offender complete the treatment satisfactorily and that the offender comply with any other condition ordered by the court. If the court has a specialty court program for the supervision and monitoring of the person, the treatment provider must comply with the requirements of the specialty court, including, without limitation, any requirement to submit progress reports to the specialty court.

      (c) Advise the offender that:

             (1) He or she may be placed under the supervision of the treatment provider for a period not to exceed 3 years.

             (2) The court may order the offender to be admitted to a residential treatment facility or to be provided with outpatient treatment in the community.

             (3) If the offender fails to complete the program of treatment satisfactorily, the offender shall serve the sentence imposed by the court. Any sentence of imprisonment must be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before beginning treatment.

             (4) If the offender completes the treatment satisfactorily, the offender’s sentence will be reduced to a term of imprisonment which is not less than 5 days and a fine of not more than the minimum provided for the offense in NRS 484C.400, but the conviction must remain on the record of criminal history of the offender for the period prescribed by law.

      5.  The court shall administer the program of treatment pursuant to the procedures provided in NRS 176A.230 to 176A.245, inclusive, except that the court:

      (a) Shall not defer the sentence, set aside the conviction or impose conditions upon the election of treatment except as otherwise provided in this section.

      (b) May immediately revoke the suspension of sentence for a violation of a condition of the suspension.

      6.  The court shall notify the Department, on a form approved by the Department, upon granting the application of the offender for treatment and his or her failure to be accepted for or complete treatment.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1072; A 1987, 719, 964; 1989, 197; 1993, 1642, 2264, 2894; 1995, 579; 1997, 40, 153, 1748; 1999, 1884, 3071, 3420; 2001, 127, 133, 436; 2001 Special Session, 150; 2003, 449; 2005, 142, 611; 2007, 2798, 3090; 2015, 755; 2019, 504, 4481; 2021, 2460)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3794)

      NRS 484C.340  Application by third-time offender to undergo program of treatment; hearing under certain circumstances; sentencing of offender and conditional suspension of proceedings; administration of program; requirements to participate in program; certain previous convictions preclude offender from participating in program; requirements for offender placed under active electronic monitoring; unlawful to intentionally remove or disable or attempt to remove or disable electronic monitoring device.

      1.  An offender who enters a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 may, at the time the offender enters a plea, apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder for at least 3 years. The court may authorize that treatment if:

      (a) The offender is diagnosed as a person with an alcohol or other substance use disorder by:

             (1) An alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that diagnosis;

             (2) A physician who is certified to make that diagnosis by the Board of Medical Examiners;

            (3) An advanced practice registered nurse who is certified to make that diagnosis by the State Board of Nursing; and

      (b) The offender agrees to pay the costs of the treatment to the extent of his or her financial resources.

Ê An alcohol and drug counselor, a clinical alcohol and drug counselor, a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse who diagnoses an offender as a person with an alcohol or other substance use disorder shall make a report and recommendation to the court concerning the length and type of treatment required for the offender.

      2.  A prosecuting attorney may, within 10 days after receiving notice of an application for treatment pursuant to this section, request a hearing on the matter. The court shall order a hearing on the application upon the request of the prosecuting attorney or may order a hearing on its own motion.

      3.  At the hearing on the application for treatment, the prosecuting attorney may present the court with any relevant evidence on the matter. If a hearing is not held, the court shall decide the matter and other information before the court.

      4.  If the court determines that an application for treatment should be granted, the court shall:

      (a) Immediately, without entering a judgment of conviction and with the consent of the offender, suspend further proceedings and place the offender on probation for not more than 5 years.

      (b) Order the offender to complete a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder with a treatment provider approved by the court. If the court has a specialty court program for the supervision and monitoring of the person, the treatment provider must comply with the requirements of the specialty court, including, without limitation, any requirement to submit progress reports to the specialty court.

      (c) Advise the offender that:

             (1) He or she may be placed under the supervision of a treatment provider for not more than 5 years.

             (2) The court may order the offender to be admitted to a residential treatment facility.

             (3) The court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 if a treatment provider fails to accept the offender for a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder or if the offender fails to complete the program of treatment satisfactorily. Any sentence of imprisonment may be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before beginning treatment.

             (4) If the offender completes the treatment satisfactorily, the court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400.

             (5) The provisions of NRS 483.460 requiring the revocation of the license, permit or privilege of the offender to drive do not apply.

      5.  The court shall administer the program of treatment pursuant to the procedures provided in NRS 176A.230 to 176A.245, inclusive, except that the court:

      (a) Shall not defer the sentence or set aside the conviction upon the election of treatment, except as otherwise provided in this section; and

      (b) May enter a judgment of conviction and proceed as provided in paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 for a violation of a condition ordered by the court.

      6.  To participate in a program of treatment, the offender must:

      (a) Serve not less than 6 months of residential confinement;

      (b) Be placed under a system of active electronic monitoring, through the Division, that is capable of identifying the offender’s location and producing, upon request, reports or records of the offender’s presence near or within, or departure from, a specified geographic location and pay any costs associated with the offender’s participation under the system of active electronic monitoring;

      (c) Install, at his or her own expense, an ignition interlock device for not less than 12 months;

      (d) Not drive any vehicle unless it is equipped with an ignition interlock device;

      (e) Agree to be subject to periodic testing for the use of alcohol or controlled substances while participating in a program of treatment; and

      (f) Agree to any other conditions that the court deems necessary.

      7.  An offender may not apply to the court to undergo a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder pursuant to this section if the offender has previously applied to receive treatment pursuant to this section or if the offender has previously been convicted of:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.430;

      (b) A violation of NRS 484C.130;

      (c) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.130 or 484C.430;

      (d) A violation of paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400;

      (e) A violation of NRS 484C.410; or

      (f) A violation of law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d).

      8.  An offender placed under a system of active electronic monitoring pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 6 shall:

      (a) Follow the instructions provided by the Division to maintain the electronic monitoring device in working order.

      (b) Report any incidental damage or defacement of the electronic monitoring device to the Division within 2 hours after the occurrence of the damage or defacement.

      (c) Abide by any other conditions set forth by the court or the Division with regard to the offender’s participation under the system of active electronic monitoring.

      9.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a person who intentionally removes or disables or attempts to remove or disable an electronic monitoring device placed on an offender pursuant to this section is guilty of a gross misdemeanor. The provisions of this subsection do not prohibit a person authorized by the Division from performing maintenance or repairs to an electronic monitoring device.

      10.  As used is this section, “Division” means the Division of Parole and Probation of the Department of Public Safety.

      (Added to NRS by 2007, 1058; A 2009, 422, 1891; 2015, 757; 2019, 505, 4482; 2021, 2461)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37941)

      NRS 484C.350  Required evaluation of first-time offender with a concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath, second-time offenders and offenders convicted of possessing 1 ounce or less of marijuana; required evaluation of certain offenders under 21 years of age; requirements of evaluation; out-of-state evaluation; offender to pay cost of evaluation.

      1.  If an offender is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 and if the concentration of alcohol in the offender’s blood or breath at the time of the offense was 0.18 or more, if an offender is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 or if an offender is found guilty of a violation of subsection 4 of NRS 453.336, the court shall, before sentencing the offender, require an evaluation of the offender pursuant to subsection 3, 4, 5 or 6 to determine whether the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder.

      2.  If an offender is convicted of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 and if the offender is under 21 years of age at the time of the violation or if the offender is convicted of a violation of subsection 1 or 2 of NRS 202.020, subsection 1 of NRS 202.040 or subsection 4 of NRS 678D.310, the court shall, before sentencing the offender, require an evaluation of the offender pursuant to subsection 3, 4, 5 or 6 to determine whether the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, 5 or 6, the evaluation of an offender pursuant to this section must be conducted at an evaluation center by:

      (a) An alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed or certified, or a clinical alcohol and drug counselor who is licensed, pursuant to chapter 641C of NRS, to make that evaluation;

      (b) A physician who is certified to make that evaluation by the Board of Medical Examiners; or

      (c) An advanced practice registered nurse who is certified to make that diagnosis by the State Board of Nursing,

Ê who shall report to the court the results of the evaluation and make a recommendation to the court concerning the length and type of treatment required for the offender.

      4.  The evaluation of an offender who resides more than 30 miles from an evaluation center may be conducted outside an evaluation center by a person who has the qualifications set forth in subsection 3. The person who conducts the evaluation shall report to the court the results of the evaluation and make a recommendation to the court concerning the length and type of treatment required for the offender.

      5.  The evaluation of an offender who resides in another state may, upon approval of the court, be conducted in the state where the offender resides by a physician, advanced practice registered nurse or other person who is authorized by the appropriate governmental agency in that state to conduct such an evaluation. The offender shall ensure that the results of the evaluation and the recommendation concerning the length and type of treatment for the offender are reported to the court.

      6.  The evaluation of an offender who resides in this State may, upon approval of the court, be conducted in another state by a physician, advanced practice registered nurse or other person who is authorized by the appropriate governmental agency in that state to conduct such an evaluation if the location of the physician, advanced practice registered nurse or other person in the other state is closer to the residence of the offender than the nearest location in this State at which an evaluation may be conducted. The offender shall ensure that the results of the evaluation and the recommendation concerning the length and type of treatment for the offender are reported to the court.

      7.  An offender who is evaluated pursuant to this section shall pay the cost of the evaluation. An evaluation center or a person who conducts an evaluation in this State outside an evaluation center shall not charge an offender more than $100 for the evaluation.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2890; A 1995, 420; 1997, 134; 1999, 1885, 2451, 3073; 2001, 172; 2005, 33, 612; 2007, 3091; 2009, 1872; 2019, 507; 2021, 858)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37943)

      NRS 484C.360  Placement of offender under clinical supervision of treatment provider; monthly progress reports; payment of charges for treatment; liability of provider limited.

      1.  When a program of treatment is ordered pursuant to NRS 484C.340 or subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court shall place the offender under the clinical supervision of a treatment provider for treatment in accordance with the report submitted to the court pursuant to NRS 484C.340 or subsection 3, 4, 5 or 6 of NRS 484C.350, as appropriate. The court shall:

      (a) Order the offender to be placed under the supervision of a treatment provider, then release the offender for supervised aftercare in the community; or

      (b) Release the offender for treatment in the community,

Ê for the period of supervision ordered by the court.

      2.  The court shall:

      (a) Require the treatment provider to submit monthly progress reports on the treatment of an offender pursuant to this section; and

      (b) Order the offender, to the extent of his or her financial resources, to pay any charges for treatment pursuant to this section. If the offender does not have the financial resources to pay all those charges, the court shall, to the extent possible, arrange for the offender to obtain the treatment from a treatment provider that receives a sufficient amount of federal or state money to offset the remainder of the charges.

      3.  A treatment provider is not liable for any damages to person or property caused by a person who:

      (a) Drives, operates or is in actual physical control of a vehicle or a vessel under power or sail while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance; or

      (b) Engages in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130, 484C.430, subsection 2 of NRS 488.400, NRS 488.410, 488.420 or 488.425 or a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct,

Ê after the treatment provider has certified that the offender has successfully completed a program of treatment ordered pursuant to NRS 484C.340 or subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2891; A 1995, 421; 1997, 135; 1999, 3421; 2001, 1887, 2394; 2003, 106; 2005, 34, 144; 2007, 1063, 2799; 2015, 759; 2021, 2463)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37945)

      NRS 484C.365  Placement of offender under clinical supervision of treatment provider in another jurisdiction authorized.

      1.  If a court places a person under the supervision of a treatment provider to receive treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder pursuant to NRS 484C.320, 484C.330, 484C.340 or 484C.360, the court may authorize the person to complete any period of treatment remaining under the supervision of a treatment provider in another jurisdiction if the court determines that:

      (a) The person is eligible to receive treatment under a program of treatment in the other jurisdiction; and

      (b) The program of treatment in the other jurisdiction is substantially similar to the program of treatment to which the person is assigned in this State.

      2.  As used in this section, “treatment provider in another jurisdiction” means a person or a public or private agency, residential treatment center, facility for the treatment of alcohol and other substance use disorders, or voluntary organization which holds a license, certificate or other credential issued by a regulatory agency.

      (Added to NRS by 2015, 754)

      NRS 484C.370  Evaluation or treatment by private company authorized.  The provisions of NRS 484C.340, 484C.350 or 484C.360 do not prohibit a court from:

      1.  Requiring an evaluation pursuant to NRS 484C.350 to be conducted by an evaluation center that is administered by a private company if the company meets the standards of the State Board of Health pursuant to NRS 484C.310; or

      2.  Ordering the offender to attend a program of treatment that is administered by a private company.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2892; A 1999, 1886; 2001, 438; 2007, 1063)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37947)

NEVADA 24/7 SOBRIETY AND DRUG MONITORING PROGRAM

      NRS 484C.372  Short title.  NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, may be cited as the Nevada 24/7 Sobriety and Drug Monitoring Program Act.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.373  Legislative declarations.

      1.  The Legislature hereby declares that driving in this State is a privilege, not a right, and a driver who wishes to enjoy the benefits of such a privilege must accept the corresponding responsibilities.

      2.  The Legislature further declares that the purpose of NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, is to:

      (a) Protect the public health and welfare by reducing the number of people on the highways of this State who drive under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a prohibited substance; and

      (b) Strengthen the options available to courts and prosecuting attorneys in responding to offenders who repeatedly drive under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a prohibited substance.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.374  Definitions.  As used in NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, unless the context otherwise requires, the words and terms defined in NRS 484C.376 to 484C.390, inclusive, have the meanings ascribed to them in those sections.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.376  “Core components” defined.  “Core components” means the elements of the program that analysis demonstrates are most likely to account for positive outcomes.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.378  “Designated law enforcement agency” defined.  “Designated law enforcement agency” means a law enforcement agency designated to enforce the program pursuant to NRS 484C.393.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.380  “Immediate sanction” defined.  “Immediate sanction” means a sanction that is able to be applied within minutes after the results of testing indicate the presence of alcohol or a prohibited substance in a program participant’s system.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.383  “Political subdivision” defined.  “Political subdivision” includes, without limitation, any county, city, other local government, court or entity that administers alternative sentencing.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.385  “Program” defined.  “Program” means the statewide sobriety and drug monitoring program established pursuant to NRS 484C.392.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.386  “Program participant” defined.  “Program participant” means a person who is assigned by a court to the program.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.388  “Testing” defined.  “Testing” means any procedure approved by the Committee on Testing for Intoxication for determining the concentration of alcohol or the amount of a prohibited substance in a person’s system that is provided for in the applicable guidelines adopted pursuant to NRS 484C.396.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2748)

      NRS 484C.390  “Timely sanction” defined.  “Timely sanction” means a sanction that is able to be applied as soon as possible after the results of testing indicate the presence of alcohol or a prohibited substance in a program participant’s system.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2749; A 2021, 2464)

      NRS 484C.392  Sobriety and drug monitoring program: Establishment; political subdivision may participate; requirements.

      1.  There is hereby established a statewide sobriety and drug monitoring program in which any political subdivision in this State may elect to participate.

      2.  The program established pursuant to subsection 1 must meet the federal definition of “24-7 sobriety program” in 23 C.F.R. § 1300.23(b).

      3.  Any person who is assigned to the program:

      (a) Must abstain from alcohol and prohibited substances while assigned to the program.

      (b) Must be subject to:

             (1) Testing to determine the presence of alcohol in his or her system:

                   (I) At least twice each day at a testing location established by a designated law enforcement agency pursuant to NRS 484C.393; or

                   (II) By using any other approved method set forth in the federal definition of “24-7 sobriety program” in 23 C.F.R. § 1300.23(b).

             (2) If appropriate, random testing to determine the presence of a prohibited substance in his or her system at least two times each week, using any approved method set forth in the federal definition of “24-7 sobriety program” in 23 C.F.R. § 1300.23(b).

      (c) Must be subject to lawful and consistent sanctions for using alcohol or a prohibited substance while assigned to the program or for failing or refusing to undergo required testing, including, without limitation, incarceration. Any such sanction must be an immediate sanction or, if the approved testing method being used pursuant to paragraph (b) does not allow for the imposition of an immediate sanction, a timely sanction.

      (d) Is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490 while participating in and complying with the requirements of the program if the driver’s license of the person is suspended or revoked.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2749; A 2021, 2464)

      NRS 484C.393  Sobriety and drug monitoring program: Department of Public Safety may assist political subdivision; political subdivision to designate law enforcement agency to enforce program; powers and duties of law enforcement agency.  If a political subdivision elects to participate in the program:

      1.  The Department of Public Safety may assist the political subdivision in the establishment and administration of the program in the manner provided in NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, and in determining alternatives to incarceration.

      2.  The political subdivision shall designate a law enforcement agency to enforce the program.

      3.  A designated law enforcement agency:

      (a) May designate an entity to provide testing services or to take any other action required or authorized to be provided by the law enforcement agency pursuant to NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, but such a designated entity may not determine whether to participate in the program.

      (b) Shall establish one or more testing locations that provide at least two available testing times each day. If only two testing times are made available, the testing times must be approximately 12 hours apart.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2749)

      NRS 484C.394  Court may assign offender to program; duties and powers of court; notices required to offender and Department of Motor Vehicles; eligibility for restricted driver’s license; regulations.

      1.  A court may, as a condition of pretrial release, a sentence, a suspension of sentence or probation, assign an offender who is arrested for or found guilty of, as applicable, a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 to the program established pursuant to NRS 484C.392.

      2.  If the court assigns an offender to the program who is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court:

      (a) Shall immediately sentence the offender in accordance with NRS 484C.400 and enter judgment accordingly.

      (b) Shall suspend the sentence of the offender upon the condition that the offender participate in the program for not less than 90 days.

      (c) Shall advise the offender that:

             (1) If the offender fails to participate in the program for the period determined by the court or fails to comply with the requirements of the program, the court will require the offender to serve the sentence imposed by the court. The sentence of imprisonment must be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before participating in the program.

             (2) If the offender participates in the program for the period determined by the court and complies with the requirements of the program, the sentencing conditions, including, without limitation, the mandatory period of imprisonment or community service, will be reduced, but the conviction must remain on the record of criminal history of the offender for the period prescribed by law.

             (3) The offender is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490 while participating in and complying with the requirements of the program.

      (d) May immediately revoke the suspension of sentence for a violation of a condition of suspension.

      3.  If the court assigns an offender to the program who is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court:

      (a) Shall immediately sentence the offender in accordance with NRS 484C.400 and enter judgment accordingly.

      (b) Shall suspend the sentence of the offender upon the condition that the offender participate in the program for not less than 1 year and require that the offender receive an assessment of whether the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder and any appropriate treatment.

      (c) Shall advise the offender that:

             (1) If the offender fails to participate in the program for the period determined by the court or fails to comply with the requirements of the program, the court will require the offender to serve the sentence imposed by the court. The sentence of imprisonment must be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before participating in the program.

             (2) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (2) of paragraph (c) of subsection 4, if the offender participates in the program for the period determined by the court and complies with the requirements of the program, the offender’s sentence will be reduced, but the minimum mandatory term of imprisonment must not be less than 5 days, and the conviction must remain on the record of criminal history of the offender for the period prescribed by law.

             (3) The offender is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490 while participating in and complying with the requirements of the program.

      (d) Shall not defer the sentence, set aside the conviction or impose conditions upon participation in the program except as otherwise provided in this section.

      (e) May immediately revoke the suspension of sentence for a violation of a condition of the suspension.

      4.  If the court assigns an offender to the program who is found guilty of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court:

      (a) Shall immediately, without entering a judgment of conviction and with the consent of the offender, suspend further proceedings and place the offender on probation.

      (b) Shall order the offender to participate in the program for not less than 18 months and require that the offender receive an assessment of whether the offender has an alcohol or other substance use disorder and any appropriate treatment.

      (c) Shall advise the offender that:

             (1) The court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 if the offender fails to participate in the program for the period determined by the court or fails to comply with the requirements of the program. Any sentence of imprisonment may be reduced by a time equal to that which the offender served before participating in the program.

             (2) If the offender participates in the program for the period determined by the court and complies with the requirements of the program, the court will enter a judgment of conviction for a violation of paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 and sentence the offender accordingly, but the minimum mandatory term of imprisonment must not be less than 10 days, and the conviction must remain on the record of criminal history of the offender for the period prescribed by law.

             (3) The provisions of NRS 483.460 requiring the revocation of the license, permit or privilege of the offender to drive do not apply and the offender is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490 while participating in and complying with the requirements of the program.

      (d) Shall not defer the sentence or set aside the conviction upon participation in the program, except as otherwise provided in this section.

      (e) May enter a judgment of conviction and proceed as provided in paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 for a violation of a condition ordered by the court.

      5.  If the court assigns an offender to the program as a condition of pretrial release after his or her arrest for a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court shall advise the offender that:

      (a) If the offender fails to participate in the program, the court may remand the offender to custody and require bond or other conditions.

      (b) The offender is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490 while participating in and complying with the requirements of the program.

      6.  If a court assigns a person to the program pursuant to this section, the court shall notify the Department of Motor Vehicles that as a participant in the program, the person is eligible for a restricted driver’s license pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS 483.490. If the person fails to comply with the requirements of the program, the court may notify the Department of Motor Vehicles of the person’s noncompliance and direct the Department of Motor Vehicles to revoke the restricted license.

      7.  The Department of Motor Vehicles may adopt any regulations necessary to provide for the issuance of a restricted driver’s license to a person assigned to the program.

      8.  As used in this section, “imprisonment” means confinement in jail or an inpatient rehabilitation or treatment center or other facility or under house arrest with electronic monitoring, provided the person under confinement or house arrest is in fact being detained.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2749; A 2021, 2465)

      NRS 484C.395  Requirements for offender in program.  Repealed. (See chapter 390, Statutes of Nevada 2021, at page 2488.)

 

      NRS 484C.396  Guidelines to be adopted by political subdivision participating in program; requirements; establishment of fees.  Each political subdivision that elects to participate in the program established pursuant to NRS 484C.392 shall adopt guidelines consistent with NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive. Such guidelines must:

      1.  Provide for the nature and manner of testing and the testing procedures and devices to be used.

      2.  Establish the requirements for compliance with the program, including, without limitation, the immediate sanctions and timely sanctions that may be imposed against a program participant.

      3.  Establish reasonable participant and testing fees for the program, including, without limitation, fees to pay the cost of installation, monitoring and deactivation of any testing device, and provide for the establishment and use of a local program account for the deposit of any fees collected. The established fees must be as low as possible, but the total amount of the fees and other funds credited to the local program account must defray the entire expense of the program to ensure program sustainability.

      4.  Provide that a political subdivision may accept gifts, grants, donations and any other form of financial assistance from any source for the purpose of enabling the political subdivision to participate in the program and carry out the provisions of NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive.

      5.  Establish a process for the determination and management of program participants who are indigent.

      6.  Require and provide for the approval of a program data management technology plan to be used to manage testing, data access, fees, fee payments and any required reports.

      7.  Require a program participant to sign an agreement:

      (a) Acknowledging his or her understanding of the program rules and expectations, including without limitation, the prohibition against using alcohol or a prohibited substance while assigned to the program, and the sanctions that may be imposed;

      (b) Agreeing to abide by the program rules and expectations; and

      (c) Authorizing his or her records relating to participation in the program to be used for assessment purposes.

      8.  Require that program participants who meet certain standards of compliance be given positive feedback and rewarded when appropriate, except that such a reward cannot include undergoing less frequent testing than that which is required pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS 484C.392.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2751; A 2021, 2467)

      NRS 484C.397  Designated law enforcement agency to collect fees; disposition of fees.

      1.  A designated law enforcement agency shall collect any fees required by any guidelines adopted pursuant to NRS 484C.396 and deposit such fees into the applicable local program account established by a political subdivision pursuant to such guidelines.

      2.  In accordance with the provisions of NRS 484C.372 to 484C.397, inclusive, and the guidelines adopted pursuant to NRS 484C.396, all fees deposited into a local program account must be used by the applicable designated law enforcement agency or, in accordance with the terms determined by the designated law enforcement agency, any entity designated by the law enforcement agency pursuant to NRS 484C.393.

      3.  Each designated law enforcement agency shall distribute a portion of the fees to any entity designated by the law enforcement agency pursuant to NRS 484C.393 in accordance with any agreement entered into with such a designated entity. The remainder of the fees is for the use of the law enforcement agency and may be used only for the purpose of administering and operating the program.

      (Added to NRS by 2019, 2752)

PENALTIES

Criminal Penalties

      NRS 484C.400  Penalties for first, second and third offenses; segregation of offender; intermittent confinement; consecutive sentences; aggravating factor.

      1.  Unless a greater penalty is provided pursuant to NRS 484C.430 or 484C.440, and except as otherwise provided in NRS 484C.394 or 484C.410, a person who violates the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120:

      (a) For the first offense within 7 years, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Unless the person is allowed to undergo treatment as provided in NRS 484C.320, the court shall:

             (1) Except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (4) of this paragraph or subsection 3 of NRS 484C.420, order the person to pay tuition for an educational course on alcohol or other substance use disorders approved by the Department and complete the course within the time specified in the order, and the court shall notify the Department if the person fails to complete the course within the specified time;

             (2) Unless the sentence is reduced pursuant to NRS 484C.320:

                   (I) Sentence the person to imprisonment for not less than 2 days nor more than 6 months in jail or residential confinement for not less than 2 days nor more than 6 months, in the manner provided in NRS 4.376 to 4.3766, inclusive, or 5.0755 to 5.078, inclusive; or

                   (II) Order the person to perform not less than 48 hours, but not more than 96 hours, of community service while dressed in distinctive garb that identifies the person as having violated the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120;

             (3) Fine the person not less than $400 nor more than $1,000; and

             (4) If the person is found to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.18 or more in his or her blood or breath, order the person to attend a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder pursuant to the provisions of NRS 484C.360.

      (b) For a second offense within 7 years, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Unless the sentence is reduced pursuant to NRS 484C.330, the court shall:

             (1) Sentence the person to:

                   (I) Imprisonment for not less than 10 days nor more than 6 months in jail; or

                   (II) Residential confinement for not less than 10 days nor more than 6 months, in the manner provided in NRS 4.376 to 4.3766, inclusive, or 5.0755 to 5.078, inclusive;

             (2) Fine the person not less than $750 nor more than $1,000, or order the person to perform an equivalent number of hours of community service while dressed in distinctive garb that identifies the person as having violated the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120; and

            (3) Order the person to attend a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder pursuant to the provisions of NRS 484C.360.

Ê A person who willfully fails or refuses to complete successfully a term of residential confinement or a program of treatment ordered pursuant to this paragraph is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      (c) Except as otherwise provided in NRS 484C.340, for a third offense within 7 years, is guilty of a category B felony and the court:

             (1) Shall:

                   (I) Sentence the person to imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 1 year and a maximum term of not more than 6 years; and

                   (II) Fine the person not less than $2,000 nor more than $5,000; and

             (2) May order the person to attend a program of treatment for an alcohol or other substance use disorder pursuant to the provisions of NRS 484C.360 if the results of an evaluation conducted pursuant to NRS 484C.300 indicate that the person has an alcohol or other substance use disorder and that the person can be treated successfully for his or her condition.

Ê An offender who is imprisoned pursuant to the provisions of this paragraph must, insofar as practicable, be segregated from offenders whose crimes were violent and, insofar as practicable, be assigned to an institution or facility of minimum security.

      2.  An offense that occurred within 7 years immediately preceding the date of the principal offense or after the principal offense constitutes a prior offense for the purposes of this section:

      (a) When evidenced by a conviction; or

      (b) If the offense is conditionally dismissed or the judgment of conviction is set aside pursuant to NRS 176A.240, 176A.260 or 176A.290 or dismissed in connection with successful completion of a diversionary program or specialty court program,

Ê without regard to the sequence of the offenses and convictions. The facts concerning a prior offense must be alleged in the complaint, indictment or information, must not be read to the jury or proved at trial but must be proved at the time of sentencing and, if the principal offense is alleged to be a felony, must also be shown at the preliminary examination or presented to the grand jury.

      3.  A term of confinement imposed pursuant to the provisions of this section may be served intermittently at the discretion of the judge or justice of the peace, except that a person who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense within 7 years must be confined for at least one segment of not less than 48 consecutive hours. This discretion must be exercised after considering all the circumstances surrounding the offense, and the family and employment of the offender, but any sentence of 30 days or less must be served within 6 months after the date of conviction or, if the offender was sentenced pursuant to NRS 484C.320 or 484C.330 and the suspension of his or her sentence was revoked, within 6 months after the date of revocation. Any time for which the offender is confined must consist of not less than 24 consecutive hours.

      4.  Jail sentences simultaneously imposed pursuant to this section and NRS 482.456, 483.560, 484C.410 or 485.330 must run consecutively.

      5.  If the defendant was transporting a person who is less than 15 years of age in the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, the court shall consider that fact as an aggravating factor in determining the sentence of the defendant.

      6.  For the purpose of determining whether one offense occurs within 7 years of another offense, any period of time between the two offenses during which, for any such offense, the offender is imprisoned, serving a term of residential confinement, placed under the supervision of a treatment provider, on parole or on probation must be excluded.

      7.  As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires, “offense” means:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120 or 484C.430;

      (b) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.130 or 484C.430; or

      (c) A violation of a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a) or (b).

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1070; A 1985, 1946; 1987, 907, 1136; 1989, 195, 2046; 1991, 218, 836; 1993, 2262, 2892; 1995, 1298, 2471; 1997, 38, 642, 1746; 1999, 52, 2138, 3110, 3416, 3438; 2001, 220, 223, 1884, 2392; 2001 Special Session, 147; 2003, 277, 446, 1490; 2005, 139, 607, 2039; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 102; 2007, 1060, 1450, 2795; 2009, 1867; 2015, 759; 2017, 3028; 2019, 2752; 2021, 2468)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3792)

      NRS 484C.410  Penalties when offender previously convicted of certain felonious conduct or homicide; segregation of offender; intermittent confinement; consecutive sentences; aggravating factor.

      1.  Unless a greater penalty is provided in NRS 484C.440, a person who has previously been convicted of:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable as a felony pursuant to paragraph (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400;

      (b) A violation of NRS 484C.430;

      (c) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.130 or 484C.430;

      (d) A violation of a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a), (b) or (c); or

      (e) A violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400 that was reduced from a felony pursuant to NRS 484C.340,

Ê and who violates the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 is guilty of a category B felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 2 years and a maximum term of not more than 15 years, and shall be further punished by a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $5,000. An offender so imprisoned must, insofar as practicable, be segregated from offenders whose crimes were violent and, insofar as practicable, be assigned to an institution or facility of minimum security.

      2.  An offense which is listed in paragraphs (a) to (e), inclusive, of subsection 1 that occurred on any date preceding the date of the principal offense or after the principal offense constitutes a prior offense for the purposes of this section when evidenced by a conviction, without regard for the sequence of the offenses and convictions. The facts concerning a prior offense must be alleged in the complaint, indictment or information, must not be read to the jury or proved at trial but must be proved at the time of sentencing and, if the principal offense is alleged to be a felony, must also be shown at the preliminary examination or presented to the grand jury.

      3.  A term of confinement imposed pursuant to the provisions of this section may be served intermittently at the discretion of the judge or justice of the peace, except that a person who is convicted of a second or subsequent offense within 7 years must be confined for at least one segment of not less than 48 consecutive hours. This discretion must be exercised after considering all the circumstances surrounding the offense, and the family and employment of the offender, but any sentence of 30 days or less must be served within 6 months after the date of conviction or, if the offender was sentenced pursuant to NRS 484C.320 or 484C.330 and the suspension of offender’s sentence was revoked, within 6 months after the date of revocation. Any time for which the offender is confined must consist of not less than 24 consecutive hours.

      4.  Jail sentences simultaneously imposed pursuant to this section and NRS 482.456, 483.560, 484C.400 or 485.330 must run consecutively.

      5.  If the defendant was transporting a person who is less than 15 years of age in the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, the court shall consider that fact as an aggravating factor in determining the sentence of the defendant.

      6.  For the purpose of determining whether one offense occurs within 7 years of another offense, any period of time between the two offenses during which, for any such offense, the offender is imprisoned, serving a term of residential confinement, placed under the supervision of a treatment provider, on parole or on probation must be excluded.

      7.  As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires, “offense” means:

      (a) A violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120 or 484C.430;

      (b) A homicide resulting from driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or resulting from any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.130 or 484C.430; or

      (c) A violation of a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct as set forth in paragraph (a) or (b).

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1070; A 1985, 1946; 1987, 907, 1136; 1989, 195, 2046; 1991, 218, 836; 1993, 2262, 2892; 1995, 1298, 2471; 1997, 38, 642, 1746; 1999, 52, 2138, 3110, 3416, 3438; 2001, 220, 223, 1884, 2392; 2001 Special Session, 147; 2003, 277, 446, 1490; 2005, 139, 607, 2039; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 102; 2007, 1060, 1450, 2795; 2009, 1867; 2015, 761)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3792)

      NRS 484C.420  Probation prohibited; suspension of sentence and plea bargaining restricted; exception; mandatory orders when person is nonresident.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a person convicted of violating the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 must not be released on probation, and a sentence imposed for violating those provisions must not be suspended except, as provided in NRS 4.373, 5.055, 484C.320, 484C.330 and 484C.340, that portion of the sentence imposed that exceeds the mandatory minimum. A prosecuting attorney shall not dismiss a charge of violating the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless the attorney knows or it is obvious that the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at the time of trial.

      2.  The court may grant probation to or suspend the sentence of a person to assign the person to a program for the treatment of veterans and members of the military pursuant to NRS 176A.290 if the charge is for a first violation of the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable as a misdemeanor.

      3.  If the person who violated the provisions of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 possesses a driver’s license issued by a state other than the State of Nevada and does not reside in the State of Nevada, in carrying out the provisions of subparagraph (1) of paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, the court shall:

      (a) Order the person to pay tuition for and submit evidence of completion of an educational course on alcohol and other substance use disorders approved by a governmental agency of the state of the person’s residence within the time specified in the order; or

      (b) Order the person to complete an educational course by correspondence on alcohol and other substance use disorders approved by the Department within the time specified in the order,

Ê and the court shall notify the Department if the person fails to complete the assigned course within the specified time.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1070; A 1985, 1946; 1987, 907, 1136; 1989, 195, 2046; 1991, 218, 836; 1993, 2262, 2892; 1995, 1298, 2471; 1997, 38, 642, 1746; 1999, 52, 2138, 3110, 3416, 3438; 2001, 220, 223, 1884, 2392; 2001 Special Session, 147; 2003, 277, 446, 1490; 2005, 139, 607, 2039; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 102; 2007, 1060, 1450, 2795; 2009, 1867; 2017, 3030)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3792)

      NRS 484C.430  Penalty if death or substantial bodily harm results; exception; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; affirmative defense; exception; aggravating factor. [Effective until the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  Unless a greater penalty is provided pursuant to NRS 484C.440, a person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath;

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath;

      (d) Is under the influence of a controlled substance or is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance;

      (e) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle; or

      (f) Has a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine, as applicable, in an amount that is equal to or greater than the amount set forth in subsection 3 or 4 of NRS 484C.110,

Ê and does any act or neglects any duty imposed by law while driving or in actual physical control of any vehicle on or off the highways of this State, if the act or neglect of duty proximately causes the death of, or substantial bodily harm to, another person, is guilty of a category B felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 2 years and a maximum term of not more than 20 years and must be further punished by a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $5,000. A person so imprisoned must, insofar as practicable, be segregated from offenders whose crimes were violent and, insofar as practicable, be assigned to an institution or facility of minimum security.

      2.  A prosecuting attorney shall not dismiss a charge of violating the provisions of subsection 1 in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless the attorney knows or it is obvious that the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at the time of trial. A sentence imposed pursuant to subsection 1 may not be suspended nor may probation be granted.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, if consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.08 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      4.  If the defendant is also charged with violating the provisions of NRS 484E.010, 484E.020 or 484E.030, the defendant may not offer the affirmative defense set forth in subsection 3.

      5.  If the defendant was transporting a person who is less than 15 years of age in the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, the court shall consider that fact as an aggravating factor in determining the sentence of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 447; A 1979, 1484; 1981, 1926; 1983, 1073; 1985, 818, 1015; 1989, 1111; 1991, 220, 489, 498, 837; 1995, 312, 1300, 2473; 1997, 644; 1999, 2452, 3422; 2001, 172; 2003, 1492, 2560; 2005, 144; 2007, 1453; 2015, 1364; 2017, 308)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3795)

      NRS 484C.430  Penalty if death or substantial bodily harm results; exception; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; affirmative defense; exception; aggravating factor. [Effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State.]

      1.  Unless a greater penalty is provided pursuant to NRS 484C.440, a person who:

      (a) Is under the influence of intoxicating liquor;

      (b) Has a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath;

      (c) Is found by measurement within 2 hours after driving or being in actual physical control of a vehicle to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath;

      (d) Is under the influence of a controlled substance or is under the combined influence of intoxicating liquor and a controlled substance;

      (e) Inhales, ingests, applies or otherwise uses any chemical, poison or organic solvent, or any compound or combination of any of these, to a degree which renders the person incapable of safely driving or exercising actual physical control of a vehicle; or

      (f) Has a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine, as applicable, in an amount that is equal to or greater than the amount set forth in subsection 3 or 4 of NRS 484C.110,

Ê and does any act or neglects any duty imposed by law while driving or in actual physical control of any vehicle on or off the highways of this State, if the act or neglect of duty proximately causes the death of, or substantial bodily harm to, another person, is guilty of a category B felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 2 years and a maximum term of not more than 20 years and must be further punished by a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $5,000. A person so imprisoned must, insofar as practicable, be segregated from offenders whose crimes were violent and, insofar as practicable, be assigned to an institution or facility of minimum security.

      2.  A prosecuting attorney shall not dismiss a charge of violating the provisions of subsection 1 in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless the attorney knows or it is obvious that the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at the time of trial. A sentence imposed pursuant to subsection 1 may not be suspended nor may probation be granted.

      3.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 4, if consumption is proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it is an affirmative defense under paragraph (c) of subsection 1 that the defendant consumed a sufficient quantity of alcohol after driving or being in actual physical control of the vehicle, and before his or her blood or breath was tested, to cause the defendant to have a concentration of alcohol of 0.10 or more in his or her blood or breath. A defendant who intends to offer this defense at a trial or preliminary hearing must, not less than 14 days before the trial or hearing or at such other time as the court may direct, file and serve on the prosecuting attorney a written notice of that intent.

      4.  If the defendant is also charged with violating the provisions of NRS 484E.010, 484E.020 or 484E.030, the defendant may not offer the affirmative defense set forth in subsection 3.

      5.  If the defendant was transporting a person who is less than 15 years of age in the motor vehicle at the time of the violation, the court shall consider that fact as an aggravating factor in determining the sentence of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 1973, 447; A 1979, 1484; 1981, 1926; 1983, 1073; 1985, 818, 1015; 1989, 1111; 1991, 220, 489, 498, 837; 1995, 312, 1300, 2473; 1997, 644; 1999, 2452, 3422; 2001, 172; 2003, 1492, 2560; 2005, 144, 145; 2007, 1453; 2015, 1364; 2017, 308, effective on the date of the repeal of the federal law requiring each state to make it unlawful for a person to operate a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.08 percent or greater as a condition to receiving federal funding for the construction of highways in this State)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3795)

      NRS 484C.440  Penalties for vehicular homicide; segregation of offender; plea bargaining restricted; suspension of sentence and probation prohibited; aggravating factor.

      1.  A person who commits vehicular homicide pursuant to NRS 484C.130 is guilty of a category A felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison:

      (a) For life with the possibility of parole, with eligibility for parole beginning when a minimum of 10 years has been served; or

      (b) For a definite term of 25 years, with eligibility for parole beginning when a minimum of 10 years has been served.

      2.  A person imprisoned pursuant to subsection 1 must, insofar as practicable, be segregated from offenders whose crimes were violent and, insofar as practicable, be assigned to an institution or facility of minimum security.

      3.  A prosecuting attorney shall not dismiss a charge of vehicular homicide in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless the attorney knows or it is obvious that the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at the time of trial. A sentence imposed pursuant to subsection 1 may not be suspended nor may probation be granted.

      4.  If the defendant was transporting a person who is less than 15 years of age in the vehicle at the time of the violation, the court shall consider that fact as an aggravating factor in determining the sentence of the defendant.

      (Added to NRS by 2005, 138; A 2007, 1454; 2009, 1873)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.37955)

Ignition Interlock Device to Prevent Person Who Has Consumed Alcohol From Starting Vehicle

      NRS 484C.450  “Device” defined.  Repealed. (See chapter 390, Statutes of Nevada 2021, at page 2488.)

 

      NRS 484C.454  Ignition Interlock Program: Establishment; rules and regulations; contracts for services; creation of Account for the Ignition Interlock Program; use of money in Account; administration of Account; fees.

      1.  The Director of the Department of Public Safety shall:

      (a) Establish the Ignition Interlock Program; and

      (b) Adopt rules and regulations which are necessary to carry out the Program.

      2.  The Director may contract for the provision of services necessary for the Program.

      3.  The Account for the Ignition Interlock Program is hereby created as a special account in the State Highway Fund. The Director, or his or her designee, shall administer the Account.

      4.  The Account must be funded through the fees established by regulation pursuant to subsection 7. The money in the Account may only be used to pay the expenses of the Program, including, without limitation:

      (a) Enforcement activities relating to driving under the influence of alcohol or a prohibited substance;

      (b) The creation and maintenance of a case management statistical tracking system;

      (c) An on-site audit program;

      (d) Treatment assistance;

      (e) Educational programs and training for law enforcement officers; and

      (f) Outreach programs.

      5.  The interest and income earned on the money in the Account, after deducting any applicable charges, must be credited to the Account.

      6.  Any money remaining in the Account at the end of each fiscal year does not revert to the State Highway Fund but must be carried over into the next fiscal year.

      7.  The Department of Public Safety shall adopt regulations to establish a fee schedule that includes reasonable fees for:

      (a) The certification of manufacturers and vendors of ignition interlock devices;

      (b) The annual recertification of manufacturers and vendors of ignition interlock devices;

      (c) The reinstatement of the certification of manufacturers and vendors of ignition interlock devices;

      (d) The installation of an ignition interlock device by manufacturers and vendors of ignition interlock devices; and

      (e) Repeat violations relating to an ignition interlock device.

      (Added to NRS by 2021, 2453)

      NRS 484C.460  When court is required to order installation of ignition interlock device; exceptions; installation and inspection; tolling of period for which ignition interlock device required.

      1.  Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2 and 5, a court shall order a person to install, at his or her own expense, an ignition interlock device in any motor vehicle which the person operates as a condition to obtaining an ignition interlock privilege pursuant to NRS 483.490 to reinstate the driving privilege of the person:

      (a) For a period of 185 days if the person is convicted of a first violation within 7 years of NRS 484C.110.

      (b) For a period of 1 year if the person is convicted of a second violation within 7 years of NRS 484C.110.

      (c) For a period of 3 years if the person is convicted of:

             (1) A violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 that is punishable as a felony pursuant to NRS 484C.400 or 484C.410; or

             (2) A violation of NRS 484C.130 or 484C.430.

      2.  A court may provide for an exception to the provisions of subsection 1 for a person who is convicted of a violation of NRS 484C.110 that is punishable pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection 1 of NRS 484C.400, if the court determines that:

      (a) The person is unable to provide a deep lung breath sample for analysis by an ignition interlock device, as certified in writing by a physician or an advanced practice registered nurse of the person; or

      (b) The person resides more than 100 miles from a manufacturer of an ignition interlock device or its agent.

      3.  If the court orders a person to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to subsection 1:

      (a) The court shall immediately prepare and transmit a copy of its order to the Director. The order must include a statement that an ignition interlock device is required and the specific period for which it is required. The Director shall cause this information to be incorporated into the records of the Department and noted on the person’s ignition interlock privilege.

      (b) The person who is required to install the ignition interlock device shall provide proof of compliance to the Department before the person may receive an ignition interlock privilege. Each model of an ignition interlock device installed pursuant to this section must have been certified by the Department of Public Safety.

      4.  A person who obtains an ignition interlock privilege pursuant to this section or NRS 483.490 shall have the ignition interlock device inspected, calibrated, monitored and maintained by the manufacturer of the ignition interlock device or its agent at least one time each 90 days during the period in which the person is required to use the ignition interlock device to determine whether the ignition interlock device is operating properly. Any inspection, calibration, monitoring or maintenance required pursuant to this subsection must be conducted in accordance with regulations adopted pursuant to NRS 484C.480. The manufacturer or its agent shall submit a report to the Director of the Department of Public Safety indicating whether any of the incidents listed in subsection 1 of NRS 484C.470 have occurred and whether the ignition interlock device has been tampered with. Before the court imposes a penalty pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS 484C.470, the court shall afford any interested party an opportunity for a hearing after reasonable notice.

      5.  If a person is required to operate a motor vehicle in the course and scope of his or her employment and the motor vehicle is owned by the person’s employer, the person may operate that vehicle without the installation of an ignition interlock device, if:

      (a) The employee notifies his or her employer that the employee has been issued an ignition interlock privilege; and

      (b) The employee has proof of that notification in his or her possession or the notice, or a facsimile copy thereof, is with the motor vehicle.

Ê This exemption does not apply to a motor vehicle owned by a business which is all or partly owned or controlled by the person otherwise subject to this section.

      6.  The running of the period during which a person is required to have an ignition interlock device installed pursuant to this section commences when the Department issues an ignition interlock privilege to the person and is tolled whenever and for as long as the person is, with regard to a violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430, imprisoned, serving a term of residential confinement, placed under the supervision of a treatment provider, on parole or on probation.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1737; A 1993, 2895; 1997, 3370; 1999, 2140; 2005, 151, 613, 2042; 2005, 22nd Special Session, 105; 2007, 100, 2805; 2015, 762; 2017, 4047; 2019, 508, 2754, 3101; 2021, 2470)—(Substituted in revision for part of NRS 484.3943)

      NRS 484C.470  Extension of order to install ignition interlock device; penalties for tampering with or driving without ignition interlock device; probation and suspension of sentence prohibited; plea bargaining restricted. [Effective through December 31, 2022.]

      1.  The court may extend the order of a person who is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460, to one-half of the period during which the person is required to have an ignition interlock device installed, if the court receives from the Director of the Department of Public Safety or the manufacturer of the ignition interlock device or its agent a report that 4 consecutive months prior to the date of release any of the following incidents occurred:

      (a) Any attempt by the person to start the vehicle with a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more in his or her breath unless a subsequent test performed within 10 minutes registers a concentration of alcohol lower than 0.04 and the digital image confirms the same person provided both samples;

      (b) Failure of the person to take any random test unless a review of the digital image confirms that the vehicle was not occupied by the person at the time of the missed test;

      (c) Failure of the person to pass any random retest with a concentration of alcohol of 0.025 or lower in his or her breath unless a subsequent test performed within 10 minutes registers a concentration of alcohol lower than 0.025, and the digital image confirms the same person provided both samples;

      (d) Failure of the person to have the ignition interlock device inspected, calibrated, monitored and maintained by the manufacturer or its agent pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 484C.460; or

      (e) Any attempt by the person to operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock device or tamper with the ignition interlock device.

      2.  A person required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460 shall not operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock device or tamper with the ignition interlock device.

      3.  A person who violates any provision of subsection 2:

      (a) Must have his or her driving privilege revoked in the manner set forth in paragraph (c) or (d) of subsection 1 of NRS 483.460, as applicable; and

      (b) Shall be:

             (1) Punished by imprisonment in jail for not less than 30 days nor more than 6 months; or

             (2) Sentenced to a term of not less than 60 days in residential confinement nor more than 6 months, and by a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $1,000.

Ê No person who is punished pursuant to this section may be granted probation, and no sentence imposed for such a violation may be suspended. No prosecutor may dismiss a charge of such a violation in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless, in the judgment of the attorney, the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at trial.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1738; A 1997, 3371; 2003, 1495; 2007, 1458; 2017, 4049; 2019, 3103; 2021, 2472)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3945)

      NRS 484C.470  Extension of order to install ignition interlock device; penalties for tampering with or driving without ignition interlock device; probation and suspension of sentence prohibited; plea bargaining restricted. [Effective January 1, 2023.]

      1.  The court may extend the order of a person who is required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460, to one-half of the period during which the person is required to have an ignition interlock device installed, if the court receives from the Director of the Department of Public Safety or the manufacturer of the ignition interlock device or its agent a report that 4 consecutive months prior to the date of release any of the following incidents occurred:

      (a) Any attempt by the person to start the vehicle with a concentration of alcohol of 0.04 or more in his or her breath unless a subsequent test performed within 10 minutes registers a concentration of alcohol lower than 0.04 and the digital image confirms the same person provided both samples;

      (b) Failure of the person to take any random test unless a review of the digital image confirms that the vehicle was not occupied by the person at the time of the missed test;

      (c) Failure of the person to pass any random retest with a concentration of alcohol of 0.025 or lower in his or her breath unless a subsequent test performed within 10 minutes registers a concentration of alcohol lower than 0.025, and the digital image confirms the same person provided both samples;

      (d) Failure of the person to have the ignition interlock device inspected, calibrated, monitored and maintained by the manufacturer or its agent pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS 484C.460; or

      (e) Any attempt by the person to operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock device or tamper with the ignition interlock device.

      2.  A person required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460 shall not operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock device or tamper with the ignition interlock device.

      3.  A person who violates any provision of subsection 2:

      (a) Must have his or her driving privilege revoked in the manner set forth in paragraph (c) or (d) of subsection 1 of NRS 483.460, as applicable; and

      (b) Is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be:

             (1) Punished by imprisonment in jail for not less than 30 days nor more than 6 months; or

             (2) Sentenced to a term of not less than 60 days in residential confinement nor more than 6 months, and by a fine of not less than $500 nor more than $1,000.

Ê No person who is punished pursuant to this section may be granted probation, and no sentence imposed for such a violation may be suspended. No prosecutor may dismiss a charge of such a violation in exchange for a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill or nolo contendere to a lesser charge or for any other reason unless, in the judgment of the attorney, the charge is not supported by probable cause or cannot be proved at trial.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1738; A 1997, 3371; 2003, 1495; 2007, 1458; 2017, 4049; 2019, 3103; 2021, 2472, 3339, effective January 1, 2023)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3945)

      NRS 484C.475  Penalty for person providing sample of breath for ignition interlock device of another person.  Any person who provides a sample of breath for an ignition interlock device, with the intent to start a motor vehicle of another and for the purpose of allowing a person required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460 to avoid providing a sample of his or her breath, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

      (Added to NRS by 2017, 4043; A 2021, 2472)

      NRS 484C.480  Regulations.

      1.  The Department of Public Safety shall adopt regulations which:

      (a) Provide for the certification of manufacturers and vendors of ignition interlock devices to allow such manufacturers and vendors to conduct business in this State.

      (b) Prescribe the form and content of records respecting the calibration of ignition interlock devices, which must be kept by the manufacturer of the ignition interlock device or its agent, and other records respecting the installation, removal, inspection, maintenance and operation of the ignition interlock devices which it finds should be kept by the manufacturer or its agent.

      (c) Prescribe standards and procedures for the proper installation, removal, inspection, calibration, maintenance and operation of an ignition interlock device installed by the manufacturer or its agent.

      (d) Require the manufacturer or its agent to waive the cost of installing or removing the ignition interlock device and adjust the fee to lease, calibrate or monitor the ignition interlock device, if the person required to install an ignition interlock device pursuant to NRS 484C.210 or 484C.460:

             (1) Has an income which is at or below 100 percent of the federally designated level signifying poverty, to 50 percent of the fee; or

             (2) Receives supplemental nutritional assistance, as defined in NRS 422A.072, was determined indigent pursuant to NRS 171.188 or has an income which is at or below 149 percent of the federally designated level signifying poverty, to 75 percent of the fee.

      2.  The Department of Public Safety shall establish its own standards and procedures for evaluating the models of the ignition interlock devices and obtain evaluations of those models from the Director or the manufacturer of the ignition interlock device or its agent.

      3.  If a model of an ignition interlock device has been certified by the Department of Public Safety to be accurate and reliable pursuant to subsection 1, it is presumed that, as designed and manufactured, each ignition interlock device of that model is accurate and reliable to test a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath and, if the results of the test indicate that the person has a concentration of alcohol of 0.02 or more in his or her breath, will prevent the motor vehicle in which it is installed from starting.

      (Added to NRS by 1989, 1738; A 1997, 3372; 1999, 2460; 2017, 4050; 2021, 2473)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3947)

Other Penalties

      NRS 484C.500  Civil penalty; cancellation of reinstated license upon conviction for violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120; notice.

      1.  In addition to any other penalty provided by law, a person convicted of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 is liable to the State for a civil penalty of $35, payable to the Department.

      2.  The Department shall not issue any license to drive a motor vehicle to a person convicted of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120 until the civil penalty is paid.

      3.  If the Department receives notice that a person whose license to drive a motor vehicle has already been reinstated has been subsequently convicted of a violation of NRS 484C.110 or 484C.120, the Department shall cancel the license unless the civil penalty is paid within 30 days after the date on which the Department provides notice to the person that the license will be cancelled unless the civil penalty is paid.

      4.  Any money received by the Department pursuant to subsection 1 must be deposited with the State Treasurer for credit to the Fund for the Compensation of Victims of Crime.

      (Added to NRS by 1987, 2273; A 2007, 2795; 2011, 713)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3791)

      NRS 484C.510  Fee for chemical analysis.

      1.  If a defendant pleads guilty or guilty but mentally ill to, or is found guilty or guilty but mentally ill of, any violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 and a chemical analysis of his or her blood, urine, breath or other bodily substance was conducted, the court shall, in addition to any penalty provided by law, order the defendant to pay the sum of $60 as a fee for the chemical analysis. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, any money collected for the chemical analysis must not be deducted from, and is in addition to, any fine otherwise imposed by the court and must be:

      (a) Collected from the defendant before or at the same time that the fine is collected.

      (b) Stated separately in the judgment of the court or on the court’s docket.

      2.  All money collected pursuant to subsection 1 must be paid by the clerk of the court to the county or city treasurer, as appropriate, on or before the fifth day of each month for the preceding month.

      3.  The treasurer shall deposit all money received by the treasurer pursuant to subsection 2 in the county or city treasury, as appropriate, for credit to the fund for forensic services created pursuant to NRS 453.575. The money must be accounted for separately within the fund.

      4.  Except as otherwise provided in subsection 5, each month the treasurer shall, from the money credited to the fund pursuant to subsection 3, pay any amount owed for forensic services and deposit any remaining money in the county or city general fund, as appropriate.

      5.  In counties that do not receive forensic services under a contract with the State, the money credited to the fund pursuant to subsection 3:

      (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b), must be:

             (1) Expended to pay for the chemical analyses performed within the county;

            (2) Expended to purchase and maintain equipment to conduct such analyses;

             (3) Expended for the training and continuing education of the employees who conduct such analyses; and

             (4) Paid to law enforcement agencies which conduct such analyses to be used by those agencies in the manner provided in this subsection.

      (b) May only be expended to cover the costs of chemical analyses conducted by, equipment used by or training for employees of an analytical laboratory that is approved by the Committee on Testing for Intoxication created in NRS 484C.600.

      (Added to NRS by 1991, 271; A 1993, 2463; 1995, 2475; 2003, 1494; 2005, 148; 2007, 1457, 2801)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3798)

      NRS 484C.520  Mandatory suspension of registration of each motor vehicle registered to person convicted of second or subsequent violation or convicted of vehicular homicide; duration of suspension; court to forward copy of order to Department; contents of order; limited exceptions.

      1.  If a person is convicted of a second or subsequent violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120 or 484C.430 within 7 years or a violation of NRS 484C.130, the court shall issue an order directing the Department to suspend the registration of each motor vehicle that is registered to or owned by the person for 5 days.

      2.  If a court issues an order directing the Department to suspend the registration of a motor vehicle pursuant to subsection 1, the court shall forward a copy of the order to the Department within 5 days after issuing the order. The order must include, without limitation, information concerning each motor vehicle that is registered to or owned by the person, including, without limitation, the registration number of the motor vehicle, if such information is available.

      3.  A court shall provide for limited exceptions to the provisions of subsection 1 on an individual basis to avoid undue hardship to a person other than the person to whom that provision applies. Such an exception must be provided if the court determines that:

      (a) A member of the immediate family of the person whose registration is suspended needs to use the motor vehicle:

             (1) To travel to or from work or in the course and scope of his or her employment;

             (2) To obtain medicine, food or other necessities or to obtain health care services for the person or another member of the person’s immediate family; or

             (3) To transport the person or another member of the person’s immediate family to or from school; or

      (b) An alternative means of transportation is not available to a member of the immediate family of the person whose registration is suspended.

      (Added to NRS by 1999, 2138; A 2005, 147; 2007, 2801)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.37975)

      NRS 484C.530  Offender to attend meeting of panel of victims and provide proof of attendance to court.

      1.  The judge or judges in each judicial district shall cause the preparation and maintenance of a list of the panels of persons who:

      (a) Have been injured or had members of their families or close friends injured or killed by a person who was driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or who was engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 or a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct; and

      (b) Have, by contacting the judge or judges in the district, expressed their willingness to discuss collectively the personal effect of those crimes.

Ê The list must include the name and telephone number of the person to be contacted regarding each such panel and a schedule of times and locations of the meetings of each such panel. The judge or judges shall establish, in cooperation with representatives of the members of the panels, a fee, if any, to be paid by defendants who are ordered to attend a meeting of the panel. The amount of the fee, if any, must be reasonable. The panel may not be operated for profit.

      2.  Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a defendant pleads guilty or guilty but mentally ill to, or is found guilty or guilty but mentally ill of, any violation of NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430, the court shall, in addition to imposing any other penalties provided by law, order the defendant to:

      (a) Attend in person, at the defendant’s expense, a live meeting of a panel of persons who have been injured or had members of their families or close friends injured or killed by a person who was driving or in actual physical control of a vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance or who was engaging in any other conduct prohibited by NRS 484C.110, 484C.120, 484C.130 or 484C.430 or a law of any other jurisdiction that prohibits the same or similar conduct, in order to have the defendant understand the effect such a crime has on other persons; and

      (b) Pay the fee, if any, established by the court pursuant to subsection 1.

Ê The court may, but is not required to, order the defendant to attend such a meeting if one is not available within 60 miles of the defendant’s residence.

      3.  A person ordered to attend a meeting pursuant to subsection 2 shall, after attending the meeting, present evidence or other documentation satisfactory to the court that the person attended the meeting and remained for its entirety.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 250; A 1995, 2474; 1999, 3423; 2003, 1493; 2005, 146; 2007, 1457, 2800; 2009, 371)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3797)

COMMITTEE ON TESTING FOR INTOXICATION

      NRS 484C.600  Creation; appointment and qualifications of members; meetings; quorum; appeal from decision of Committee.

      1.  There is hereby created the Committee on Testing for Intoxication, consisting of five members.

      2.  The Director of the Department of Public Safety or his or her delegate is the Chair of the Committee. The remaining members of the Committee are appointed by the Director and serve at the pleasure of the Director. At least three of the members appointed by the Director must be technically qualified in fields related to testing for intoxication. Not more than three members of the Committee may be from any one county.

      3.  The Committee shall meet at the call of the Director of the Department of Public Safety and as frequently as the Committee deems necessary. Three members of the Committee constitute a quorum. If a member is unable to attend a meeting, the member may be represented by an alternate approved by the Director.

      4.  Any person who is aggrieved by a decision of the Committee may appeal in writing to a hearing officer of the Department of Public Safety.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1911; A 1985, 432, 1950; 2005, 58)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.388)

      NRS 484C.610  Certification of breath-testing devices; creation and maintenance of list of such devices; presumption of accuracy and reliability of device; other evidence of concentration of alcohol in breath not precluded.

      1.  The Committee on Testing for Intoxication shall:

      (a) In the manner set forth in subsection 2, certify a device that the Committee determines is designed and manufactured to be accurate and reliable for the purpose of testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath; and

      (b) Create, maintain and make available to the public, free of charge, a list of those devices certified by the Committee, described by manufacturer and type.

      2.  To determine whether a device is designed and manufactured to be accurate and reliable for the purpose of testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath, the Committee may:

      (a) Use the list of qualified products meeting the requirements for evidential breath-testing devices of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; or

      (b) Establish its own standards and procedures for evaluating those devices and obtain evaluations of the devices from the Director of the Department of Public Safety or the agent of the Director.

      3.  If such a device has been certified by the Committee to be accurate and reliable pursuant to this section, it is presumed that, as designed and manufactured, the device is accurate and reliable for the purpose of testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath.

      4.  This section does not preclude the admission of evidence of the concentration of alcohol in a person’s breath where the information is obtained through the use of a device other than one of a type certified by the Committee.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1912; A 1985, 1950; 1993, 2074; 1999, 1033, 2458; 2005, 58)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3882)

      NRS 484C.620  Adoption of regulations to prescribe standards and procedures to calibrate breath-testing devices; issuance of certificates by Director of Department of Public Safety.

      1.  The Committee on Testing for Intoxication shall adopt regulations which:

      (a) Prescribe standards and procedures for calibrating devices used for testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath. The regulations must specify the period within which a law enforcement agency that uses such a device must calibrate it or have it calibrated by the Director of the Department of Public Safety or the agent of the Director.

      (b) Establish methods for ascertaining the competence of persons to calibrate such devices and provide for the examination and certification of those persons by the Department of Public Safety. A certificate issued by the Department may not be made effective for longer than 3 years.

      (c) Prescribe the form and contents of records respecting the calibration of such devices which must be kept by a law enforcement agency and any other records respecting the maintenance or operation of those devices which it finds should be kept by such an agency.

      2.  The Director of the Department of Public Safety shall issue a certificate to any person who is found competent to calibrate such a device or examine others on their competence in that calibration.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1912; A 1985, 1950; 1993, 2075; 1999, 2458; 2005, 59)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3884)

      NRS 484C.630  Adoption of regulations for certification of persons to operate device to test concentration in breath; judicial notice; presumption of proper operation; evidence of test performed by others not precluded.

      1.  The Committee on Testing for Intoxication shall adopt regulations which:

      (a) Establish methods for ascertaining the competence of persons to:

             (1) Operate devices for testing a person’s breath to determine the concentration of alcohol in the person’s breath.

             (2) Examine prospective operators and determine their competence.

      (b) Provide for certification of operators and examiners by the Department of Public Safety. A certificate issued by the Department may not be made effective for longer than 3 years.

Ê A person who is certified as an examiner is presumed to be certified as an operator.

      2.  The Director of the Department of Public Safety shall issue a certificate to any person who is found competent to operate such a device or examine others on their competence in that operation.

      3.  A court shall take judicial notice of the certification of a person to operate devices of one of the certified types. If a test to determine the concentration of alcohol in a person’s breath has been performed with a certified type of device by a person who is certified pursuant to this section, it is presumed that the person operated the device properly.

      4.  This section does not preclude the admission of evidence of a test of a person’s breath where the test has been performed by a person other than one who is certified pursuant to this section.

      (Added to NRS by 1983, 1913; A 1985, 1951; 1993, 2075; 1999, 2459; 2005, 59)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3886)

      NRS 484C.640  Adoption of regulations for calibration of devices to test blood or urine and certification of persons who calibrate or operate devices or who examine operators; adoption of regulations concerning operation of devices to test blood or urine.

      1.  The Committee on Testing for Intoxication may adopt regulations that require:

      (a) The calibration of devices which are used to test a person’s blood or urine to determine the concentration of alcohol or the presence of a controlled substance or another prohibited substance in the person’s blood or urine;

      (b) The certification of persons who make those calibrations;

      (c) The certification of persons who operate devices for testing a person’s blood or urine to determine the concentration of alcohol or presence of a controlled substance or another prohibited substance in the person’s blood or urine; and

      (d) The certification of persons who examine those operators.

      2.  The Committee may adopt regulations that prescribe the essential procedures for the proper operation of the various types of devices used to test a person’s blood or urine to determine the concentration of alcohol or the presence of a controlled substance or another prohibited substance in the person’s blood or urine.

      (Added to NRS by 1993, 2072; A 1999, 2459, 3428; 2001, 172)—(Substituted in revision for NRS 484.3888)